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1. What is the bit rate of a telecommunication carrier T2?

A. 7.312 Mbps
B. 6.511 Mbps
C. 7.318 Mbps
D. 6.312 Mbps
2. Communication through the use of a modem, is transmission of _______ data information in
________medium.
A. Analog,analog
B. Digital,analog
C. Analog,digital
D. Digital,digital
3. What kind of information transfer in digital communication where the bits comprising one character
are sent in sequence one at a time?
A. Parallel transmission
B. Simplex transmission
C. Batch transmission
D. Serial Transmission
4. In television, what color has the most luminance?
Blue
Yellow
Green
Red
5. Transmission of information through a communication modem is intended to transmit digital
information over which of the following type of communication medium?
A. Digital
B. Radio
C. Hybrid
D. Analog
6. Refers to the PCM transcoder which translates voice encoded signals between different digital
formats.
A. WBS
B. XBS
C. XCBR
D. WNT
7. DC pulses
A. are often created by switching a voltage on and off.
B. have zero frequency.
C. are not very useful as carriers of information
D. is impractical for data transmission
8. What is the bandwidth of a DC pulse?
A. Is usually from 3 to 5 times to pulse repetition frequency
B. It is the bandwidth needed to accurately detect the presence of the pulse.
C. Can be determined from a Fourier analysis of the DC pulse.
D. All of the above
9. PCM
A. begins with PAM.
B. Is a coding system
C. does not transmit the actual signal that is the input.
D. All of the above.
10. Which of the following is referred to the SYN character of ASCII code?
A. 32 H
B. 64 H
C. 16 H
D. 8 H
11. The ability of a communications receiver to perform well in the presence of strong signals
outside the band of interest is indicated by what parameter?
A. Audio output
B. Blocking dynamic range
C. Signal-to-noise ratio
D. Noise figure
12. Pulse amplitude modulation is the basis of another form of modulation. What is the
modulation scheme that depends on pulse-amplitude modulation as its first step?
A. 8-PSK
B. BPSK
C. PCM
D. FSK
13. Why is PDM widely used?
A. It is relatively invulnerable to noise.
B. It is easy to create PDM signals.
C. It isn't widely used because accurately detecting the pulse width is difficult.
D. It builds on PPM technology.
14. Which of the following is not a characteristic of pulse code modulation?
A. Applicable to any signal waveform.
B. Easily implemented in hardware, and becoming widely used worldwide.
C. Minimizes the effect of noise during transmission, and provides for coding to remove
noise in the signal.
D. Does not actually transmit the signal impressed on the modulator.
15. Given a signal which ranges in frequency from 100 Hz to 10kHz, and 256 quantizing levels,
what is the minimum pulse rate required to transmit this signal? Ignore framing pulses.
A. 10 kbps
B. 140 kbps
C. 20 kbps
D. 160 kbps
16. It is often said that PCM is more a coding technique than it is a modulation scheme. Why is
this?
A. Because the actual signal is not transmitted, but rather a digital signal that represents
its values at specified times.
B. Because PCM is not really modulation the modulation that is done is TDM.
C. Because PCM depends on statistics, and not deterministic methods of translating signals
in space, time, or frequency.
D. None of the above.
17. Why is human speech said to have low information content, and digital signals said to have a high
information content?
A. Because speech is redundant.
B. Because digital data is not redundant.
C. Both A and B.
D. Neither A or B.
18. Which of the following is not an important cause of distortion in DC signaling?
A. Line capacitance
B. Detector hysteresis
C. Line inductance
D. Line resistance
19. What is meant by the dynamic range of a communications receiver?
A. The difference between the lowest-frequency signal and the highest-frequency signal
detectable without moving the tuning knob.
B. The ratio between the minimum discernible signal and the largest tolerable signal without
causing audible distortion products.
C. The maximum possible undistorted audio output of the receiver, referenced to one
milliwatt.
D. The offset in kHz between the lowest and the highest frequency to which the receiver can
be tuned.
20. What is a group of bits that act as a single unit of information such as a letter or numeral?
A. Bit
B. Binary code
C. Byte
D. File
21. Which statement is not true?
A. Parallel data transmission is more complex than serial data transmission.
B. Serial data transmission is slower than parallel transmission, given the same pulse width in
each case.
C. A transmission line will operate faster with parallel data than it will with serial data.
D. Serial transmission is suited to use over a single pair of wires.
22. What causes quantization noise in PCM system?
A. Serial transmission error.
B. The approximation of the quantized signal.
C. The synchronization between encoder and decoder.
D. Binary coding technique.
23. What is EBCDIC code?
A. a BCD code
B. an eight bit-code
C. Used in IBM Systems 360 and 370
D. All of the above.
24. Which one of the following techniques will not help to correct for transmission line errors?
A. Algorithm conversion
B. Checksums
C. Parity Checking
D. Hamming code
25. What is meant by companding?
A. Detecting and demodulating a single-sideband signal by converting it to a pulse-modulated signal.
B. Combining amplitude and frequency modulation to produce a single-sideband signal.
C. Using an audio-frequency signal to produce pulse-length modulation.
D. Compressing speech at the transmitter and expanding it at the receiver.
26. What is amplitude-compandored single-sideband?
A. Single-sideband incorporating speech expansion at the transmitter and speech compression at the
receiver.
B. Single sideband incorporating speech expansion at the receiver.
C. Reception of single sideband with a conventional FM receiver.
D. Reception of single sideband with a conventional CW receiver.
27. What is the S/N for an 11 bit code word assuming uniform quantizing?
A. 67.8
B. 61.8
C. 67.8 dB
D. 61.8 dB
28. Which of the following digital encoding techniques is used to detect collision in CSMA/CD?
A. BPRZ-AMI
B. UPRZ
C. Manchester
D. BPPRZ
29. If there are 128 quantizing levels, then S/N equals (assume uniform quantization)
A. 43.9
B. 49.3
C. 43.9 dB
D. 49.3 dB
30. Which of the following is not a characteristic of pulse code modulation?
A. Applicable to any signal waveform.
B. Easily implemented in hardware, and becoming widely used worldwide.
C. Minimizes the effect of noise during transmission, and provides for coding to remove noise in the
signal.
D. Does not actually transmit the signal impressed on the modulator.
31. What is one way that voice is transmitted in a pulse-width modulation system?
A. The number of standard pulses per second varied depending on the voice waveform at that instant.
B. A standard pulse is varied in duration by an amount depending on the voice waveform at that
instant.
C. The position of a standard pulse is varied by an amount depending on the voice waveform at that
instant.
D. A standard pulse is varied in amplitude by an amount depending on the voice waveform at that
instant.
32. What is primarily determined by the number of sampling bits per digital word used in the analog-to-
digital conversion process?
A. Resolution
B. Quantization
C. Dynamic Range
D. SQR
33. For compact disk(cd)recordings, the sampling rate is ________ kHz.
A. 48
B. 8
C. 16
D. 44.1