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3G Non-technical

Presentation

WCDMA Core Network


Agenda

Network Overview
Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Network Evolution
Summary

2
Network Overview

3
Network Overview-Cont

GMSC
GMSC

Core Network
4
Network Overview-Cont

Circuit Switch
GMSC
GMSC

Packet Switch

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Circuit Switch Network

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Circuit Switch Overview-Cont
what is MSC?

Mobile Switching Center (MSC)


Combines of MSC-S & M-MGw
Responsible for:
Routing traffic and
Signaling information in the network

Some functions:
Call control management (Registration,..)
Mobility management (Location update,
handover, call routing,)

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Circuit Switch Overview-Cont
What is GMSC?

Gateway MSC (GMSC)


Interface with fixed network (PSTN/ISDN)
Retrieve information form HLR for location of
sub.
Route all calls to appropriate MSC/VLR
Also perform charging for mobile terminate call

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Circuit Switch Overview-Cont
What is HLR/AuC?

Home Location Register (HLR)


Centralized database of subscriber
Administrative information
Subscriber registration
Any supplementary services

Authentication Center (AuC)


Ciphering
User authentication

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Circuit Switch Overview-Cont
What is VLR?

Visitor Location Register (VLR)


Database for both subscriber
information and

Information relates to MSC in


service area
One VLR for each MSC

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Packet Switch Network

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Packet Switch Overview-Cont
What is SAU, PDP, SDS?
HLR Subscriber
SAU
Stand for Simultaneously
Attached Users GSM/WCDMA
Subscriber attached to the Sub
network
PDP Packet Sub
Packet Data Protocol
Data structure present for both
SGSN/GGSN
Contains subscribers session SAU
information (Active user)
Information such as IP address,
IMSI, Subscriber tunnel ID
SDS
SDS
Simultaneous Data Session
Can be a PDP or more
PDP

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Packet Switch Overview- Cont
What is SGSN?

Serving GPRS Support


Node

Packet routing and


transfer to/from SGSN
service area

Output of charging data

Session management

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Packet Switch Overview- Cont
What is SGSN?

Connection to other nodes


(HLR, MSC, BSC, SMS-
GMSC, SMS-IWMSC,
GGSN).

Mobility management

Ciphering and
authentication

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Packet Switch Overview- Cont
What is GGSN?

Stand for Gateway GPRS


Support Node
Provide interface to
external packet network
Act as the router for routing
IP address for all
subscribers
Functionality for
associating subscriber to
the right SGSN

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Packet Switch Overview- Cont
What is GGSN?

Charging support
(Output of billing)

GPRS session
management toward
external
Firewall

Border gateway

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Packet Switch Overview- Cont

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Agenda

Core Network Overview


Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Network Evolution
Summary

18
One Family, Different Generations..

WCDMA

2G
GSM/GPRS WCDMA
EDGE
WCDMA
WCDMA
3G
Time

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People want mobile
communication
Mobile voice traffic by region

35
30 LAM
25
Teraminutes

CEMA
20
15 APAC
10
NAM
5
WE
0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Cambodia: 66% growth Y on Y in number of subscribers (Q2 2008)


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People want broadband
everywhere
Broadband subscription forecast

2000
Subscriptions (Millions)

Fixed
1500

1000
Mobile
500

0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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Agenda

Core Network Overview


Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Network Evolution
Summary

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Ericsson Products Portfolio
(GSM and WCDMA)

MSC SGSN Service


MSS/MGw GGSN Layer

OSS

UTRAN BSS Terminals

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Ericsson Portfolio
Example of product- Circuit Switch (CS Core)

M-MGw

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Ericsson Portfolio
Example of product- Circuit Switch (CS Core)

MSC-S

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Ericsson Portfolio
Example of product- Packet Switch (PS Core)

SGSN node
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Ericsson Portfolio
Example of product- Packet Switch (PS Core)

M120 M20

GGSN node

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Agenda

Core Network Overview


Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Network Evolution
Summary

28
Network Evolution

IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)


Evolution to all IP
(Wireline/Wireless)
IMS
Multimedia services enable
File sharing
Video HSPA
PLMN
Voice
Text message
WiFi Hotspot Fixed Wireless
Presence WLAN terminal

PC with WLAN
Soft client Phone
CS mobile phone PC with
Soft client

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Agenda

Core Network Overview


Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Network Evolution
Summary

30
Summary

Circuit Switch Function


Packet Switch Function
Market Situation
Ericsson Portfolio
Ericsson Network Evolution

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