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# PROBABILITY AND ADVANCED STATISTICS (5) 5.

## How many different outcomes can occur when a

coin is flipped 4 times? 12. Suppose X and Y are independent random
1. I. One college student read seven books. II. The 16 variables. The variance of X is equal to 16; and
college median is equal to the high school the variance of Y is equal to 9. Let Z = X - Y. What
median. III. The mean is greater than the median 6. In one state, 52% of the voters are Republicans, is the standard deviation of Z?
in both groups. and 48% are Democrats. In a second state, 47% 5
I, II, and III of the voters are Republicans, and 53% are
Democrats. Suppose a simple random sample of 13. The table at the right shows the joint probability
2. The table on the left shows the joint probability 100 voters is surveyed from each state. What is distribution between two random variables - X
distribution between two random variables - X the probability that the survey will show a and Y. (In a joint probability distribution table,
and Y; and the table on the right shows the joint greater percentage of Republican voters in the numbers in the cells of the table represent the
probability distribution between two random second state than in the first state? probability that particular values of X and Y
variables - A and B. Which of the following 0.24 occur together.) What is the mean of the sum of
statements are true? X and Y?
I. X and Y are independent random 7. Each year, a national achievement test is
II. A and B are independent random score of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. If
variables Jane's z-score is 1.20, what was her score on the
test?
118
4.7
8. Five-card stud is a poker game, in which a player
is dealt 5 cards from an ordinary deck of 52 14. A batch of computer chips includes two that are
playing cards. How many distinct poker hands defective and four that are acceptable. If two of
could be dealt? these chips are randomly selected without
I only 2598960 replacement, find the probability that both are
defective.
3. The four major golf tournaments are the 9. How many different ways can you arrange the 0.067
Master's, PGA, U.S. Open, and British Open. The letters X, Y, and Z?
dotplot below shows how many of these 6 15. A coin is tossed three times. What is the
tournaments Tiger Woods won in the first probability that it lands on heads exactly one
decade of his professional career. Which of the 10. In a recent little league softball game, each time?
following statements is true? player went to bat 4 times. The number of hits 0.375
made by each player is described by the
following probability distribution. 16. Suppose we randomly select 5 cards without
What is the mean of the probability distribution? replacement from an ordinary deck of playing
cards. What is the probability of getting exactly 2
red cards (i.e., hearts or diamonds)?
0.32513
The distribution is left-skewed. 2
17. What is the probability that 4 or more adults
4. An urn contains 6 red marbles and 4 black 11. Below, the cumulative frequency plot shows reside at a randomly selected home?
marbles. Two marbles are drawn without height (in inches) of college basketball players. 0.1.
replacement from the urn. What is the
probability that both of the marbles are black? 18. A weatherman records the high temperature in
2/15 Norfolk, Va. for each of the first 7 days of the
year. The temperatures (in degrees Fahrenheit)
6 inches are 51, 49, 41, 53, 54, 68, 48. Over that time
period, which of the following statements is analysis period, the output is measured with the probability of selecting a man or someone
true? random sampling on 50 consecutive days, and ticketed for speeding.
I. The mean is 51 the mean output is found to be 871 tons/day. 0.8621
II. The mean is 52 With a 95 percent confidence level, determine if
III. The median is 53 the plant is operating properly. 28. A public opinion survey explored the relationship
IV. The median is 54 There is at least 95 percent probability that the between age and support for increasing the
II only plant is not operating properly. minimum wage. The results are summarized in
the two-way table to the right. In the 21 to 40
19. The dotplot below shows the number of 23. Suppose a die is tossed 5 times. What is the age group, what percentage supports increasing
televisions owned by each family on a city block. probability of getting exactly 2 fours? the minimum wage?
Which of the following statements is true? 0.16

## 24. The required probability that a two-stage rocket

will perform successfully is 0.97. The reliability
for the first stage is 0.99. The reliabilities of the
two stages are independent. What must be the
reliability for the second stage?
0.98
The distribution is right-skewed with no
outliers. 25. Consider the boxplot below. Which of the
following statements are true? 0.5
20. The Acme Battery Company has developed a
new cell phone battery. On average, the battery 29. If a computer randomly generates the last digit
lasts 60 minutes on a single charge. The standard of a telephone number, find the probability that
deviation is 4 minutes. Suppose the is odd or less than 4.
manufacturing department runs a quality control 0.70
test. They randomly select 7 batteries. The
standard deviation of the selected batteries is 6 The median is about 10. 30. The average salary for an employee at Acme
minutes. What would be the chi-square statistic Corporation is \$30,000 per year, with a variance
represented by this test? 26. Consider the boxplot below. of 4,000,000. This year, management awards the
13.5 following bonuses to every employee; 1. A
Christmas bonus of \$500, 2. An incentive bonus
21. Four friends take an IQ test. Their scores are 96, equal to 10 percent of the employee's salary.
100, 106, 114. Which of the following What is the standard deviation of employee
statements is true? bonuses?
Which of the following statements are true? 200
I. The distribution is skewed right
I. The mean is 103
II. The mean is 104. II. The interquartile range is about 8 31. The stemplot below shows the golf scores in a
III. The median is 100 III. The median is about 10 recent amateur tournament.
IV. The median is 106. II only

## 27. In a survey of randomly selected adults, 150

II only
were ticketed for over speeding and 140 others
received illegal parking tickets. Of this group,
22. When it is operating properly, a chemical plant nobody received both a speeding ticket and a
has a daily production rate that is normally parking ticket. The men received 100 of the
distributed wuth a mean of 880 tons/day and a speeding tickets and 90 of the parking tickets. If
standard deviation of 21 tons/day. During an one of these adults is randomly selected, find
Which of the following statements are true? minutes. Fred and Wilma completed the race in
61 and 51 minutes, respectively. Barney and
Betty had finishing times with z-scores of -0.3
I. The range is 70
0.89 and 0.7, respectively. List the runners in order,
II. The mean is 100
starting with the fastest runner and ending with
III. The median is 100 37. The probability that a student is accepted to a the slowest runner.
prestigious college is 0.3. If 5 students from the Wilma, Barney, Fred, Betty
I and II same school apply, what is the probability that at
most 2 are accepted? 44. In horse racing, a trifecta is a type of bet. To win
32. Twenty tickets are numbered 1 to 20 and one of 0.84 a trifecta bet, you need to specify the horses
them is drawn at random. What is the that finish in the top three spots in the exact
probability that the number drawn is a multiple 38. Which of the following is a discrete random order in which they finish. If eight horses enter
of 3 or 5? variable? the race, how many different ways can they
0.45 I. The average height of a randomly selected finish in the top three spots?
group of boys 336
33. For boys, the average number of absences in the II. The annual number of sweepstakes winners
first grade is 15 with a standard deviation of 7; from New York City 45. Molly earned a score of 940 on a national
for girls, the average number of absences is 10 III. The number of presidential elections in the achievement test. The mean test score was 850
with a standard deviation of 6. In a nationwide 20th century with a standard deviation of 100. What
survey, suppose 100 boys and 50 girls are II only proportion students had a higher score than
sampled. What is the probability that the male Molly?
sample will have at most three more days of 39. A bag contains 10 red balls, 30 white balls, 20 0.18
absences than the female sample? black balls and 15 yellow balls. If two balls are
0.035 drawn, replacement being made after each 46. The number of adults living in homes on a
drawing, find the probability that only one is a randomly selected city block is described by the
34. The odds that a new product will succeed are red ball. following probability distribution. What is the
estimated as being 5:3. Find the probability that 0.2311 standard deviation of the probability
the product will succeed. distribution?
0.625 40. The probability of getting a credit in an
examination is 0.30. If three students are
35. The average salary for an employee at Acme selected at random, what is the probability that
Corporation is \$30,000 per year. This year, at least one of them got a credit? 0.89
management awards the following bonuses to 0.657
every employee. 47. Bob is a high school basketball player. He is a
A Christmas bonus of \$500. 41. A business man has 4 dress shirts and 7 ties. 70% free throw shooter. That means his
An incentive bonus equal to 10 percent How many different shirt/tie outfits can he probability of making a free throw is 0.70. What
of the employee's salary. create? is the probability that Bob makes his first free
28 throw on his fifth shot?
What is the mean bonus received by employees? 0.00567
42. A urn contains 6 red marbles and 4 black
3500
marbles. Two marbles are drawn with 48. In state lottery, first prize is won if a player
replacement from the urn. What is the selects six-number combination when six
36. The four major golf tournaments are the
probability that both of the marbles are black? different numbers from 1 to 51 are drawn. If a
Master's, PGA, U.S. Open, and British Open. The
4/25 player selects one particular six- number
dotplot below shows how many of these
tournaments Tiger Woods won in the first combination, find his probability of winning the
43. Every year, 50000 runners compete in the first prize.
decade of his professional career. Which of the
Peachtree Road Race. They run 10 kilometers (a 5.5 x 10
-8
following statements is true?
little over 6 miles). The average finishing time is
55 minutes, with a standard deviation of 10
49. Find the probability of throwing 11 each time in Which of the following statements are true? that you applied for a loan with a bank and the
3 tosses of two dice. I. The range is 70 P80,000 was approved at an interest of 14% of
-4
1.71 x 10 II. The median is 46 which P11,200 was deducted and you were
I and II given a check of P68,800. Since you have to pay
50. A card is drawn randomly from a deck of the amount of P80,000 one year after, what then
ordinary playing cards. You win \$10 if the card is 55. How many different ways can you select 2 letters will be the effective interest rate?
a spade or an ace. What is the probability that from the set of letters: X, Y, and Z? 0.1628
you will win the game? 3
4/13 5. A steel mill estimates that one of its furnaces will
56. A student goes to the library. The probability require maintenance P20,000 at the end of 2
51. Marie is getting married tomorrow, at an that she checks out (a) a work of fiction is 0.40, years, P40,000 at the end of 4 years and P80,000
outdoor ceremony in the desert. In recent years, (b) a work of non-fiction is 0.30, and (c) both at the end of 8 years. What uniform semi-annual
it has rained only 5 days each year. fiction and non-fiction is 0.20. What is the amounts could it set aside over the next eight
Unfortunately, the weatherman has predicted probability that the student checks out a work of years at the end of each period to meet these
rain for tomorrow. When it actually rains, the fiction, non-fiction, or both? requirements of maintenance cost if all funs
weatherman correctly forecasts rain 90% of the 0.5 would earn interest at the rate of 6%
time. When it doesnt rain, he incorrectly compounded semi-annually?
forecasts rain 10% of the time. What is the 57. What is the probability of obtaining 45 or fewer P7,897.35
probability that it will rain on the day of Maries heads in 100 tosses of a coin?
wedding? 0.18 6. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a
0.11 proposed project to increase productivity is
ENGINEERING ECONOMY (5) \$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage
52. There are 50 tickets in a lottery in which there is value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of
a first prize and a second prize. What is the 1. You need P4,000 per year for four years to go to 5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the
probability of a man drawing a prize if he owns 5 college. Your father invested P5,000 in 7% equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year
tickets? account for your education when you were born. after extra operating costs have been subtracted
0.1837 If you withdraw P4,000 at the end of 17th, 18th, from the value of the additional production. If
and 20th birthday, how much will be left in the MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is
53. There are three candidates A, B and C for mayor account at the end of the 21st year? 20%, compute the Present Worth Method (PW)
of a certain town. If the odds that A will win are P1,700.00 using the six (6) methods for making Economy
7:5 and those of B are 1:3, what is the Studies.
probability that candidate C will win? 2. As labor productivity increases, which of the 934.29
0.17 following shifts in the labor market should result,
ceteris paribus? 7. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a
54. The stem plot below shows the number of hot Demand for labor should shift to the right. proposed project to increase productivity is
dogs eaten by contestants in a recent hot dog \$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage
eating contest 3. Automobile workers in Detroit who are value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of
unemployed because of imports of foreign 5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the
automobiles at the same time that job vacancies equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year
exist for coal miners in West Virginia would most after extra operating costs have been subtracted
likely be classified as: from the value of the additional production. If
Structurally unemployed MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is
20%, compute the Annual Worth Method (AW)
4. It is the practice of almost all banks in the using the six (6) methods for making Economy
Philippines that when they grant a loan, the Studies.
interest for one year is automatically deducted 312
from the principal amount upon release of
money to a borrower. Let us therefore assume
8. A fixed capital investment of \$10M and an value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of are paid at \$12 a day, 25 at \$18 a day and 5 at
estimated working capital of \$2M is required for 5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the \$25 a day. For each day beyond the original 100
a proposed manufacturing plant. Annual equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year days, the contractor has to pay \$250 liquidated
depreciation is estimated to be 10% of the fixed after extra operating costs have been subtracted damages.
capital. Determine the Minimum Payback Period from the value of the additional production. If What is the amount of the liquidated damages?
if the annual profit is \$2.5M MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is \$7500
4.8 years 20%, compute the External Rate of Return
Method (ERR) using the six (6) methods for 19. A fixed capital investment of \$10M and an
9. Suppose a supply disruption causes oil prices to making Economy Studies. estimated working capital of \$2M is required for
rise, which leads to a recession in the United 0.2083 a proposed manufacturing plant. Annual
States, and many Americans lose their jobs. depreciation is estimated to be 10% of the fixed
Which of the following types of unemployment 14. A contractor has a job which should be capital. Determine the Annual Rate of Return on
would develop in the U.S economy? completed in 100 days. At present he has 80 Total Investment
Cyclical unemployment men on the job and estimated that they will 0.125
finish the work in 130 days. Of the 80 men; 50
10. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a are paid at \$12 a day, 25 at \$18 a day and 5 at 20. A company must relocate one of its factories in
proposed project to increase productivity is \$25 a day. For each day beyond the original 100 three years. Equipment for the loading duck is
\$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage days, the contractor has to pay \$250 liquidated being considered for purchase. The original cost
value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of damages. What is the "total wages" if 80 men is P20,000, the salvage value after three years is
5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the will do the job? P8,000. The company's rate of return (i) on
equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year \$152,750 money is 10%. Determine the capital recovery
after extra operating costs have been subtracted rate per year.
from the value of the additional production. If 15. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a P5,625.38
MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is proposed project to increase productivity is
20%, compute the Internal Rate of Return \$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage 21. When there are positive externalities from the
Method (IRR) using the six (6) basic methods for value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of consumption of a good, the government should:
making Economy Studies. 5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the Subsidize consumption
0.2168 equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year
after extra operating costs have been subtracted 22. A fixed capital investment of \$10M and an
11. Which of the following should increase during from the value of the additional production. If estimated working capital of \$2M is required for
the expansion phase of the business cycle? MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is a proposed manufacturing plant. Annual
Real GDP 20%, compute the Future Worth Method (FW) depreciation is estimated to be 10% of the fixed
using the six (6) methods for making Economy capital. Determine the Net Annual Profit.
12. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a Studies. 2324.8 \$1.5M
proposed project to increase productivity is
\$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage 16. An emission charge: 23. Machine cost = \$15,000; Life = 8 years; Salvage
value of \$5,000 at the end of its expected life of Increases private marginal cost and thus Value = \$3,000. What minimum cash return
5 years. Increased productivity attributed to the induces lower output would the investor demand annually from the
equipment will amount to \$8,000 per 5 year operation of this machine if he desires interest
after extra operating costs have been subtracted 17. Given an annual usage of 8,000 units, unit annually at the rate of 8% on his investment and
from the value of the additional production. If commodity cost \$2, cost of placing an order of accumulates a capital replacement fund by
MARR (Minimum Attractive Rate of Return) is \$5, and annual inventory carrying cost of 30% of investing annual deposits at 5%?
20%, compute the Explicit Reinvestment Rate of the average inventory; 2456.66
Return (ERRR) using the six (6) methods for 22 lots
making Economy Studies. 0.2125 24. Governments usually build highways because it
18. A contractor has a job which should be is difficult to exclude people who dont pay for
13. The initial investment to buy an equipment of a completed in 100 days. At present he has 80 the highways from using those highways. What
proposed project to increase productivity men on the job and estimated that they will type of market failure is most likely involved?
is\$25,000 and this equipment will have a salvage finish the work in 130 days. Of the 80 men; 50 Public goods
Determine the probability that the system is 11. Homer, the owner of a car wash franchise
25. A fixed capital investment of \$10M and an empty. intends to construct another car wash in a
estimated working capital of \$2M is required for 0.25 suburban location. Based on experience, the
a proposed manufacturing plant. Annual owner estimates that the arrival rate for the
depreciation is estimated to be 10% of the fixed 6. Homer, the owner of a car wash franchise proposed facility will be 20 cars per hour and the
capital. Determine the Capital Investment. intends to construct another car wash in a service rate will be 25 cars per hour. Service rate
\$12M suburban location. Based on experience, the will be variable because all cars are washed by
owner estimates that the arrival rate for the hand rather than by machine. Cars will be
OPERATIONS RESEARCH (5) proposed facility will be 20 cars per hour and the processed one at a time. The average number of
service rate will be 25 cars per hour. Service rate cars waiting in the system is 3.2 cars. Assume
1. Homer, the owner of a car wash franchise will be variable because all cars are washed by Poisson distribution of arrivals. Determine the
intends to construct another car wash in a hand rather than by machine. Cars will be arrival rate.
suburban location. Based on experience, the processed one at a time. The average number of 20 cars per hour
owner estimates that the arrival rate for the cars waiting in the system is 3.2 cars. Assume
proposed facility will be 20 cars per hour and the Poisson distribution of arrivals. Determine the 12. Homer, the owner of a car wash franchise
service rate will be 25 cars per hour. Service rate number of servers intends to construct another car wash in a
will be variable because all cars are washed by 1 suburban location. Based on experience, the
hand rather than by machine. Cars will be owner estimates that the arrival rate for the
processed one at a time. The average number of 7. Homer, the owner of a car wash franchise proposed facility will be 20 cars per hour and the
cars waiting in the system is 3.2 cars. Assume intends to construct another car wash in a service rate will be 25 cars per hour. Service rate
Poisson distribution of arrivals. Determine the suburban location. Based on experience, the will be variable because all cars are washed by
average time a car waits to get washed. owner estimates that the arrival rate for the hand rather than by machine. Cars will be
9.6 minutes proposed facility will be 20 cars per hour and the processed one at a time. The average number of
service rate will be 25 cars per hour. Service rate cars waiting in the system is 3.2 cars. Assume
2. If each server can only accommodate one will be variable because all cars are washed by Poisson distribution of arrivals. Determine the
customer at a time and could only allow 5 hand rather than by machine. Cars will be average number of cars in the system.
customers to queue at any time, what is the processed one at a time. The average number of 4
number of active servers if there are 50 cars waiting in the system is 3.2 cars. Assume
customers in the system? Poisson distribution of arrivals. Determine the 13. The mean arrival rate of customers at a ticket
9 average number of cars being washed. counter with one server is 3 per minute, and the
0.80 cars mean service rate is 4 customers per minute.
3. The mean arrival rate of customers at a ticket Determine the System utilization
counter with one server is 3 per minute, and the 8. How many customers are allowed in the system? 0.75
mean service rate is 4 customers per minute. 50
Determine the probability that there are two METHODS STUDY (5)
customers in the system. 9. The mean arrival rate of customers at a ticket
0.1406 counter with one server is 3 per minute, and the 1. What is the production rate for the unbalanced
mean service rate is 4 customers per minute. line?
4. If each server can only accommodate one Determine the average time a customer waits to
customer at a time and could only allow 5 be served.
customers to queue at any time, what is the 0.75 min
number of idle servers if there are 22 customers
in the system? 10. The mean arrival rate of customers at a ticket
6 counter with one server is 3 per minute, and the
mean service rate is 4 customers per minute.
5. The mean arrival rate of customers at a ticket Determine the probability that there are less
counter with one server is 3 per minute, and the than 5 customers in the system. 20/hr
mean service rate is 4 customers per minute. 0.7627
2. although there is an incentive plan that offers a assembly and the accuracy of this study for
bonus for every 100 lineal ft above 110% of working time.
standard in a shift. The shift allowance has been
changed from 12 % to 16 %, so the bonus
threshold rate must be revised from its current
158,400 lineal ft per shift. For best results, the
new bonus threshold rate (in lineal ft per shift)
should be set most nearly to
137,000

5. You would like to develop a cell for What is the standard time?
manufacturing drill bits, and you are given the 21.57
Hint: Personal allowance = 9; no of occurrence a following operations in sequence, with times per
= 1; b = 2; c = 1 bit. 9. Your manager says that the range in part d) is
What is the total check time? The takt time for a requirement of 720 drill bits acceptably large. She would like to narrow the
2.1 per hour is most nearly: 109 range down to 1 minute of running time.
0.083 minutes How many observation should you collect to
3. A work sampling study consisted of 400 achieve this
observations with the result shown below. 6. You are in charge of building a two bedroom 66755
Assume an overall allowance of 15%. The study wood-frame house and are going to develop a
covered a period of 10 hour during which 30 single chart for showing the construction 10. If the only decided to make these bits on two
assemblies were completed. Determine the operations to the teams that are working on the identical cells, with one press feeding both cells,
normal time for each element ( fill in the table). electrical wiring , the interior walls, the exterior and with the inspection machine processing the
Then determine the standard time for one walls, the ceiling and the plumbing. Of the output from bothc cells, the number of the fulte
assembly and the accuracy of this study for following chart types, the most appropriate is: grinders in each cell would be most nearly:
working time. An operational process chart 2

7. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee 11. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee
following questions that may arise in the course following questions that may arise in the course

A three person team is systematically revising Assuming that the data for the forgoing question
the plant's operating procedure manuals. Each represent standard times after 15 percent shift
manual is a 30-page document. They appear to allowances, the standard and normal times for
What is the limit of accuracy of this study? be on a 90 percent learning curve, and the 50th prepration of the 51st document are,
0.0247 manual took 10 manhours to prepare. For the respectively,
total manhours to prepare the 20 remaining 9.97 and 8.47 hours
4. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee manuals, the accepted methodology gives an
plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your answers to the estimate of most nearly. 12. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee
following questions that may arise in the course 194 manhours plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your answers to the
of your work. following questions that may arise in the course
8. A work sampling study consisted of 400 of your work.
Aluminum edging stock used as train in finishing observations with the result shown below.
operation easily loses its new look . A winnowing Assume an overall allowance of 15%. The study Your harsh-environment workers work two 16-hr
operation for this stock has a standard covered a period of 10 hour during which 30 days per week and are off the rest of the week.
production quota of 5 lineal ft pre sec, or 144, assemblies were completed. Determine the Female workers complain of weigh gain on the
000 lineal ft. per shift. Actual average production normal time for each element ( fill in the table). site diet. The nutritionist says they are receiving
has been only slightly greater than standard, Then determine the standard time for one 3000 kcal daily. If their average level of activity
during the 16-hr double shift is enough to burn following questions that may arise in the course
0.8 watts per kilogram of body weight over basal of your work.
metabolism, and they eat and exercise similarly
on their off days, the equilibrium body weight of Outdoor plant workers wait for personnel
female workers should be most nearly carriers in sun/rain shelters having 18"-high
80 kg benches . The shelters are to have horizontal
slits to allow seated workers to see carrier
13. Data from an 8-hour work sampling study are What is the idle % time for an unbalanced line? coming. The top and bottom dimensions
shown below. 38.9 appropriate for the slit, measured from the floor
of the shelter, are most nearly
18. Data from an 8-hour work sampling study are 130 and 112 cm
shown below.
22. The total number of machines needed to make
720 drill bits per hour is most nearly;
Nine machines
What % of the time is the machine running?
0.54
23. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee
What is the limit of accuracy of this study? plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your answers to the
14. What is the idle % time for the balanced line?
0.138 following questions that may arise in the course
19. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee
following questions that may arise in the course an envelope with the nonfavored hand, picking
of your work. up a pre-folded piece of paper with the favored
hand, lifting the flap of the envelope with the
0.083 Suppose it were decided on the basis of multiple thumb of the hand that holds it, slipping the
considerations that 10 kg was the greatest paper into the envelope, swiping the flap across
15. Data from an 8-hour work sampling study are appropriate carton weoght for the cartons in the a moist sponge, closing the flap, sealing it by
shown below. foregoing problem. The lab receives mainly passing it between thumb anf fingers while
cartons os glassware and cartons of liquid applying pressure, and putting it on the
chemicals. Lab employees could appropriately completed work-staked. All elements except
handle cartons containing. closing the flap require hand or hand-eye
Glassware but not liquids adjustment. The layput is very convenient; all
movement are within 6 inches of the center of
20. The Shimano Bike Co. assigns Jane Smith to work. The normal time for this task should be
What is the 95% confidence interval of the assemble a batch of 100 10-speed cassette hubs. most nearly
machine running? Based on a MTM-2 analysis, the IE calculate the 6.5 sec
5413.8% standard time of 10 minutes for the assembly of
one hub and based on previous hub assemblies 24. "You are the industrial engineer at 250-
16. Develop an MTM-2 analysis for the following estimate an 85 % learning curve. It takes Jane 25 employee plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your
bolt and 3 -washer assembly(insert figures minutes to assemble her first hub. answers to the following questions that may
below). Including only the fixed allowances, what arise in the course of your work."
is the standard time for this operation? What is the algebraic equation for the learning The lab purchases supplies in cartoons typically
0.105 curve? 16" ling, 12" wide and 10" high. Occasionally lab
y = 25 x -0.2345 employees must lift a cartoon from the floor to a
17. Answer the following questions base on this 31 high tabletop. The maximum that a carton
precedence diagram and operator times (in 21. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee should weigh is most nearly
minutes) plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your answers to the 20 lb
25. 29. Develop an MTM-2 analysis for the following 3. The following noise exposures were recorded for
bolt and 3 -washer assembly(insert figures J. Smith at ABBA, Inc. over his 8-hr work day:
below). Which principles of motion economy are
violated? 1.5 hours in the press area at 95 dBA
Both hands active simultaneously 3 hours in machining at 90 dBA
0.5 hour lunch at 60 dBA
30. You are the industrial engineer at 250-employee 1 hour in grinding at 92 dBA
plant in Phoenix, AZ. Give your answers to the 2 hours in assembly at 90 dBA
following questions that may arise in the course
of your work. You must specify the letter height Is the exposure acceptable according to OSHA?
for all caps warning signs intended for crane What is the dose exposure?
Hint: Personal allowance = 9; no of occurrence operators to read from 500 ft away. The 1.166
a = 1; b = 2; c = 1 applicable code merely says "easily legible.: The
What is the total record time? 11-point type you are reading now, capital 4. Many techniques developed for manufacturing
7 letters about 0.11" high, is easily legible from 12" industries can also be used for service industries.
away. On this basis, the letter height for the Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage
26. In building the framing for an interior wall for a warning signs should be mostly nearly bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a
two bedroom house, the most appropriate chart 22 typical 2-person team, one worker drives the
type of the following is: truck, while the other walks the street, picking
a flow process chart and an operation process ERGONOMICS (5) up the bags and dumping them into the truck
chart. (the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground).
1. Each sewing machine produces noise of 70 dBA. Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up
27. Data from an 8-hour work sampling study are What is the maximum number of such machines by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip
shown below. that can be put together in a room for the and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18
combined noise level to be tolerable for 8 hours? inches and the horizontal location of the load is
100 machines 16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per
household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the
2. Many techniques developed for manufacturing workers), a distance of 70 feet between
industries can also be used for service industries. properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile
Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage = 5280 feet).(INSERT IMAGE 1).The value of the
What % of the time is the machine broken?
bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a horizontal multiplier when the load to be lifted is
0.1
typical 2-person team, one worker drives the about 25 cm. in front of the operator
truck, while the other walks the street, picking 1
28.
up the bags and dumping them into the truck
(the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground). 5. Accuweather is considering hiring Bill as a new
Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up weather forecast. However, they would like to
by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip compare his forecasting skill with their veteran
and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18 Bob. The following results were obtained during
inches and the horizontal location of the load is the month of November:
16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per Bob correctly picked 10 out 15 rainy days, and 13
household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the out of 15 non-rainy days.
workers), a distance of 70 feet between Bill correctly picked 11 out of 15 rainy days, and
properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile 11 out of 15 non-rainy days.
= 5280 feet). (INSERT IMAGE 1).56) The Which forecaster is more conservative? Why?
Hint: Personal allowance = 9; no of occurrence
recommended weight limit (RWL) is Bob
a = 1; b = 2; c = 1
What is the standard time? 7.95
2.689
10. Accuweather is considering hiring Bill as a new 1 hour in grinding at 92 dBA
6. Accuweather is considering hiring Bill as a new weather forecast. However, they would like to 2 hours in assembly at 90 dBA
weather forecast. However, they would like to compare his forecasting skill with their veteran
compare his forecasting skill with their veteran Bob. The following results were obtained during Is the exposure acceptable according to OSHA?
Bob. The following results were obtained during the month of November: What is the resultanttime-weighted average
the month of November: Bob correctly picked 10 out 15 rainy days, and 13 noise for the 8-hr day?
Bob correctly picked 10 out 15 rainy days, and 13 out of 15 non-rainy days. 91.1 dBA
out of 15 non-rainy days. Bill correctly picked 11 out of 15 rainy days, and
Bill correctly picked 11 out of 15 rainy days, and 11 out of 15 non-rainy days. 15. You as the IE are being asked to design an
11 out of 15 non-rainy days. What is Bob's false alarm rate? addition (separate room) to the existing
Which forecaster is the most accurate? Why? Be 0.133 production facility. This room woll hold several
specific with the numbers. identical milling machines and several identical
Bob decrease errors 11. A worker is to lift a basket with a circular cross grinders. The current best model milling machine
section having a diameter of 20 inches . Handles produce 86 dBA noise, while one grinder
7. Per NIOSH, a lifting activity carried out for 30 are placed at opposite ends of the circles produce 89 dBA noise. Each hour of milling
minutes should be followed by a rest period or diameter. Determine the least possible H for this requires and additional half-hour of grinding to
light activity of ___ minutes. lifting activity finish off the piece and each piece is done in
36 18 inches batch processing, i.e. in sequence. Management
wants to maximize production (i.e. put in as
8. Joe Schmoe lifts 30 lb bar stock (10" in diameter) 12. Many techniques developed for manufacturing many machines as possible) while maintaining
from the floor to a jig 40" from the floor. Assume industries can also be used for service industries. complaince with OSHA noise standards. Howeve,
that the standard time for the operation is 0.5 Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage they do not want to require workers to use
min. and the operator works a full 8-hr shift. An bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a earplugs. Assume that 0.5 hours of the 8 hour
OSHA inspector visits the plant and is ready to typical 2-person team, one worker drives the day are spent at lunch in a quiet area.
cite the company. truck, while the other walks the street, picking
up the bags and dumping them into the truck Find the best number of milling machines and
What is the % reduction in low back compressive (the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground). grinders so as to maximize production and
force from your design? Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up maintain OSHA compliance.
0.6 by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip 2 Mills, 2 Grinders
and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18
9. You as the IE are being asked to design an inches and the horizontal location of the load is 16. Accuweather is considering hiring Bill as a new
addition (separate room) to the existing 16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per weather forecast. However, they would like to
production facility. This room woll hold several household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the compare his forecasting skill with their veteran
identical milling machines and several identical workers), a distance of 70 feet between Bob. The following results were obtained during
grinders. The current best model milling machine properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile the month of November:
produce 86 dBA noise, while one grinder = 5280 feet).(INSERT IMAGE 1).The speed of the Bob correctly picked 10 out 15 rainy days, and 13
produce 89 dBA noise. Each hour of milling worker doing the job in ft per minute is: out of 15 non-rainy days.
requires and additional half-hour of grinding to 264 Bill correctly picked 11 out of 15 rainy days, and
finish off the piece and each piece is done in 11 out of 15 non-rainy days.
batch processing, i.e. in sequence. Management 13. The computed noise dose in a workplace is Which forecaster has the better hit
wants to maximize production (i.e. put in as 219.455%. What is the equivalent TWA rate (correctly forecasting rain)? Give value:
many machines as possible) while maintaining 95.67 dBA Bill, .733
complaince with OSHA noise standards. Howeve,
they do not want to require workers to use 14. The following noise exposures were recorded for 17. Joe Schmoe lifts 30 lb bar stock (10" in diameter)
earplugs. Assume that 0.5 hours of the 8 hour J. Smith at ABBA, Inc. over his 8-hr work day: from the floor to a jig 40" from the floor. Assume
day are spent at lunch in a quiet area. that the standard time for the operation is 0.5
What is the resulting time-weight average 1.5 hours in the press area at 95 dBA min. and the operator works a full 8-hr shift. An
noise? 3 hours in machining at 90 dBA OSHA inspector visits the plant and is ready to
89.7 0.5 hour lunch at 60 dBA cite the company.
Is the inspector justified in his/her 22. Many techniques developed for manufacturing 25. You are intalling lighting for the reading of books
actions? Support or refute the inspector's claim. industries can also be used for service industries. and newspapers in the living area of a senior
2.5 Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage citizens' home. The room have a drab paint
bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a scheme (reflectance 25%). Assume that you will
18. Accuweather is considering hiring Bill as a new typical 2-person team, one worker drives the use the typical tungsten light bulb (similar to
weather forecast. However, they would like to truck, while the other walks the street, picking apoint source of light). What should be intensity
compare his forecasting skill with their veteran up the bags and dumping them into the truck of the light source if it will be placed 3 feet
Bob. The following results were obtained during (the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground). above the reading area?
the month of November: Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up 900 cd
Bob correctly picked 10 out 15 rainy days, and 13 by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip
out of 15 non-rainy days. and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18 26. You are intalling lighting for the reading of books
Bill correctly picked 11 out of 15 rainy days, and inches and the horizontal location of the load is and newspapers in the living area of a senior
11 out of 15 non-rainy days. 16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per citizens' home. The room have a drab paint
What is d' for Bill? household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the scheme (reflectance 25%). What is
1.246 workers), a distance of 70 feet between the recommended level of illumination?
properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile 100 f.c.
19. A manufacturing operation is to be accomplished = 5280 feet). (INSERT IMAGE 1). The horizontal
using 2 machines: X and Y. For a perfect balance, multiflier is 27. Many techniques developed for manufacturing
the ratio of machine X to Y in a production line is 0.625 industries can also be used for service industries.
2:3. Machines X and Y produce sound at levels of Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage
75 dBA and 65 dBA, respectively. How much 23. You are intalling lighting for the reading of books bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a
noise is produced by a well-balanced line? and newspapers in the living area of a senior typical 2-person team, one worker drives the
78.6 dBA citizens' home. The room have a drab paint truck, while the other walks the street, picking
scheme (reflectance 25%). How much of up the bags and dumping them into the truck
20. What is the contrast created by black text a reduction in the intensity can be obtained if (the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground).
(reflectance = 10%) on light green paper the lamp is lowered 1 foot? Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up
(reflectance = 52%)? 55.6 by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip
0.81 and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18
24. Many techniques developed for manufacturing inches and the horizontal location of the load is
21. Many techniques developed for manufacturing industries can also be used for service industries. 16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per
industries can also be used for service industries. Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the
Consider sanitation workers who collect garbage bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a workers), a distance of 70 feet between
bags left at the curbside for 8 hours a day. In a typical 2-person team, one worker drives the properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile
typical 2-person team, one worker drives the truck, while the other walks the street, picking = 5280 feet).(INSERT IMAGE 1) The frequency
truck, while the other walks the street, picking up the bags and dumping them into the truck multiplier is
up the bags and dumping them into the truck (the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground). 0.45
(the lip of which is 50 inches from the ground). Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up
Typically the worker lines up the bag, picks it up by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip
by the tied top, twists 90o to lift it above the lip and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18
and then drops it in. The height of the bag is 18 inches and the horizontal location of the load is
inches and the horizontal location of the load is 16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per
16 inches. Assume one garbage bag per household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the
household (with a limit of 20 lbs to protect the workers), a distance of 70 feet between
workers), a distance of 70 feet between properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile
properties, and a walking speed of 3 mph (1 mile = 5280 feet).(INSERT IMAGE 1) The distance
= 5280 feet). (INSERT IMAGE 1).57) The lifting multiplier is
index (LI) is 0.856
2.51