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2/25/2016 PropertiesofZTransform

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PropertiesofZTransform
TheztransformhasasetofpropertiesinparallelwiththatoftheFouriertransform(andLaplace
transform).ThedifferenceisthatweneedtopayspecialattentiontotheROCs.Inthefollowing,we
alwaysassume

and

Linearity

WhileitisobviousthattheROCofthelinearcombinationof and shouldbethe

intersectionofthetheirindividualROCs inwhichboth and exist,note

thatinsomecasestheROCofthelinearcombinationcouldbelargerthan .For

example,forboth and ,theROCis ,butthe

ROCoftheirdifference istheentirezplane.

TimeShifting

Proof:

Define ,wehave
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Define ,wehave and

ThenewROCisthesameastheoldoneexceptthepossibleaddition/deletionoftheoriginor
infinityastheshiftmaychangethedurationofthesignal.

TimeExpansion(Scaling)

Thediscretesignal cannotbecontinuouslyscaledintimeas hastobeaninteger(fora

noninteger iszero).Therefore isdefinedas

Example:If isramp

1 2 3 4 5 6

1 2 3 4 5 6

thentheexpandedversion is

1 2 3 4 5 6

0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

1 2 3

0 1 0 2 0 3

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where istheintegerpartof .

Proof:Theztransformofsuchanexpandedsignalis

Notethatthechangeofthesummationindexfrom to hasnoeffectasthetermsskippedare
allzeros.

Convolution

TheROCoftheconvolutioncouldbelargerthantheintersectionof and ,duetothe


possiblepolezerocancellationcausedbytheconvolution.

TimeDifference

Proof:

Notethatduetotheadditionalzero andpole ,theresultingROCisthesameas


exceptthepossibledeletionof causedbytheaddedpoleand/oradditionof
causedbytheaddedzerowhichmaycancelanexistingpole.

TimeAccumulation

Proof:Theaccumulationof canbewrittenasitsconvolutionwith :

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Applyingtheconvolutionproperty,weget

as .

TimeReversal

Proof:

where .

ScalinginZdomain

Proof:

Inparticular,if ,theabovebecomes

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Themultiplicationby to correspondstoarotationbyangle inthezplane,i.e.,a

frequencyshiftby .Therotationiseitherclockwise( )orcounterclockwise( )


correspondingto,respectively,eitheraleftshiftorarightshiftinfrequencydomain.Theproperty
isessentiallythesameasthefrequencyshiftingpropertyofdiscreteFouriertransform.

Conjugation

Proof:Complexconjugateoftheztransformof is

Replacing by ,wegetthedesiredresult.

DifferentiationinzDomain

Proof:

i.e.,

Example:Takingderivativewithrespectto oftherightsideof

weget

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Duetothepropertyofdifferentiationinzdomain,wehave

NotethatforadifferentROC ,wehave


Next:ZTransformofTypicalSignalsUp:Z_TransformPrevious:PropertiesofROC
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