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Problem Set

1. Design considerations for the bumper B on the 5-Mg train car require use of a nonlinear
spring having the load-deflection characteristics shown in the graph. Select the proper value
of k so that the maximum deflection of the spring is limited to 0.2 m when the car, traveling
at 4 m/s, strikes the rigid stop. Neglect the mass of the car wheels.

2. If the acceleration of blocks A and C are 3 m/s2 to the right and 2 m/s2 upward
respectively, find the tension of the cord and the masses of blocks A and B. The coefficient of
kinetic friction between block A and the floor is k = 0.1 and the mass of C is 5 kg.

3. The 2-kg ball A is shot with a speed of 10 m/s straight toward the 3-kg ball B, which is
initially at rest. Ball B is to hit the plate attached to a spring at the angle shown. If the
coefficient of restitution between ball A and B is 0.8, and between B and the plate is 0.9,
solve for the velocity of ball B before and after hitting the plate. Also if the plate restrains the
spring and compresses it by 0.3 m, determine how much further the spring will be
compressed after it is hit by ball B.
4. The spring is compressed from its original 3-m length by the plate and cables of negligible
mass. A 10-lb block is released from the rest position shown. The block slides along the
frictionless curve, and along the vertical floor having a coefficient of kinetic friction equal to
0.3. How far did the block push the plate to the left before stopping?

10 ft
k = 50 lb/ft

2 ft 2 ft

5. A 4-lbf collar which can slide on a frictionless vertical rod is acted upon by a force P that
varies in magnitude as shown. Knowing that the collar is initially at rest, determine its
velocity at (a) t = 2 s, and at (b) t = 3 s.

P (lb)
P

10

t (s)
1 2 3

6. A 20-lb projectile is moving with a velocity of 100 ft/s when it explodes into two fragments
A and B, weighing 5 lb and 15 lb, respectively. Knowing that immediately after the explosion,
fragments A and B travel in directions shown, determine the velocity of each fragment.

vA

v0 = 100 ft/s A
5 lb
20 lb
45

30
15 lb
B
vB