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Vocabulary test

Write down the Chinese meaning of each vocabulary.


Unit 1
1. process:
2. account for:
3. associated with:
4. evidence:
5. approximately:
6. layer:
7. remarkably:
8. immigration:
9. assumption:
10. invade:
11. contrast:
Unit 2
12. enemy:
13. harm:
14. awareness:
15. unknown:
16. alarm:
17. constant:
18. select:
19. acquire:
20. obedient:
21. plenty:
22. talent:
23. domestic:
Unit 3
24. exclude
25. attach
26. theory
27. conduct
28. injury:
29. analysis:
30. attach:
31. infect:
32. luxury:
33. murder:
34. teenager:
35. wealth:
36. labor:
37. freeze:
38. cruel:
39. debatable:
40. tiny:
Unit 4
41. sightseer:
42. threaten:

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43. economic:
44. convenient:
45. locate:
46. modernize:
47. permitted:
48. policy:
49. cultural:
50. supposedly:
51. preserve:
52. cave:
Unit 5
53. currently:
54. distribute:
55. reside:
56. ignore:
57. sector:
58. widespread:
59. circumstances:
60. sink:
61. engineer:
62. exposed:

Reading Comprehension
Passage 1
Olive oil () is probably the most widely-used oil for cooking. It is made from
fresh olives. Olive oil has been a main food in the Mediterranean countries for
thousands of years, and some olive trees which are hundreds of years old still
produce fruit.
Almost everyone knows that olive oil is good for our health. But what most people
may not realize is that olive oil is used for a lot more than just food. People make
soap out of it, polish diamonds with it, and burn it for light. In ancient times, olive oil
was even used as a weapon.
These days, more and more people all over the world are discovering that olive oil
may be the best oil for cooking. In the United States, people use five times more
olive oil today than they did 20 years ago.
Nowadays, most of the worlds olive oil is still produced in the Mediterranean
countries such as America and Australia also produce it. Spain produces the most
olive oil in the world, followed by Italy and Greece.
41. How long has olive oil been used for a main food

42. When was olive oil even used as a weapon

43. Where do people use olive oil today more than before

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Passage2
WHO would have thought a man who lived in the Stone Age would be dressed in
clothes made in China? A thousand-year-old mummy , nicknamed Otzi the Iceman
was wearing a Chinese jacket, latest research has found. But where and how he
got the jacket has become a topic of great debate.
Otzi is the nickname of a well-preserved mummy from about 3,300 BC. He was
found in 1991 in the Otztal Valley in the Alps, near the border between Austria and
Italy. Two German tourists, Helmut and Erika Simon found him when they were
climbing.
Otzi was thought to be the body of a soldier who fought during WWI but was found
to be thousands of years older. Analyzing Otzi showed that the items with him were
all of different ages. His arrows are 7,000 years old, the axe belonged to a time
hundreds of years later and the skin in which the man was dressed originally
belonged to a goat that lived in China. Otzi's tattoo shows that he might have been
a wizard , according to Prauda, the official newspaper in Russia.
There are still many mysteries surrounding Otzi, yet the most famous and
frightening one is his curse. It is said that Otzi had mystic powers and those who
trouble his dead body will be doomed () to die. Otzi has claimed seven people
so far. With the death of several people who have touched the remains of
the ancient man, the "Otzi curse" mystery has snowballed.

44. In this passage, the writer suggests that ______.


A. we should not go to the Alps because many people died there
B. many people that have studied Otzi have died
C. Otzi is an Egyptian mummy, found on the Alps
D. Otzi is Chinese, because of the clothing he was wearing
45. The underlined word "snowballed" in the last sentence means that _____.
A. people pay their respect to the dead by throwing snowballs
B. people who have touched Otzi's body have often died shortly after being hit with
snowballs
C. the mystery around the curse gets larger and larger, like a snowball rolling down
a hill
D. Otzi was found buried with many snowballs that scientists agree may have been
used as weapons in the time when Otzi was alive
46. In the passage, which of the following statements is NOT mentioned?
A. Otzi was wearing a jacket, made of the skin of a goat that lived in China.
B. Helmut and Erika Simon discovered Otzi in the Alps in 1991.
C. Helmut was the seventh victim of Otzi's curse.
D. Otzi is said to have mystic powers.
47. What is the best title of the passage?
A. The Curse of the Iceman
B. A Great Discovery
C. A Well-preserved Mummy
D. A Man Who Lived in the Stone Age

Passage3

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Do's and Don'ts in Whale () Watching
The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale
watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each
summer. It is strongly recommended that vessel () operators follow these
guidelines for all kinds of whales. Approach whales from the side, not from the front
or the back. Approach no closer than 100 meters, then stop the boat but keep the
engine on. Keep noise levels down-no horns, whistles or racing of engines.
Start your boat only after the whales are more than 100 meters from your vessel.
Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 meters
from the whales. Approach and leave slowly, avoiding sudden changes in speed or
direction. Avoid disturbing groups of resting whales. Keep at low speeds and
remain in the same direction if traveling side by side with whales. When whales are
traveling close to shore, avoid crowding them near the shore or coming between
the whales and the shore. Limit the time spent with any group of whales to less
than 30 minutes at a time when within 100 to 200 meters of whales. If there is more
than one vessel at the same observation spot, be sure to avoid any boat position
that would result in surrounding the whales. Work together by communicating with
other vessels, and make sure that all operators are aware of the whale watching
guidelines.

48. For whom is this text written?


A. Tour guides.
B. Whale watchers.
C. Vessel operators.
D. Government officials.
49. When leaving the observation areas, the vessel should _________.
A. move close to the beach
B. increase speed gradually
C. keep its engine running slowly
D. remain at the back of the whales
50.When going side by side with whales, the vessel should _________.
A. travel closer and closer to the shore
B. surround the whales with other boats
C. keep moving in the same direction
D. take a good viewing position
51. What is the shortest safe distance from the whales?
A. 400 meters.
B. 300 meters.
C. 200 meters.
D. 100 meters.

Passage4
The friendship between humans and dogs possibly began 14000 years ago. Here
are four examples of a dogs life in the human world today.
Treated like a queen
Tiffy is one of these dogs. Her owner, Nancy Jane Loewy, treats her like a queen.
She patiently prepares Tiffy meals of meat, fish, chicken and different kinds of fresh
vegetables. Tiffy also eats yoghurt and biscuits after dinner. Loewys husband has a

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very good job and her two sons are away at university, so she has the time and
money to treat Tiffy very well, and she truly enjoys doing it. I want to give her the
healthiest, most wonderful life as long as possible, she says.
Food sniffer dogs()
Food sniffer dogs work at international airports in the United States. Their job is to
smell and find illegal fruits, vegetables and other foods in bags and mail. These
foods sometimes bring insects and diseases which could be dangerous for plants
and animals. The dog calmly sits down next to anything that smells suspicious. The
dogs human partner then checks for illegal foods. Sniffer dogs are friendly and
cute, so they dont scare people as they sniff through the crowds. More importantly,
these dogs have an astonishing nose for food. They can find food in bags 84% of
the time.
Animal carers
Jessie is a whippet that visits very sick children in hospital. She shows them her
love and when they feel down, Jessie makes them happy. Jessie helps patients to
stay strong during their time in hospital.
There are many different kinds of animals that help people. We train service dogs
to help people with physical disabilities. The best known service dogs are guides for
the blind. But they can also learn to _____turn lights on and off, pick up objects
from the floor and even pull wheelchairs.
Doggie detectives
Search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs use their amazing noses to find people. They can
smell tiny clues that people leave wherever they go. These include bacteria (
small pieces of clothing and hairs. They may find missing hikers and search
through rubble after earthquakes and other disasters.
52. What food does Tiffy eat?

53. Which of the following is the best expression to fill in the blank in the passage?
A. look for missing hikers B. open and close doors
C. do any tasks for people D. follow people here and there
54. What kind of dogs is the most helpful when a child is lost?

55. Whats the purpose of the passage?

Passage5
Every year thousands of tourists visit Pompeii, Italy. They see the sights that
Pompeii is famous forits stadium and theatres, its shops and restaurants. The
tourists do not, however, see Pompeiis people. They do not see them because
Pompeii has no people. No one has lived in Pompeii for almost 2000 years.
Once, Pompeii was a busy city of 22000 people. It lay at the foot of Mount
Vesuvius, a grass-covered volcano. Mount Vesuvius had not erupted()for
centuries, so the people of Pompeii felt safe. But they were not.
In August of AD 79, Mount Vesuvius erupted. The entire top of the mountain
exploded, and a huge black cloud rose into the air. Soon stones and hot ash began
to fall on Pompeii. When the eruption ended two days later, Pompeii was buried
under 20 feet of stones and ashes. Almost all of its people were dead.

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For centuries, Pompeii lay buried under stone and ash. Then, in the year 1861, an
Italian scientist named Ginseppe began to uncover Pompeii. Slowly, carefully,
Ginseppe and his men dug. The city looked almost the same as it had looked in AD
79. There were streets and fountains, houses and shops. There was a stadium with
20000 seats. Perhaps the most important of all, there were everyday objects, which
tell us a great deal about the people who lived in Pompeii. Many glasses and jars
had some dark blue color in the bottom, so we know that the people of Pompeii
liked wine. They liked bread, too; metal bread pans were in every bakery. In one
bakery there were 81 round, flat loaves of bread?a type of bread that is still sold in
Italy today. Tiny boxes filled with a dark, shiny powder tell us that women liked to
wear eye-makeup.
Ginseppe has died, but his work continues. One-fourth has not been uncovered yet.
Scientists are still digging, still making discoveries that draw the tourists to Pompeii.
56. Why do large numbers of people come to Pompeii each year?
A. To visit the volcano. B. To shop and eat there.
C. To watch sports and plays. D. To see how Pompeiians lived.
57. Why had so many Pompeiians remained by volcanic Mount Vesuvius?
A. The city nearby offered all kinds of fun.
B. The area produced the finest wine in Italy.
C. Few people expected the volcano to erupt again.
D. The mountain was beautiful and covered with grass.
58. Why did the city uncovered look almost the same as it had looked in AD 79?
A. Because Ginseppe and his men dug it slowly and carefully.
B. Because the city was buried alive and remained untouched.
C. Because scientists successfully rebuilt the city with everyday objects.
D. Because nobody had lived in the city ever since the volcano erupted.
59. What do we know about the Pompeiians who lived 2000 years ago?
A. They lived more or less the same as Italians now do.
B. They liked women wearing all kinds of makeup.
C. They enjoyed a lazy life with drinking and eating.
D. They went back to Pompeii after the eruption in AD 79.

Passage 6
LONDON----A mornings train ride away, across the Channel, English kids talk
about Liverpools soccer team in a Paris pub.
Some Parisians have even started to go to work in London.
In the 19th century, Charles Dickens compared the two great rival() cities,
London and Paris, in A Tale of Two Cities.These days, it might be A Tale of One
City.
Parisians are these days likely to smile in sympathy at a visitors broken French and
respond in polite English.
As jobs grew lack at home over recent years, perhaps 250000 Frenchmen moved
across the Channel. With an undersea tunnel, they could travel between cities in
three hours. The European Union freed them from immigration and customs.
Paris, rich in beauty, is more attractive. But London feels more full of life, and more
fun until the pubs shut down.

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For me, the difference is that London is real, alive, said Trevor Wheeler, a
banker.
Chantal Jaouen, a professional designer, agrees.I am French, but Ill stay in
London, she said.
There is, of course, the other view. Julie Lenoux is a student who moved to
London two years ago.I think people laugh more in Paris, she said.
In fact, London and Paris, with their obvious new similarities, are beyond the
old descriptions. As the European Union gradually loosened controls, Londoners
flocked into Paris to shop, eat and buy property.
Both cities have changed beyond recognitionsaid Larry Collins, a writer
and sometimes a Londoner.
Like most people who know both well, he finds the two now fit together
comfortably. I first fell in love with Paris in the 1950s, and it is still a wonderful
place,Collins said. But if I had to choose, it would be London. Things are so much
more ordered, and life is better.
But certainly not cheaper.
In fancy parts of London, rents can be twice those on Avenue Foch in Paris.
Deciding between London and Paris requires a lifestyle choice.
Like Daphne Benoit, a French journalism student with perfect English, many
young people are happy to be close enough so they dont have to choose.
I love Paris, my little neighborhood, the way I can walk around a center, but
life is so structured, she said. In London, you can be who you wan. No one cares.
60.The best title for this passage is______.
A. Londoners and Parisians B. A Modern Tale of Two Cities
C. The Similarity of Two Cities D. Fancy London and Fashionable Paris
61.We can infer from the text______.
A. Paris and London has become perfect partners
B. London feels more full of life
C. life in Paris is structured
D. Paris and London have become fierce competitors
62.The underlined word flocked probably means______.
A. came in large numbers B. flew a long way
C. rushed hurriedly D. drove long distances
63.Living in Paris, you may find______.
A. life is better B. things are cheaper
C. more attractive people D. a job easily
64.From the passage we can know______.
A. the two cities have developed very fast
B. London is better than Paris now
C. Paris is a favourite place for all journalism students
D. people in both London and Paris now lead a regular life

Passage 7
Not very long ago, a special family system() existed in certain parts of South
India. In this system, the actual head of a family unit was the mothers eldest
brother, though the mother also had an important position in the family. In families
of this kind, a husband was actually no more than a visitor. He did not live with his

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wife, but with his own mother, brothers and sisters in another house. He saw his
sons and daughters sometimes, but the man who actually fed and cared for them
and acted as their father was their uncle-their mothers brother.
But this system, in which brother and sisters take the place of the father, no
longer exists in South India except in a few villages. Economic changes have had
far reaching effect on family life. Family life began to change when men went out to
work in factories and offices instead of working with their mothers, brothers, and
sisters on the land. When a man went out to work he had money of his own and
could buy his own land and build his own family, instead of depending on his
mother and his brothers. He wanted to be independent. This is an example of the
way in which economic relations can have an effect on family relation-ships.
65.The best title of this passage is______.
A. Husband Actually Visitor in Family B. Family System in South India
C. Wife Has Important Position in Family
D. Economic Relations Affects Family Relationships
66.Who had the actual control of a family in South India not long ago?
A. The mother. B. The mothers eldest brother.
C. The father D. The fathers mother.

67.In this system, the husband lived together with______.


A. his wife B. his sons and daughters
C. his mother, brothers and sisters D. his wifes brother
68. What has caused such a strange family system to die away?
A. The fact that the mother has not got any brother.
B. The fact that the father has got his own house and land.
C. The changes in economic relations.
D. The changes in family relationships.