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German/Level I/Das Fest

Lesson I.10: Das Fest


Contents
This lesson deals with the Christmas time in the German language
countries, where you learn some traditions and vocabularies about 1 Dialogue
Christmas. You'll also learn about "there is" and "there are" in German and 2 Es gibt
about the dative case. 3 Weihnachten in Deutschland
4 Dativstze
Dialogue 5 Weihnachtsessen

Read and listen to the following dialogue between mother and daughter:
Roswitha and Anja. Both of them want to decorate for Christmas.

Dialogue: Decoration Dekoration


noicon
Roswitha Heute ist der erste Advent. Lass uns zusammen schmcken!
Anja Au ja, Mama. Ich hole die Dekoration heraus.
Den Adventskranz stellen wir wie jedes Jahr auf den Wohnzimmertisch und die
Roswitha
Weihnachtspyramide kommt auf das Regal.
Anja Wo soll ich den Ruchermann hinstellen?
Roswitha Stelle ihn bitte mal auf den Fenstersims hin, Muschen.
Anja Wird gemacht!

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Vocabulary: words of the dialogue Wrter vom Dialog


(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - words of the dialogue.ogg, how to upload audio)

advent der Advent


decorate schmcken, dekorieren
decoration die Dekoration, die Deko coll., der Schmuck
advent wreath der Adventskranz
coffee table der Wohnzimmertisch
Christmas pyramid die Weihnachtspyramide
shelf das Regal
sill der Fenstersims, die Fensterbank
Little mouse das Muschen

In Austria Adventkranz

Es gibt

Grammatik: There is Es gibt


(missing file: File:German Grammatik - There is.ogg, how to upload audio)

German English
Es gibt Zimt There is cinnamon
Es gibt ein Rentier There is a reindeer
Es gibt Nussknacker There are nutcrackers
Es gibt ein paar Ausstecher There are some cookie cutter

The English words there is and there are are both in German es gibt. When you ask someone, if there's a
snowman, you say Gibt es hier einen Schneemann?. Many German native speaker put the words gibt
and es into gibt's.

Weihnachten in Deutschland
In Germany the advent season begins on Sunday four weeks before Christmas. It's the day where many families
decorate their houses or flats, begin to bake some biscuits and start to sing some Christmas carols. One typical
decoration is the advent wreath, which has four candles - one candle is lit in the first week, two candles in the
second week, etc. - and normally stands on the dining table or on the coffee table. Another tradition, especially for
children, is the advent calendar that you hang on the wall. They've often got 24 doors and you're only allowed to
open one a day. Other typical Christmas decorations are a crib, a Ruchermann - a wooden figure that blows
flavour of incense cones - in Northern Germany a Moosmann, Christmas pyramids and Schwibbogen and
nutcrackers and poinsettias and much more. Most Christmas markets start in the first week of Advent. There you
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can buy some little Christmas presents, decorations, ride some carnival rides, and often drink some hot spiced wine
- the children drink punch for children, listen to carolers and enjoy a warm, snowy atmosphere. On the 6th of
December, German children celebrate St. Nicholas Day. The children put a boot in front of the door and wait until
St. Nicholas brings little presents that are often sweets, walnuts, apples, tangerines and oranges. Bad children get
birching by Knecht Ruprecht (which is now forbidden in Germany). Pupils do a secret Santa with other pupils on
the last school days before the Christmas holidays, which are often two or three weeks long. St. Nicholas looks
similar to Santa Claus who brings big presents on the evening of the 24th of December; in Southern Germany
Christkind brings the presents. Most families decorate their Christmas trees on this day with Christmas baubles and
tinsel and candles and so forth. After the Christmas dinner, the whole family sits next to the Christmas tree and
exchanges gifts.

Vocabulary: Christmas Weihnachten


(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Christmas.ogg, how to upload audio)

Merry Christmas! Frohe Weihnachten!


Frhliche Weihnachten! (used by Santa)
advent season die Adventszeit
advent calendar der Adventskalender
bag der Sack
boot der Stiefel
caroller der Sternsinger
Christmas bauble die Christbaumkugel
Christmas bonus Weihnachtsgeld
Christmas carol das Weihnachtslied
Christmas card die Weihnachtskarte
Christmas cracker Knallbonbon
Christmas Day Speech die Weihnachtsansprache
Christmas Eve der Heiligabend
Christmas market der Weihnachtsmarkt
Christmas ornament Christbaumschmuck, Weihnachtsbaumschmuck
Christmas present das Weihnachtsgeschenk
Christmas spirit die Weihnachtsstimmung
Christmas time die Weihnachtszeit
Christmas tree der Weihnachtsbaum, der Christbaum
crib die Krippe
dining table der Esstisch
do a secret Santa wichteln
flavour der Duft
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gift giving die Bescherung


gnome der Wichtel
holly die Stechpalme
Jack Frost Vterchen Frost
list of wishes der Wunschzettel
mistletoe der Mistelzweig
North Pole der Nordpol
nutcracker der Nussknacker
poinsettia der Weihnachtsstern
Santa's Little Helper Knecht Ruprecht
sleigh der Schlitten
St. Nicholas St. Nikolaus
the three Magi die heiligen drei Knige
tinsel das Lametta
tradition der Brauch

Do you have the Christmas spirit yet? - Bist du schon in Weihnachtsstimmung?


Do you decorate your house this year? - Schmckst du dieses Jahr dein Haus?
On St. Nicholas Day gets Julian a little present. - An Nikolaustag bekommt Julian ein kleines Geschenk.
The Queen takes every year a Christmas Day Speech. - Die Queen hlt jedes Jahr eine
Weihnachtsansprache.
The whole room is sweet with cinnamon. - Der ganze Raum duftet nach Zimt.

Dativstze
The Dativ, also called 3. Fall or Wemfall is in the German language the third object.
Die Kokosmakronen gehren der Anja. - You ask: Wem gehren die Kokosmakronen? - the answer
is: Der Anja (gehren die Kokosmakronen).
Lisa schenkt (dem) Bjrn ein Spekulatius - You ask: Wem schenkt Lisa ein Spekulatius? - the
answer is: Dem Bjrn (schenkt Lisa ein Spekulatius).

Weihnachtsessen

das Pltzchen, der Keks cookie


die Ausstecher cookie cutter
das Nudelholz rolling pin
die Vanillekipferl vanilla cornets
der Lebkuchen gingerbread
das Lebkuchenhaus gingerbread house
die Kokosmakrone coconut macaroon
die Spitzbuben jammy dodgers, linzer eye a biscuit with currant jam and icing powdered sugar
die Pfeffernuss spice nut
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der Christstollen stollen
die Marzipankartoffel marzipan potato
die Weihnachtsgans Christmas goose
der Weihnachtskarpfen Christmas carp
der Truthahn turkey
Wrstchen und Kartoffelsalat sausages and potato salad
das Spekulatius almond biscuit
der Baumkuchen pyramid cake
der Mrbeteig shortcrust
der Springerle springerle
das Bethmnnchen bethmnnchen typical Frankfurt marzipan biscuits
der Zimtstern star-shaped cinnamon biscuit
das Frchtebrot fruitcake
der Bratapfel roast apple
der Dominostein domino a candy that you can eat in advent time
die Zuckerstange candy cane
der Glhwein hot spiced wine
der Kinderpunsch punch for children
das Kenkentjch kenkentjch cookies from northern Germany
die gebrannte Mandeln roasted almonds
das Weihnachtsessen Christmas dinner
das Hirschhornsalz salt of harts horn
der Zimt cinnamon
der Puderzucker icing powdered sugar
das Aroma flavour

In the southern part of Germany they have other words for Pltzchen.

So in Swabian they call it Pltzle or Brtle and in Bavaria Platzerl. In Switzerland they call it Guetsli.

Other names for Nudelholz are Teigrolle, Wellholz, Wlgerholz and Rollholz rare.

In Austria and Bavaria they call it Nudelwalker and in Switzerland Wallholz.

() Level I Lessons (discussion)

I.0 Introduction

Section I.A: I.1 Wie heit du? (1. Teil) I.2 Wie heit du? (2. Teil) I.3 Bitte buchstabieren Sie
Review Section I.A

Section I.B: I.4 Freizeit I.5 Geburtstag I.6 Essen Review Section I.B

Section I.C: I.7 Kleidung I.8 Familie und Nationalitt I.9 Schule Review Section I.C

Section I.D: I.10 Das Fest I.11 Privileg und Verantwortung I.12 Wetter Review Section I.D

Section I.E: I.13 Zu Hause essen I.14 Filme I.15 Das Haus Review Section I.E
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