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This report provides details of the investigation carried out by the Commission on the content of HRW
Report entitled “ All Thieves must Be Killed”; it describes also the methodology employed by HRW
throughout its investigation as well as comments and opionions of the pupolation and local authorities in
that regard. Besides, the report, provides information on allegations of extrajudicial execution.
The HRW report alleges that in Rubavu and Rutsiro Districts, some people were killed because they are
thieves, drug dealers, illegal border crossing, fishermen that use illegal fishing nets referred to as kaningiri,
as well as those who do not attend the community works. The report also points out that some victims were
killed by the Army, Police, Reserve Forces and DASSO while others were killed by individuals following
orders provided by local authorities.
After investigations, the Commission found that:
- 7 persons reported executed in the HRW report are alive and these include: Nsanzabera
Tharcisse, Majyambere Alphonse, Nyirabavakure Daphrose, Karasankima Jovan, Habyalimana
Elias, Nzamwitakuze Donati and Hanyurwabake Emmanuel;

- In the HRW report, names of one person are mistaken.The report talks about Nsabiyeze Pascal
while the correct names are Nsabiyeze Alias.

- 4 persons reportedly killed in the report, have died of natural diseases. These are: Uwintwali
Thaddé, Kanyesoko Jean, Habimana Innocent, Ntiriburakaryo Jean Damascène;

- 6 persons died as a results of various accidents though HRW reports that they were executed by
the Rwanda Defence Forces, National Police or DASSO officers. They include: Bihibindi Jean de
Dieu, Minani Samuel, Bazangirabate Amurani, Ntakingora Djuma, Renzaho Vedaste, Ntamuhanga

- One person reportedly executed by the Rwanda Defence Forces or police officers was shot dead
by the Congolese soldiers. The person is called: Tuyisenge Moise;

- One person reportedly executed by an RDF soldier; the Commission found out that the perpetror
was procecuted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. The victim name is: Nzitakuze Emmanuel;

- 2 persons reported by the HRW to have been killed by individuals on orders from authorities, the
Commission established that perpetrators were prosecuted and sentenced by courts as they
committed the offence on their own behalf. These include: Barayavuga Jean Claude and
Uzamutuma Théoneste;

- There are 10 persons reported to have been executed, but who are unkown to local authorities of
administrative entities singled out in HRW report. These people are: Mbarushimana Innocent,
Ntahondereye Jean Damascène, Niyigena Emmanuel, Nzabandora Ndayishimiye, Hakuzimana
Basabose, Nteziriza Naftal, Buhagarike François, Bemeriki Alexandre, Habiyaremye Jean de Dieu,
Nshimiyimana Vincent;

- The allegation that 10 persons reported by HRW to have been executed by the Rwanda military
or police officers after being accused of theft and executed on orders according to which all
thieves must be killed is not true. At diffetent times, those individuals were shot while crossing the
Cyanzarwe Valley from the DRC, during the night; a pathway usually used by FDLR elements to
cross to Rwanda and disrupt security. Local authorities have forbidden residents to cross the
valley during the night for security purposes . These people include: Tuyishime Ernest, Nirere
Jeanine, Niyonzima Benjamin, Nshimiyimana Innocent, Rukundo Fulgence, Gasore, Iradukunda
Prosper, Mukeshimana Joseph, Hakizimana Pierre, Muke Flavien alias Basare.

In this report, the Commission also presents its own findings on the notion contained in the HRW report
that “ All Thieves must Be Killed” implying that the directive came from local authorities .

The report also includes discussions that the Commission held with Rubavu and Rutsiro Districts Mayors
as well as Military Division and Region Police Commanders in order to establish the truth about the content
of the report referred to above; as well as conclusions and recommendations issued by the Commission to
the relevant institutions for solutions.