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Jazz Bass/Guitar Practice

1. Tune & Stretch, Melody 5


2. Scales/3rds OR Arps in all* positions 10
3. 2 Licks/Lines related to scale 5
4. Bass Lines/Chord Work 10
5. Transcription 10
6. Book Work 10
7. Tune Learning 10

* Mel Bays Wall Charts


Major: 5 positions (7 for guitar)
6/14/2 (index slide) 5/16/4 (index slide or pinky) 5/2 6/2 5/4
o Order of shifting: (6/1 4/2) 5/4 5/2 (5/1 6/4) 6/2 ( 6/1)
o Position of Scale: 1 3 5 7 8 10 12 (13)

Minor: as related to major


6/1 Major = 5/4 minor (Lowest Note: Major degree 1, minor degree 3) CAGED
4/2 Major = 5/3 minor (LN: Major degree 2, minor degree 4)
5/4 Major = 5/1 minor (LN: Major degree 3. minor degree 5)
5/2 Major = 6/4 minor (LN: Major degree 4, minor degree 6 with stretch)
5/1 Major = 6/3 minor (LN: Major degree 5, minor degree 7)
6/4 Major = 6/1 minor (LN: Major degree 6, minor degree 1)
6/2 Major = 4/1 minor (LN: Major degree 7, minor degree 2)

Pentatonic: 6 positions for Major & minor (lowest note finger corresponding M/m scale)
Built on Major scale degrees: 1 (i 6/1 & m 6/2), 3 (i 6/4), 5 (i 5/1 & m 5/2), 6 (i 6/4)
Built on minor scale degrees: 1 (i 6/1), 3 (i 5/4 & m 4/2), 4 (i 5/3), 5 (i 5/1), 7 (m 6/3)

Tune Learning: Aebersold & McWains Jazz Practice Ideas with Your Real Book
Note/play Tonal Centers; then play Root/tonic of each scale
First 2 Notes &/or Ditonic Playing (2 diatonic pitches, 1 stable & 1 tension)
First 3 Notes &/or Tritonic Playing (R25 & R45 on all diatonic tones except 3, 4, 7)
First 5 Notes
Pentatonic Scales
Major: Convert to minor pent.: w/ added #11, becomes blues scale; easy pivoting
Min. Pent.: @ Root, the 5th, and the 2nd (uses nat. 6, or Maj. #11) all work
o Degrees correspond exactly to relative Major; Min. pent. on vi = Maj. pent. on I
o ii-Vs: same pentatonic works for both chords
Blues Scales at the Root and the 5th work well
Blues scales as minor as well.; blues on degrees 1, 6, 3, 7, #5, b2, b13 offer sounds
Hexatonic (double triads; adjacent and non-adjacent)
Other Ideas:
1-2-3-5, 5-3-2-1 1-3-4-5, 5-4-3-1 3-1-3-5/4-2-4-6/etc.
Triad(s) of scale Start on different scale degrees.
7th Chords (root position & permutations) Chromatic approaches/pickups.
9 Chords (root position & permutations)
th Chromatics via circle of 5ths reps.
Entire Scale Up/Down Chordal anticipations as links.
Harmonic Hierarchy
(Set Parameters) Compose Solos
Contrafacts & Hybrid Contrafacts
6th Chords (root position & permutations)
Up 9th chord, down scale; vice versa
In 3rds, 4ths, etc.
Guide Tones (3, 7)
Common Tones (Newly-available tones w/ CTs is hip)
(Shifting) Continuous Improvised Subdivisions
Secondary Scale Options
Minor Options: Dorian, Minor Pentatonic, Phrygian, Aeolian, Locrian/Half-dim (-7b5), Locrian
#2, Minor Bebop (3-4 & 5-6), Harmonic/Melodic Minor, Blues, Diminished
Dominant Options: Dom. 7, Major Pentatonic, Bebop, Lydian Dom., b9, #9 (alt.), Tritone Sub,
Spanish/Jewish Scale, Hindu, Whole Tone, Blues