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Materials System Specification

34-SAMSS-820 17 June 2015


Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
3 References..................................................... 3
4 Definitions....................................................... 4
5 General Requirements................................... 4
6 Design............................................................ 5
7 Electrical......................................................... 9
8 Testing and Inspection................................. 22
9 Shipment.... 22

Previous Issue: 16 September 2014 Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 23
Primary contact: Balhareth, Hamad Salem (balhhs0e) on +966-13-8801893

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2015. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

1 Scope

This specification defines the requirements for instrument control panels, control
cabinets, and marshalling cabinets for location in electrically unclassified air-
conditioned buildings.

Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), auxiliary systems, and Rotating Equipment


Protection control cabinets must adhere to this specification.

Excluded from this specification are:


a) Vendor standard Fire Detection / Suppression Panels / Cabinets used for building
protection.
b) Vendor standard Security Alarm Panels / Cabinets.
c) System Cabinets for Distributed Control System (DCS) except as referenced in
23-SAMSS-010.
d) Consoles and server cabinets for Distributed Control Systems (DCS) except as
referenced in 23-SAMSS-010.
e) Control panels that are provided as part of packaged Units.
f) ESD System Cabinets except as referenced in 34-SAMSS-623.
g) RTU System Cabinets except as referenced in 23-SAMSS-030.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and their applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSS), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Process & Control Systems
Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.3 The designation Commentary is used to label a sub-paragraph that contains


comments that are explanatory or advisory. These comments are not mandatory,
except to the extent that they explain mandatory requirements contained in this
SAMSS.

Page 2 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

3 References

Referenced standards and specifications shall be the latest edition, revision or


addendum in effect on the date of the Purchase Order, unless stated otherwise.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications


23-SAMSS-010 Distributed Control Systems
34-SAMSS-623 Programmable Controller Based ESD Systems
23-SAMSS-030 Remote Terminal Unit

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


175-343100 Instrument Control Panels

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

National Fire Protection Association


NFPA 70 National Electrical Code

National Electrical Manufacturers Association


NEMA ICS 6 Enclosures for Industrial Controls and Systems
NEMA 250 Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts
Maximum)

International Electro-Technical Commission


IEC 61000-4-3 Radiated Electromagnetic Field Requirements

International Society for Measurement and Control


ISA RP60.6 Nameplates, Labels and Tags for Control Centers

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.


UL 94 UL Standard for Safety Test for Flammability of Plastic
Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances

Page 3 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

4 Definitions

Control Panel: A surface with cut-out(s) used to mount control devices and/or
instrument indicators (e.g., totalizers, pushbuttons, pullbuttons, indicating lights, meters,
annunciators, etc.).

Control Cabinet: An enclosed structure containing electronic equipment and wiring


for process control / status devices. (The front surface of a control cabinet may include
a control panel.). Cabinets containing DCS system chasses, ESD system chasses, VMS,
PLCs, relays, field termination assemblies (FTAs) or other active electrical/electronic
components shall be treated as control cabinets.

Marshalling Cabinet: A cabinet containing wiring ducts, DIN rails, terminal strips
and/or wire terminations only. The field homerun cables shall be terminated in the
Marshalling Cabinet.

Cabinets: Generically used within this specification; refers to all of the above.

5 General Requirements

5.1 Engineering Units

All dimensions and measurements shall be in the International System of Units


(SI), and may be followed by the equivalent value in English units between
brackets. When not critical, the equivalent dimensions may be rounded off to
their nearest practical value.
Exception:

This requirement does not apply to the vendor's standard documentation.

5.2 Environmental Conditions

All cabinet equipment and wiring shall be designed for continuous operation at
50C, and relative humidity 80% maximum (non-condensing) and 20% minimum.
Commentary Note:

The temperature of 50C allows for a 35C room ambient plus a 15C rise within
the cabinet.

5.3 Heat dissipation calculations shall be submitted for any cabinet that houses
power supplies, PCs or other heat generating components. The calculations
shall show that the components installed inside the cabinet will not be exposed
to a temperature above their temperature rating.

Page 4 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

6 Design

6.1 Style

The cabinets shall be rigid and self-supporting. Unless otherwise specified, the
cabinets shall be free standing, floor mounted type. Instruments and electronic
accessories shall be wired in accordance with this specification. Indoor cabinets
shall be made of metal. When multiple cabinets are provided, it is highly
recommended that they are identical in construction and external appearance.

6.2 Drawings

6.2.1 The cabinet fabricator shall supply detailed drawings for review and
approval.

6.2.2 The detailed drawings, shall as a minimum, contain the following


information:
a) Cabinet fabrication drawings showing dimensions for exterior,
openings, removable plates, doors and door swings, internal
cabinet segregation, internal frame supports/bracing, ventilation
louvers, lifting bolts, and shipping breaks.
b) Cabinet layout drawings showing the locations and arrangements of
all electronic equipment, terminal strips, fuses, plastic ducts,
raceways, pushbuttons, switches, lamps, name plates, annunciators,
rack-mounted equipment, power supplies, convenience outlets,
lighting and grounding strips. Electronic equipment manufacturer
and model numbers shall be shown.
c) Wiring diagrams showing termination strips and all electronic
interconnections, with tag names and equipment/terminal
identification.

Items a) and b) shall be drawn to scale and supplied as vendor


drawings for the proponents review and approval. Item c) shall be
issued with proponent drawing numbers and shall be prepared with
Saudi Aramco approved drawing format.

6.2.3 All instruction manuals and technical information supplied with


components received by the Cabinet Fabricator shall be placed in a
folder or binder and shipped with the cabinet.

6.2.4 All Vendor literature and drawings shall be of sufficient size and
quality to be clearly legible.

Page 5 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

6.3 Construction

6.3.1 The cabinet shall be a NEMA Type 1 as a minimum per NEMA 250 and
NEMA ICS 6 or as specified in the functional specification document.

6.3.2 Cabinets requiring heat dissipation shall be convection-ventilated.

6.3.3 Convection-ventilated cabinets shall be provided with readily accessible,


removable filter screens inserted behind slotted louvers at the air inlets
and outlets. Louvers and filters shall be installed within the cabinet
door(s). Louvers shall not be installed on the sides or back of the cabinet.

6.3.4 Fans with suitable filters and louvers may be used within control
cabinets to assist in heat removal. This can be achieved by installing a
filter fan at the air inlet (typically at the bottom of the cabinet door) to
blow cool air into the cabinet or by installing an exhaust filter fan at
the air outlet (typically at the upper section of the door) to draw hot air
out of the cabinet. The fan filter shall be easily accessible for
maintenance or replacement without dismantling the fan assembly.

6.3.5 If the fans are required to dissipate heat when the HVAC is running,
redundant fans shall be provided. If the fan(s) are only required to
dissipate heat when the HVAC is not running, a single fan is adequate.
In both cases, fan failure or over-temperature detection and alarm are
required in the DCS.

6.3.6 The installation of fans on top of the cabinet should be avoided.


However, if it is deemed absolutely necessary to install the fans on top
of the cabinet, the fan fixtures shall be protected by an additional cover
or shroud to prevent dirt and debris from falling into the cabinet.

6.3.7 Where two or more front sections are required for a Control Panel, the
interior shall be an open-frame construction.

6.3.8 Cabinet support bracing shall not restrict maintenance access to


chassis, modules or components. The cabinet shall be properly sized to
have easy access to all installed components and wires. Accessing any
of the installed components or wiring shall not require the removal of
other components.

6.3.9 Each cabinet shall be provided with removable lifting rings.

6.3.10 Cabinet doors shall be full-height. All doors shall be dust-tight and
reinforced against buckling. The maximum door width shall be
900 mm (36 inches) unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

Page 6 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

6.3.11 Cabinets intended for marshalling shall have front access only and
shall be stand-alone. If it is deemed necessary, marshalling cabinets
may have dual doors on the front. The distance from the front surface
to the surface of rear terminal blocks, shall not be more than 400 mm
deep to provide for safe access. The cable entry to the marshalling
cabinet shall be through the bottom unless it is practically not possible.

6.3.12 All doors shall be capable of opening at least 90 degrees, preferably


180 degrees, and shall be equipped with mechanical stops for holding
the doors open.

6.3.13 Where practically possible, control cabinets and panels covered by this
SAMSS should only have a single front door access.
Exception:

With the approval of the proponent, control cabinets housing sub-


systems (such as VMS, PLC, relays, etc.) may have dual doors (one
door on the front and another door on the back) provided that the front
and back sections are treated per Paragraph 6.3.14. Typically, one
side would be used for FTAs and the other side for system chasses.

6.3.14 When front and rear accesses are provided for control cabinets, each
section of the cabinet shall be treated as a stand-alone cabinet that fully
meets the requirement of this material specification document.
In addition, each section shall have its own full size mounting plate.
Cables and wires extending from one side of the cabinet to the other
shall be routed through the bottom. Cable/wire routing through
penetrations in the mounting plates, or spaces on top or sides of the
mounting plates is not acceptable. If there is no heat dissipation issues,
full height divider plates is highly recommended between the two
section, in addition to the mounting plates.

6.3.15 All doors shall be provided with integral lockable door handles with the
same lock and key combination, unless otherwise specified on the ISS.

6.3.16 Equipment that are installed within cabinets or panels and are normally
used by the operator shall be readable and operable with the operator in
a standing position.

6.3.17 The inside of each door shall be equipped with a pocket suitable for
holding A4 documents and/or cabinet drawings.

6.3.18 Cabinets intended for bottom cable entry shall be provided with a
gland plate at the bottom of the cabinet.

Page 7 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

6.4 Cabinet Finish

6.4.1 The exterior and interior cabinet finish shall be the Cabinet Fabricator's
standard finish, unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.
A minimum of primer, undercoat and finishing coat of enamel or
lacquer is required. Electrostatic applied powder paint coatings which
are then baked (such as polyester urethane) is acceptable.

6.4.2 Interior cabinet color shall be white or of a light color such as light gray,
off-white, etc., or as specified in the purchase order.

6.5 Nameplates

6.5.1 Nameplates for cabinets and panels letter height and spacing shall
follow ISA RP60.6, Appendices A and C, unless otherwise specified in
the purchase order.

6.5.2 Where possible, nameplate abbreviations shall be avoided.


Where abbreviations are used, they shall be consistent with facility
practices. ISA RP60.6 (Appendix B) shall be used to keep
abbreviations consistent where facility practice is not established.

6.5.3 Control panel pushbuttons, switches, indicating lights and other


through-mounted devices shall be identified with the service
description on the front. The rear of the above devices shall be
identified with the device tag number. The nameplates shall be
permanently attached. Adhesives are allowed for indoor panels.

6.5.4 Instruments and accessories mounted inside the cabinet shall be


identified with a nameplate showing the tag number. Individual rack
modules are not required to have permanent nameplates attached.

6.5.5 Nameplates shall be made from laminated plastic, white-black-white


(information engraved into the black core) with white surface, dull finish.

6.5.6 Each cabinet, front and rear, shall be identified with a nameplate located
above each door or pair of doors. The nameplate, as a minimum, shall
be the cabinet name/number as given in the cabinet drawings.

6.6 Cabinet and Panel Spare Requirements

6.6.1 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, each cabinet shall be
provided with the following spare capacity to allow for future system
modifications:
a) 20% installed spare terminal blocks of each terminal block type

Page 8 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

used. Spare terminal blocks are to be distributed to match the


layout of required spare I/O modules, field termination
assemblies, relays, etc.
Commentary Note:

The 20% spare terminal requirement is intended to be used for


the 20% spare cabling required in homerun cables. It is not
intended to be additional terminals on top of terminals used to
terminate spare pairs/triads.

b) 10% spare relay bases in cabinets where there are ten relays or
more. For less than ten relay installations, one spare base should
be installed.
Exception:

The above requirement does not apply on cabinets where only


one relay is installed for fan failure or alarm.

6.6.2 The Cabinet Fabricator shall supply a minimum of two (2) spare fuses
or 10% (whichever is greater) for each type of general power and
termination strip fuses used within each cabinet. This requirement
includes supplying spares for fuses integral to installed electronics
(i.e., flow computers, field termination assemblies, etc.).

7 Electrical

7.1 Power Supply

7.1.1 Power Supplies feeding process instruments shall be powered from


instrument circuit power distribution panels. Each distribution strip
shall be dedicated to a single voltage level. Instrumentation circuit
breakers and distribution strips shall not provide power to non-
instrumentation circuits. The cabinet shall be furnished with a
minimum of 20% spare circuit breakers.
Exception:

If the cabinet is equipped with only one circuit breaker for cabinet
lighting, spare breakers are not required.

7.1.2 Power wiring for field instruments, all input and output points, two-
wire analog transmission loops, field switch contacts, etc., shall be
individually fused and provided with a means of disconnecting the
power without disturbing terminated wiring (e.g., knife-switch-type
terminal blocks). Daisy chaining of external loop power using wires or
wire crimps is not acceptable.

Page 9 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

Exceptions:

1) Wiring connected to I/O modules or interfaces containing individual


current-limiting circuit protection does not require fuses.

2) Low Voltage wiring connected directly to I/O. (See paragraph 7.6)

Commentary Note:

Fuse application, location, and ampacity ratings must be properly sized


and coordinated, taking into account the maximum expected load at the
maximum operating temperature of the cabinet (50C).

7.1.3 Unless otherwise specified, equipment shall operate at the supply


voltages shown in Table 1.

Table 1 Supply Voltage

System/Device Nominal Tolerance NEC Class


Annunciator Power 24 VDC 21 - 28.2 VDC 1 or 2
Shutdown and Isolation
System including relay coils 125 VDC 113 - 141 VDC 1 or 3
Field Switch Contacts 120 VAC, 60 2 Hz 110 - 126 VAC 1 or 3
Analog Signal (Loop Power) 24 VDC (4-20 mA) 21 - 28.2 VDC 1 or 2
24 VDC 21 - 28.2 VDC 1 or 2
Instrumentation Power 120 VAC, 60 2 Hz 110 - 126 VAC 1 or 3
230 VAC 60 2 Hz 218 242 VAC 1 or 3

Note: The basis for the upper DC voltage variations is due to installations where battery back-
up is used without voltage suppression and the batteries receive periodic charging.

7.1.4 Where multiple on-line DC power supplies are connected to a single


power bus, diode auctioning shall be used to facilitate load balancing in
the event of a single power supply failure. Where multiple DC power
supplies are an integral part of a manufacturer's standard product, the
manufacturer's standard method of load sharing shall apply.

7.1.5 Supplies to DC instrument loads: Voltage stabilization shall be provided


to maintain the output voltage within tolerable limits of the loads served.

7.1.6 Power supplies shall be identical whenever possible for


interchangeability and spare part requirements.

7.1.7 Power supply outputs shall be individually fused or protected by


dedicated circuit breakers.

7.1.8 Power Supply terminal block distribution wiring shall not be daisy-
chained using wires or crimp connectors. Jumper bars or preformed

Page 10 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

jumper combs designed for the specific terminal blocks being used are
acceptable methods of distributing power supply wiring.

7.1.9 Power supply load calculations shall be provided by the vendor


showing a minimum 10% spare power capacity on the running power
supply and its redundancy.

7.1.10 The cabinet shall be equipped with a common power supply


fault/failure alarm switch. The switch should be connected to the DCS
or panel front for alarming.

7.2 Wire Installation

7.2.1 Splices are not permitted in wiring. When wiring must be extended,
connections shall be made via terminal blocks.

7.2.2 Twist-on wire nut connectors shall not be used for making any
electrical instrumentation terminations.

7.2.3 Segregation of parallel signal wiring internal to cabinets shall adhere to


the following Table 2. All dimensions are shown in millimeters.

Table 2
4-20 mA 24 VDC Copper
Signal Milli Volt
Analog Power/ 125 VDC 120 VAC Network
Category T/C RTD
24 VDC Digital Cable
Milli Volt 0 0 25 150 150 0
T/C RTD 0 0 25 75 75 0
0 0 0 75 75 0
4-20 mA
0 0 0 25 25 0
25 0 0 25 75 0
24 VDC
25 0 0 0 0 0
150 75 25 0 0 50
125 VDC
75 25 0 0 0 25
150 75 75 0 0 75
120 VAC
75 25 0 0 0 50
Copper
0 0 0 50 75 0
Network
0 0 0 25 50 0
Cable

Notes:
1) Upper Value Spacing is for wires in plastic ducts.
2) Lower Value Spacing is for wires separated by:
a) One metal conduit or
b) A 1/16-in. thick grounded steel divider.
3) Voltages shown are nominal.

Page 11 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.2.3.1 Separate plastic ducts are preferable for all Signal Categories
that require separation for organization and noise reduction.
Signal Categories with upper values of zero separation may
be mixed in a plastic duct. Signal Categories shall not be
mixed within any single multicore cable.
Example:

24 VDC digital and 24 VDC 4-20 mA may be run in the same


plastic duct, but not within a single multipair cable.

7.2.3.2 Wiring that is required to be segregated shall cross at right


angles and the spacing shall be maintained as close as
practicable to that shown in Table 2.

7.3 Wire Specifications

7.3.1 General 120/230 VAC power wiring shall be minimum 14 AWG


stranded copper, UL listed and PVC or XLPE insulated. Wire insulation
shall be rated for 600 volts, 75C, minimum.

7.3.2 Electronic signal wire shall be UL listed, stranded copper, minimum


size 18 AWG, 300 V for single conductors or a minimum 20 AWG,
300 V for multicore cable (assuming Class-2 circuits per NEC).
Wire insulation shall be XLPE PVC, or PTFE, with a minimum
temperature rating of 75C. Special electronic signal wires shall be as
described in the Purchase Order.

7.4 Wiring Methods

7.4.1 Control cabinets containing electronic equipment (e.g., field


termination assemblies, I/O modules, system chasses, etc.) shall have
the internal components prewired and ready for connection to
marshalling cabinets or other control cabinets.

7.4.2 Exposed electrical connections with voltages greater than nominal


48 volts AC/DC shall be shrouded by transparent, removable,
insulating plastic covers (or equivalent).

7.4.3 When screw-type terminals are provided on instruments and other


electrical devices, solderless crimp/compression connectors shall be
used for connecting stranded copper conductors. Insulated ring lugs,
locking-fork or flanged- fork connectors, specifically designed to hold
the connector on the terminal in the event of loosening of the terminal
screw, shall be used on all such connections.

Page 12 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

Commentary Note:

Screw-type terminals are defined as those in which the termination


method involves the direct compression of the conductor by the
underside of the screw head, and which do not contain the conductor
within a clamp or yoke.

7.4.4 When a cabinet contains CPU and I/O modules, the racks shall be
arranged so that the processor modules are installed in the top and the
I/Os are installed next to the processor modules or beneath them.

7.5 Annunciator Wiring

7.5.1 When specified, annunciator shall have a horn relay wired to terminals
for connection to the remote horn system.

7.5.2 Annunciator(s) shall have a lamp/horn test, acknowledge and reset


button unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

7.6 Wiring for Millivolt, Microamp, Pulse and Frequency Signals

Wiring for millivolt, microamp, pulse and frequency signals under 1 Volt such as
thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors (RTD), vibration elements,
analyzer elements, thermistor elements and transmitters with pulse outputs may be
directly connected to the I/O unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

7.7 Terminal Strips

7.7.1 The termination method shall be channel (rail)-mounted terminal blocks.

7.7.2 Terminal strip spacing shall allow ample room for plastic wire ducts
and permit lacing of cables, and fanning of individual wires to
termination points. Each terminal strip shall be labeled above or below
with the terminal strip number, as shown on wiring diagrams.
Terminals for similar (AC or DC) current service shall be grouped
together and physically separated from terminals for different service
by means of dividers, separate mounting rails or separate enclosures.

7.7.3 Standoffs for terminal strips are preferred to bring the terminal blocks
forward to be flush with the top of the plastic wire duct. This wiring
method assures that all wires can be accessed without interference
from other wires as the wire duct is filled.

7.7.4 Where special cases of mixed ESD / Non-ESD signals occur in one
cabinet or control panel (e.g., Solid State / Relay Control Cabinets or
Control Panels with ESD pushbuttons ), terminal strips for Emergency

Page 13 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

Shutdown (ESD) wiring shall be completely separate from all other


wiring including power, control and instrumentation.

7.7.5 Wiring for a given instrument loop shall be terminated on adjacent


terminals on the terminal strip in order to organize and group all loop
wiring.

7.7.6 Terminals for various types of general wiring (AC or DC), annunciator
points and signal wiring shall be separately grouped and separated by
dividers.

7.8 Terminal Blocks

7.8.1 No more than two bare wires shall be connected to each side of a
single terminal block.

7.8.2 All terminal blocks shall be channel (rail)-mounted, strip-type, with a


tubular box clamp connector and compression bar or yoke for wire
termination. As a minimum, the thickness of the terminals shall be
5 mm or higher. All terminals shall be numbered on both sides.

7.8.3 Terminals and terminal block accessories (e.g., DIN rail mounting brackets
for electrical insulation, busbar support blocks, end brackets, etc.) shall be
fire retardant in accordance with UL 94, V0. Terminals and accessories
shall be made of halogen free, high strength material such as polyamide or
equivalent. Brittle materials such as melamine shall not be used.

7.8.4 A fused terminal block shall have a blown-fuse indicator. This may be
a Light Emitting Diode (LED), visual sight indication through a port,
or equivalent.

7.8.5 The disconnect levers for fused terminals and knife-switch terminals
shall be hinged.

7.8.6 Wires terminated on these terminal blocks shall not have the bare ends
coated with or dipped in solder (tinned). However, termination of
wiring which has individual strands of the copper conductor tinned
during manufacture (typical of shield drain wires or for corrosion
protection) is acceptable.

7.8.7 Direct termination of the bare wire end is acceptable. The terminal
block must be suited for the wire size. The use of crimp-on ferrules
shall follow the manufacturer's guidelines and the following:
a) One or two wire ferrule is acceptable. However, the use of
ferrules to daisy chain is not acceptable.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

b) Only one ferrule shall be connected to each side of a single


terminal block.
c) Ferrules shall be provided with plastic insulating collars.

7.8.8 Terminal blocks with a narrow, recessed screw entrance which require
a special screwdriver or wrench may be used only if the insulation
material is per Paragraph 7.8.3.

7.8.9 Multiple-deck and spring type terminal blocks shall not be used.
Exception:

When provided as an integral part of manufactured electronic


equipment, multiple-deck terminal blocks are allowed, but never for
direct termination of field cabling.

7.9 Wire Ducts and Looms

7.9.1 Plastic wire ducts with removable covers shall be installed in cabinets
as required to provide a means of routing and organizing wiring.
A minimum of 50 mm shall be maintained between the duct and
terminal strips. Wire markers shall be completely presented without
being obscured by the duct.

7.9.2 The maximum conduit/plastic wire duct fill (including spare capacity)
shall not exceed the heat requirements of NFPA 70.

7.9.3 In addition to the above, the maximum plastic wire duct fill (including
spare capacity) shall not exceed 75% of its depth.

7.9.4 Plastic wire ducts shall be mounted using screws. Double-sided tape is
unacceptable.

7.9.5 Where space limitations preclude the use of plastic wire ducts, wiring
shall be neatly loomed and secured with plastic spiral wrapping or
tie-wraps and anchors. Wiring between movable parts such as doors
shall be installed in flexible hoses.

7.9.6 Loomed wiring shall not be installed near sharp-edged surfaces.

7.9.7 Wiring shall not be threaded through undressed access holes. Glands or
protective grommets shall be used.

7.9.8 Vendor-installed cables shall be supported and provided with a strain-


relief mechanism for cable connectors.

7.9.9 Wire ducts for ESD wiring shall not contain any other types of wiring.

Page 15 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.10 Wire Color Coding

Hot Black
AC Power Supply: Neutral White or gray
Ground Green or green with yellow tracer
Negative Black
DC Power Supply:
Positive Red

If the wire insulation cannot be color-coded as above, the wire must be sleeved
with the required color. The sleeve shall cover from the cut insulation end to a
point past where the conductor enters the plastic wire duct or a minimum of
4 inches, whichever is less. Sleeves shall not be used over green insulation.
Blue color shall not be used except in intrinsically safe circuits.

7.11 Wire Tagging

7.11.1 Cables with connector plugs shall be tagged at each end. Each cable tag
shall have two labels. The first label (closest to the plug connector) shall
identify the device and socket to which the plug is to be connected.
The second label shall identify the device and socket to which the
opposite end of the cable is connected. The two tags may be combined
into one tag with sufficient separation between the two labels.

7.11.2 The interconnecting wiring shall be tagged at each end with two
identification tags (or the two may be combined into one tag with
sufficient separation between wire numbers). The first tag (closest to
the end of the wire) shall identify the terminal number to which the
wire is physically connected. The second tag shall identify the
terminal number to which the opposite end of the wire is connected.
Commentary Notes:

Where jumpers are installed between terminal blocks in the same row or
column and are clearly visible, wire tagging is not necessary.

Identification shall be in accordance with designations shown on


instrument loop diagrams (ILDs). Where wires terminate on instrument
or device terminals, the instrument tag number and terminal designation
(+) or (-) (if applicable) will be used in lieu of terminal strip identification.

Exceptions:

1) Alternate wire tagging schemes, which conform to established local


practice, may be used for extensions to existing facilities with the prior
approval of the proponent.

2) Vendor Standard wire tagging of interconnecting wiring is allowable


provided approval is granted by the proponent.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.11.3 Wire tag information shall be permanently marked in block


alphanumeric or typed on tubular; heat shrinkable, slip-on sleeves.
Wrap-around, Snap-On or self-adhesive markers shall not be used.
Where shrink fit cable markers cannot be installed over pre-made cable
and connectors, a suitable tie-wrap or equivalent type permanent
marker shall be used.
Exceptions:

1) Alternate wire tagging schemes, which conform to established local


practice, may be used for extensions to existing facilities with the prior
approval of the proponent.

2) Plastic sleeves that are specifically designed to fit on a specific wire


gauge and come with pre-printed alpha/numeric inserts (such as
Grafoplast Trasp System) may be used for wire tags with prior approval
of the proponent.

7.11.4 Wire and cable tags shall not be handwritten.

7.11.5 Wire tags shall be installed and oriented such that the tags are easily
read. (Upside down or covering of tag information by plastic duct
covers is not acceptable).

7.11.6 Spare pairs/triads in multi-pair/triad cables shall be labeled SPARE


in addition to the destination and source terminal numbers. All spares
are to be terminated.

7.11.7 Per NEC 310-120, all conductors and cables shall be marked to
indicate the following information:
1) Maximum rated voltage for which the conductor was listed,
2) The letter designators for type of wire or cable,
3) Manufacture's name or trade mark,
4) The AWG size or circular mil area.

7.11.8 All cable ties used inside of cabinets shall be weather resistant nylon
cable ties with a stainless steel barb. The cable tie shall have a
maximum continuous use temperature rating of 85C or higher,
e.g., Panduit Dome-Top Barb Ty Cable Ties - Weather Resistant, or
equivalent.

7.12 Terminal Coding

7.12.1 Each row of terminals shall be clearly identified with an alphanumeric


label. Each row of ESD terminals shall additionally be marked to

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

show ESD service.

7.12.2 In addition to 7.12.1, each row of Power supply and bus terminals shall
be marked with voltage type and level (e.g., +24 VDC, or 120 VAC,
etc.).

7.12.3 Numerical terminal identification and coding shall be assigned


sequentially (in ascending order, from top to bottom or left to right).
Each vertical row and group of rows shall be labeled separately.

7.13 Relays

7.13.1 Relays shall be of the electromechanical, dust-tight, 11-pin (3PDT) or


8-pin (DPDT) plug-in type.
Exceptions:

1. Relays provided as an integral part of manufactured electronic


equipment installed within cabinets may use that manufacturer's
standard offering.

2. For hermetically sealed relays, 4PDT, 14-pin relays may be used


provided that no more than two contacts are used.

7.13.2 Each relay shall be supplied with a bracket or holding clips to prevent
it from falling off the base (socket). Using relays that are permanently
attached to the relay base is not acceptable.

7.13.3 A dedicated relay base shall be provided for each relay. Using multi-
socket modules that can accommodate more than one relay is not
acceptable.

7.13.4 The mounting socket shall be provided with a plastic label, color
black-white (relay number engraved into the black core with white
surface, dull finish). The relay tag shall not be mounted directly on the
relay and shall be visible when the relay is installed. The relay number
shall be shown as presented in the detailed cabinet drawings.

7.13.5 DIN rail mounted relay bases are preferred.

7.13.6 Coil voltage shall be as specified in the Purchase Order. Pull-in voltage
should be 85% or less of nominal voltage.

7.13.7 All relays shall be provided with suppression diodes.

7.13.8 Relay configuration and pertinent operating information shall be


imprinted on the case.

Page 18 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.14 Push Buttons and Lights

Push buttons and lights shall be industrial quality. Push buttons shall have
protective mechanisms to prevent accidental activation as required by the
detailed design specification. Long-life type lamps or LED cluster lamps shall
be used. It shall be possible to access the lamp bulbs from the front for
replacement. The color of the pushbuttons or lights shall be green for
ON/OPEN and red for OFF/CLOSE positions. Only screw terminals
shall be provided on push buttons.
Exception:

Existing facilities that currently deviate from the above light color specification
may use other conventions in order to keep the lighting philosophy consistent
within the facility.

7.15 Lamp Test Facilities

For all control panels with indicating lights, a lamp test button shall be provided
per panel.
Exceptions:

LED or other lamps integral to a manufacturer's electronic instrumentation do not


require the lamp test button.

Power status-indicating lights that are normally on where it is not desirable to


cross-feed lamp test power from an alternative source (such as UPS power
status).

7.16 Circuit Breakers and Fuses

7.16.1 Individual circuit breakers shall be provided for each power supply
unit.

7.16.2 Fuses and circuit breakers shall be readily accessible for maintenance
with sufficient clearance from obstructions.

7.16.3 Tandem type (dual) circuit breakers in a single molded case shall not
be used, as the failure of one breaker requires complete replacement of
the assembly.

7.16.4 Circuit breakers shall be installed in a manner that allows replacement


of a breaker without disruption to adjacent breakers. Circuit breakers
shall not be interconnected using wire jumpers, comb jumpers or
bridges of any type.

Page 19 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.17 Marshalling Cabinet Shielding

7.17.1 Cable shields must have a single, continuous path to ground. Ground
loops and floating shields shall be avoided. Shields shall be
consolidated and ultimately connected to the Instrument Circuit
Ground Bar as detailed in paragraph 7.18.6.

7.17.2 Shield drain wires shall not be daisy-chained using bare wires or crimp
connectors to the ground connection.

7.17.3 Cable shields must have a continuous path to ground. Acceptable


methods of consolidating shields are as follows:
a) Special grounding terminals in intimate contact with an electrically
isolated DIN Rail.
b) Terminal Block jumper bars designed for the selected terminal blocks.
c) Preformed jumper combs designed for the selected terminal blocks.
d) Electrically isolated bus bars running parallel to terminal blocks.

7.18 Grounding

7.18.1 Both safety ground and instrumentation circuit ground must conform to
NEC, Article 250. Grounding system recommendations and
requirements provided by manufacturers of instrumentation and control
systems (e.g., Distributed Control Systems) shall be followed.

7.18.2 Separate, electrically isolated grounding bars shall be provided, as


required.

7.18.3 All ground buses shall be made of a solid copper measuring the
following nominal dimensions 5mm x 40 mm x (y length), suitably
drilled and tapped for screw terminals and wire lugs, or fitted with
screw-type compression lugs.
Commentary Note:

The ground bus dimensions in Paragraph 7.18.3 are nominal.


Buses that are slightly different in sizes are acceptable provided that
they are sized for the worst case ground currents.

7.18.4 The preferred location of the ground bus bars is at the bottom of the
cabinet.

7.18.5 A No. 2 AWG screw-type compression lug shall be provided on both


end of each ground bar for interconnection with the Master Instrument
Ground or Master Safety Ground.

Page 20 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.18.6 The ground bus bars shall be labeled and wired as follows:

AC SAFETY GROUND for all exposed metal surfaces of cabinets,


racks, chassis GND connections, etc. Individual wiring interconnections
between the internal components and the bus shall be minimum
12 AWG copper wire, green with yellow tracer insulation. This bus
shall be directly bolted to the cabinet without the use of insulators.

INSTRUMENT CIRCUIT GROUND for connecting cable and wire


shields and DC Common. Interconnections between shield
consolidation points and the bus bar shall be minimum 12 AWG
copper wire, with green insulation. This bus bar shall be electrically
insulated from the cabinet structure.

7.18.7 When provided, AC power receptacle outlets shall be grounded using


ground wire terminated on the receptacle grounding terminal. (e.g., A
receptacle utilizing the faceplate as a ground path is not permitted.)

7.18.8 All enclosure doors and subpanels shall be electrically bonded to main
enclosure frame by a braided ground strap (wire size #8 AWG or
equivalent).

7.19 Lighting, Convenience and Power Distribution Receptacle Outlets

7.19.1 Cabinet lights shall be installed where practical and necessary, as


specified in the Purchase Order.

7.19.2 If specified, cabinet lights shall be 120/230 Volt, 60-watt incandescent


lamps, size IEC, type E27 or ES (Edison Medium Screw Base) fitting
or 15-watt minimum industrial grade, fluorescent lighting fixture(s)
oriented in such a manner that the majority of the interior portions of
the cabinet are illuminated.

7.19.3 Incandescent lamps shall have a guard to help protect the lamp from
accidental breakage. Fluorescent lamps shall have clear plastic sleeve
guards to help contain broken glass in case of an accident.

7.19.4 When specified in the Purchase Order, convenience outlets shall be


duplex-type and rated at 120/230 VAC, 10 amp as a minimum.

7.19.5 Interior lamps and convenience outlets shall be wired to separate


thermal/magnetic circuit breakers which shall be powered from a
proponent-furnished AC distribution panel, independent of the UPS
power supply.

Page 21 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

7.19.6 A switch in the cabinet (in addition to the circuit breaker) shall control
each lamp where the lamp is installed. Automatic door switches for
lamps are allowed.

8 Testing and Inspection

The items manufactured to this specification are subject to verification by the


proponents Inspection representative, per the proponents Inspection Requirements
Form attached to the Purchase Order.

The Cabinet Fabricator shall verify the operation of all instrumentation and controls.
Documented test procedures shall be submitted to the proponent for approval not less
than thirty (30) days before commencement of test. Tests shall include, but shall not be
limited to:
a) A function test of all electronic instruments and electric control circuits and relays.
b) Visual inspection to verify compliance with requirements of this specification.
c) Complete wiring check with verification that terminal and wiring code conforms
to cabinet design drawings.
d) A certificate of compliance to the RFI requirements of IEC 61000-4-3, Level 3.
The certificate(s) shall be for either the entire cabinet or for all the electronic
equipment installed within the cabinet.

EMI/RFI Interference (Radiated Susceptibility)

The cabinet electronic equipment shall perform within the normal limits without loss of
function or degradation of performance when subjected to radiated electromagnetic
fields in accordance with IEC 61000-4-3, Level 3, (at a 10 V/m power level), with
cabinet doors open. If certificates are not available, the equipment in the cabinet shall
function within the normal limit when tested with a 5 watt radio transceivers operating
at 5 Watts within the frequency ranges, 50-174 MHz, 406- 470MHz, and 800-870 MHz
and held at a distance of 1.0 meter from the cabinet, with cabinet doors open.

9 Shipment

Adequate precautions should be exercised to prevent damage during shipment.


All openings shall be sealed and threaded connections shall be protected with molded
plastic screwed plugs or caps. The cabinet crating shall be in accordance with good
shipping practice; with the cabinet/panel adequately protected against corrosion,
mechanical damage or marring of the cabinet finish. Before crating, the cabinet/panel
shall be boxed or covered with a suitable plastic sheet. Each panel box or crate shall be
clearly identified with panel and order numbers and marked to show upright position.

Page 22 of 23
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-820
Issue Date: 17 June 2015
Next Planned Update: 1 January 2017 Instrument Control Cabinets - Indoor

Revision Summary
1 January 2013 Revised the Next Planned Update. Reaffirmed the content of the document, and
reissued with minor revisions for clarification of some of the requirements in response to
questions received from various project teams.
19 March 2014 Changed primary contact details and reissued with minor rewording.
16 September 2014 Minor revision intended to clarify the indoor cabinet requirements and to correct some
typographical errors.
17 June 2015 Editorial revision is being carried to align the standard with government directive of
allowing 230 volts.

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