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Introduction to DEF STAN 59-411

Why Change?

Why Change? DEF STAN 59-41 DEF STAN 08-112 (Submarines) DEF STAN 08-136 (EMC Guide) DEF STAN

DEF STAN 59-41 DEF STAN 08-112 (Submarines) DEF STAN 08-136 (EMC Guide) DEF STAN 21-27 (EMC for ships install’s) DEF STAN 21-10 (EMC for weatherdeck) DEF STAN 58-06 (EMC of mobile comms) DEF STAN 08-123 data sheets 31 &38

DEF STAN 59-411

2

How the standard changed

59-41

Part 1

Introduction & Guide

Part 2

Management & Planning

Part 3

Section 1 Man Worn, Man Portable

Section 2 Military Support Equipment

Section 3 LRU & Sub- Systems

Part 4

Large Equipment

Part 5

Specialised Test Equipment

Part 6

Vehicle Installation Guidelines

Part 7

Ships Installation Guidelines

59-411

Part 1 Management & Planning Part 2 Electromagnetic Environments (not yet incorporated) Part 3 Test
Part 1
Management &
Planning
Part 2
Electromagnetic
Environments
(not yet incorporated)
Part 3
Test Methods &
Limits for Sub-
Systems
Part 4
Platform & System
Test & Trials
Part 5
Code of Practice for
Tri-Service Design &
Installation

Parts 1 & 2

Part 1: Management and Planning. This Part provides advice on the selection and specification of EMC requirements for military equipment and systems, advice on Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) equipment (CE Marking) procurement and provides a list of Electromagnetic Environment Effects (E3) definitions and terms. It also describes the management responsibilities and the essential requirements for control and test plans, test reporting and records.

Part 2: The Electric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Environment. This Part details methods of how to identify and quantify the Electromagnetic Environment present for a variety of Defence scenarios. Detailed descriptions of the environment for some particular scenarios are also given.

Part 3 – Test Methods and Limits for Man Worn, Man Portable Equipment. LRU and Sub- systems

Equipment Classifications

Sea – below decks (areas encased in metal) • Sea – above decks (not covered by the above) • Air • Land – Class A • Land – Class B • Land – Class C • Land – Class D

Land Classifications

Man Worn Man / Portable Equipment. Equipment installed on the exterior of any vehicle, which
Man Worn Man / Portable
Equipment.
Equipment installed on the
exterior of any vehicle, which
bears an RF antenna.
Equipment which itself bears
an RF antenna
an RF antenna. Equipment which itself bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C

Class A

Equipment which itself bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2

Class B

Equipment which itself bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2

Class C

which itself bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 ,
<2m
<2m

>2, <15m

bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 , < 1
bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 , < 1

>15, <100m

bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 , < 1
bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 , < 1

Class D

bears an RF antenna Class A Class B Class C <2m > 2 , < 1

>100m

Purpose of Different Requirements

COTS Requirements

Military Requirements

Emission levels designed to protect radio spectrum

Emission levels designed to maintain range of radio systems

Immunity levels set to enable equipment to function in ‘typical’ environments

Immunity levels set to maintain functionality in the presence of high RF levels

Conducted Tests

DCE01

Conducted Emissions, Primary Power Lines 20 Hz – 150 MHz

DCE02

Conducted Susceptibility, Control and Signal and Secondary Power lines 20 Hz – 150 MHz

DCE03

Exported Transients, Primary Power Lines

DCS01

Conducted Susceptibility, Primary Power Lines, 20 Hz - 50 kHz

DCS02

Conducted Susceptibility, Control, Power Lines, 50 kHz - 400 MHz

DCS03

Conducted Susceptibility, 20 Hz - 50 kHz

DCS04

Imported Transient Susceptibility (Air Services)

DCS05

Externally Generated Transients (Land and Sea Services

DCS06

Imported Long Transient Susceptibility AC and DC Systems (Land and Sea Services

DCS08

Externally Generated Transients (Air Services)

DCS09

Imported Lightning Transient Susceptibility (Air Services)

DCS10

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

DCS12

Imported Low Frequency Transient Susceptibility Power Lines

Radiated Tests

DRE01

Radiated Emissions E Field 10 kHz – 18 GHz.

DRE02

Radiation Emissions H Field 20 Hz – 200 kHz

DRE03

Radiated Emissions E Field Tuned Antenna 1.6 MHz – 30 MHz

DRS01

Radiated Susceptibility H Field 20 Hz – 100 kHz

DRS02

Radiated Susceptibility E Field 10 kHz – 18 GHz

DRS03

Magnetic Field (DC) Susceptibility

Part 4 – Platform and System Test and Trials

System Classifications

Annex A – Air Systems • Annex B – Land Systems

In-situ conducted emissions, conducted susceptibility, radiated emissions and radiated susceptibility test • Measurement of bond resistance • Antenna polar plots. • Radio range degradation. • Mutual Interference (MI) trials.

Annex C – Sea Systems

Earth Bonding

Screened cable assemblies – 2mΩ max (except non-screened cables) • " Equipments (connector to equipment) – 2mΩ max • Secondary Mounting Hardware - 2 m Ω max • Bonding Between Secondary and Primary Mounting Hardware - 2mΩ max

Antenna Radiation Patterns (ARP’s)

Applies to Land Service vehicles and portable containers comprising of the installation under test • Performed over the range 1-450MHz

vehicles and portable containers comprising of the installation under test •   Performed over the range

Radio Range Degradation

Radio Range Degradation

Mutual Interference

Checks to be made of:-

Earth bonding tests • All installed radios shall be tested for compliance with the appropriate specification in respect of transmitter output power; • The VSWR of all antenna systems shall be measured at the frequencies to be used in the tests; • A visual examination of the radio installation shall be carried out to ensure that all connectors aresecured and there are no damaged cables.

Mutual Interference

HF between 1.6 MHz and 30 MHz - 0.5 MHz steps • VHF between 30 MHz and 225 MHz - 1 MHz steps • UHF between 225 MHz and 450 MHz - 5 MHz steps

Part 5

Code of Practice for Tri-Service Design and Installation. This Part describes the recommended design practices to ensure EM compatibility in equipment, systems and platforms for Air, Land and Sea service.

Questions