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# BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI

## K. K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS

First Semester 2015-2016
Tutorial Sheet-1
Course No. MATH F113 Course title: Probability and Statistics

## Question 1: Why does it pay the player to bet consistently on seeing 6

at least once in 4 throws of a die , but not seeing a double 6 at least in 24
throws with 2 dice ?

## Question 2: Suppose in BITS 60% people subscribes Times of India, 20%

subscribes Hindu and 10% subscribes both. If a person selected at random,
(a) What is the probability that he subscribes at least one of the two
news papers ?
(b) What is the probability that he subscribes exactly one of the two
news paper ?
Question 3: The sum of 2 non-negative quantities is equal to 2n. Find the
chance that there product is not less than 3/4 times there greatest product.

## Question 4: A has one share in a lottery in which there is 1 prize and

2 blanks; B has threes shares in lottery in which there are 3 prizes and 6
blanks; Compare the probability of As success to Bs success.

## Question 5: What is the probability that at least 2 out of n people have

the same birthday ? Assume that 365 days in a year and that all days are
equally likely.

## Question 6: If n distict biscuits be distributed among N persons, find the

chance that a particular person receives r(< n) biscuits.

## Question 7: A five-figure number is formed by the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 (with-

out repetition). Find the probability that the number formed is divisible by
4.

## Question 8: A die is loaded in such a manner that for n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

the probability of the face marked n, landing on top when the die is rolled
is proportional to n. Find the probability that an odd number will appear
on tossing the die.

## Question 9: If A, B and C are random events in a sample space and if A,

B and C are pairwise independent and A is independent of (B C), then
A, B and C are mutually independent.

Question 10: Two persons throw a pair of dice once each. What is the
probability that the outcome of the 2 throws are equal.

1
2

Question 11: The probability that a dealer will sell at least 20 televisions
in a day is 0.45 and the probability that he will sell less than 24 televisions
is 0.74. What is the probability that he will sell 20, 21, 22 and 23 televisions
during the day ?

## Question 12: If P (A) = P (B) = P (A B), then show that

P ((A B) (A B)) = 0.
Question 13: If A,B and C are any three events such that P (A) = P (B) =
P (C) = 14 , P (A B) = P (B C) = 0, P (A C) = 81 . Find the probability
that at least one of the event A,B or C occurs.

## Question 14: Consider an experiment that has N outcomes, say w1 , w2 , , wN ,

where it is known that outcome wj+1 is twice as likely as outcome wj , j =
1, 2, , N 1. If Ak = {w1 , w2 , , wk } find P (Ak ).

## Question 15: A random box contains tags marked 1, 2, , n. Two tags

are chosen at random with replacement. Find the probability that the num-
bers on the tags will be consecutive integers.

Question 16: A sign reads ARKANSAS. Three letters are removed and
put back into the three empty space at random. What is the Probability

## Question 17: A speaks truth 3 times out of 4 and B 5 times out of 7. If

A and B are 2 independent witnesses in a case and both of them agree in a
statement. What is the probability hat the statement is true?

## Question 18: Three Machines M1, M2 and M3 produce identical items. Of

their respective output 3%, 2% and 2% of items are defective. On a certain
day M1 has produced 20% while M2 and M3 produced 40% each of total
output respectively. An item selected at random is found defective. What
is the probability that the item is from M1 or M3?

Question 19: What is the probality that a leap year selected at random
will have 53 sundays?
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