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openMind

LEVEL 1 WORD LIST

UNIT fIve

open Mind LEVEL 1 WORD LIST UNIT fIve Word / Phrase Translation Part of Speech Phonetic

Word / Phrase

Translation

Part of Speech

Phonetic Spelling

Definition

Sample Sentence

area

área

noun [count]

/ˈeriə/

a

part of a place or

This area is a very nice

building

place to live.

art gallery

galería de arte

noun [count]

/ɑrtˌɡæləri/

a

public building

The MOMA is a famous art gallery in New York City.

where you can look at paintings and other

works of art

 

as much as possible

tanto como sea posible

phrase

/ˌəzmʌtʃ

as much as you can

I

want to see as much

əzˈpɑsəb(ə)l/

as possible when I visit

   

Boston.

bank

banco

noun [count]

/bæŋk/

financial institution where people can keep their money or can borrow money

a

I

need to go to the

bank this morning.

bridge

puente

noun [count]

/brɪdʒ/

a

structure that

Go over the bridge and then turn left.

supports a road, railroad, or path going

over a river, over another road, etc.

 

bus station

estación de

noun [count]

/ˈbʌsˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/

a

building where

My cousin arrives at the bus station at 7 p.m.

autobuses

buses start and finish their trips

busy

lleno

adjective

/ˈbɪzi/

full of people or

The shopping center

vehicles

 

is

always busy on

Saturdays.

café

café

noun [count]

/ˈkæfeɪ/

a

small informal

We had a drink at the café before we watched the movie.

restaurant serving drinks and snacks

chocolate

chocolate

noun

/ˈtʃɑklət/

a

sweet brown food

Chocolate is my favorite food.

[noncount]

eaten as a dessert, or used for flavoring other food

club

discoteca

noun [count]

/klʌb/

a

place where you

My friend loves dancing in clubs.

go in the evening to dance and drink

directions

indicaciones

noun [plural]

/dɪˈrekʃ(ə)nz/,

instructions for doing something or for getting to a place

She gave the driver directions to her house.

/daɪˈrekʃ(ə)nz/

dragon

dragón

noun [count]

/ˈdræɡən/

in stories, an imaginary large animal that breathes out fire

Dragons are an important symbol in China.

event

evento

noun [count]

/ɪˈvent/

an organized

The concert is an annual event.

occasion, such as

a

party or sports

 

competition

factory

fábrica

noun [count]

/ˈfækt(ə)ri/

building where large quantities of goods are produced using

a

 

A

lot of people in my

town work at the car factory.

machines

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

openMind

open Mind Word / Phrase Translation Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence

Word / Phrase

Translation

Part of Speech

Phonetic Spelling

Definition

Sample Sentence

fantastic

fantástico

adjective

/fænˈtæstɪk/

extremely good or

We had a fantastic

pleasant

time in Florida.

festival

festival

noun [count]

/ˈfestɪv(ə)l/

a

series of

The Cannes Film Festival is a very important event.

performances of movies, plays, music, or dancing that is usually organized in the same place, at the same time, each year

follow

obedecer / hacerle caso a

verb

/ˈfɑloʊ/

to obey an order or to do what someone has advised you to do

followed the sign to the train station.

I

food

alimento

noun

/fud/

the things that people or animals eat

Mexican food is very popular in the U.S.

[noncount]

fountain

fuente

noun [count]

/ˈfaʊnt(ə)n/

a

decoration for

There is a beautiful fountain in the park.

gardens and streets in which a stream of water is sent up into the air

free

gratis

adjective

/fri/

something that is free does not cost

Entrance to the museum is free.

anything

friendly

agradable

adjective

/ˈfren(d)li/

a

place or

I

like small towns.

organization where people are always pleasant and helpful toward other people

They are usually very friendly.

go over

pasar

phrasal verb

/ˌɡoʊˈoʊvər/

across from one side of something to the

You have to go over two bridges to get to

other

her house.

go straight

seguir derecho

collocations

/ˌɡoʊˈstreɪt əˌhed/

to move forward in a line, without turning left or right

Go straight ahead until you see the library.

ahead

with go

inspiration

inspiración

noun [count or noncount]

/ˌɪnspɪˈreɪʃ(ə)n/

someone or something that gives you new ideas, and the enthusiasm to

That website was a source of inspiration.

create something with

them

left

izquierda

adverb

/left/

toward the left side

Turn left at the traffic light.

live

vivir

verb

/lɪv/

to have your home in

My sister lives in

a particular place

Chicago.

lots of

mucho

phrase

/lɑts/

a large number,

There are lots of people in my town.

amount, or quantity

main square

plaza principal

noun [count]

/ˌmeɪnˈskwer/

a

large and important

The main square in Mexico City is called

open area of land in

town or city in the shape of a square,

a

the Zócalo.

with buildings around

it

movie theater

cine

noun [count]

/ˈmuvi ˈθiətər/

building in which movies are shown

a

The movie theater in my town has eight screens.

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

openMind

open Mind Word / Phrase Translation Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence museum

Word / Phrase

Translation

Part of Speech

Phonetic Spelling

Definition

Sample Sentence

museum

museo

noun [count]

/mjuˈziəm/

a

building where

The Louvre is a very big museum in Paris.

valuable and important objects are kept for people to see and study

near

cerca

preposition

/nɪr/

close to someone or

The bank is near the

something

museum.

neighbor

vecino

noun [count]

/ˈneɪbər/

someone who lives near you

My neighbors are very friendly.

neighborhood

vecindario

noun [count]

/ˈneɪbərˌhʊd/

a

particular area of a

This is a very safe

town

neighborhood.

New Year

Año Nuevo

noun [count]

/nuˈjɪr/

the time when one year ends and another year begins, and people celebrate

There are usually lots of fireworks on New Year’s Eve.

noisy

ruidoso

adjective

/ˈnɔɪzi/

making a lot of noise or full of noise

There are a lot of noisy bars on this street.

parade

desfile

noun [count]

/pəˈreɪd/

a

public celebration in

There is always a parade in my town on New Year’s Day.

which a large group of people moves through an area, often with decorated vehicles, and bands playing

music

 

park

parque

noun [count]

/pɑrk/

an open public area

I

play soccer in the

with grass and trees in

park with my friends

a town

on Saturdays.

place

lugar

noun [count]

/pleɪs/

a particular town,

Hawaii is my favorite place in the world.

country, building,

store, etc.

 

police station

estación de policía

noun [count]

/ˌpəˈlisˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/

the building where the police of a particular place work

We reported the crime at the police station.

right

derecha

adverb

/raɪt/

in the direction of your right side

Turn right at the corner.

see

ver

verb

/si/

to notice someone or something using your

There are lots of beautiful buildings to

eyes

see in Buenos Aires.

shopping

centro comercial

noun [count]

/ˈʃɑpɪŋ sentər/

large building with a lot of stores in it

a

There are stores, restaurants, and a movie theater at the new shopping center.

center

sign

letrero

noun [count]

/saɪn/

a

flat object with

The sign said “No left turn.”

words or pictures on it, put in a public

place in order to provide information or to advertise

 

something

spend money

gastar dinero

collocations

/ˌspendˈmʌni/

to use money to pay for things

spent a lot of money this weekend.

I

with spend

sports event

evento deportivo

noun [count]

/spɔrts ɪˌvent/

an organized occasion where sports people compete for a prize

The sports event was very exciting.

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

openMind

open Mind Word / Phrase Translation Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence stadium

Word / Phrase

Translation

Part of Speech

Phonetic Spelling

Definition

Sample Sentence

stadium

estadio

noun [count]

/ˈsteɪdiəm/

a

large building,

There’s a soccer game at the stadium tomorrow.

usually without a roof, where people watch

sports events such as soccer, or football games, or races

 

street

calle

noun [count]

/strit/

a

road in a town or

My street is a few blocks from the shopping center.

city with buildings along it

then

luego

adverb

/ðen/

used for introducing the next thing that

Walk straight ahead for 100 meters, then

happens

turn right.

town

ciudad

noun [count]

/taʊn/

a

place where people

It’s a small town with 7,000 inhabitants.

live and work that is smaller than a city

traffic

tráfico

noun

/ˈtræfɪk/

the vehicles that are

At that time of night, there was no traffic on

[noncount]

traveling in an area at

a

particular time

the roads.

travel

de viajes

adjective

/ˈtræv(ə)l/

involving travel (= to go on a trip or visit different places)

This is a great travel website.

turn left/right

dar vuelta a la izquierda/a la derecha

collocations

/tɜrnˈleft/

to turn onto a road or street on the left or

Turn left on River Street.

with turn

/tɜrnˈraɪt/

right

 

U-turn

dar vuelta en U

noun [count]

/juˌtɜrn/

a

movement in which

You can’t do a U-turn here, it’s illegal.

you turn a vehicle in order to travel in the opposite direction

visit

visitar

verb

/ˈvɪzɪt/

to go to a place for a short period of time

We visited Seattle last summer.

year

año

noun [count]

/jɪr/

a

period of 365 or 366

I’m going to Australia next year.

days divided into 12

months

 

zoo

zoológico

noun [count]

/zu/

a

place where many

We saw lions and giraffes at the zoo.

types of wild animals

are kept so that people can see them

 

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014