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by Dynamic Drainage Consolidation

Ji-hui Ding, Qi Zhao, Ming-jiang Wu, Meng-jia Xiang, Xing-Gao, Bing-jun Li

AbstractTaking the silt clay of the lake bottom as the model tamping, and simplifies the complex pressurized system in the

test material, the model of indoor dynamic consolidation test is drainage consolidation method and effectively shorten the

designed, and the law of soil layer resistance and dynamic earth construction period and reduce the post-construction

pressure in the process of dynamic consolidation of drainage is settlement. More and more scholars have studied the

studied. On the basis of the definition of soil layer resistance

theoretical calculation, numerical simulation, field

under single tamping energy, the soil body resistance under total

tamping energy is defined, and the calculation method of

experiment and laboratory model experiment.

composite soil layer resistance is put forward according to the Jia-huan Qian[3]made the dynamic consolidation instrument to

soil body resistance under single tamping energy. The composite study the dynamic compaction mechanism, the self-stressing

soil layer resistance and the soil layer resistance under the total pressure of soil samples is simulated by the spring static

tamping energy are the ability of resisting soil deformation after pressure device, and using combination drop rammer to

dynamic consolidation. The results show that the ratio of the simulate tamping. The measuring device has three kinds of

calculation of composite soil layer resistance than the sensors, such as dynamic stress, dynamic displacement and

corresponding soil layer resistance under the total tamping dynamic pore water pressure. Based on the principle of

energy is respectively 1.08,1.87 and 1.43 when the single

energy similarity, Ji-hui Ding and Ma Na[4][5]designed

tamping energy is 7.5N.m, 12.5N.m, 18.75N.m. The effect of

dynamic compaction on soil produce additional earth pressure dynamic compaction consolidate with the hydraulic method

in the soil body, acts in a very short time, the equivalent of a to reinforce the soft soil foundation indoor experiment, and

downward impact load, the ratio between the maximum earth studied the role of dynamic compaction on soft soil

pressure and the rammer bottom pressure increases with the consolidation in the background of a soft soil base processing

increase of tamping energy and tamping times, the minimum project in a municipal infrastructure. Jian-hua Zhao and

value is 14.32, the maximum value is 88.07.The dynamic earth Xiao-bin Chen [6] established the laboratory model of a soft

pressure attenuates rapidly downward and radial, with a soil with a similar ratio of 1:2 based on the similarity criterion

horizontal impact range of 3 times the rammer diameter, with in order to study the reinforcement effect of the dynamic

the increase of tamping times, the vertical influence depth is 3.4

drainage consolidation method. Li-hui Li [7]carried out the

times the rammer diameter.

large-scale indoor model experiment to simulated reinforce

Index TermsDynamic drainage consolidation; Soil layer saturated dredger soft soil by dynamic drainage consolidation

resistance; Soil body resistance; Dynamic earth pressure method. Shan-shan Wang [8]carried out a large-scale model

test to monitor the amount of settlement and the change of

I. INTRODUCTION pore water pressure in the soil. An-ming Wang [9] carried out

the model experiment based on similar theory based on the

The hydrostatic consolidation method is mainly used to deal

specific engineering examples. Ru Xue [10]designed a model

with the soft clay of the lake-faces, sea-faces and river-faces

experiment reinforce the soil in different tamping energy,

in the southeast coast of China, when dealing with this kind of

different rammer size combinating with different drop

foundation, it is usually carried load step by step, and with the

distance and different rammer. Increasing the amount of

help of the spatial drainage system to improve the drainage

compaction does not improve the reinforcement effect, which

characteristics of the soil, the pore water in the soft soil is

will cause the slower the pore pressure to dissipate, and it

discharged, and the soil gradually consolidation[1].

could destroy the structure of the earth and reduce its capacity.

The traditional compaction method reinforced the saturated

Ji-hui Ding, Qing-song Duan [11] stack precipitation is studied

soft clay foundation increase the pore pressure but can not

through field dynamic test joint preloading dynamic

dissipate in time. It is easy to form the "rubber soil"

compaction method to reinforce the effect of dynamic

phenomenon[2]. At present, the dynamic drainage

compaction in soft soil subgrade, define the soil layer

consolidation method is used as a pressurized system with

resistance to complete unit rammer heavy quantity needed per

shock load, static cover and continuous residual effect. The

unit area can click the ram lamping. The study shows that the

space network system of drainage causes the pressure of

greater the resistance of soil layer, the greater the resistance to

ultra-pore water to dissipate rapidly. Both makes up for the

deformation of soil layer. With the increase of the ramming

lack of dynamic compaction method is not suitable for

number, the soil layer compacts under the compaction

reinforcement of saturated soft clay, overcame the dynamic

rammer, and the soil layer resistance becomes more resistant

method cannot effectively ruled out pore water pressure after

to deformation. The uniformity of soil layer can be measured

by using the parameter that soil body resist deformation in the

Jihui Ding, Institute of civil engineering,University of Hebei, Baoding, last tamping. However, due to the different engineering

China. properties of various kinds of ground-based soil, the research

Qi Zhao, Institute of civil engineering, University of Hebei, Baoding,

on the mechanism of strengthening compaction in China and

China.

Mingjiang Wu, CCCC Road & Bridge Special Engineering Co.Ltd, abroad has not yet obtained satisfactory results. In this article,

Wuhan, China. through indoor dynamic drainage consolidation test, the

31 www.erpublication.org

Study of Indoor Model Tests of Soft Soil Foundation by Dynamic Drainage Consolidation

pressure in the soil layer in the process of dynamic drainage (1) Soil settlement test during dynamic consolidation

consolidation, and it is of great significance for the In the model box center, a rigid piece between the soft soil

establishment of dynamic compaction theory and design layer and overlying soil layer, the size of 2cm 2cm , which

method of the establishment, development and improvement . is soft soil settlement observation point. Taking a PVC tube

through the overlying soil, arranged a rigid piece at the top of

II. TEST SCHEME AND MODEL DESIGN the pipe, and the displacement of the soft soil layer is

monitored by a strain displacement meter, as shown in Fig. 1.

A. Test Model

The indoor test model using customized rigid model box, (2)Dynamic response test during dynamic consolidation

the box is in a cuboid shape, size 90cm 60cm 50cm .The The earth pressure sensors that are used to the test are all

model box fixed with rigid plates and bolts, the bottom with strain sensors. The earth pressure measuring instrument

the rigid plate and wood ,drilling drainage holes on the adopts BX-1 type earth pressure box. The dimensions are

bottom, the box is as shown in Fig. 1. Taking the silt clay of 17mm17mm , and the range is 0.5MPa. Data acquisition

the lake bottom as the model test material, water content is system adopts Donghua DH3817 static and dynamic data

43.4%, the density is 1.68g/cm3, plastic limit is 22.6%, liquid acquisition instrument, which has a acquisition frequency

limit is 41.7%, plasticity index is 19.1, according to Code for 200Hz.

Geotechnical Engineering Investigation (GB50021-2001) Through laboratory tests, the contents are as follows:

[12]

definition, test of soft soil is clay. 1. the relationship between tamping settlement and the

number of tamping.

2.the relationship between consolidation settlement and

time in the process of dynamic consolidation.

3.dynamic characteristics analysis of heavy tamping.

Tamping Settlement and Soil Body Resistance

Figure 1. Sketch map of settlement monitoring arrangement The soil body resistance the ability of soil body to resist

deformation under unit tamping energy is defined as[12]:

The bottom of the test case is provided with sand drainage,

E

the thickness is 8cm, the soft soil layer is 30cm, the overlying p

soil layer is 12cm, and the upper and lower surface of the soft AS (1)

soil layer is provided with a layer of permeable geotextile.

The arrangement of sensors and the arrangement of the Where, p is the resistance to deformation of the soil body

tamping points are shown in Fig. 2. under the rammer of single tamping energy, which is the

single tamping energy that complete the unit of settlement and

unit of area, kN/m2; E is single tamping energy, kN m; A is

the rammer's bottom area, m2; S is the tamping settlement, m.

45 7.5N.m-No.1

47.80

30 42.48

y / cm

37.15

earth pressure cell

acceleration transducer 15 31.83

Figure 2. Sketch map of sensor section and plane layout of tamping point 26.50

Unit:kPa

0

Drainage system adopts plastic drainage plate, plum 0 15 30 45 60 75

blossom shape, the width is 2.5cm, the spacing is 16cm, and x / cm

the upper and lower layers of soft soil layer are made of the 45 7.5N.m-No.2

drainage layer with medium sand and fine sand 3:1 119.6

respectively. A drainage hole is arranged on the lower layer of 30 104.6

the model box, so that the water produced by the 89.60

y / cm

15 74.60

loading is convenient.

The pre load preloading method is adopted to test the silt 59.60

soil before dynamic loading, saturated sand filling thickness Unit:kPa

0

of 10cmas a load (about 2kPa). The heavy of rammer is 25N, 0 15 30 45 60 75

diameter is 10cm, drop by 30cm, 50cm and 75cm, the x / cm

Figure 3. the soil body resistance nephogram when ramming energy is 7.5Nm

corresponding tamping energy are respectively 7.5Nm,

12.5Nm, 18.75Nm.

32 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P) Volume-7, Issue-7, July 2017

45 12.5N.m-No.1 When the single tamping energy is12.5Nm, the average

716.0 resistance of soil body is 452.27kPa after the first strike; The

30 606.0 average soil body resistance increased to 683.54kPa after

496.0 second strike; In the third strike, The average soil body

y / cm

386.0 resistance increased to922.87kPa. When the single tamping

15

276.0

energy is18.75Nm, the average resistance of soil body is

Unit:kPa 1123.64kPa after the first strike; The average soil body

0 resistance increased to 1148.14kPa after second strike. The

0 15 30 45 60 75

x / cm average value of the soil body resistance of the two hit is very

45 12.5N.m-No.2 close, which is 31 times that of the first strike of the7.5Nm.

1000 Therefore, the soil properties are greatly improved after

30 863.5 treatment with 7.5Nm, 12.5Nm and18.75Nm. The soil

y / cm

727.0

reflects the properties of the soil layer after treatment. The

15 590.5 value of the soil layer can be used to evaluate the effect of the

454.0 reinforcement of the soft soil layer.

Unit:kPa

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 According to the soil body resistance under single tamping

x / cm

45 12.5N.m-No.3 energy that the soil under the rammer, the soil layer resistance

1400 of the proposed site can be calculated in weighted average by

area:

30 863.5

parea mpave (1 m) psoil

y / cm

727.0 (2)

590.5 nAp

15 m

454.0 Asoil (3)

Unit:kPa Where, parea is composite soil layer resistance, which is the

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 soil body resistance under single tamping energy calculated in

x / cm

Figure 4. the soil body resistance nephogram when ramming energy is 12.5Nm weighted average by area; psoil is the soil body resistance

before site processing; pave is the average value of the

45 18.75N.m-No.1

resistance under single tamping energy; Ap is the bottom area

1875

of the rammer; Asoil the area of the site; m is the area

30 1576 replacement ratio; n is the number of tamping points.

y / cm

978.8 tamping energy:

15

nAp 24 3.14 0.052

680.0 m1 34.89%

Unit:kPa Asoil 0.6 0.9

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 parea1 mpave (1 m) psoil

x / cm 0.3489 92.58 (1 0.3489) 35.99 55.15kPa

45 18.75N.m-No.2

The soil body resistance calculated during the first strike of

1500 dynamic compaction reflects the characteristics of the soil

30 1295 before treatment, so the resistance under the first strike can be

y / cm

2.Calculation of composite soil layer resistance under

15 885.0 12.5Nm tamping energy:

680.0 Order pave parea1 , parea take the soil body resistance that

Unit:kPa corresponding to the last hit.

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 nA 24 3.14 0.052

x / cm m2 p 34.89%

Figure 5. the soil body resistance nephogram when ramming energy is 18.75Nm

Asoil 0.6 0.9

parea2 mpave (1 m) parea

Figure3~Figure5 are soil body resistance nephogram under 0.3489 922.87 (1 0.3489) 55.11 357.86kPa

single tamping energy in test area. Table 1 is the resistance of

3.Calculation of composite soil layer resistance under

soil body, the ability of soil body to resist deformation, and its

18.75Nm tamping energy:

value depends on the nature of soil body. When the single

tamping energy is 7.5Nm, the resistance of soil is Order pave parea2 , parea take the soil body resistance that

26.54kPa~47.77 kPa after the first strike, the average value is corresponding to the last hit.

35.99kPa, soil layer bearing capacity improvement after the nAp 14 3.14 0.052

first strike; Soil resistance increased to 59.71kPa~119.43 kPa m3 17.44%

Asoil 0.6 0.9

after second strike, the average value increased to 92.58kPa.

33 www.erpublication.org

Study of Indoor Model Tests of Soft Soil Foundation by Dynamic Drainage Consolidation

Statistics

No.1 No.2 No.1 No.2 No.3 No.1 No.2

0.1744 1123.64 (1 0.3489) 357.86 495.72kPa

Note: pmax is the maximum value of soil body resistance under single tamping energy; pmin is the minimum value of soil body resistance

under single tamping energy.

settlement of dynamic consolidation, m.

B. Soil Surface Settlement

Taking into account the four corner boundary effect of the

The soil layer resistance under the total tamping energy model box, the monitoring data at the center of the model box

which is the ability of soil layer to resist deformation is are analyzed. The first tamping, the tamping is 7.5Nm, and

defined as: 24 tamping points is loaded, each point 2 strikes; The second

Esoil tamping, the tamping is 12.5Nm, and 24 tamping points is

psoil

Asoil Ssoil loaded, each point 3 strikes; The third tamping, the tamping is

(4)

18.75Nm, and 12 tamping points is loaded in a way that is

Where, psoil is the resistance to deformation of soil layer spaced jump tamping, each point 2 strikes; The total tamping

under total tamping energy, which is the tamping energy on energy is 360Nm, 900Nm and 450Nm respectively. And

the unit area needed for the dynamic settlement of the unit, the total tamping energy on the unit area of soil layer is

kN/m2; Esoil is the total tamping energy applied to the soil layer, 666.7Nm/m2, 1667.7Nm/m2 and 833.3Nm/m2.

kNm/m2; Asoil the area of the site,m2; Ssoil is the instantaneous

resistance under total tamping energy Unit: kPa

Tamping energy 7.5Nm 12.5Nm 18.75Nm

Total tamping energy per unit area / N.m/m2 666.7 1666.7 833.3

Fig. 6 is the time variation curve of the settlement of the top formula (2) is larger than that of the corresponding soil layer

of soft soil during dynamic consolidation. When the dynamic under the total tamping energy, and the ratios are 1.08, 1.87

compaction is applied, the settlement of 13 mm, 8.7 mm and and 1.43, respectively, when the compaction rate of single

2.4 mm can be generated when the single tamping is 7.5Nm, tamping energy is 7.5Nm, 12.5Nm and 18.75Nm. The main

12.5Nm and 18.75Nm respectively. The stable reason for the difference between the two lies in the error in

consolidation settlement is 7.13 mm and 7.42 mm and 2.09 the test process. When calculating the resistance of composite

mm respectively. The total settlement of three times dynamic soil layer, first, the soil body resistance under the rammer is

consolidation is 40.74mm. the soil body resistance of the last hit, second, because of the

Table 2 is the comparison of the resistance of soil layer and loosening of the soil body at the bottom of the ram during the

the resistance of composite soil layer under the total tamping dynamic consolidation, the resistance of the soil layer is too

energy calculated according to formula (3), the results show large, which leads to the final calculation.

that the resistance of composite soil layer calculated by

34 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P) Volume-7, Issue-7, July 2017

t/h

0 100 200 300 400 500 is loaded to the soil body, additional passive earth pressure is

12 7.5N.m generated in the soil body, the action time is short, and the

16 earth pressure acting on the soil body is equivalent to a

20 12.5N.m downward impact load. When tamping is 7.5Nm, the action

24

s/mm time is 48ms;When tamping is 12.5Nm, the action time is

28

23ms;When tamping is 18.75Nm, the action time is

32

36 18.75N.m 20ms.The peak value of earth pressure decreases rapidly with

40 the increase of depth (Table 3), and the earth pressure at the

44 measured point is only 1.25%~3.83% of the depth of 10cm at

Figure 6. Curves of settlement with time at the top of soft soil under dynamic 30cm. Table 3 shows the ratio of peak earth pressure

consolidation measuring point and rammer on the soil surface static pressure,

static pressure generated by the rammer model is 3.185kPa,

C. Analysis of dynamic earth pressure

measuring point depth is 10cm. The ratio increases with the

Fig.7~Fig.9 are the variation curves that change with time increase of tamping energy and tamping times, the minimum

about different tamping energy corresponding with earth value is 14.32, the maximum value is 88.07.

pressure when the measuring point is located below the

tamping point C-3. In Fig.7~ Fig.9, when the tamping energy

Depth(cm)

No.1 No.2 No.1 No.2 No.3 No.1 No.2

Table 4 The ratio between the peak value of earth pressure and the static state of rammer

under different compaction energy

7.5Nm 12.5Nm 18.75Nm

Depth(cm)

No.1 No.2 No.1 No.2 No.3 No.1 No.2

10 14.32 23.92 44.01 67.46 88.07 58.54 75.64

160

50 140 A-1-10cm

B-1-20cm

earth pressure/kPa

A-1-10cm 120

40 B-1-20cm C-1-30cm

C-1-30cm 100

earth pressure/kPa

80

30

60

20 40

20

10 0

-20

0 0 10 20 30 40 50

t/ms

0 50 100

t/ms

80 250

A-2-10cm A-2-10cm

70

B-2-20cm 200 B-2-20cm

earth pressure/kPa

60 C-2-30cm C-2-30cm

earth pressure/kPa

50 150

40

30 100

20

50

10

0

0

-10

0 50 100 0 10 20 30 40 50

t/ms t/ms

Figure 7. Curves of earth pressure with time in 7.5Nm tamping energy

35 www.erpublication.org

Study of Indoor Model Tests of Soft Soil Foundation by Dynamic Drainage Consolidation

300 A-3-10cm

B-3-20cm

250 200

earth pressure/kPa

C-3-30cm

A-1-10cm

200

B-1-20cm

earth pressure/kPa

150 C-1-30cm

150

100 100

50

0 50

0 10 20 30 40 50

t/ms 0

0 10 20 30 40 50

Figure8. Curves of earth pressure with time in 12.5Nm tamping energy t/ms

A-2-10cm Figure 10. The influence range at the depth of 10cm, 20cm and 30cm by 7.5N.m

250 B-2-20cm

C-2-30cm tamping energy

earth pressure/kPa

200

150

Fig.11~ Fig.13 is the sketch of the influence range of the

earth pressure peak at the depth of 10cm.As the tamping

100

energy is same, the influence area increases with the increase

50 of tamping time. The additional pressure is 0, which is the

0

boundary standard of influence range, and the horizontal

influence range is approximately a circular area that is a 3

0 50 100 150 200 250

t/ms times the diameter of a rammer.

45 7.5N.m-No.1

Figure9. Curves of earth pressure with time in 18.75Nm tamping energy

45.80

30 34.35

Fig. 10 is a comparison curve of earth pressure peak depth

y/cm

22.90

caused by changes in depth and tamping energy. When the 15 11.45

depth is 10cm, 20cm and 30cm, the peak value of earth 0

pressure is reduced along the depth. The diameter of rammer Unit:kPa

0

0 15 30 45 60 75

D is10cm, and the depth is D2D3D,P2D/ PD is 5%-17% x/cm

45 7.5N.m-No.2

P3D/ PD is 1%-3%. From Table 3 shows that the earth pressure

76.20

at the depth of 30cm peak is 2.5kPa-4.4kPa. According to the 30 57.15

linear analysis on the earth pressure at the depth of 20cm, the 38.10

y/cm

vertical effect depth depending on additional pressure (the 0

Unit:kPa

value is 0), the average value is 3.4 times the diameter of the 0

0 15 30 45 60 75

rammer. x/cm

45 Figure 11. Influence range at the depth of 10cm by 7.5Nm tamping energy

45.80 45 12.5N.m-No.1

34.35 140.5

30

22.90 30 105.4

y/cm

11.45

y/cm

70.25

15

0 15 35.13

Unit:kPa

0

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 Unit:kPa

0

x/cm 0 15 30 45 60 75

x/cm

45 45 12.5N.m-No.2

7.820

215.0

30 5.890 30 161.3

3.960

y/cm

107.5

y/cm

1.500

15 15 53.75

0.1000

0

Unit:kPa

0 0 Unit:kPa

0 15 30 45 60 75 0 15 30 45 60 75

x/cm x/cm

45 45 12.5N.m-No.3

2.550

281.0

30 30 210.8

1.335

y/cm

140.5

y/cm

15

0.1200 15 70.25

Unit:kPa 0

0 Unit:kPa

0 15 30 45 60 75 0

x/cm 0 15 30 45 60 75

x/cm

Figure 12. Influence range at the depth of 10cm by 12.5Nm tamping energy

36 www.erpublication.org

International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR)

ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P) Volume-7, Issue-7, July 2017

45 Proceedings of Twenty-fifth Sessions National Conference on

18.75N.m-No.1

186.5 Structural Engineering, Vol.2: 020-025.Inner Mongolia, Baotou, 2016.

30 139.9

(In Chinese)

[5] Na Ma. The Indoor Experimental Study on Soft Soil Foundation

y/cm 93.25

Processed by Dynamic Compaction Method. Hebei University,2014.

15 46.63

(In Chinese)

0 [6] Jianhua Zhao, Xiaobin Chen. Model Testing Study on Dynamic

Unit:kPa

0 Drainage Consolidation Method for Soft Soil Foundation Treatment.

0 15 30 45 60 75

x/cm Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering,2009,

45 18.75N.m-No.2 5(1):60-73. (In Chinese)

241.0 [7] Lihui Li, Shanshan Wang, Ruilin Hu etc. Development of

30 180.8 Experimental Apparatus for Large Dynamical Consolidation Test with

120.5

Drain. Journal of Engineering Geology,2009,17(4): 574-579. (In

y/cm

Chinese)

15 60.25

[8] Shanshan Wang, Lihui Li, Ruilin Hu etc. Research on Indoor

0

Experimental Model for Dynamic Consolidation of Dredged Clay.

Unit:kPa

0 Journal of Engineering Geology, 2010,18(6): 906-912. (In Chinese)

0 15 30 45 60 75

x/cm [9] Anming Wang, Xiaogen Li, Zhangming Li. Indoor Model Test of

Figure 13. Influence range at the depth of 10cm by 18.75Nm tamping energy Dynamic Drainage Consolidation Method of Soft Soil. Rock and Soil

Mechanics,2009,(06):1643-1648.(In Chinese)

[10] Ru Xue, Guanghui Li. Study of Model Tests of Soft Soil

IV. CONCLUSION

Foundation by Dynamic Drainage Consolidation. Rock and

The soil body resistance and the soil layer resistance under Mechanics,2011,(11):3242-3248. (In Chinese)

single tamping energy is analyzed. With the increase of [11] Jihui Ding, Qingsong Duan, Wei Xiong. Experimental Study on

Dynamic Characteristics of Dynamic Drainage Consolidation in Soft

tamping times, the soil body is compacted after rammer Foundation Treatment. International Journal of Engineering and

tamping, and the soil layer resistance to deformation is Technical Research (IJETR) , 2016, 5(3):194-197.

enhanced. The uniformity of soil layer can be measured by [12] The People's Republic of China national standard: Code for

using the last tamping of soil layer to resist deformation. On Geotechnical Engineering Investigation (GB50021-2001), Beijing,

China Architecture & Building Press, 2009.(In Chinese)

this basis, the soil layer resistance under the total tamping

energy is defined. A formula for calculating the resistance of Jihui Ding

composite soil layer is put forward according to the soil body Education

resistance under single tamping energy. When the single September 1979-July 1983, Engineering Mechanics, North China

tamping energy is 7.5Nm, 12.5Nm and 18.75Nm, the University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Undergraduate;

September 1985 - July 1988 Hydraulic Structure, North China University

resistance of composite soil layer is larger than that of the soil of Water Resources and Electric Power, Postgraduate;

layer under the total tamping energy, and the ratios are 1.08, April 1994 - June 1997 Engineering Mechanics, China University of

1.87 and 1.43 respectively. Mining and Technology, Doctor.

(2)when the tamping energy is loaded to the soil body, Publication:

Foundation engineering design and practical program design

additional dynamic earth pressure is generated in the soil Shallow foundation engineering and program design

body, the action time is short range 18~45ms, and the Reliability design principle and application of foundation engineering

dynamic earth pressure acting on the soil body is equivalent to Achievement:

a downward impact load. The ratio of peak earth pressure Hosted and participated in more than ten provincial and prefectural research,

measuring point and rammer on the soil surface static pressure has more than ten research achievements. Hebei science and Technology

Progress Award(1)Study on reliability of subgrade bearing capacity in

increases with the increase of tamping energy and tamping Hebei(2) Research and development of CAD for foundation engineering

times, the minimum value is 14.32, the maximum value is design; (3) Study on reliability design theory and application of foundation

88.07. engineering; (4) Study on reliability design theory and application of

(3)For the influence range of tamping process, the additional composite foundation; (5)Calculation method of dynamic bearing capacity

pressure is 0, which is the boundary standard of influence of composite foundation and dynamic characteristics of composite pile

foundation; (6)Study and application of mechanical characteristics of

range, and the dynamic earth pressure peak is reduced along composite foundation under seismic loading; (7)Experimental research and

the depth in the vertical direction, the peak at the depth of engineering application of complete set of composite foundation.

20cm is 5%-17% of which at the depth of 10cm, the peak at

the depth of 30cm is 1%-3% of which at the depth of 10cm, Qi Zhao

September 2011-July 2015, Civil Engineering, Studying civil engineering

the vertical influence depth is 3.4 times rammer diameter. In at Hebei University;

the horizontal direction, the influence area increases with the September 2015-July 2015, Civil Engineering, Studying geotechnical

increase of tamping times as the tamping energy is same, the engineering at Hebei University;

horizontal impact range is 3 times the rammer diameter.

Mingjiang Wu

Education:

REFERENCES September 1988-July 1991, Engineering Eeology, Guilin Institute of

[1] Wenxiu Zeng. Research on The Best Impact Energy of Ultra-soft Soil metallurgy and geology.

Foundation with The Static-dynamic Consolidation Method. Achievement:

Guangdong University of Technology,2014. (In Chinese) Mainly engaged in geotechnical engineering survey, design, construction,

[2] Yingren Zheng, Xuezhi Li, Yixing Feng. Study on The DCM monitoring and research work. Presided over and participated in more than

Mechanisms and Engineering Techniques of Soft Clay Foundation. thirty soft soil foundation design, on-site in-situ inspection and construction

Chinese journal of rock mechanics and engineering,1998,(05):93-102. projects. Fourteen national invention patents were obtained and three

(In Chinese) provincial and ministerial level scientific and technical prizes were obtained.

[3] Jiahuan Qian, Xuede Qian, Weibing Zhao. Theory and Practice of

Dynamic Conslidation. Chinese journal of geotechnical

engineering,1986,(06):1-17. (In Chinese)

[4] Jihui Ding, Na Ma, Xiaojuan Quan. The Indoor Experiment Study on

Compaction Combined Preloading Reinforcement Soft Soil.

37 www.erpublication.org

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