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AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

AISI1010CarbonSteel(UNSG10100)
WrittenbyAZoM Sep212012

TopicsCovered
Introduction
ChemicalComposition
PhysicalProperties
MechanicalProperties
ThermalProperties
OtherDesignations
FabricationandHeatTreatment
Machinability
Forming
Welding
Heattreatment
Forging
HotWorking
ColdWorking
Annealing
Tempering
Hardening
Applications

Introduction
AISI1010carbonsteelisaplaincarbonsteelwith0.10%carboncontent.Thissteelhas
relativelylowstrengthbutitcanbequenchedandtemperedtoincreasestrength.

ThefollowingdatasheetprovidesmoredetailsaboutAISI1010carbonsteel.

ChemicalComposition
ThefollowingtableshowsthechemicalcompositionoftheAISI1010carbonsteel.

Element Content(%)
Iron,Fe 99.189.62%
Manganese,Mn 0.300.60%

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AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

Sulfur,S 0.050%
Phosphorous,P 0.040%
Carbon,C 0.0800.13%

PhysicalProperties
ThephysicalpropertiesofAISI1010carbonsteelareoutlinedinthefollowingtable.

Properties Metric Imperial


Density 7.87g/cm3 0.284lb/in

MechanicalProperties
ThemechanicalpropertiesofAISI1010colddrawncarbonsteelaretabulatedbelow.

Properties MetricImperial
365 52900
Tensilestrength
MPa psi
305 44200
Yieldstrength(dependingontemper)
MPa psi
190 27557
Elasticmodulus 210 30458
Gpa ksi
140 20300
Bulkmodulus(typicalforsteel)
GPa ksi
80.0 11600
Shearmodulus(typicalforsteel)
GPa ksi
0.27 0.27
Poissonsratio
0.30 0.30
Elongationatbreak(in50mm) 20% 20%
Reductionofarea 40% 40%
Hardness,Brinell 105 105
Hardness,Knoop(convertedfromBrinellhardness) 123 123
Hardness,RockwellB(convertedfromBrinellhardness) 60 60
Hardness,Vickers(convertedfromBrinellhardness) 108 108
Machinability(basedonAISI1212steelas100machinability.The
machinabilityofgroupIbar,rod,andwireproductscanbeimprovedby 55 55
colddrawing)

ThermalProperties
ThethermalpropertiesofAISI1010carbonsteelaretabulatedbelow.

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AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

Properties Metric Imperial


Thermalexpansioncoefficient(@0.000100C/32212F)12.2m/mC 6.78in/inF
Thermalconductivity(typicalforsteel) 49.8W/mK 346BTUin/hr.ft.F

OtherDesignations
EquivalentmaterialstoAISI1010carbonsteelareasfollows.

AMS5050 AMS5055 AMS7225 DIN1.1121 AMS5040 AMS5042


ASTM
ASTMA512 ASTMA513 ASTMA519 ASTMA787 MILS11310
A513Type
(1010,MT1010) (1010,MT1010) (1010,MT1010) (MT1010) (CS1010)
2
AFNORXC ASTMA513
JISS12C JISS1OC JISS9CK SAEJ414
10 Type3
ASTM
ASTMA635 ASTMA830 AMS5044 AMS5047 AMS5053
A108
ASTM
SAEJ1397 ASTMA29 ASTMA510 ASTMA519 ASTMA545
A549
ASTMA575 ASTMA576 SAEJ403 SAEJ412

FabricationandHeatTreatment

Machinability
ThemachinabilityofAISI1010carbonsteel,especiallyinthecolddrawnorcoldworked
state,isconsideredasfairlygood.

Forming
AISI1010carbonsteelhasgoodformabilityandductility,andcanbeeasilyformedusing
conventionalmethods.

Welding
AISI1010carbonsteelcanbeweldedusingalltheconventionalweldingtechniques.

Heattreatment
AISI1010carbonsteelismostlyusedintheannealedorcasehardenedcondition.

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AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

However,itcanalsobeheattreated,quenchedandtemperedbutthecostforperforming
theseprocessesareveryhigh.

Forging
ForgingcanbeperformedonAISI1010carbonsteelbetween1260and982C(2300and
1800F).

HotWorking
ThehotworkingcapacityofAISI1010carbonsteelisbetweentherangesof482to93C
(900to200F).

ColdWorking
ThecoldworkingcapacityofAISI1010carbonsteelisgood.Incaseswhereseverecold
workingisperformedstressrelieforfullannealhastobeperformed.

Annealing
AfullannealprocesscanbeperformedforAISI1010carbonsteelat871to982C(1600
to1800F),whichisfollowedbyslowcoolingprocessinthefurnace.Astressreliefanneal
processcanalsobedoneat538C(1000F)andthengraduallycooled.AISI1010carbon
steelinthefullannealedconditionhasatensilestrengthofabout45ksi.

Tempering
TemperingcanbeperformedonAISI1010carbonsteel,afterhardeningprocessis
completed,at316to593C(600to1100F).Thisdependsuponthestrengthlevelthatis
required.Whentemperingisperformedat538C(1000F),thetensilestrengthwillbe
about75ksi.

Hardening
AISI1010carbonsteelcanbehardenedbybothcoldworkingandheattreatment.

Applications

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AISI 1010 Carbon Steel (UNS G10100)

AISI1010carbonsteelisprimarilyusedforapplicationssuchascoldheadedfasteners
andbolts.

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