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Friedrich + Lochner GmbH - Applications for structural calculation and design

Craneway girder
Application options System Crane rail: A type, F type or
The S9 application is suitable After selection of the appropri- block rail (w/h) with structural
for the calculation of craneways ate crane system among the effect if applicable
carrying up to two bridge or options Elastic base of top-mounted
underhung cranes in accor- bridge crane - EFF (single- crane rails
dance with DIN 18800 and wheel drive, both wheels are The end fittings can optionally
DIN 4132. The following verifi- fixed bearings) be located outside of the
cations are performed: crane runway.
underhung and suspension
Verification of the stability crane
against lateral torsional buck- Action
ling in a second order analysis underslung trolley
the user must define discrete The user can define one or two
Stress analyses for the cross cranes that are operated inde-
section and the welding seams supporting conditions and cross
stiffeners along the craneway pendently of each other and
Analysis of the local wheel girder. The total length of the optionally assign
load transfer at the top or bot- girder must be specified. Any the lifting classes H1 to H4
tom flange type of support can be defined and
Service strength verification with consideration of horizontal the duty groups B1 to B6 in
for the cross sections and the stiffening bracings. A crane rail accordance with DIN 15018.
welding seams and end fittings are also avail-
able for selection. S9 allows the calculation of
Service strength analyses for lateral horizontal loads as per
the local wheel load transfer Material: S235, S355. DIN 15018. The following ac-
at the top or bottom flange Constant cross section: tions on the craneway are
Web buckling (eigenvalue Rolled-shaped sections: I, automatically derived from the
analysis) IPE, HE-A, -B, -M, user- specified crane parameters:
Serviceability analysis defined I-sections with or Self-weight
without reinforcement by top
flange angles on both sides.

Product details As of: 10/05/2010

Vertical wheel loads Optionally, the user can take Enhanced web buckling ex-
(with HM, if applicable) the mass forces HM and HS aminations
Horizontal lateral loads into account for one crane Buckling safety verifications are
only or assign common MaxR always required for craneway
For standard systems, the and HM values to both cranes.
loads are generated automati- girders. The safety against
cally. In special cases, the user buckling failure must be verified
can enter the loads that pro- Limitations for webs and compression
duce the actions directly. Only the structural steels flanges. The verification of the
Therefore, the system is not S235 and S355 are available. buckling safety of compression
limited to particular crane sys- The reduction of fy,k when t > flanges is typically done by
tems and other variable loads 4 cm is not taken into account verifying the limit ratio of b/t in
can be defined. accordance with DIN 18800-1,
Constant cross section Tab. 13. Where rolled sections
No hollow boxes are concerned, this verification
The bumper forces are as- produces a positive result un-
sessed by S9. Forces produced The user might be required to
adjust the pre-deformation der normal conditions. Because
by start-up and braking opera- web buckling must be exam-
tions of the crane bridge are not produced by the decisive ac-
tion subsequently ined under simultaneous action
considered in the present soft- of the edge stresses x, y and
ware version. , a simplified verification of the
The combinations of actions Output buckling safety as per
are generated automatically. Additional output sections DIN 18800-1, merely checking
The user can take corrective showing particular calculation compliance with the limit b/t
actions directly here too. Pre- results ratio, is not suitable.
deformation is taken into ac- Variable output profile option- In S9, the basic combination of
count in accordance with the ally structured according to permanent actions and vertical
horizontal supporting conditions the system, the loads, the wheel loads is taken into ac-
right from the beginning. general structural safety veri- count as the largest variable
fications or special verifica- action in the verification of the
Types of verifications tions of the craneway safety against web buckling.
Calculation of internal forces, 3-dimensional graphical rep- This verification is limited to the
deformations and stresses resentation of the results of web buckling safety under
with imperfections in accor- each superposition for the wheel loads in the span of the
dance with the second order structural safety, the service- girder. Under particular condi-
bending torsion theory includ- ability and the service tions, additional examinations
ing warping torsion. strength of the web buckling behaviour
might be required. The applica-
Automatic assessment of the Graphical representation of tion PLII Plate Buckling is
most unfavourable load posi- the limit line of the internal available for this task. S9 offers
tions for each verification forces Qz, My, Qy, Mz, Mt a corresponding interface to
Design as per DIN 18800 P1, and Mw PLII for the data transfer.
P2, P3 and 4132: Optional bar graph of axial,
Verification of the ultimate shear and comparison
limit states (e-e method) and stresses in each relevant
the serviceability limit states point of the cross section over
the entire craneway girder per
Verification of the service mouse click
strength as per DIN 4132
Optional graphical represen-
Calculation of the stresses tation of the service strength
produced by the global sup- verifications per notch case at
porting effects and the local each point of the cross sec-
loading resulting from load tion over the entire craneway
application girder per mouse click
Calculation of the design If the PLII application is in-
bearing forces, the bearing stalled, the user can transfer
forces with a reduced dy- the system and the loading
namic coefficient or without for the verification of the web
such coefficient for the con- buckling stability
nected or foundation struc-