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Project Brief Template

Use this template to complete your project brief and submit to your project supervisor
as directed. Ensure you make use of the project brief guidance document.

Student Number/ID: B00xxxxx

Programme: Aircraft Engineering

Project Supervisor: Dr Bassam Rakhshani

Part A The Project Definition

Project Title
The Design and Performance Analysis of an Aircrafts High-lift Devices

Project Background
Improving aircraft wing systems to perform efficiently requires a constant review of
the way and methodologies that wing is designed. Using modern CAD and
aerodynamic simulation tools new technique in design can be explored leading to a
better coupling between design and performance analysis. There is a demand for
new wing shape design to reduce aerodynamic drag and hence fuel consumption.
The project is laid out based on research works outcomes some of which directly
carried out by the project supervisor. The project fits well in with other modules
studied on the aircraft engineering course in particular aerodynamics and aircraft
design. There is a number of industrial projects and/or research being carried out
on designing and testing modern high-lift systems within UK and EU universities,
research centres and industry, where this project can be linked to and seek some
forms of interaction (information exchange, visit, consultation etc.)

Objectives
Reviewing modern high-lift systems and devices and their design and
performance characteristics (evaluating the level of complexity of the design,
room for modernization and/or improvement)
Designing a high-lift system using CAD (CATIA) producing a blue print
CFD analysis of the aerodynamic characteristics of the design system using
ANSY/Fluent producing aerodynamic performance data (lift, drag, moment,
pressure distribution, and turbulence signature)
Proposing design modification to improve performance characteristics (reduced
drag)

Outcomes
Aeronautics community can benefit from the obtained data as to what extent new
designing tools and techniques can be used for complex wing design.
Data can be used as a validation case for the IT modelling and design tools (CATIA,
Ansys/Fluent).

Project Brief 1
The data from the improved design can be published and open a discussion on
further collaboration with interested stakeholders.
The outcome can serve as a catapult for research projects and developing
experimental studies.

Constraints
Accessibility of information on newly designed (modern) systems to review (limited
access, copy right, non-disclosure requirements, industry contact)
IT resources required during University out-of-hour times (PC cluster always in use
for teaching).
Time required to learn and master the use of IT platforms.
Availability of free download or fund to acquire IT platforms for own PC.

Interfaces
Project has an insignificant link with another project that is investigating the design
of high-lift deployment mechanism. Any (positive) outcome from this project may be
used to support part of the simulations and analysing the performance
characteristics (extras). However, any failure of this project would not have any
impact on the outcome of the current project.

Part B The Outline Business Case

Outline the Educational Case


The project is suitable for Honours Level as it incorporates the use of IT tools that
are taught at Honours Level (CATIA, ANSYS, Fluent), also the type of references
include advanced design and aerodynamics books, research papers and industrial
data, all of which include complex engineering information that require high-level of
understanding and processing. Most of the modules at Honour level will have a
direct input to the projects theoretical contents, and an in-depth analysis and
evaluation would be required. The research parts of the project will include elements
of qualitative and quantitative data review and analysis leading to an Honour level
project framework.

Outline Costs
No cost is involved, however an IT platform maybe required for own PC (student
version circa 25)

Known Risks
Loss of IT resources licenses may lead to loss of data.
Availability of supervisor and industrial contact for data and technical information;
this risk can pose a significant impact as the input data for new design are
important to the project.
Time for testing multiple approaches in simulations as simulations are usually
lengthy processes and it may take a fairly long time to arrive to the right setup.
Availability and accessibility of validation data.

Project Brief 2
Part C The Project Approach

Approach
1. literature review; Books, research papers (Smart high Lift Devices for Next
Generation Wings; Aerodynamic design of multi-element high-lift systems for
transport airplanes; Fundamentals of aerodynamics; improved design of high-
lift system for general aviation aircraft.)
2. industrial data review; Boeing, Airbus, BA Glasgow airport maintenance
engineering base
3. CAD design: CATIA (V5)
4. FEA Simulations (ANSYS APDL)
5. CFD Simulations (ANSYS Fluent)
6. Excel: parametric study

Gantt Chart

Project Brief 3