You are on page 1of 51

To jump directly to a chapter simply click on a chapter title within the index.

1.1 New Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 3.0 ......................................................3
1.2 Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 2.0 ..............................................................4
1.3 Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 1.1...............................................................5
1.4 Differences Between SAG10 for Windows and SAG10 for DOS..........................................6
1.5 Features of Current & Previous Versions..............................................................................7
1.6 History ...................................................................................................................................8
1.7 License Agreement Information ............................................................................................8
1.8 Installation .............................................................................................................................9
1.8.1 Minimum Equipment Required:.............................................................................9
1.8.2 Installation - Single User .......................................................................................9
1.8.3 Installing and Using SAG10 On a Network ...........................................................9
1.8.4 Installation of SAG10 on a Network Server...........................................................9
1.8.5 Installation of SAG10 on a Workstation ................................................................9
1.8.6 Using SAG10 on a Network ..................................................................................10
1.8.7 Printing over a Network .........................................................................................10
1.9 Getting Started with SAG10 ..................................................................................................10
2.1 Entry Screen..........................................................................................................................11
2.2 Main Menu.............................................................................................................................12
2.3 Create/Edit Problem File .......................................................................................................12
2.3.1 Headings ...............................................................................................................12
2.3.2 Conductor Selection..............................................................................................13
2.3.2.1 ADSS Cable ..........................................................................................13
2.3.2.2 OPGW...................................................................................................14
2.3.2.3 ACSS Conductors .................................................................................14
2.3.2.4 Pre-stressing ACSS Conductors...........................................................14
2.3.2.5 Copper Conductors ...............................................................................15
2.3.2.6 Conductor Lookup List ..........................................................................15
2.3.2.8 User Bookmarks ...................................................................................16
2.3.2.9 Add New Conductor to Database..........................................................16
2.3.2.10 View Existing Stress-Strain Chart in Sag10.Pgm Database ...............16
2.3.2.11 Add New Stress-Strain Chart to Sag10.Pgm Database......................16
2.3.2.12 Delete User Added Stress-Strain Chart from Sag10.Pgm Database .17
2.3.3 Loadings Table......................................................................................................17
2.3.4 Ruling Spans .........................................................................................................21
2.3.5 Output Redirection ................................................................................................21
3.1 File Commands (Main Menu)................................................................................................22
3.1.1 File New (Main Menu) ...........................................................................................22
3.1.2 File Open (Main Menu) .........................................................................................22
3.1.3 File Save (Main Menu) ..........................................................................................22
3.1.4 File Save As ..........................................................................................................22
3.1.5 File eXit (Main Menu) ............................................................................................22
3.2 Options ...................................................................................................................................23
3.2.1 Elevated Temperatures, Input (default = unchecked)..........................................23
3.2.2 Elevated Temperatures, Output Strain (default = unchecked).............................23
3.2.2.1 Elevated Temperature Creep................................................................23
3.2.3 Account for Aluminum Compression ....................................................................25
3.2.4 Separate AL & STL Tension .................................................................................25
3.2.5 Tensions Avg Vert (At Supports) Horiz (At Sag) .............................................25
3.2.6 Display Extra Column No % RTS H/W Horz & Vert Sag ..............................25
3.2.7 Units English English-to-Kg Kilogram Newton ..............................................25
3.2.8 NESC K New Old Old (Steel & Cu) ................................................................26
3.2.9 T-2TM Conductor ...................................................................................................26
3.2.10 Attachments to Wire No Marker Balls Cables PLP Spoiler ........................26
3.2.10.1 Marker Balls ........................................................................................26
3.2.10.2 Non-supporting spacer cable, installed after stringing ........................27
3.2.10.3 Non-supporting cable, pre-assembled or lashed ................................28
3.2.10.4 PLP Spoilers .......................................................................................29
3.2.10.5 Estimated Cast Rod Creep ...............................................................29
Chapter 1 Introduction
3.2.10.6 Creep Time at Stress ........................................................................29
3.3 Setup Commands (Main Menu) ............................................................................................29
3.3.1 Setup - Print Setup................................................................................................29
3.3.2 Setup - Page Setup...............................................................................................30
3.3.3 Setup - Fonts.........................................................................................................30
3.4 Run Commands (Main Menu) ...............................................................................................31
3.4.1 Run - Sag & Tension.............................................................................................31
3.4.2 Run - Pause between Spans ................................................................................31
3.4.3 Inclined Spans.......................................................................................................31
3.4.4 Run - Ruling Span Calc.........................................................................................32
3.4.5 Run – IEEE738 .....................................................................................................32
3.5 Help for Sag10 ......................................................................................................................32
4.1 Output Screen ........................................................................................................................33
4.1.1 Creep .....................................................................................................................33
4.2 Gallop ....................................................................................................................................34
4.3 Sag Curves ...........................................................................................................................36
4.4 Stringing Sag Tables .............................................................................................................38
4.4.1 Stringing Spans .....................................................................................................38
4.4.2 Stringing Temperatures ........................................................................................38
4.6 Ruling Span Variation............................................................................................................40
4.7 Clash .....................................................................................................................................42
4.8 Vibrec ....................................................................................................................................45
4.9 Output ...................................................................................................................................46

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 2


Chapter 1 Introduction
TM TM
1.1 New Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 3.0
Vibration Analysis and Damper Selection Calculations
Perform your own Vibration Analysis and Select your own Dampers for ACSR, AAC, AAAC, ACAR, Alumoweld,
Steel, OPGW, and ACSS cables.

Clash analysis w/graphic solution for ADSS


Check loaded & unloaded swing & static clearances between Conductor and ADSS supported on the same
structure, for both initial and final state. Conductor suspension insulator string length is taken into consideration.
The loading cases, swing angles, horizontal and vertical offsets between the two cables and conductor – ADSS
clearances are presented in a Report. Graphically view the results in both Tranverse and Longitudinal Views.
Graphic views may be saved to a .BMP file for emailing or viewing in other graphic software.

Compiled for 32 bit operation for Win2000


Compiled to run with all of the latest Windows 2000 generation operating systems. Support of longer file names.

ACSS/TW and BPA TW Conductors


The Conductor Database has been expanded to include the ACSS/TW and BPA TW Cables.

IEEE 738 Calculations


Perform Thermal Rating analysis with IEEE738 calculations.

Allow deletion of user created charts


The Conductor Selection area has been improved to allow deletion of user created charts

Estimated cast rod creep


Sag & Tension data may be calculated for either factory Cast or Rolled aluminum rod.

Calculation of Creep for varying time periods


Creep can now be calculated for time periods greater or less than the 10 year time period that is currently used to
calculate final sags & tensions within Sag10. Check to see if your conductor has any additional creep after 20 or
30 years, or use for confirming sag information on a conductor that has been in service for less than 10 years.

Save sag curve to .BMP File & Display Catenary Constant


Sag Curves can be Saved to a .BMP file, for emailing or viewing in other Graphics software. The Catenary
constant is now displayed with the Sag Curve.

Help Screens
Help Screens have been added to Sag10 for user convenience.

Root Failure message explanation


When a Sag & Tension run fails due to a Root Failure, an explanation recommends possible solutions to allow
proper output.

User's manual on CD
The entire Sag10 Manual and Appendices will be provided on CD to allow the user ready access to the
Instructions.

Use of command line parameters when entering Sag10


Command Line parameters may be used to preload a Problem File while initially entering Sag10.

Pretensioning of ACSS Conductors


A complete set of instructions are provided to allow the user to calculate conductor sags during and after an ACSS
Conductor has been pre-stressed.

Spoiler Loading on Cable


A routine to allow calculation of the loads created by adding PLP spoilers to the cable, and their affect on the Sag
& Tension output.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 3


Chapter 1 Introduction

TM TM
1.2 Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 3.0
Adjustment of High Temperature Creep
Optional calculations can be performed that account for the effect of aluminum compression at elevated
temperature conditions. The program provides default values for ‘built in aluminum stress’, ASTM strand lay ratios
and allows user entry of optional values.

Adding New Conductors to the Data files


The Add new conductors feature has been integrated into the Windows program, making it much easier to use.
Data from other conductors may be prompted onto the screen and edited to create a new conductor, or entered as
entirely new data.

Adding New Stress-Strain Charts


The ADD new Stress-Strain charts ( Sag10.Pgm ) feature has been integrated into the Windows program, making
it much easier to use. Data from other chart #’s may be prompted onto the screen and edited to create a new
chart, or entered with entirely new chart data.

Conductor Selection Lookup List


It is now possible to find the conductor that you are looking for by scrolling thru a pulldown list. This is especially
handy if you do not remember the name and/or stranding of the conductor that you need.

Custom Conductor Database


A custom conductor database has been created that allows the user to add his favorite conductors to a his own
custom list. The user may then use a pulldown menu to select a conductor from his own custom selection list.

Copper and Copperweld Conductor Databases


Hard drawn Copper and Copperweld Conductor Databases have been added to the list of available conductors.

Old NESC K Factor for Copper and Steel


The old NESC K factor for copper and steel calculations has been added to allow proper simulation of older NESC
calculations.

Graphic Display of Galloping Ellipses between 2 Different Structure Types


The user may optionally enter different attachment points and insulator types and/or lengths for structures at either
end of a galloping span and generate resulting ellipses.

Gallop Button for Load Table


A Gallop command button has been added to the Load Table area to ensure the Load Table includes the
appropriate Load conditions required for calculation of graphic Galloping Ellipses.

Medium Ice Load added


The new NESC Medium loading condition of 32 Deg F, .25-inch ice, no wind has been added to the Medium
Loading Default conditions.

Quantity of Conductors Displayed in the Galloping Ellipses


The quantity of conductors graphically displayed in the Galloping Ellipses may be varied between 1 and 4
conductors.

Ruling Span Calculation


Spans within a ruling span can now be entered into a table. The spans within the table can then be calculated for
ruling span, saved as a file for future recall and editing, and transferred to the stringing sag tables.

Calculation of Total Conductor Length


When a list of spans are provided for Stringing Sag Tables, the Total Conductor Catenary Length is calculated for
those spans over level ground and for the range of selected stringing temperatures and corresponding horizontal
tension (one length for each temperature and tension). The calculated ruling span for those spans may also be
displayed.

Year 2000 Compliant

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 4


Chapter 1 Introduction
The output files are dated with a 4 digit year that will allow dated output for the year 2000 and beyond.

ADSS Cable - Variable Coefficient of Thermal Expansion


The Calculations for ADSS cables now allow the user to enter the Cofficient of Thermal Expansion as a variable
rather than as a fixed value.

ADSS Cable - Three Moduli of Elasticity: Initial, Final, 10 Years Creep


The Calculations for ADSS cables now allow the user to enter three moduli of elasticity, that will exactly
characterize the stress-strain chart for each individual AFL-ADSS cable.

Grid Lines for Sag Curves


Grid lines may optionally be added to the Sag Curve Graphic output, to allow easier alignment of the curve with the
users background grid.

Printing of Inclined Spans


The Inclined Span output may now be printed via a print command in the Inclined Span Calculation area.

Stringing Sag Table Output in Inches


The Stringing Sag Table output may be shown in Inches only, rather than Feet & Inches.

Calculation of Ruling Span Variations


Each span within a ruling span has a variation from the ruling span sag & tension caused by change in span
length. Ruling Span Variation calculates the amount of that variation.

™ ™
1.3 Features of Alcoa Sag10 for Windows Version 1.1
ADSS, OPGW, & ACSS Cable calculations
Calculates Sag & Tension, Stringing Sag Tables, Clipping Offsets, Catenary Curve and Galloping Ellipses for
Alcoa Fujikura Ltd.’s (AFL) All Dieletric Self Supporting Cables (ADSS), Optical Ground Wire & Aluminum
Conductor Steel Supported.

New Options for Formatting of the Output


Horizontal and Vertical Sag may optionally be displayed as separate columns in lieu of Resultant Sag. This
allows calculation of horizontal conductor blowout and actual ground clearance sag under wind load conditions.

Adjustment of Rime Ice density


Allows the calculated Rime Ice density to be selected by the user rather than always using a preset rime ice
density of 37 lb/ft^3.

Spacer Cable Calculations


Input and output for spacer cable were modified for greater conformity with Hendrix Wire & Cable calculation
methods. NESC K Factor may be applied to all cables or only the messenger cable at the users discretion.

New Metric Features


Galloping calculations and graphic display of the galloping ellipses is now available for metric calculations.
The Marker Ball and Spacer calculations have been improved for metric calculations.

British Sag Demo


A Demo version of Sag10 is available with the British conductors of Centipede and Zebra.

SAG10 is a reg. TM of Alcoa Fujikura Ltd.


Windows is a reg. TM of Microsoft Corp.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 5


Chapter 1 Introduction
™ ™ ™
1.4 Differences Between SAG10 for Windows and SAG10 for DOS
1-Create File is replaced with selecting each of the 4 command buttons on the Main Menu.
2-Retrieve File has been replaced by File - Open (Main Menu)
3-Modify Menu is replaced with selecting each of the 4 command buttons on the Main Menu.
4-Default Parameters is divided into several areas:
Options (Main Menu) contains the majority of the previous defaults.
Setup - Page Setup (Main Menu) contains the options for output display of headings, with many other choices
added.
Output to Screen, Printer or File is now located on the Main Menu for convenience, and always defaults to
screen output.
Run - Sag & Tension (Main Menu) contains a menu selection for Stringing Sag Tables. This selection is now
made after viewing the sag & tension output.
5-Save Problem File has been replaced by File - Save or File - Save As (Main Menu)
6-Process Problem File has been replaced by Run - Sag & Tension (Main Menu)
7-Other Calculations, Inclined Spans has been replaced by Run - Inclined Spans (Main Menu)
7-Other Calculations, Offset Clipping has been replaced by Offset Clipping accessed from the Output Screen
( Run - Sag & Tension )
8-Quit has been replaced by File - eXit (Main Menu)

Printing and plotting of the Galloping Ellipses and Sag Curves is now done from within SAG10 or by switching
between applications to another graphics program of choice, rather than exiting to SagPlot. This is supplemented
by the DXF file option.

For individual data entry boxes, the TAB key is used to move from entry box to entry box, rather than the ENTER
key used previously. Each box is entered in the type over mode as a highlighted cell. If an ARROW, HOME or
END key are pressed, the entry box switches to the edit mode.

For data tables, standard spreadsheet table commands are used. The TAB, ENTER, or ARROW keys are used to
move from cell to cell. Each cell is entered in the type over mode. The F2 key will highlight the cell and initiate
editing of the cell. A row is inserted with Insert, a row is deleted with Delete. The Table is cleared with Clear.

Selecting a conductor is now an interactive process, where a conductor may be selected and reviewed as many
times as the user wishes prior to leaving the conductor selection area. After picking the Conductor Selection
(Main Menu) command, enter the conductor type, and codeword or other required data such as size and
stranding. Pressing the Lookup Wire Data command will search the database for the required data and display it
on the form. The Lookup Wire Data command will then become disabled until a modification is made in the
conductor request. If Main Menu or OK is picked and the requested entry data has been modified, the program
will lookup the new request prior to exiting the form.

The data output is displayed in a sizable window with scrolling capabilities. If Run - Pause between Spans (Main
Menu) is checked, the spans will display one at a time, to allow for reviewing Galloping, Sag Curves, Stringing Sag
Tables, and/or Clipping Offsets. If Run - Pause between Spans (Main Menu) is unchecked, all of the requested
spans will calculate and display in the sizable window at one time.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 6


Chapter 1 Introduction
1.5 Features of Current & Previous Versions
Alcoa's SAG10TM Computer Program* designed for use with the IBM PC contains:
• Alcoa Graphic Method
• Sag and Tension with Creep
• Elevated Temperature Creep
• Inclined Span Calculation
• Stringing Sag Tables
• Offset Clipping

Processing Highlights include:


• User Friendly
• Menu Driven
• Screen Oriented Editing
• Use of enhanced video and keyboard function

Problem features are:


• Create, Save, and Open Problem File
• Built-in Temperature and Loadings
• Choice of Bare Wire Limits
• Modify Defaults and Problem File
• Automatic Creep Check
• Single Entry Increments Temperature-Spans
• Automatic Conductor Data
• Automatic Stress-Strain Chart Selection
• Problem Output Designates Inputs
• Graphic Output Galloping Ellipses and Sag Curves
• Calculation of Marker Ball and Non-supporting Cable additions

The processing and problem features work together to make an easy to use self-prompting software
package. Data furnished includes:
• Stress-Strain Coefficients
• Conductor Data Base
(Area, Dia., Wgt., RTS, SS Chart No.)
ACSR's:
Standard & British
/AW
/TW
/SD
AAC ......British
AAAC .....British
ACAR
AW-Alumoweld
ST-Steel
Multiplex Wires
Covered Line Wires
T-2 Conductors
ADSS cable
OPGW cable
ACSS
ACSS / AW
CopperWeld
CopperWeld - Copper
Hard drawn Copper
User Bookmarks * Copyright 1986 Aluminum Company of America

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 7


Chapter 1 Introduction
1.6 History
The Alcoa Graphic Method of sag-tension calculations was developed in 1926 by H. H. Rodee. Analysis of the
stress-strain behavior of the complete conductor and its component parts form the basis for the method. It is
applicable for composite conductors (ACSR's, OPGW's) or those consisting of one metal - aluminum, copper, or
steel. SAG10 is an enhancement of the mainframe Alcoa SAGTEN program available since 1963. The
enhancements include conductor data bases, for accurate and up-to-date data retrieval of most cataloged
conductors and overhead ground wires; elevated temperature creep, an important consideration today when
electrical demand taxes old designs; inclined span calculations, at times a perplexing mathematical problem;
offset clipping, a solution to a stringing problem; and use of screen editing and keyboard functions inherent to the
IBM-PC. In 1992, SAG10 Version 5 and SAGPLOT Version 1 were released. In 1994, SAG10 for Windows was
released. In 1997, Windows was updated with Version 1.1. In 1998, Windows was updated with Version 2.0. In
2001, Windows was updated with Version 3.0. The new features are listed on page 1 of this manual.

1.7 License Agreement Information


The software program is furnished to the original purchaser under the license agreement written. The software
may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement. It is against the law to copy the
software on any medium except as specifically allowed in the license agreement. The only warranty on this
software is on the CD-ROM, which Alcoa warrants to be free from defects in materials and workmanship. If within
90 days from date of purchase the defective CD-ROM is returned, a replacement will be made at no charge. Also
within 90 days of purchase technical questions regarding operation of the programs will be answered by calling
Tech Support at
1-800-866-7385.

Definitions as they apply to SAG10 licensing:

SITE-a physical location, a headquarters building where many users conduct every day business. A SITE
is not various divisions within a city, operating district, or company wide operation with multiple subsidiaries. Up to
25 user’s is permitted.

LAN-local area network which is specific to a site. It is not a network covering a company’s operating
divisions within a geographic area. A minimum of three concurrent SAG10 users is required.

Concurrent User-software is available that monitors and controls the number of users of software at any
one time.

CLIENT SERVER-a hardware/software host centrally located to serve multiple locations. Mergers of
utilities to form huge companies has fostered the client server operation as a means of sharing expensive
software. A minimum of six concurrent SAG10 users is required.

To purchase or upgrade SAG10 contact customer service at 1-800-925-4815.

Technical Support is offered for the lifetime of the current version and can be obtained at the 3 locations listed
below. For the most prompt responses, it is recommended that you email directly or email from the Website with a
complete explanation of the problem or information required.

Email: Support @ Sag10.com


Website: www.Sag10.com/support.htm
Phone: 800-866-7385

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 8


Chapter 1 Introduction
1.8 Installation
SAG10 Package Contents:
1. Installation Guide and License Agreement
2. Installation CD-ROM
3. Registration User ID and Password Card

1.8.1 Minimum Equipment Required:


1. IBM compatible Pentium 90 or greater with at least 16 MB of RAM memory.
2. Microsoft Windows 95 or higher.
3. CD-Rom drive
4. Hard disk with at least 20 MB of free space (5 MB used by program for file storage).
5. VGA or better monitor

1.8.2 Installation - Single User


1.Uninstall all previous versions of SAG10.
2.Close any open applications running in Windows.
3. Insert SAG10 CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.
4.If the Startup Menu does not launch automatically locate the file
“StartUpMenu.exe” on the CD-ROM and open the file.
5.From the Sag10 Startup Menu, pick “Install Sag10 3.0”.
6.Make sure all other programs are not running, then click “OK”.
7.When setup is complete, choose the “OK” button to return to
“Startup Menu”.
8.If the user is upgrading SAG10, and has previously modified any of the
conductor data files, copy the required data files from the previous SAG10 directory to the new Sag10w directory
using Windows Explorer.
If a previous user has used ADD.EXE to modify the conductor charts, then copy the stress-strain chart file from
the previous SAG10 directory to the default “Sag10w” directory, or your custom SAG10v 3.0 directory location,
using Windows Explorer. If the user has NOT modified these files, then do NOT copy them.
9. Any additional instructions that were too late to put in this manual will be stored in a file named README.1ST.
The instructions may be viewed from the CD-Rom Menu, Windows Notepad, or any text editor or word processor.
10. Continue on to "Getting Started with SAG10" below.

1.8.3 Installing and Using SAG10 On a Network


On a network, many users can share the SAG10 program and data files. Once SAG10 is set up on the network,
the program can be run from the network server, or it can be installed onto the hard disks of individual
workstations. This document assumes that you know how to use network software to connect to network drives
and how to find files stored on network computers.
Note: Every SAG10 user must either have a SAG10 Single User License, or the user's company must have a
LAN/Client Server license or a Site License.

Before you set up SAG10


The network must be operational, and you must have read-write access to the network directory in which you want
to install SAG10. For more information, see your network software documentation.

Setting up SAG10 on a network is a two-step process. You first install SAG10 on the network server. Then you set
up the workstations, either by setting up the workstations to run SAG10 from the server or by installing SAG10 on
each workstation's hard disk. Note: Each workstation should have at least 16 MB of RAM in order to run the
SAG10 program.

1.8.4 Installation of SAG10 on a Network Server


1. Follow steps 1 thru 5 for 1.8.2 Installation - Single User, with the exception that the drive is likely to some letter
higher than C:, such as R:\Sag10Net3\.

Although the SAG10 program directory on the server (the directory containing Sag10w3.EXE) can be either read-
write or read-only, you should make it read-only after installing SAG10 to prevent users from unintentionally
overwriting files. For more information, see your operating system documentation.

1.8.5 Installation of SAG10 on a Workstation

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 9


Chapter 1 Introduction
You can install SAG10 onto local workstations so that users run the program from the network server, or you can
install so that users run the program from their local workstation's hard drive. You perform the following
procedures from the local workstation on which you are installing SAG10.

1. Follow steps 1 thru 5 for 1.8.2 Installation - Single User at each workstation licensed to use SAG10. This will
place the appropriate files in the \Windows\System directories for each workstation.
2a. If the intention of the user is to access SAG10 from his own hard disk, and use the network only for printing
and plotting and perhaps sharing common problem files, then the installation is complete.
-or-
2b. If the intention of the user is to access SAG10 from the network drive, then perform the steps below.
3. In Windows Explorer, Pick Start, Programs and highlight Sag10 from the list.
4. Click on the right mouse button, select Properties, Shortcut.
5. Change the Target: from the name of the local drive to the name of the server drive, such as from C:\Program
Files\Sag10w3\Sag10w3.EXE to R:\SAG10Net\Sag10w3.EXE if C is the local drive and R is the server drive.
6. Change the Start In: from the name of the local drive to the name of the server drive, such as from C:\Program
Files\Sag10w3 to R:\Sag10Net (or similar).
7. Select OK to close the Properties form.
8. Use Windows Explorer to delete the SAG10 files in the local drive, such as DELETE C:\Program
Files\Sag10w3\*.*.

1.8.6 Using SAG10 on a Network


Using SAG10 on a network is essentially the same as using SAG10 from a hard disk on an individual computer.
On the network, you can make a data file available to other users and allow them to make changes to the file, or
you can protect the file from changes. You can use the network server to store and exchange data files between
users, and many people can use a printer attached to the network server.

1.8.7 Printing over a Network


For information on setting up printers, see your Windows documentation. The procedures for printing over a
network generally are the same as printing procedures for an individual computer. You use the Windows Setup
program to set up all printers available to you. Then you choose the Page Setup command on the Setup menu in
SAG10 and choose the Printer Setup button to select a printer for use with SAG10 and to change the settings for
the active printer. If you have installed more than one printer, when you start SAG10 for the first time, make sure
you select the printer you will be using for your documents. If you select one printer when you format a document
and a different printer when you print the document, some fonts, point sizes, and other character formatting
options may not be available when you print.

Note: Your network software may require you to issue a system command to make a network printer available to
your computer. For specific procedures for your network, see your network software documentation.
TM
Special Note for Bates TLCADD users:
Refer to Appendix, “Notes for Bates Spotting Program" for installation and additional information.

1.9 Getting Started with SAG10

1. To begin using SAG10, click on the Alcoa SAG10 icon:

2. The SAG10 Entry Screen appears with information on licensing of SAG10. Read the information. If you have
met the terms of the agreement, press OK to continue to the SAG10 Main Menu

3. Refer to Chapter 2 for more information on each Command and Menu option.

TLCADD is a registered trademark of LineSoft

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 10


Chapter 2 Introduction
2.1 Entry
Screen
Double clicking on the
SAG10 icon loads the
program and the entry
screen shown in Fig.
2-1 appears. The user
has 30 days in which
to register the program
by going online to the
Alcoa website:
www.sag10.com/
register.htm. The user
is asked to complete
the registration form
for company
information and will
then receive an email
with his registration
number to enter into
Sag10.

If an error message
appears, refer to the
Appendix on Error
Fig. 2-1 Messages".

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 11


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

2.2 Main Menu


After selecting OK at the Entry Screen, the
following menu in Fig. 2-2 appears. New
Problem Files are created, or existing
Problem Files are edited, directly from the
Main Menu. The 4 command buttons are
used to access the required data entry
areas discussed below.

2.3 Create/Edit Problem File


To create a new or edit an existing Problem
file, select each of the command buttons:
Headings, Conductor Selection,
Loadings Table and Ruling SPans from
the Main Menu. Each of the commands is
discussed separately below.

2.3.1 Headings
The first step is to select the Headings
command. You will be prompted to enter
two lines of heading. Each line of the
heading may be up to 72 characters. These
2 lines will appear at the top of the first page
of the sag & tension output, and optionally,
Fig.2-2 at the top of each additional page and for
Stringing Sag Tables and Clipping Offsets.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 12


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

2.3.2 Conductor Selection


Selecting the Conductor Selection (Main
Menu) command displays the form shown
in Fig. 2-3. The conductor selections are
broken down into 24 categories. Select the
appropriate category for your conductor
type. If none of these have the conductor
needed, select 15- Other.

After a conductor type is selected, the user


will be prompted for additional information,
which will vary, depending on which
conductor type is picked. In most cases,
the user may just enter the Codeword, and
the rest of the necessary conductor data
will be automatically searched and entered
from the SAG10 database. If Select by:
Size/Strand option is picked, a different
prompt will appear in lieu of the Codeword
prompt. For 2- ACSR British, 13-
Multiplex and 14- Covered Line Wire,
the only valid option is to enter the correct
Fig.2-3 codeword.

When the Lookup Wire Data command is picked, the program will search the data base for the conductor
characteristics and stress-strain Chart #, and display the values for Area, Diameter, Weight, Rated Tensile
Strength (RTS), and stress-strain Chart #. The User may then optionally modify either the Weight or Chart #. A
listing of charts commonly used is shown in Appendix, “List of Stress - Strain Charts".

If it is necessary to use the 15- Other option, it is possible to enter that information permanently into the SAG10
conductor database by using the Add to Database command. Conductor data may also be viewed thru this utility.
Refer to the Section on User Bookmarks for more information.

2.3.2.1 ADSS Cable


Sag10 calculations now include AFL’s All
Dielectric Self Supporting (ADSS) cable.
AFL (Alcoa Fujikura Ltd) does not
recommend attempting to use Sag10 to
calculate data for dielectric cable from other
manufacturers.

In order to perform ADSS calculations, first


choose Conductor Selection from the Main
Menu. After selecting 16- ADSS, the
displayed form will appear as shown in Fig.
2-4. Type in the proper values requested on
the form. These values may be obtained
from AFL for your particular cable. The
MRCL stands for Maximum Rated
Conductor Limit and RTS stand for Rated
Tensile Strength, or Rated Breaking
Strength. It is important that both MRCL
and RTS values be accurate in order to
allow stringing the cable to the proper
design tensions. Sag10 obtains the allowed
Fig. 2-4 percentage of RTS by dividing the MRCL by
the RTS. This percentage is often 50%, but may range from 45% to 63+%, depending on the particular cable. The
allowable percentage is increasing as new designs are developed. It is important that Conductor Selection be set
to ADSS prior to entering the Load Table data, in order to initiate the proper Load Table limits. The ADSS input
now prompts for the Thermal Coefficient of Expansion and for 3 Moduli: Initial, 10 Years Creep, Final, so the

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 13


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
program can simulate the exact stress-strain chart for that particular design. The proper values for these
parameters can also be obtained from your AFL representative.

2.3.2.2 OPGW
Sag10 calculations now include AFL’s
Optical Ground Wire cables. AFL does not
recommend attempting to use Sag10 to
calculate data for OPGW cable from other
manufacturers.
Selecting 17- OPGW will display the form
shown in Fig. 2-5 or 2-6. Selecting by:
Catalog #: allows the user to type in AFL’s
catalog #, such as GW0815. Selecting by:
Size/Strand allows the user to enter data
by cable designation. If the cable does not
have alloy stranding, enter the single
leading value into the first entry cell as
shown in Fig. 2-6.

Fig. 2-5

2.3.2.3 ACSS Conductors


The selection of conductor databases now include Aluminum Conductor, Steel Supported (ACSS). This is the
conductor formerly called SSAC by Reynolds Metal Co. Both ACSS/AW and ACSS/TW cables are also included.

2.3.2.4 Pre-stressing ACSS Conductors


Alcoa has been asked to provide some guidance for the pretensioning of ACSS conductors. These instructions
were put together for that purpose. Be sure to also read the note below instructions (1)-(20):
1) Create or Open a Problem File. Only one ruling span may be run at a time.
2) Pick Load Table from the Main Menu
3) Pick a Load Zone from one of the 5 available at the bottom of the form, or enter your own values.
4) Enter an additional row with a stringing temperature in the 1st column.
5) Tab over and enter an increased weight in the 3rd column for wind as a Negative number, generally about 4
times that of the conductor weight.
6) Tab over and enter a 1 in the 5th column for Code.
7) Pick OK to return to the Main menu.
8) Pick Run, Sag & tension calcs from the Main Menu.
9) Note the initial tension for the common point in the Sag & Tension output and return to the Loading Table and
adjust the negative value in the Wind column 3 if more or less pretension is desired. Repeat steps (5), (7), (8) &
(9) until the desired Pretension is achieved in the Sag & Tension output.
10) From the Sag & Tension Data Menu, pick Stringing
11) Enter spans and Pick OK to continue.
12) Pick Final Condition.
13) For the Starting Temperature, enter the same temperature that was used in (4) above. Leave Increment and
Ending Temperature as 0. Pick OK to continue.
14) Record the single temperature Stringing Sag data.
15) Return to the Load Table and replace the stringing temperature with another stringing temperature.
16) Tab over to the 3rd column for wind and adjust the value to a smaller negative number for a higher stringing
temperature or to a larger negative number for a lower stringing temperature.
17) Pick OK to return to the Main menu.
18) Pick Run, Sag & tension calcs from the Main Menu.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 14


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
19) Note the Sag & tension output and Return to the Loading Table, adjusting the negative value in the Wind
column 3 until the initial and final values for all of the conditions, other than the stringing temperature common
point, match those of the output in step (9) above.
20) Repeat steps (15) thru (19) and steps (10) thru (14) for each stringing temperature.

Note: If the user intends to pretension an ACSS conductor, it is important that he consider the following items :
a) The structure design engineer must be informed of the additional loads created by pre-stressing so that he can
review the entire line for those loads.
b) The design engineer needs to review in particular the additional horizontal and vertical loads applied to the
structures adjacent to the tensioner and puller during the stringing process. The engineer should design and
specify the temporary guy attachment locations for these structures, and specify minimum level ground distances
allowed between the puller and tensioner and the adjacent structures.
c) The line crew manager needs to be informed of the additional loads as it may be necessary to use larger
pullers and tensioners than would be used otherwise. Cable pulling may require different pulling clamps than
normally used. Additional time may be required during stringing, and will require throwing lines over the conductor
to pull the conductor back into a uniform sag. The line crew may need to budget for these additional costs.

2.3.2.5 Copper Conductors


The selection of conductor databases now include separate databases for Copperweld cables,
Copperweld-Copper cables and Hard Drawn (HD) Copper.
2.3.2.6 Conductor Lookup List
It is now possible to scroll thru a list of
available conductors for each conductor
type, and thereby select the appropriate
conductor without having to type the name
or remember the exact spelling.
In order to select a conductor from the
lookup list, first select the proper conductor
type from the left column. Then click the
arrow on the right side of the dropdown box
to display a list of cables as shown in Fig. 2-
7. Select the applicable conductor by
highlighting and <Enter> or by double-
clicking the conductor. Then press Lookup
Wire Data to fill in the conductor data
boxes.
In order to save the time of scrolling thru
the conductor list for future lookups, refer to
Section 2.3.2.7 in order to add the
conductor to set a bookmark for the
conductor.
2.3.2.7 Sort Selection List
Fig. 2-7 A check box has been provided just below
the Optional Conductor Selection List box. Checking the box will sort the conductor databases in alphabetical
order for conductor types 1 to 9, 13, 14, 18, and 19. This is helpful if you wish to lookup the conductor by ordered
by conductor name, rather than the normal order by conductor size.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 15


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
2.3.2.8 User Bookmarks
You can now use bookmarks to store a list
of the most common conductors used. The
list of favorite conductors are then available
for quick recall when setting up future
problem files. The steps to do this are:
1. Select a conductor and then press
Lookup Wire Data to fill in the conductor
data boxes.
2. Press the Add to Database button to
display the red form shown in Fig. 2-8.
3. Press the Add Bookmark button. The
conductor is added to the User Bookmarks.
4. Press the EXit button to return to the
Conductor Selection area.

2.3.2.9 Add New Conductor to


Database
Fig. 2-8 This replaces the previous DOS based
ADD.EXE program, simplifying the process
of adding new conductors to the existing databases. In order to add a new conductor, follow the steps below:
1. If the conductor is similar to an existing conductor, select that conductor and then press Lookup Wire Data to
fill in the conductor data boxes. Otherwise, proceed to step 2.
2. Press the Edit Data checkbox. This allows the user to enter new data or edit existing data in the data boxes
provided.
3. Press the Add to Database button shown in Fig. 2-7 to display the red form shown in Fig. 2-8.
4. Press the Add to Type N button, where N equals the conductor type requested. The conductor is added to the
database for that conductor type.
5. You may also bookmark the new conductor at this time by pressing the Add Bookmark button. The conductor
is added to the User Bookmarks.
6. Press the EXit button to return to the Conductor Selection area.

2.3.2.10 View Existing Stress-


Strain Chart in Sag10.Pgm
Database
This replaces the previous DOS based
ADD.EXE program, simplifying the
process of viewing existing stress-strain
charts in the Sag10.Pgm database. In
order to view an existing chart, follow the
steps below:
1. Press the New S-S Chart button
shown in Fig. 2-7. This will display the
Form shown in Fig. 2-9.
2. Click on the Chart # lookup box to
present a list of existing chart #’s. Select
Fig. 2-9 a Chart #.
3. Press the View Chart button. The
stress-strain data for that chart will fill in the data boxes.

2.3.2.11 Add New Stress-Strain Chart to Sag10.Pgm Database


This replaces the previous DOS based ADD.EXE program, simplifying the process of adding new stress-strain
charts to the existing Sag10.Pgm database. In order to add a new chart, follow the steps below:
1. Press the New S-S Chart button shown in Fig. 2-7. This will display the Form shown in Fig. 2-9.
2. Fill in all of the data boxes provided in the form. The required data may be obtained thru your AFL
representative.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 16


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
3. Press the Add Chart button. The data will be added to the Sag10.Pgm database. Warning: If the chart already
exists in Sag10.Pgm, the earlier data will be retrieved rather than the most recent entry.

2.3.2.12 Delete User Added Stress-Strain Chart from Sag10.Pgm Database


This new feature allows the user to remove any Stress-Strain Charts from Sag10.Pgm that he has added in
himself and would now like to remove for various reasons. In order to delete a chart, follow the steps below:
1. Click on the Chart # lookup box to present a list of existing chart #’s. Select a Chart #.
2. Press the View Chart button. The stress-strain data for that chart will fill in the data boxes.
3. Press the Delete Chart button. The data will be removed from the Sag10.Pgm database. If the chart is an core
AFL chart, the Delete Chart button will show as disabled.

2.3.3 Loadings Table


Selecting the Loadings Table
command displays the form shown
in Fig. 2-10. The table is ready for
individual inputs or automatic
loadings. An initial record entry of
60 F, 0, 0, 0, 2 is automatically
generated. This is the standard
check for creep. Any entry with a
zero value for the tension entry
and a 2 for code entry, will allow
the program to check for creep. If
all such entries are removed,
creep will not be checked, and
incorrect data may result. In such
a case, the output also will read
“Creep is NOT Considered”. If
the final sag is controlled by creep,
the output will read “Creep IS a
Factor.” If the final sag is
controlled by the ice and wind from
one of the load cases, the output
will read “Creep is NOT a
Factor.” Fig. 2-10 shows a typical
Fig. 2-10 load case after additional loads
have been added. If metric units have been selected in the Options section, units will appear as Deg C, mm Ice,
2 2
Kg/M or N/M wind, Kg or N tension.

The command buttons at the bottom left of the form will generate various standard load conditions. Selecting any
of them will generate the Design Limits form shown in Fig. 2-11 & Fig. 2-12. The following pages list the load
conditions generated for each of the standard Loadings and Design Limit options possible. The load condition
limits differ for ADSS in that both Alcoa and NESC limits generate a maximum limit of 50% of RTS.

Clear Loads will clear all loads from the table and generate a creep condition of 60 F, 0, 0, 0, 2.
Insert Row will insert one row at the current cursor location.
Delete Row will delete one row at the current cursor location.
Auto Temp Incr. prompts for a Temperature to increment. When the down arrow is used in the 1st column, any
blank rows will be incremented by the entered amount.
Save Load File allows you to store your loadings, and reuse them for creating or editing other problem files. You
will be prompted for a file name. Enter a file name, using .LOD as the extension.
Open Load File allows you to then retrieve any previously saved load files. You will be prompted for a file name.
Selecting OK will clear out any previous entries and retrieve the loadings in the .LOD file.

Additional entries may be made in any order up to a total of 50. A sorting process will organize the problem file into
proper temperature/load order. Temperature (Deg F or C), radial thickness of ice (in. or mm. or negative value for
2 2
Rime ice or wet Snow), horizontal wind load (Psf, Kg/M , or N/M ), tension limit (Lb, Kg, or N) or % RTS or
negative value for sag, and limit code values are placed within fields.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 17


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
Glaze ice is based on a density of 57 Lbs/ft3. Rime ice or wet Snow is assigned a default value of 37 Lbs/ft3. One
of the new features for Sag10 is the ability to adjust the density of the Rime ice by selecting the Rime Ice Density
command button or press <Alt>-R. Type in the new value and press <Tab> to return to the Load Table.

Tensions may be inserted as % of RTS (Ex: .5 for 50% RTS) or in Lbs. Limit Code 1,2 or 3 is used in the far right
column. 1 is used for initial, 2 for final. Limit entries may be tensions or sags. Sags are entered as negative
numbers. Code 3 designates elevated temperature.

Bare weights are supplied and loaded weights are calculated based on data from conductor files (or user input)
and are displayed in report printout. Negative wind values may not be used in problem files with Marker Balls or
Cables added.

Pressing the GalloP Loads button will insert the loads required to calculate the Galloping Ellipses. These load
conditions are normally only inserted if NESC Heavy Loads are selected. Refer to section 4.2 Gallop for more
information on galloping calculations.

There are 2 recommended methods for printing the Loadings Table. In either case, select the Loadings Table
form, with the desired load conditions in the table.
Method A) Press <Alt>-<Print Screen> from the Loadings Table form. Then, activate a graphic word processor,
such as MS Wordpad or Word, and press <Cntrl>-V. The Loadings Table form will paste into the word processor.
Print from the word processor.
Method B) Press "Save Load File" in the Loadings Table form. Enter a file name, such as MYLOADS.LOD and
press OK. The extension for load files are .LOD. Activate a word processor, such as MS Wordpad or Word. Open
the MYLOADS.LOD file. Highlight the text and select a fixed pitch font such as Courier New. If you want the table
headings, you will have to type them in manually. Print from the word processor.

Selecting one of the Loading commands at the left bottom area of the form will
generate NESC Heavy, Medium, and Light Loading, respectively, as shown in the
loadings that follow. These function keys will erase any data previously entered.
Tension limits shown are % RTS. However, % RTS, Lbs. tension or amount of
Sag may be used. NESC Limits indicate maximum tensions allowed by code.
Alcoa Limits are more conservative and are recommended for maximum wire
and line durability. Selection of one these Function keys prompts the user with the
Fig. 2-11 form shown in Fig. 2-11 :

NESC Heavy Load NESC Medium Load NESC Light Load


Alcoa Limits Alcoa Limits Alcoa Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb 1
0 .5 4 .5 1 15 .25 4 .5 1 30 9 .5 1
32 .5 32 .25 30 .333 2
-20 0 30 .25
0 .333 1 15 1 30 2
0 .25 2 15 2 60
0 15 90
30 30 120
60 2 60 2 167
90 90 212
120 120
167 167
212 212

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 18


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
NESC Heavy Load NESC Medium Load NESC Light Load
NESC Limits NESC Limits NESC Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
0 .5 4 .6 1 15 .25 4 .6 1 30 9 .6 1
32 .5 32 .25 30
-20 0 60 .35 1
0 15 60 .25 2
30 30 60 2
60 .35 1 60 .35 1 90
60 .25 2 60 .25 2 120
60 2 60 2 167
90 90 212
120 120
167 167
212 212

NESC Heavy Load NESC Medium Load NESC Light Load


No Limits No Limits No Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
0 .5 4 .5 1 15 .25 4 .5 1 30 9 .5 1
32 .5 32 .25 30
-20 0 60 2
0 15 90
30 30 120
60 2 60 2 167
90 90 212
120 120
167 167
212 212
* NESC Limits are reduced to .50 (50%) for ADSS cables

Pressing the GalloP Loads button will insert the 2 loads below into the current load case, in order to allow
calculation of the Lissajous ellipses. This is required for all load cases except NESC Heavy, which already include
these 2 load conditions.

GalloP Loads
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
32.0 .50
30.0

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 19


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
Selecting the Calif. HeaVy or Calif. LiGht commands generate California Heavy Loading and California Light
Loading, respectively, as shown in the loadings that follow. These commands will erase any data previously
entered. Tension limits shown are % RTS. However, % RTS, Lbs. tension or
amount of Sag may be used. NESC Limits indicate maximum tensions allowed by
the California GO 95 code limits. Alcoa Limits are more conservative and are
recommended for maximum wire and line durability. Selection of one these
commands prompts the user with the Design Limits form. Selection of one these
Function keys prompts the user with the form shown in Fig. 2-12 :

Fig. 2-12
California Heavy Load California Light Load
Alcoa Limits Alcoa Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
0 .5 6 .5 1 25 8 .5 1
32 .5 25 .333 1
-20 25 .25 2
0 .333 1 25
0 .25 2 60 2
0 90
30 120
60 2 167
90 212
120
130
167
212

California Heavy Load California Light Load


NESC Limits NESC Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
0 .5 6 .6 1 25 8 .6 1
32 .5 25
-20 60 .25 1
0 60 .25 2
30 60 2
60 .35 1 90
60 .25 2 120
60 2 167
90 212
120
130
167
212

California Heavy Load California Light Load


No Limits No Limits
TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE TEMP ICE WIND TENSION CODE
Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb Deg F Inch Lb/Ft2 % or Lb
0 .5 6 .5 1 25 8 .5 1
32 .5 25
-20 60 2
0 90
30 120
60 2 167
90 212
120
130
167
212

• NESC Limits are reduced to .50 (50%) for ADSS cables

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 20


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

2.3.4 Ruling Spans


Selecting the Run, Ruling SPans command from the Main Menu
displays the form shown in Fig. 2-13.

Up to 50 spans may be entered. Spans may be generated singly, or


in increments. Units are Feet or Meters, depending on option
selected. The common editing keys are similar to typical Windows
spreadsheets. Keystrokes specific for the Span table are explained
below:

Main Menu or OK ends the current span entry/edit session and


returns to the Main Menu.

Insert Span will insert one span


Delete Span will delete one span
Fig. 2-13 Clear Span will clear all of the spans in the table
<F2> will switch from type over mode to edit cell mode

Series of Spans command prompts for the input shown in Fig. 2-14 below
and then generates the requested values for the span table.

Fig. 2-14
2.3.5 Output Redirection
The data output option box previously on the Main Menu screen has now been replaced with Print options on the
Sag & Tension data menu bar. Refer to Section 4.9 Output for details.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 21


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

3.1 File Commands (Main Menu)


Selecting File (Main Menu) displays the sub menu shown in Fig. 3-1.
3.1.1 File New (Main Menu)
is selected to clear all previous file problem data.

3.1.2 File Open (Main Menu)


is selected to open a problem file. The standard
Windows file opening form is displayed as shown in
Fig. 3-1. A sample file named SAMPLE.PRF has
been included and may be opened for practice. It is
Fig 3-1 recommended that all problem files be given a .PRF
extension.

3.1.3 File Save (Main Menu)


is selected to save a new or an existing
problem file. If the problem has not yet been
assigned a name, a standard Windows file
saving form similar to Fig. 3-2 will display. It is
recommended that all problem files be given a
.PRF extension.

3.1.4 File Save As


is selected from the Main Menu to save a
problem file under a new name. The standard
Fig. 3-2 Windows file saving form is used, similar to Fig.
3-2.
It is recommended that all problem files be given a .PRF extension.

3.1.5 File eXit (Main Menu)


is selected to close SAG10 and return to Windows.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 22


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
3.2 Options
Selecting Options will display the form shown
in Fig. 3-3. This is similar to the 'Defaults' area
in the DOS versions of SAG10. The format has
been rearranged, however, for convenience
and to better meet the standard Windows
format. The following options have been
moved to other areas:
1. The Stringing Sag options have been moved
to the Sag & Tension Output Screen. It is no
longer necessary to decide ahead of time
whether or not to view the Stringing Sag
Tables. See Section 4.4.
2. Headings for 2nd page have been moved to
Setup - Page Setup. See Section 3.3.2.

For the current Options area, the default


values or the last selected option is displayed.
Use the Tab key to move through the optional
groups. The alternate choices may be selected
by using the right or left ARROW keys. Check
boxes may be toggled with the spacebar. Main
Menu or OK returns to Main Menu. The
Fig. 3-3 Options set by the user are saved as part of
the problem file.
Below is a detailed explanation of each default selection.

3.2.1 Elevated Temperatures, Input (default = unchecked)


When Elevated Temperature Input box is checked, the message shown below appears on the Options form. This
message is a reminder that it is still necessary to indicate what temperatures to check, and for what time intervals.
Refer to Elevated Temperature Creep below for complete information on elevated temperature entry. Fig. 3-5
also appears.

Note: Elevated Temperature Points Require


Code = 3 in Loading Table
** Modify Load Table before running **

3.2.2 Elevated Temperatures, Output Strain (default = unchecked)


This default is only considered if the Elevated Temperature Input Default shown above in Section 3.2.1 equals
"Yes". If so, then the output will include a line of data at the first elevated temp creep point, indicating normal (EC)
and elevated temperature creep (ECRP). This is shown in Fig. 3-4 below, followed by 60 Deg F temperature
w/creep output. Refer to Section 3.2.2.1 for complete information on elevated temperature entry.

Ec = 468.26 Ecrp = 1159.04


60.# .00 .00 .00 1.075 28.31 4766.
Fig. 3-4
Creep is a function of time and temperature. The time/temperature that will cause the maximum micro strain
increase in elongation is selected and converted to a temperature differential.

3.2.2.1 Elevated Temperature Creep


The following steps are required to generate elevated temperature calculations. If any of the steps are left out, the
output will not reflect the proper output:

1. Select Options (Main Menu).

2. Under Elevated Temperatures, mark the Input checkbox. Optionally, mark the Output Strain check box.
Refer to Section 3.2.2 for explanation of Output Strain.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 23


Chapter 2 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
3. The Elevated Temperature Creep form shown in Fig. 3-5 will appear. Enter the length of time at which the
conductor is expected to experience elevated temperatures over the life of the line is required. Entries are in hours
and Deg C. Typical entries might be:

4. Select RoLLed or CAst Rod from the option box as shown


in Fig. 3-5. Creep characteristics between rolled and cast rod
are different. Cast rod exhibits less creep than rolled rod.
Conductors manufactured prior to the early 1970’s are likely to
have been made with rolled rod.

5. If the conductor selected is all-aluminum (AAC, AAAC,


ACAR) or an ACSR with strands of 84/19, 84/7, 45/7, 20/7,
18/1, 42/7, 76/19, 72/7, and 36/1 (ACSR's with less than 7-
1/2% steel by area), the values entered into the table shown in
Fig. 3-5 will be used in the elevated temperature calculations.
(The actual times and temperatures shown in table are entered
by user).

Fig. 3-5 Elevated temperature creep of ACSR's with more than 7-1/2%
steel by area is less than room temperature creep and can be
ignored.1 If the user has chosen an ACSR with more than 7 1/2% steel, the program will issue a warning
message, toggle the Elevated Temp Input Default to "No", and the Elevated Temp Table will be bypassed.

6. Select Loadings Table from the Main Menu. Select a standard load from the 5 command buttons and the
proper entries will be automatically generated. An additional record (row) will be generated for each temperature at
or above 60 Deg F. (16 Deg C.), and assigned a code value of 3. The temperatures from the Elevated
Temperature Table in Fig. 3-5 will be converted to Deg F, and included in the Loadings Table also, with a code
value of 3. If temperatures less than 16 Deg C. were added, SAG10 will ignore them as they are not affected by
elevated temperature.

If the user is entering a non-standard loading, it is then necessary to enter the Elevated Temperatures manually.
All temperature values in the table at or above 60 Deg F should have a 2nd entry with a code value of 3. Each of
the temperatures in the Elevated Temperature Table in Fig. 3-5 should be converted to Deg F, and included in the
Loadings Table also, with a code value of 3. As an example, if the Elevated Temperature Table has a temperature
of 125 Deg C included, then the Loadings Table should have an equivalent entry of 257 Deg F, with and without a
code value of 3. This is shown below in Fig. 3-6.

This creates in the output the comparison of sag at 257 Deg F. with and without elevated temperature creep. In
the Sag & Tension Output, the elevated temperature creep line is identified by a # sign.

Creep is a function of time and temperature. The


time/temperature that will cause the maximum micro strain
increase in elongation is selected and converted to a
temperature differential. A printout of normal creep (EC)
and elevated temperature creep (ECRP) is available by
requesting Output Strain in the Options menu area. The
program ETCR.EXE on your SAG10 diskette is based on
the papers described below and will provide the
temperature differential used by SAG10 in determining
Fig. 3-6
elevated temperature sag values. For background on
elevated temperature creep the following papers may be researched:

l. J. R. Harvey, R. E. Larson - Use of Elevated Temperature Creep Data in Sag-Tension Calculations, IEEE Paper 69 TP 674-PWR.
2. J. R. Harvey, R. E. Larson - Creep Equations of Conductors for Sag-Tension Calculations, IEEE Paper C 72 190-2.
3. J. R. Harvey, R. E. Larson - Technique to Include Elevated Temperature Creep in Sag-tension Calculations, IEEE T&D Conference and
Exposition April 1-9, 1979.
4. W. B. Zollars - Aluminum Conductor Elevated Temperature Considerations, Seminar sponsored by Georgia Power Co., the Aluminum
Association, and EPRI on the Effects of Elevated Temperature Operation on Overhead Conductors and Accessories - May 20, 1986, Atlanta
Georgia.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 24


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

3.2.3 Account for Aluminum Compression


SAG10 Vers. 2.0 corrects an error in the previous version relating to effects of creep at elevated temperatures.
The error caused the increases in sag at elevated temperatures to be overestimated. It occurred only under
conditions where the aluminum in ACSR was slack.

This error arose from the method used in previous versions for representing effects of creep at elevated
temperatures. The elevated temperature increment in creep was simulated by a fictitious increment in conductor
temperature. The method in effect assigned a significant part of the creep increment to the steel core, actually one
part creep strain to the steel for each two parts assigned to the aluminum. In actuality, there is little or no creep of
the steel. The method is accurate for conditions where the aluminum in ACSR is not slack. However, it leads to an
estimate of the so-called “kneepoint temperature” that is too high, and that leads to overestimates of increases in
sags. In Vers. 2.0, all of the elevated creep strain increment is assigned to the aluminum, so that sags are correct
even when the aluminum is slack. Refer to Appendix, “Theory of Compressive Stress in Aluminum of ACSR” and
Appendix, “Some Effects of Mill Practice on the Stress Strain Behavior of ACSR”.

3.2.4 Separate AL & STL Tension


The basis for the Alcoa Graphic-Method of sag and tension is stress- strain testing. When stress-strain tests are
performed on ACSR, composite data (aluminum combined with steel) and single data (that of the steel only) are
possible. The Graphic Method, when dealing with ACSR derives the stress-strain data of the aluminum portion by
subtracting the available steel data from that of the composite. Whenever different temperatures are considered in
a sag and tension problem, transposition of the steel and aluminum portion by use of coefficient of linear
expansion is used. At each temperature, therefore, the components are added vectorially to form the composite.
Since the separate aluminum and steel tensions are always available, the default option of separate aluminum and
steel tensions is offered. Separate tensions can be a valuable tool when evaluating operation of ACSR's at high
temperatures. ACSR's with large percentage steel will exhibit zero tension on the aluminum
strands at high temperatures. This means added sag will be attributable only to the elongation of the steel - a
lower value since the coefficient of expansion of steel is half that of aluminum.

3.2.5 Tensions Avg Vert (At Supports) Horiz (At Sag)


The default used for tension is the average value. This is the tension the conductor "sees". Options for tension
components at the support or at the "belly" of the sag are available. The support value (vertical) includes the
weight of wire whereas the sag value (horizontal) subtracts out the weight of the wire. Tension at support is used
in tower design calculations. Horizontal tension is used in offset clipping and inclined span options. Formulas used
for leveled spans are as follows:

T = P + WD/2
H = P - WD/2

Where: T = Tension at support, Lbs.


H = Horizontal tension at center of span, Lbs.
P = Average tension, Lbs.
W = Conductor weight, Lbs./ft.
D = Sag, ft.
For the incline span case formulas are presented in Appendix () “Inclined Span Sag Example”.

3.2.6 Display Extra Column No % RTS H/W Horz & Vert Sag
This option adds columns to the Sag & Tension Output for Final & Initial tension as either
% RTS refers to Percentage of Rated Tensile Strength or
H / W is the Horizontal Tension divided by Weight. This is often referred to as the "Catenary Constant" or "C"
value or
Horz & Vert Sag displays the resultant sag as horizontal and vertical components.
An example is shown in "Appendix G13, Percent RTS, H / W or Horz & Vert Sag Example ".

3.2.7 Units English English-to-Kg Kilogram Newton


There are four options available for Units:
English - English Input and Output in Pounds, Feet or Inches, and Deg. Fahrenheit.
English-to-Kg - English Input and Metric Output in Kilograms, Meters or Millimeters, and Deg. Centigrade.
Kilogram - Both Input and Output are in Kilograms, Meters or Millimeters, and Deg. Centigrade.
Newtons - Both Input and Output are in Newtons, Meters, & Deg. Centigrade.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 25


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

The Sag Curves and Galloping Ellipses are now displayed and printed in both English and Metric Units. Refer to
Appendix, “Notes for Metric Users' for more information.

3.2.8 NESC K New Old Old (Steel & Cu)


Occasionally it is necessary to distinguish between NESC 5th or 6th Edition and the rounded-off K factor of the
NESC 7th Edition. The Old designates 5th or 6th. The Old (Steel & Cu) should be used as required to match
calculations for steel or copper cable for the older NESC manuals.

3.2.9 T-2TM Conductor


Any of the ACSR, AAC, AAAC, or ACAR may be calculated as T-2 conductor, also referred to as TTwo. The
weight, strength, and area of the wire are doubled, the diameter is considered to be 1.637 times as large as the
single wire for wind resistance calculations. If the T-2 selection is made, the conductor description will indicate use
of T-2. This option is not available for Line Wire or Multiplex, attempting to run such a combination will reset TTwo
to unchecked. The TTwo option may also be set in the Conductor Selection area.

When radial ice is applied to T-2 conductors, the ice layer is calculated as a uniform layer of the radial thickness
requested over both diameters for the area exposed to the air. Since the 2 conductors are touching, no ice is
applied to the interface area between the 2 conductors.

3.2.10 Attachments to Wire No Marker Balls Cables PLP Spoiler


An attempt has been made to cover many of the common situations that may occur as a result of adding marker
balls or cables to a supporting conductor or messenger. However, it is not expected that all possible situations will
be covered by the methods included in this program. If a situation arises that does not fit the options available, it
may be necessary to calculate manually, or to use an approximate result. For situations that are covered by the
Marker Ball or Cable Default option, see "Appendix G9, Marker Ball Example" and "Appendix G10, Non-
Supporting Cable Example".

The weight of a Marker Ball (or Cable) is multiplied by the quantity of Balls (or Cables) and added to the Total
Additional Weight. This total weight is evenly distributed over the span length. Radial ice is applied as a uniform
layer over the Balls (or Cables), as well as over the conductor. Wind pressure is applied over the cross sectional
area of the Balls and conductor (or Cable and messenger). Radial ice will increase all diameters, and resulting
wind areas, by twice the radial ice thickness.

3.2.10.1 Marker Balls


Marker Ball Selection will generate the prompt screen
shown in Fig. 3-7.

Span Options
If Marker Balls are to be placed on one single span,
deadended on both sides, then select Attachments
to Wire, Marker Balls from the Options Settings.
When Run - Sag & Tension (Main Menu) is
selected, fill out the data requested in the prompt
screen shown in Fig. 3-7.

If Marker Balls are placed on all spans within a ruling


span, and the weight is evenly distributed among all
spans, then the results may also be obtained directly.
Fig. 3-7 Sum up all of the span lengths, quantities, and
additional weights. Fill in the prompt screen shown in Fig. 3-7, using the calculated sums for span length, quantity,
and additional weight. The diameter and weight for one ball is used.

If the span with Marker Balls is a single span within the ruling span, such that it is not deadended on either side,
then additional calculations must be performed to determine the sag & tension information within that span. Refer
to "Appendix G11A & B, Determining Data on One Span" for an example problem.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 26


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
Design Condition Applied Before or After
If the span is being designed for marker ball attachment, and the user would like to keep the loadings within
specific design limits, then the user should select After Attachment. This will ensure that the design conditions
are met under the worst load case, after installation of balls and additional weights.

If the span was strung at some previous date, and marker balls are being added as an afterthought, then the user
should select Before Attachment. This allows the original design conditions, prior to marker ball addition, to
control. When this option is selected, special attention should be paid to the resulting data. It is possible
for the data, with balls attached, to exceed design limits. If this situation occurs, it may be necessary to
restring the span, or to reconsider the plan of adding balls to the span. Refer to Appendix G9, Marker Ball
Example".

When the Marker Ball option has been selected, the following data appears in the middle of the sag & tension
run, serving as a break between the sag & tension data before and after the balls are installed. The 2nd line
indicates the quantity of balls, span, diameter and weight of one ball, and the additional weight (such as total
weight of the vibration dampers) as the last item.

Above: Initial Data Prior to Marker Ball Installation

Below: 10. Marker Balls in 2000. Feet, Dia= 24.0 IN , Wt= 16.0 Lb + 64 Lb

If STringing Sags are requested from the Output Screen, the following data will be created:
Initial Initial data prior to adding balls.
Final Final data with balls attached.
Final W/Load Final loaded data with balls attached.

3.2.10.2 Non-supporting spacer cable, installed after stringing


Cables selection from the Options Settings will generate the prompt screen shown in Fig. 3-8. One or more
cables may be added to a conductor or messenger
by selecting Attachments to Wire, Cable in
Options. When Run - Sag & Tension is selected,
the prompt screen in Fig. 3-8 will appear. Several
cables may be hung in a non-supporting fashion
from a single supporting cable. Each of the non-
supporting cables must be of equal diameter and
weight. The weight of additional items, such as
hangers, must be calculated by the user as an
evenly distributed weight and entered in Lb/Ft (Kg/M
or N/M for metric). This should be done by manually
summing the total weight of additional attachments,
and dividing by the total span length. This is the
most convenient method for most users, where the
additional weights are spacers placed at regular
intervals.

Fig. 3-8 Two new items have been added to the form to
accommodate the method used by Hendrix Wire &
Cable for calculating loads on messenger cable. Hanger Ice Load Factor for .5” Ice is assigned a value of 1.8. This
adds an ice loading weight to the cable spacers. Another option has been added to Apply the NESC K Factor to:
Only the Messenger or to Each of the Cables and Messenger Wire. The NESC manual does not clearly define
when the K factor should be applied, so both options have been offered to allow for the users own discretion. For
more information on Hendrix calculation methods, contact Hendrix Wire & Cable.

Cable Options
Situations that ARE covered by the Cable Option in SAG10
1. Spacer Cable installed after stringing.

Situations that are NOT covered by the Cable Option in SAG10. These situations are better covered by the
method explained in section 3.2.10.3 below.
Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 27
Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
1. Any non-supporting cable in direct contact with the messenger, such as figure-8 cable or lashed cable.
2. Any pre-assembled non-supporting cable that is strung at the same time as the messenger, such as
figure-8 cable.

Design Condition Applied Before or After


If the span is being designed for cable attachment, and the user would like to keep the loadings within specific
design limits, then the user should select After Attachment. This will ensure that the design conditions are met
under the worst load case, after installation of cables and additional weights.

If the span was strung at some previous date, and cables are being added as an afterthought, then the user
should select Before Attachment. This allows the original design conditions, prior to cable design, to control.
When this option is selected, special attention should be paid to the resulting data. It is possible for the
data, with cable attached, to exceed design limits. If this situation occurs, it may be necessary to restring the
span, or to reconsider the plan of adding cables to the span. Refer to "Appendix G10, Non-Supporting Cable
Example".

When the Cable option has been selected, the following data appears in the middle of the sag & tension run,
serving as a break between the sag & tension data before and after cables are installed. The 2nd line indicates the
quantity of cables, diameter and weight of one cable, and the additional weight, such as total weight of the hangers
as the last item.

Above: Initial Data Prior to Cable Installation

Below: 3. Non-Supporting Cable(s) Added,Dia=1.123 In ,Wt=1.456 Lb/F + .210


Lb/F

If STringing Sags are requested from the Output Screen, the following data will be created:
Initial Initial data prior to adding Cables.
Final Final data with Cables attached.
Final W/Load Final loaded data with Cables attached.

3.2.10.3 Non-supporting cable, pre-assembled or lashed


If calculations are needed for non-supporting cables pre-assembled to a messenger prior to stringing, the Cable
option in the Default area should not be used. Instead, use the method described below.

1. Determine basic information on the messenger cable, such as area, diameter, weight, RTS and chart #.
Determine the diameter and weight of the hung cable.
2. Select 15- Other from the conductor selections listed in Fig. 2.3. When prompted, enter the area of the
messenger and weight of the cables plus messenger. For diameter, select the combined diameter exposed to the
wind. Enter the RTS of the messenger cable.
3. Select the chart # for the messenger cable.
4. If the cables are in direct contact, such as with lashed cable, the actual amount of combined ice build-up will
vary depending on the configuration of cable quantities and diameters. As a result, all calculations assume the
most conservative situation, that each cable will be covered with a uniform layer of the radial ice specified in the
loadings table. If this is too conservative, it is up to the user to calculate an appropriate reduction of ice, and then
reduce the radial ice indicated in the loadings table accordingly.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 28


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
3.2.10.4 PLP Spoilers
Calculations have been added to account for the horizontal and
vertical loading created by PLP Spoilers. Selecting PLP Spoilers will
create the prompt screen shown. Fill in the requested data and pick
Continue. The output will show the following data and the conductor
weight for each load condition will reflect the additional loads created
by the spoilers.

“Added: 4 Spoilers on 1000 Ft span weighing 14 Lb increasing wind


load by 5%”

3.2.10.5 Estimated Cast Rod Creep Fig. 3-9


It is now possible to calculate Sag & tension data for either Cast or
Rolled aluminum rod. Previously all calculations, other than the elevated temperature option, were calculated with
Rolled rod. The Cast rod generates less overall creep than Rolled rod. In order to switch the calculations to Cast
Rod, pick Cast Rod from the Options Screen. The output screen will then show the line below.

Creep IS a Factor Cast Rod

3.2.10.6 Creep Time at Stress


Final Sag & Tension data is calculated assuming 10 years of conductor creep. It is now possible to calculate the
Final creep that would result from a longer or shorter time period. A shorter time period may be helpful in
evaluating conductors that have been in air for any time period less than 10 years. A longer time period may be
helpful to see if any additional creep may occur if a conductor has been in the air for 20 or 30 years. Enter the time
period in days, with 3650 days equal to 10 years.
3.3 Setup Commands (Main Menu)
Setup displays the sub menu shown below in Fig. 3-9.

Fig. 3-9

3.3.1 Setup - Print Setup


displays the standard Windows form shown in
Fig. 3-10. Refer to the MS Windows User's
Guide for details on use of Print Setup.

Fig. 3-10

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 29


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

3.3.2 Setup - Page Setup


displays the form shown in Fig. 3-11. The left margin affects the
printed output. The top and bottom margins affect the formatting of
headings and page breaks for screen, printer, and file output. There
are 2 Header Options for the first page and 4 Header Options for all
other Sag & Tension pages, as well as the STringing Sag Tables
and the Offset Clipping. The default settings are no headers or
margins.

Fig. 3-11

3.3.3 Setup - Fonts


displays the form shown below
in Fig. 3-12. Only Fixed Pitch
Fonts may be selected.
SAG10 requires that the
Courier New font be loaded
into Windows. If the proper
fonts are not currently installed
on your computer, refer to the
Windows Control Panel, Fonts
for information on loading
addition fonts.

Fig. 3-12

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 30


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus
3.4 Run Commands (Main Menu)
3.4.1 Run - Sag & Tension
Run displays the sub menu shown
in Fig. 3-13.This selection performs
the sag & tension calculations and
should be executed only after all
other options have been set, such
as those under Options and
Setup. Examples of sag and
tension printouts are found in
Fig. 3-13 "Appendix G, Example Printouts".
See Chapter 4 for details of the Sag
& Tension Output Screen. Explanation of Error Messages that might occur due to failure of the calculations are
found in the Appendix.

3.4.2 Run - Pause between Spans


will allow all of the selected spans to run consecutively without pausing for such options as Galloping, Sag
Curves, STringing Sags or Offset Clipping. If there is only one span to run, then this option does not affect the
output. If Marker Balls or Cables have been selected and Pause between Spans is unchecked, there will be no
query for changing quantities of Marker Balls or Cables. If a large number of spans are selected and a Warning
Message is received during calculation that indicates "Out of Memory" or "Output Exceeds Buffer Size", then it
may be necessary to either use the Pause between Spans option, or to reduce the number of spans by breaking
the spans into two separate Problem Files. When these messages are received, the Print to File output will not be
affected, but the screen output will be incomplete.

3.4.3 Inclined Spans


Run - Inclined Spans will
display the form shown in Fig. 3-
14. There are times when the
combination of long span and
difference in elevation creates
difficulties in sagging conductor.
Stringing sags generated by the
graphic-method are for level
ground spans and are based on
the average tension (Pav) of the
conductor. Depending on the
span length and difference in
elevation the low point of sag
may fall beyond the lower
support, as shown in Fig. S1 of
Appendix, “Inclined Span Sag
Fig. 3-14 Example". If this occurs, the
equivalent span, normally arrived at by calculating the chord span, must be found by an iteration process which
pinpoints the D2 sag and S1, distance from the lower support to the belly of the sag at D2. The inclined span
computer program calculates the proper inclined Span length (SL) and average tension (Pav) which would be
used in SAG10. Use of these values produce an accurate value of D sag to use in sagging. The D1 sag is
provided in the output of the program. D1 and D sags resulting from use of the SL and Pav generated by the
program apply only to the original horizontal tension input, i.e., a 60 Deg F. initial horizontal tension would Yield D1
and D sags at 60 Deg F. initial. A sample problem is available as Appendix, “Inclined Span Sag Example".

The Print Output button will send the results to the printer, using the margins and 2nd page headings indicated in
Setup, Page Setup and the Fonts selected in Setup, Fonts

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 31


Chapter 3 Main Menu - Pulldown Menus

3.4.4 Run - Ruling Span Calc


calculates a ruling span from a list of spans. To use, enter a list of
spans within a ruling span into the table shown in Fig. 3-15. Press
CalculaTe when the list is complete. The resulting ruling span
calculation shows in the box above the CalculaTe button. Pressing
the Append button will append the calculated ruling span to the
bottom of the existing ruling span list. Pressing the Replace button
will remove any existing ruling spans from the list and replace them
with the calculated ruling span. To Save the span list for future use,
press the Save Span File button. To retrieve an existing span file,
press the Open Span File button. In order to use the span list in the
Stringing Sag Tables, refer to Section 4.4.1.

3.4.5 Run – IEEE738


will run the TVG RateKit version of the IEEE738 calculations for
Steady State and Transient electrical loads. The documentation for
both data entry and output are included in the RateKit.Hlp file. This
file can be opened from Windows, or by pressing F1 within the
IEEE738 RateKit portion of the program.

3.5 Help for Sag10


Picking Help, Search for… from the Sag10 Main Menu will bring up
Sag10 Help search index. All of the material within this manual is
available in the Sag10 Help.

Fig. 3-15

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 32


Chapter 4 Output Screen
4.1 Output Screen
When Run - Sag & Tension (Main Menu) is picked, the program calculates the results and the screen shown in
Fig. 4-1 appears. The scroll bars can be used to scroll thru the results. If Pause between Spans was checked,
the menu will contain the Next Span option in the Menu until the last span is displayed. The user may select any
of the items listed in the Menu to pursue additional calculations, and/or view the graphic outputs. If output is
redirected to Printer or File (see Section 2.3.5), the output of the menu items, Gallop, Sag Curves, Stringing,
Offset Clip and RS Variation are also redirected to Printer or File. Refer to Section 3,3 for output format options.
Each of the Menu items is discussed below.

Fig. 4-1

4.1.1 Creep
Just below Span=, the output screen will indicate Creep is a Factor, Creep is Not a Factor, or Creep is Not
Considered. If your output indicates that Creep is a Factor, it means that final sag & tension are controlled by the
elongation caused by the long term creep of the cable at 60 deg F (or other controlling temperature). If your output
indicates that Creep is Not a Factor, it means that final sag & tension are controlled by the elongation caused by
one of the loaded temperature conditions. If your output indicates that Creep is Not Considered, it means that the
user has bypassed the normal creep check by leaving out the 60 deg F, condition 2 load case from the Loading
Table and that the output is therefore probably incorrect. For hotter climates, the normal creep check condition of
60-0-0-0-2 may be changed to a higher temperature, such as 70-0-0-0-2. Likewise, for a colder climate, the
normal creep check condition may be changed to a lower temperature, such as 50-0-0-0-2. The 10 year creep
load will be applied at the highest temperature in the loading table with a no load, no tension control and code = 2
exists.

In technical terms, the critical tension (Tcr) is the tension corresponding to the intersection between final modulus
curve and 10 years creep curve in the conductor stress-strain chart.

If T>Tcr, then the 10 year creep curve strain>final modulus curve strain, the Final sag & tension will be based on
the 10 year creep curve. The output screen message will read: Creep is a Factor.

If T<Tcr, then the 10 year creep curve strain<final modulus curve strain, the Final sag & tension will be based on
the final modulus curve. The output screen message will read: Creep is Not a Factor.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 33


Chapter 4 Output Screen
4.2 Gallop
Picking Gallop will begin a series of
Galloping calculations, displayed on 3
consecutive text screens and a graphic
view screen. Galloping is calculated by 3
methods, the common methods of
Davison and Toye, and calculations by
C.B.Rawlins, based upon his IEEE paper.
The first screen, shown in Fig. 4-2,
displays current conductor information,
applicable sag & tension calculation
results, and prompts for additional
information.

Horizontal Span: The displayed value


defaults to the current ruling span. This
may be made larger or smaller, to match
specific span lengths within the ruling
span.
Fig. 4-2
Suspension Insulator Length: If this
value is greater than zero, the Rawlins calculations will create a Ymax (peak to peak amplitude) result for
suspension structures, and an insulator length will be shown in the graphical display.

Structure Spring Constant: This value is used in calculating the Ymax value in the Rawlins calculations. Refer
to Appendix, "Rawlins IEEE Paper" & Appendix, "ACPC Technical Note No. 26" for more details. The Structure
Spring Constant Value is an example and will vary from 21900 and should be determined specifically for your
structures from this paper.

The Davison and Toye formulas give ellipse dimensions recommended for use in design, based on observations
available at the time they were published. These dimensions have been widely applied in designing clearances for
galloping. A more recent, larger collection of field observations provides the basis for the Ymax values given in
SAG10. Refer to Appendix, “ACPC Technical Note No. 26". Designers are cautioned that this larger collection also
indicates that a wide variety of ellipse orientations and eccentricies occurs in practice, and may wish to refer to
Fig. 4-6 of EPRI's Transmission Line Reference Book, "Wind Induced Conductor Motion" for information on the
ranges of variation that are indicated.

When Continue or OK is picked at


the screen shown in Fig. 4-2, the
screen in Fig. 4-3 is displayed.
This shows the results of the
Davison, Toye and Rawlins
galloping calculations. If
suspension insulator length
prompted for above equals zero,
the Rawlins results for suspension
insulators will show N/A. If M` has
a value, but Ymax indicates N/A, it
means that the value for Ymax is
outside of the range of test data
available in the galloping study in
Rawlins IEEE paper. Refer to
Appendix for a detailed explanation
of the Ymax values for the Rawlins
calculations. No input is required at
this screen.

Fig. 4-3

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 34


Chapter 4 Output Screen
When Continue or OK is picked at the screen in Fig. 4-3, the screen shown in Fig. 4-4 is displayed. In order to
display a graphical layout of the galloping ellipses, it is
necessary to enter the information requested. Click on the
arrow to the right of the Qty of Locations: box to select a
display of 1 to 4 conductors. An equal number of pairs of
attachment point boxes will be displayed, (X1,Y1) thru (X4,Y4).
Refer to Appendix, “Galloping Attachment Locations" for details
on how to generate attachment point coordinates. Galloping
loops may be graphed as either Single loop (Davison) or
Double loop (Toye). Refer to Appendix, “Toye and Davison
Galloping" for more information.

DXF File will display a form similar to that in Fig.3-2 and prompt
for a filename. Picking OK will then generate a DXF file that
can be imported into most CAD programs. A typical use for this
would be to overlay the Galloping Ellipses from more than one
Fig. 4-4 conductor with the image of a powerline structure. Refer to
Appendix, “Galloping Attachment Locations" for details.

If the user has 2 dissimilar structures,


such as a suspension tangent and a
deadend structure, or a horizontal phase
layout that rolls into a vertical layout, and
wants to determine the midspan galloping
performance, select the Span Between 2
Dissimilar Structures box. This will
display the form shown in Fig. 4-4a, and
allow entry of data for the second
structure. In the example shown, the first
structure is horizontal suspension and the
second is a vertical deadend structure.
The resulting graphic output is equivalent
Fig. 4-4a to 2 structures with attachment points that
are an average of the X and Y coordinates of the 2 structures, and an average of the attachment point suspension
lengths.

When View Graph is picked, the screen image shown in Fig. 4-5 appears. The image may be printed or plotted
directly, or transferred to a graphics program for further customizing, such as adding to or removing part of the
image, setting margins, and/or rescaling before printing/plotting.
Print SCale displays the window shown in Fig. 4-6, showing the smallest ratio that will fit on the currently selected
printer/plotter paper. Since a larger number creates a smaller image, it would be recommended to use a scale
such as 80:1 for Portrait and 60:1 for Landscape mode for the example shown in Fig. 4-6.
Print Setup displays a form the standard Print Setup similar to the form shown in Fig. 3-10. The print/plot direction
may be toggled between Portrait and Landscape. Warning: When returning to the Sag & Tension Data Screen,
the output will continue to print in the direction that was most recently set. Be sure to reset the print direction
prior to leaving this area to whatever direction may be required for the next print operation.

Print/Plot will send the graphic image to the default Windows printer/plotter.
To Transfer the image to a graphics program:
1. Press Print Screen or Alt+Print Screen from the keyboard while the form shown in Fig. 4-5 is visible.
2. For Win 3.1, press Alt+TAB to select Program Manager. For Win 95/ 98, click Start, Programs on the taskbar.
3. For Win 3.1, from Program Manager, click on the Paintbrush icon from the Windows Accessories Group For
Win 95/ 98, select Accessories, Paintbrush. (or any other Windows graphic program).
4. With the graphics program open to the image create/edit screen, press Ctrl+V (or Edit - Paste).
The image will appear in the graphics program.

BMP will generate a .BMP file of the graphic screen. This graphic image may then be stored on disk and/or
emailed or otherwise shared as a permanent object.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 35


Chapter 4 Output Screen

Fig. 4-5

Fig. 4-6

4.3 Sag Curves


Picking Sag Curves in Fig. 4-1 will display the screen
shown in Fig. 4-7, which allows a variety of options for
the type of sag curve generated. The prompt is initially
at Conductor Data. Any of the current
Temp/Ice/Wind sag & tension conditions may be
selected for graphic display by using the DOWN
ARROW to scroll thru the choices available. Using the
TAB key will move the cursor on to the other options.
Sag may be Initial or Final. The curve may be
Catenary or Parabolic in shape. A Ground
Clearance curve may also be generated or, if zero is
used, no clearance curve will be shown. The
Horizontal and Vertical Scale may be adjusted to
any Foot/Inch value. The sag curve may also be
Offset to Left side, to allow better viewing of flatter
sag curves. Checking the Show Gridlines box will
Fig. 4-7 cause a set of gridlines to show for the screen, printed
and DXF output. This may aid in alignment of the sag curves with the user’s own grid system.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 36


Chapter 4 Output Screen

DXF File will display a form similar to that in Fig.3-2 and prompt for a filename. Picking OK will then generate a
DXF file that can be imported into most CAD programs. A typical use for this would be to generate a sag template
overlaid with other conductors, or to import the sag curve into a drawing containing some ground profile for
structure spotting.

When View Graph is picked, the screen image shown in Fig. 4-8 appears. The image may be printed or plotted
directly, or transferred to a graphics program for further customizing, such as adding to or removing part of the
image, setting margins, and/or rescaling before printing/plotting.

Print Setup displays a form the standard Print Setup form shown in Fig. 3-10. The print/plot direction may be
toggled between Portrait and Landscape. Warning: When returning to the Sag & Tension Data Screen, the output
will continue to print in the direction that was most recently set. Reset the print direction prior to leaving this area to
whatever direction may be required for the next print operation.

Print/Plot will send the graphic image to the default Windows printer/plotter.
To Transfer the image to a graphics program:
1. Press Print Screen or Alt+Print Screen from the keyboard while the form shown in Fig. 4-8 is visible.
2. For Win 3.1, press Alt+TAB to select Program Manager. For Win 95/ 98, click Start, Programs on the taskbar.
3. For Win 3.1, from Program Manager, click on the Paintbrush icon from the Windows Accessories Group For
Win 95/ 98, select Accessories, Paintbrush. (or any other Windows graphic program).
4. With the graphics program open to the image create/edit screen, press Ctrl+V (or Edit - Paste).
The image will appear in the graphics program.

BMP will generate a .BMP file of the graphic screen. This graphic image may then be stored on disk and/or
emailed or otherwise shared as a permanent object.

Fig. 4-8

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 37


Chapter 4 Output Screen
4.4 Stringing Sag Tables
4.4.1 Stringing Spans
Picking STringing from the Output Screen will
generate the form shown in Fig. 4-9. The user will
be prompted for table entry of stringing spans.
The user may increment multiple spans within the
ruling span, or select up to 40 individual spans. The
number of spans times the number of temperatures
may not exceed a total of 1880. The user may also
retrieve a span list from a *.spn file created and
saved within the Ruling Span Calculation form
(Refer to Section 3.4.4). If the Calculate Ruling
Span from Span List box is checked, a ruling span
will be calculated for the list of spans used.
For the equations used to calculate stringing sags,
refer to Appendix, “Stringing Sag Calculations".
Fig. 4-9
4.4.2 Stringing Temperatures
Picking String Table or OK in Fig. 4-9 will show the form
in Fig. 4-10. Initial or Final String Sag will prompt for
temperatures as shown in Fig. 4-10. The temperatures
selected may be independent of those selected for the
normal sag & tension run. Therefore, the only unloaded
temperatures required in the sag & tension run are
temperatures with controlling conditions, such as 60-0-0-2
(creep check), checking cold temperature for NESC or
Alcoa tension limits, and/or high temperature sag. Up to
30 stringing temperatures may be used. Prompted values
will be retained for the entire SAG10 session, and are
saved with the problem file.

If the Sum Cable Lengths box is checked, the output will


sum up the level ground catenary lengths for all of the
spans listed and for the range of selected stringing
temperatures and corresponding horizontal tensions (one
length for each temperature and tension). For an
example, refer to Appendix G1A.

Fig. 4-10 If Marker Balls or Cables are chosen from the Options
Menu, Initial will calculate without Balls or Cables, and
Final will calculate with Balls or Cables attached. This will allow the user to string the bare wire prior to
attachment, and to check the final sag after attachment. Final W/Load will calculate with balls attached.

If the user is stringing wire with pre-assembled aerial cable, it is recommended that the data be entered without
Balls or Cables, and a conductor type 15 be used. This will allow the Stringing Sag Table to be output as Initial
Sag with the attached cable load. Refer to section 3.2.10.3 for more information, and to "Appendix G1A & G1B,
Stringing Sag Example" for several examples.

The B=Both option from DOS Version 5.0 is no longer used as STringing may be picked as many times as
needed for any ruling span before proceeding to the next span.

Final W/Load selection will generate Stringing Sag Tables using all of the temperatures with ice or wind loading.

Horizontal tensions are by definition the same in all spans within a ruling span section. SAG10 calculates and
stores the horizontal tension for each temperature needed in constructing a stringing chart. Stringing sag tables
are not available when running elevated temperature creep.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 38


Chapter 4 Output Screen
The default stringing sag output is Ft-In for English Units. Ft-In allows the output to be shown in feet and inches.
Inches shows the output in inches only. Either of these output format may be preferred by field crews. The setting
will default to Decimal for Metric Units. Decimal units are feet for English and meters for Metric.

3rd and 5th Return Wave will generate stringing sag output as the time in seconds when sagging is done by
stopwatch. This output format may be preferred by field crews.

Refer to "Appendix G1A & G1B, Stringing Sag Example" for several examples.

4.5 Offset Clipping


Insulator offsets and sag corrections are sometimes needed in rough terrain when conductor, strung over
"frictionless" sheaves, tends to run downhill, i.e. the conductor will come to equilibrium with more than chart sag in
the lower spans and less in the upper spans. The stringing sheaves usually swing toward the uphill spans. The
SAG10 offset clipping program uses techniques presented in AIEE Paper 59-900, "Sag-Tension
Computations and Field Measurements of Bonneville Power Administration" by Paul F. Winkelman.

The following factors - ruling span, horizontal stringing tension, stringing temperature, maximum design tension,
loading-ice, wind, temperature, bare weight, area and modulus are required. Many of these factors are already
part of SAG10. The program asks for elevation, station and structure number. The printout produces positive or
negative insulator offsets and sag corrections by structure number.

The user must create a file with elevation, station back, station ahead, and structure identification for each
structure on a separate line. The information must be listed in the order shown above and separated by commas.
If there is no equation station, then the station ahead should be zero. The structure identification must be enclosed
in single quotation marks. The file may be created with any text editor or word processor that has an ASCII file
output, such as Notepad.

The direction of pull must be known. An example of a file called SAMPLE.CLP is shown in Fig. 4-11. The example
shows the pull from Structure 1-1 to 1-12. Structure 1-6 is a sample of an equation station. The output from the
SAMPLE.CLP file is shown in "Appendix G12, Offset Clipping Example". Use of offsets is described in Appendix,
“Sketch - Use of Offsets"

1951,107253,0,'Str # 1-1'
1851,107353,0,'Str # 1-2'
1941,107453,0,'Str # 1-3' COLUMN 1 = Elevation
1851,107553,0,'Str # 1-4'
1051,107653,0,'Str # 1-5' COLUMN 2 = Station Back
1921,107753,107783,'Str # 1-6'
1971,107853,0,'Str # 1-7' COLUMN 3 = Station Ahead ( Only >0 if equation station)
1981,107953,0,'Str # 1-8'
1955,108053,0,'Str # 1-9' COLUMN 4 = Structure No.
2051,108153,0,'Str # 1-10'
1651,108253,0,'Str # 1-11'
1451,108353,0,'Str # 1-12'
Fig. 4-11

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 39


Chapter 4 Output Screen

The routine for Offset Clipping is as


follows :
1. Create a file as described above
and shown in Fig. 4-11. Use the .CLP
filename extension.

2. Create and process a sag & tension


run for the ruling span in which the
offset clipping will be used.
3. Select Offset Clipping from the
Output Screen Menu.

4. A standard Open File form will


appear as shown in Fig. 4-12. Select
the name of the file created in step #1. Fig. 4-12

5. When OK is picked in Fig. 4-12, the screen displayed


shown in Fig. 4-13 prompts for additional input. The most
recently calculated Ruling Span is offered as the first input.
If that Ruling Span is chosen, and a stringing temperature
from the most recent sag & tension run is chosen, then the
correct Horizontal Tension will be offered as the third input.
Fig. 4-13
6. When OK is picked, Offsets are displayed on the Output
Screen.

4.6 Ruling Span Variation


This feature allows the user to calculate the variation in sags and tensions that occur due to large temperature
excursions, from that of the normal Sag & Tension output, between different span lengths within the ruling span.
This supports the IEEE technical paper presented in Appendix.

Between deadend structures, there are typically a variety of different span lengths. The ruling span is a
mathematical number that represents a best approximation of the average characteristics that will occur within
each of those spans. At initial stringing temperature, the horizontal tension is the same for all of the spans,
assuming the wire is pulled in evenly across the various spans. However, the further the temperature deviates
from the stringing temperature, and the further a spanlength varies from the ruling span, the greater the variation
in sags and tensions.

These variations are normally small enough to fall within the safety margin allowed in line design. However, at
elevated or cold temperatures and large span variations, these values may be important to observe and consider
during line design. This section allows the user to become aware that certain spans may have more sag and other
spans to have more tension than was calculated by the ruling span Sag & Tension data and to quantify those
differences.

These calculations apply only for suspension insulator systems, where the insulators are free to swing, limited only
by gravity. Fixed insulators, such as post insulators, would have less change in sag & tension and are not
calculated here. Calculating the exact stiffness of the support structure would be required, numbers that would be
difficult to obtain.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 40


Chapter 4 Output Screen
To use this feature, select RS
Variation from the Output Screen.

1. A standard Open File form will


appear as shown in Fig. 4-12.
Select either a *.SPN file
created in Ruling Span
Calculations or a *.CLP file
from clipping offset
calculations.

Fig. 4-14

2. When OK is picked in Fig. 4-14, the screen display shown


in Fig. 4-15 prompts for additional input. Select the correct
stringing temperature from the first drop box. Select the
Temperature to compare with in the second drop box. The
user may view the extreme variations by selecting an
elevated temperature, a cold temperature, or an ice load
condition for comparison. The comparison condition may be
set to Initial (for cold temp or ice load comparison) or to final
(for elevated temp comparison). The length and weight of the
entire string of suspension insulators must also be entered, to
allow proper calculation.

3. When OK is picked, the Variations in Ruling Span


calculations are displayed on the Output Screen shown in
Fig. 4-15 Fig. 4-16.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 41


Chapter 4 Output Screen

Fig. 4-16

The input data is indicated in the data heading. Each of the span lengths from the *.SPN or *.CLP file are listed in
the first column. The actual tension that occurs at the comparison temperature for each span is listed in the
second column. The amount this tension varies from that calculated in Sag & Tension is listed in the third column.
The amount of sag for each span, as calculated by Run, Sag & Tension, are listed in the fourth column. The
actual sag that occurs at the comparison temperature is listed in the fifth column. The difference between these
sags in listed in the sixth column.

As indicated in the output footnote, where ‘Tension Varies’ is greater than zero, the actual tension in that span is
greater than RS calculations. The user should make note of this additional tension for possible consideration at
those structures. Where ‘Sag Varies’ is greater than zero, the actual sag in that span is greater than RS
calculations. These spans may require additional ground clearance compared to the normal sag template used for
these spans.

Refer to Appendix, “Effects of Tangent Support Stiffness on Sags at High Temperature” and Appendix,
“Limitations of The Ruling Span Method for Overhead Line Conductors at High Operating Temperatures”

4.7 Clash
Clash Analysis refers to the loaded & unloaded swing & static clearances between Conductor and ADSS
supported on the same structure, for both initial and final state. Conductor suspension insulator string length is
taken in consideration. The steps required are:
1) Create or Open a Problem file for the conductor with all the appropriate loads and ruling span.
2) It is recommended that you pick File, Save to Save the Problem file at this time.
3) Pick Run, Sag & Tension from the Main Menu.
4) Pick Clash from the Sag & Tension data screen.
5) The Clash Analysis Parameters screen will appear indicating that your data has been recorded and to
return to the Main Menu to enter the ADSS data.
6) At the Main Menu, pick Conductor Selection. Change the conductor to the applicable ADSS.
7) Change the Load Limits (tension or sag) in the Loadings Table if applicable, but leave the temperature,
ice & wind or wind alone conditions exactly the same.
nd
8) It is recommended that you pick File, Save As and Save the 2 Problem file under a different name.
9) Pick Run, Sag & Tension from the Main Menu.
nd
10) Pick Clash a 2 time from the Sag & Tension data screen. The screen shown below will appear.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 42


Chapter 4 Output Screen
11) Adjust the parameters shown on the screen. Be sure to fill in Insulator length if suspension, and the
horizontal and vertical offsets between the two cables
12) Select Report to view the loading cases, cable swing angles, offsets, and conductor – ADSS clearances or
pick Graphic to view the Transverse and Longitudinal clearances.

View, Long No Load displays a longitudinal view of the conductors under no load conditions.
View, Long W/ Load displays a longitudinal view of the conductors with ice & wind load conditions.
View, Tranverse displays a transverse view of the conductors under both loaded and unloaded conditions.
View, Scale allows the user to rescale the graphic image to an exact scale. The default is Best Fit, which is the
largest size that will conveniently fit on the screen. The Longitudinal and Transverse Views are scaled separately.

BMP will generate a .BMP file of the graphic screen. This graphic image may then be stored on disk and/or
emailed or otherwise shared as a permanent object.

Output, Print/Plot will send the image to the Printer or Plotter.


Output, Print Setup brings up the Printer Dialog box allows the image to be rotated to Portrait or Landscape.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 43


Chapter 4 Output Screen
Output, Scale allows the scale to be adjusted independently for printed output.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 44


Chapter 4 Output Screen

4.8 Vibrec
Vibration analysis and damper selection can now be performed with Sag10 for ACSR, AAC, AAAC, ACAR, ACSS,
Alumoweld, Steel and OPGW cables. To do so:
1) Create or Open a Problem File with the applicable data.
2) From the Main Menu, pick Options, Vibration DamPer Calculations.
3) If there are more than one Ruling Span, pick Run, Pause between Spans.
4) Pick Run, Sag & tension.
5) Fill in the Average Annual Minimum Temperature and the Average Annual Temperature at the prompt
screen that appears.
6) From the Sag & Tension Data screen, pick Vibrec. The Vibrec Menu option will only show up after all
spans have been run.
7) Enter Max steady wind speed and the Attachment Support type or None as required.
8) Enter the maximum span for a ruling span, or leave blank for a Deadend span.
9) Pick Continue.
10) The output screen will show recommendations for either or both Ruling Span and Deadend spans.
11) For OPGW information on the hardware used please see appendix “OPGW Vibration Recommendation:
Suspension Hardware Type and Size vs. OPGW Diameter”.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 45


Chapter 4 Output Screen

4.9 Output
Picking Output from Fig. 4.1 will offer the choice on output to Printer or to File. Picking Printer brings up the
standard Printer box.
Even with output directed to the screen, the Copy to Clipboard option makes it easy to redirect the screen output
to a text editor for printing or saving as a file. Refer to Edit - Copy from the output screen for more information.
If the output is directed to Printer or File, all of the settings made in Section 3.3 Setup Commands apply to the
output. The output redirection applies not only to the Sag & Tension output, but also the output from all of the
menu items at the top of the form, Gallop, Sag Curves, Stringing, Offset Clip and RS Variation.
Refer to the 3 menu options under Setup menu selection at the Main Menu for additional printer format options.

File will send the data to a


report file. The default report
filename extension is .REP.
With this option set to File,
selecting Run - Sag &
Tension will display the file
selection form as shown in
Fig. 2-15. The report file may
be further processed by
loading it as an ASCII file into
any word processor or text
editor such as Notepad or
Write. For such purposes, the
user should be aware that the
file is not closed until the user
returns to the Main Menu,
Fig. 2-15 and therefore should not
attempt to use the active file
until returning to the Main Menu. Also, running a second sag & tension run may either a overwrite the previous run,
or append to it. Refer to Options - Send to File, Overwrite or Append for information on starting and ending a
file.

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 46


Chapter 4 Output Screen
White Papers
(Formerly Appendix)
SAG10v 3.0 White Papers are
now available online at:

Click here to find the white papers on-line at www.SAG10.com

Alcoa SAG10™ Manual Page 47


Additional Information SAG10 v3 Updates

SAG10 v3 Updates
Version 3.9.3
1. Various cosmetic changes (color scheme)
2. Moved Vibrec checkbox from options to main screen
3. Enabled default output to screen/printer or file option
4. Enabled file append option
Version 3.9.4
1. Re-arranged layout for most used screens to aid user.
2. Added buttons in sag run screen for exit, save & print.
3. Extended Limits for calculation preventing previous errors.
4. Wind speed input for OPTGW is used for spacing
Version 3.9.5
1. Removed RateKit module
2. Landscape printing for text/graphics
3. Page breaks will NOT occur within calc output anymore.
4. Font selection for text output
5. New option in Vibrec allows custom tension information for vibration calculations.
6. Button for Vibrec module in sag run screen
7. Span Save/Load
8. Loadings Save/Load
9. Disabled Vibrec for T-2 conductors
10. AAMT input when user clicks option for Vibrec calculations.
11. Version visible on title bar and in about box
12. Small cosmetic changes. Blended backgrounds and new icon.
13. Ruling Span calculated appends spans correctly
14. Minimization button added to main screen.
15. Extended Root Find limits further to reduce errors.
16. Full Form resizing for output screen.
17. Default File names for text out
18. One button transfer output to notepad
19. Aluminum Compression Update (per. Chuck Rawlings)
20. Vibrec: Wind speed selection a combo box with descriptions.
21. Inclined Span Module, Rewrite it. Graphics + Clearance output.
22. Fixed Main screen loading label when applied combo loadings.
nd
23. Fixed omission of 2 to last entry in stringing table.
24. Option for always showing damper spacing regardless of tension limits.

Alcoa SAG10 Manual


Vibration Protection Recommendations
Alcoa B Series 1700 Dampers "The Protector"

Notes:

1. TANGENT SPANS - PHASE CONDUCTOR AND OVERHEAD GROUND WIRE:


“One damper per conductor” means one damper at one end of the span only. “Two dampers per conductor” means one
damper at each end of the span.

2. TANGENT SPANS - DEADENDED AT ONE END - PHASE CONDUCTOR:


In spans deadended at one end only, and requiring only one damper per conductor, the damper should be placed at the
tangent structure, spaced in accordance with Dimension A or B. If the span requires three dampers per conductor, then
one damper should be placed at the tangent structure, spaced in accordance with Dimension A or B, and two dampers
should be placed at the deadended structure, spaced in accordance with Dimensions C and D. Normally, two dampers
are recommended at conductor deadends with insulator strings, as it is impossible to accurately predict the location of
vibration node points relative to the conductor deadend. With just one damper at a deadend, the damper could, under
certain wind conditions, be at a node point. The effectiveness of two dampers, spaced as recommended, assures that at
least one of the two dampers will be effective at all times.

3. TANGENT SPANS - DEADENDED AT ONE END - OVERHEAD GROUND WIRE:


In spans deadended at one end only, and requiring only one damper per wire, the damper should be placed at the
tangent structure, spaced in accordance with Dimension A or B. If the span requires two dampers per wire, then one
damper should be placed at the tangent structure, in accordance with Dimension A or B, and one damper should be
placed at the deadend, spaced in accordance with Dimension C.

4. SPANS DEADENDED AT BOTH ENDS - PHASE CONDUCTOR:


“Two dampers per conductor” means two dampers at one end of the span only, spaced in accordance with Dimensions C
and D. “Four dampers per conductor” means two dampers at each end of the span, spaced in accordance with
Dimensions C and D. Normally, two dampers are recommended at conductor deadends with insulator strings, as it is
impossible to accurately predict the location of vibration node points relative to the conductor deadend. With just one
damper at a deadend, the damper could, under certain wind conditions, be at a node point. The effectiveness of a
damper on a node is significantly reduced. The use of two dampers, spaced as recommended, assures that at least one
of the two dampers will be effective at all times.

5. SPANS DEADENDED AT BOTH ENDS - OVERHEAD GROUND WIRE:


“One damper per conductor” means one damper at one end of the span, spaced in accordance with Dimension C. “Two
dampers per conductor” means one damper located at each end of the span, spaced in accordance with Dimension C.

6. SPANS DEADENDED AT BOTH ENDS, OR TANGENT SPANS OF DEADENDED-AT-ONE-END, FOR OHGW,


UTILIZING A FORMED GUY GRIP DEADEND:
We do not recommend the installation of damper clamps over formed-guy-grip type deadends. Therefore, where
vibration protection is required for spans using the formed type deadends, two dampers will be required at each deadend
location, with the first damper spaced at the end of the rods and the second damper located in accordance with
Dimension D.

7. DAMPERS OVER ARMOR RODS:


Dampers with the clamps placed over armor rods are not as effective as dampers with the clamp placed directly on the
conductor. Therefore, if armor rods are used, the rods should be short enough as to permit installation of the damper
clamp over the bare conductor, using the recommended Dimension B spacing. The Dimension B is used whenever
armor rods, line guards or AGS units are specified. In the event the rod lengths are too long to permit installation directly
on the conductor, the damper clamp must be selected to fit over the installed rods.

8. SELECTIVE DAMPING:
In general, when the average span in a line requires damping, it is advisable to damp all spans. If selective damping is to
be used, care must be taken to assure proper functioning of the dampers in the spans requiring damping. The
effectiveness of a damper can be reduced through vibration in adjacent undamped spans even though the vibration in
the undamped spans is not at a damaging level. Therefore, spans adjacent to a span requiring dampers should also be
damped.

9. If there are any questions with respect to the damper recommendations or placement, contact your local Alcoa
representative.

Alcoa Conductor Accessories


Division of Alcoa Fujikura, Ltd.
260 Parkway East
Hillside Industrial Park
Duncan, South Carolina 29334
ALCOA CONDUCTOR ACCESSORIES
Division of Alcoa Fujikura Ltd.

The data, opinions, or recommendations set forth herein or given by Alcoa field representatives are intended as a
general guide only. Each installation of overhead electrical conductor involves special conditions, creating problems
that require individual solution. Therefore, Alcoa cannot assume any liability in connection with such information.