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Great things are not done by impulse, but by a series of small things brought together.

Vincent Van Gogh

Unit 1 Exam The Neutral Atom

_____/20 Atomic Structure

Use words from the word bank to label the parts of the following diagram - Not all words will be used. (2 points per blank):

1. 4.

Word bank
Electron Cloud

6. Which statement describes the distribution of charge in an atom?

a. A neutral nucleus is surrounded by one or more c. A positively charged nucleus is surrounded by
negatively charged electrons. one or more negatively charged electrons.
b. A neutral nucleus is surrounded by one or more d. A positively charged nucleus is surrounded by
positively charged electrons. one or more positively charged electrons.

7. Which subatomic particles are paired with their charges?

a. Electronpositive, neutronnegative, proton c. Electronnegative, neutronpositive, proton
neutral neutral
b. Electronnegative, neutronneutral, proton d. Electronneutral, neutronpositive, proton
positive negative

8. Which particles have approximately the same mass?

a. an electron and an alpha particle c. a neutron and an alpha particle
b. an electron and a proton d. a neutron and a proton

9. What subatomic particle has the least mass?

a. Alpha c. Neutron
b. Proton d. Electron

10. What statement best describes the density of an atoms nucleus?

a. The nucleus occupies most of the atom's volume but contains little of its mass.
b. The nucleus occupies very little of the atom's volume and contains little of its mass.
c. The nucleus occupies most of the atom's volume and contains most of its mass.
d. The nucleus occupies very little of the atom's volume but contains most of its mass.

____/20 The Neutral Atom
11. Which element has 16 protons in its nucleus?
a. Carbon c. Oxygen
b. Sulfur d. Krypton

12. Which element has atomic number 19? ________________

13. What is the atomic mass of oxygen? (Rounded) _______________
14. The number of neutrons in an element are found by:
a. Adding together the electrons and protons in the c. Subtracting the atomic number from atomic
atom. mass (atomic mass atomic #).
b. The number of d. The number of
protons in the atom. electrons in the atom.

15. The numbers of protons, electrons, and neutrons in an atom of Cl.

a. 17 protons, 18 c. 18 protons, 17
electrons, 18 electrons, 35
neutrons. neutrons.
b. 17 protons, 17 d. 17 protons, 17
electrons, 35 electrons, 18
neutrons. neutrons.

For question 16-20 complete the chart below.

Element Element Atomic mass Atomic Number of Number of Number of
name symbol number protons electrons neutrons
Chlorine Cl

____/10 Isotopes
21. Isotopes are two atoms of the same element with the same number of _____________, but different number of
a. Protons, electrons. c. Neutrons, protons.
b. Protons, neutrons. d. Electrons, neutrons

22. The notation: gives information about

a. Mass number, only c. Both mass number and atomic number

b. Atomic number, only d. Neither mass number nor atomic number

23. Write in: write standard atomic notation for an oxygen atom with 10 neutrons and 8 protons.

Use the following information to answer the following three questions

18 19 20
Here are three isotopes of Fluorine: 9 F 9 F 9 F
24. The number 9 refers to the:
(A) Atomic number (C) Mass number
(B) Number of neutrons (D) Number of electrons

25. The numbers 18, 19, and 20 refer to the:

a. Number of neutrons c. Number of electrons
b. Mass number d. Number of protons and electrons
26. Describe what is the same and what is different between the 3 isotopes of fluorine shown above. Use the
following words in your answer: proton, neutron, and atomic mass.

____/10 Bohr Model

27. Write in: How many total electrons are in an atom of sodium (Na)? ____________

28. What is the number of electrons in a completely filled second shell of an atom?
a. 32 c. 2
b. 18 d. 8

29. Which is the correct Bohr model for Aluminum (Al)?

a. c.

b. d.

30. (4 pts) Draw the Bohr model for Beryllium (Be) and on your answer sheet. Remember to label the protons
and neutrons as well.

____/10 Electron configuration

31. How many electron fit into an s sub-shell?
a. 4 c. 2
b. 6 d. 8

32.Which element has the electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p2?

a. Carbon c. Phosphorus
b. Silicon d. Magnesium

33. Write in: Write the electron configuration for Sodium (Na).

34. Write in: Write the electron configuration for Boron (B) OR for chlorine (Cl).

35.Which is the correct electron configuration for magnesium:

a. 1s22s22p63s2 c. 1s22s22p8
b. 1s22s22p43s33p1. d. 1s22s22p63s23p6
____/20 Valence electrons
36.Name an element that has 6 valence electrons. ________________

37. In the ground state, an atom of which element has two valence electrons?
a. Cr c. Cu
b. Ni d. Se

38.Why are valence electrons the electrons chemists care about most?
a. Valence electrons determine the atomic number of an element.
b. Valence electrons are the electrons that participate in chemical reactions.
c. Valence electrons are always lost by every element
d. Valence electrons are the total number of electrons in an atom.

39. How many valence electrons do sodium and the other Group 1 elements have?
a. 1 c. 3
b. 2 d. 11

40. Which atom does not have a stable valence electron configuration?
a. Neon c. Radon
b. Helium d. Hydrogen

41. Write in: How many valence electrons do all Group 15 have? ___________________

42. Elements in the same ________ have the same number of valence electrons.
a. Period c. Group
b. Nucleus d. Periodic Table

43. What is the total number of valence electrons in a germanium atom in the ground state?
a. 22 c. 2
b. 32 d. 4

44. Rubidium and cesium have similar chemical properties because, in the ground state, the atoms of both
elements each have
a. One electron in the outermost shell c. One neutron in the nucleus
b. Two electrons in the outermost shell d. Two neutrons in the nucleus

45. Iodine (I) has properties most like:

a. Manganese (Mn) c. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Tellurium (Te) d. Xenon (Xe)

____/10 Lewis Dot Structures

46. Lewis dot structures are drawn to show the _____________.
a. Number of valence electrons each c. Number of protons each element has
element has d. Number of neutrons each element has
b. Number of total electrons each element
47. Choose 2 of the following elements and draw the Lewis dot structure:
Oxygen (O) Lithium (Li)
Argon (Ar) Calcium (Ca)

48. Elements in the same _________ have the same Lewis dot structures.
a. Group c. Energy level
b. Period d. Atom

49. An atom in the ground state contains a total of 5 electrons, 5 protons, and 5 neutrons. Which Lewis
electron-dot diagram represents this atom?
a. C

b. d.

____/18 Periodic Table

50. What is the atomic number of Arsenic (As)?
a. 43 c. 13
b. 75 d. 33

51. Write in: What is the symbol for the element Selenium:_____________________

52. All elements on the modern Periodic Table are arranged in order of increasing
a. Atomic mass c. Number of neutrons per atom
b. Molar mass d. Number of protons per atom

53. Which group on the Periodic Table has elements with atoms that tend not to bond with atoms of other
a. Group 1 c. Group 2
b. Group 17 d. Group 18

54. What group and period is Silicon (Si) in

a. Group 1, period 6 c. Group 16, period 2
b. Group 14, period 3 d. Group 3, period 14

55. The elements in Group 2 are classified as:

a. Metals c. Metalloids
b. Nonmetal d. Noble Gas

56. Write in: Give an example of an alkali earth metal:____________________________

57. Which of the following is a halogen gas

a. Hydrogen (H) c. Radon (Rn)
b. Bromine (Br) d. Calcium (Ca)

58. The element sulfur is classified as a
a. Metal c. Metalloid
b. Nonmetal d. Noble gas
____/10 Atomic History
59. Which conclusion was drawn from the results of the gold foil experiment?
a. An atom is electrically neutral. c. The nucleus of an atom is negatively
b. An atom is mostly empty space. charged.
d. The electrons in an atom are located in
specific shells.

60. The atomic model has been modified many times over the years. This happened because
a. Scientists have become smarter with c. The actual nature of the atom has
time. changed with time.
b. New evidence became available to d. More elements were discovered.

61. Which scientist first proposed the existence of the nucleus in atoms?
a. Rutherford c. Democritus
b. Bohr d. Dalton

62. Several models of the atom have been suggested by scientists since the beginning of the nineteenth century.
What is the correct chronological order (earliest to latest) of the models proposed by the scientists listed

a. Dalton, Bohr, Thomson, Rutherford c. Thomson, Dalton, Rutherford, Bohr

b. Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, Bohr d. Dalton, Rutherford, Thomson, Bohr

63. The "plum pudding" model of the atom was proposed by

a. Dalton c. Rutherford
b. Thomson d. Bohr