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GENRE

DESCRIPTIVE NARRATIVE REPORT RECOUNT PROCEDURE

Descriptive => To Discribe

Something,some one one or aplace

A. Discriptive text has two main parts.There are :


- Ideutification/Introduction
- Descoption
- The Structure 07 the text is generic structure (Simple present teuse)

MY CLASSROOM

I want to tell about my classroom. => Identification

My classroom is text to teel Laboratory,is big

And clean classroom.It has two white doors and six bround Description

Windows.The wallsare green and there are same pictures on them.

There are twnty tables and fourty chairs.

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Descriptive : Is a text that describes the features of same one,something or a certain place.

Descriptive has 3 main part,there are

1. Introduction (the part of the paraghraf that introduces the caracter)


2. Description (Part of the paraghraph that discribes the caracter)
3. Generic Structure (Simple Present Tense)

THE SEA EAGLE


Intro There is an eagle nesting on the tree top never my grand parents house in
duction pangandaran it was a sea eagle.

The color of its feathers is light brown.It has a strong and sharp yellowish
beak.its claws are very sharp.It hunts for fish it the sea but sometimes in hunts
chickens and small birds
Eagles have many sizes,shpes,and colors,but the sea eagle is easy to recognise
because it has a strong.
a) Stream lined,sharp beak and a). Stream line body.
description
Its forelimbs (or arms) serve as wings.This means that they are of litle use for
anything except flying.It walks on two legs and has a very flexibel next and strong
beak to handle foods.To care for its feathers,and for many other jobs that non-
flying animals do with paws,claws,or hands on their forelimbs

ARTICLE
1). Idenfinite Article => Kita menggunakannya dengan benda singular dan
menannyakan bahwa benda tsb adalah umum.Bukan
Specific
Erp : A man ( seseorang/seseorang NOT orang itu )
An ant ( Seekor semut,NOT semut itu )
A table( sebuah meja,NOT meja itu )
A digunakan untuk benda tunggal yang dimulai dengan krosonan.
An digunakn untuk benda tungal yang dimulai dengan Vocal.
Erp : A glass An egg
A book An Umbrella
A chair An hour
2). Devinite
The is a definite article.Kita menggunakannya untuk menunjukkan bahwa benda itu
tertntu /jelas/pasti.
Erp. The book is useful( Bukan itu berguna )
She is sitting in the middle of the room , He is playing the piano.

QUANTIFIER
1. There is => Benda Tungal
There are Ada => Benda Jamak

2. Some => (+)


Any Beberapa => ( - , ?)

3. Much => Un.Count.N


Many Banyak => Count.N
A lot of Unc.N & +
Loth of Count. N

4. Tn a few => Count.N


A little sedikit => Un.Count.N

SPEEC ACT
To ask for someones help,you could use there expressions.

Can you help me,......?


Informal
Pleas,help me
Can you do me a favour,please?
Formal
Would you be so kind as to....?
To older people
A stanger To give help to someone , you could use these expressions :
Let me give you a hand
informal
Here, Ill do it for you
formal May I help you with......,sir/Maam?
To older people
A stranger To reject someones help,you could use these expresions :
No,its not neccssary
Thank you for offering,but.....

To admit a fast,you could use these expressions :

Yes,I admit it.


Yes,I did....
Yes Its true

To deny a faot , you could use these expressions :

Im not lying ,dad. ( actually you lie )


No, I didn say that . ( actually you said it)
The flower smells good.( actually the flower smells bad )

PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE


Ungkapan suatu kejadian yang sedang berlangsung.
Rumus : (+) S + Tobe + Ving + o/c
(-) S + Tobe + not + Ving + o/c
(?) Tobe + S + Ving + o/c

TOBE
I II III

Am was I

Is been -> orng ke -2

Are were -> (you,they,we)

Orang ke III

1.She
2.He
3.It
4.Nama orang ( Aan,Iin,Uun,Een,Oon )
5.Nama julukan ( Bolang,Father,Uncle,Sister,etc )
6.Nama Jabatan ( Teacher,Doctor,Farmer, etc )
Exp
1. Ayah saya sedang membaca koran
My Father is reading newspaper
2. Dia sedang menyetrika seragamnya
She is ironing her unifrorm
PREDIKAT JENIS KATA
1. NOUNT (KATA BENDA)
2. VERB (KATA KERJA)
3. ADJEKTIVE (KATA SIFAT)
4. ADVERB (KATA KETERANGAN)
5. PREPOSITION (KATA DEPAN )
6. PRONOUN (KATA GANTI)
7. CONJURACTION (KATA HUBUNG)
8. INTERFECTION (KATA SERU)

TENSE
=>perubahanVerb/predikat dlm suatu kalimat berdasarkan Adv,of Timenya.
1. ibu pergi ke pasar hari ini S V1 o/c
=> Mother goes to market today
2. Ibu pergi ke pasar kemarin S V2 o/c
=> Mother went to market yesterday
3. Ibu pergi ke pasar besok S Will V1 o/c
=> Mother will go to market tomorrow
THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Simple past tense/past tense : adalah ungkapan suatu kejadian yg berlangsung
diwaktu lampau

VERBAL NOMINAL

(+) S+V+O/C (+) S+tobe II+N/adj

(-) S+didn+V1+O/C (-) S+tobe Iin not+N/adj

(?)did+S+V1+O/C (?) tobe II+S+N/adj

Examples:

The students went to the Zoo last week

The students didn go to the Zoo last week

Did The students go to the Zoo last week? Yes,They did

No,They didn

He was a student of SMP Cidahu


He wasnt a student of SMP Cidahu
Was He a student of SMP Cidahu? Yes,He was
No,She wasnt..

Practice 3
Speech act
You can use these expressions to ask for item from someone.
Can I have....?
informal
Can you give me....?
formal My I have..?
To older people

Or a stranger
You can use these expresions to give items to someone

Here you are


informal
This is for you
Id like to give you
formal
Please accept
To older people

Or a stranger

You can use theseexpressions to reject items from someone.

No,Thank you
Not for me,thanks
Not this time,thanks

You can use these expressions to ask for opinions.

What do you think ...?


What;s your opinion...?
How do you fell about...?

You can use these expressions to give opinions

I think
I must
From my point of view

You can use thee expressions to say that you agree

Yes,I agreee
Thats true

You can use these expressions to say that you disagree


I dont agree
No,I dont think
SPEECH ACT
You can use these expressions to invite someone.
Shall we....?
informal
Can you came to...
Would you like to come.
formal
Id very much like you to come
To older people
Or a stangr

You can use these expressions to accept an invitation


Yes,certainly I will come.
informal
Absolutely,count me in
I would ,very much
formal
Yes,Id like nothing better
To older people
Or a stranger

You can use these expressions to decline an invination

Im terribly sorry. I dont think I can


Im very sory,I cant
Thank you very much but...

These expressions are used to congratulate someone.

Congratulations
Well done
Fantasic.

These expressions are used to compliment someone

Thats a nice....(appearance)
Youre looking good.(appearance)
WoW<youre very clever.

Question Sentence

QS/kalimat tanya dibagi 2 berdasarkan jawaban yang dibutuhkan ,yaitu:


Yang harus dijawab dengan yes/no
Rumus : AUX + S + V
Exp : 1. Do you love him ?
2. Are you sleepy ?
3. Is He a Doctor ?
4. Will you come to my House ?
5. Can He swim in the Sea ?
6. Does He study English Today ?

Yang harus dijawab berdasarkan Q.W (Question Word/kata tanya yang digunakan)
Rumus : Q.W + AUX + S + V...?
Exp : 1. Where do you go ?
2. Why is He Sick ?
3. What is that ?
4. How do you make a cup of tea ?
5. Who is your English teacher ?
MACAM MACAM QUESTION WORD/KATA TANYA
1. WHAT ( Menanyakan apa benda / pekerjaan)
2. WHERE ( Menanyakan dimana/tempat )
3. WHO ( siapa nama)
4. WHY ( alasan/kenapa )
5. WHICH ( pilihan )
6. HOW ( Cara )
7. HOW MANY Menanyakan jumlah -> Count.N
8. HOW MUCH Menanyakan jumlah -> Un.Count.N

Auxiliary / kata buntu


- Tobe
- Do/Does/did
- Has/have/had
- Modals (will,can,many,would,could,etc)
Penggunaan AUX dalam kalimat,tergantung jenis kalimatnya,apakah kalimat
tersebut Verbal atau Nominal.
VERBAL -> do/does/did disesuikan advv.of.timenya
NOMINAL -> tobe
Exp : apakah dia sahabatmu?

S V/N

Pembahasan : karena V V ,maka kalimat tersebut Nominal,dan memerlukan


jawaban Yess/No

Jadi : is He your penpals ?

Note

WH Questions

Study the following examples.

Who ate the apple ?


Whom did you meet at the post office this Morning?
What made you cry ?
When didi you see him ?
Where didi you but the drees ?
You can use WH to build a question
Who is used for subjects
Whom is used for object
Who and whem are used if the subject and object of the sentance are living thing
What is used to ask the subject or object of a qustion
What is used if the subject or objects is not a living thing
When is used to ask about time
When is used to ask about place.
RECOUNT TEXT => To retell the past events for entertaining or
Informing/to give the audionces
a. Description of what occured and when at occured to informing or entertaining.
The generic structure of RECOUNT.
a. Orientation ( telling who,where,when )
b. Events ( telling the events / ancident that had occured )
c. Reorintation / optimal ( Conclusion?personals comment / ending of
Events

MATERI BAHASA INGGRIS


PORTOFOLIO

DISUSUN OLEH :
ALIYA ZHEA NAFISHA
Kelas :
VIII I