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A Quick and Dirty Urban Design Methodology

Tom Bosschaert

I. Analysis of Problem

II. Synthesis

III. Solution Development

IV. Evaluation of Solution

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
 
 

I. Analysis of Problem

II. Synthesis

III. Solution Development

IV. Evaluation of Solution

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
I. Analysis of Problem II. Synthesis III. Solution Development IV. Evaluation of Solution
I. Analysis of Problem
II. Synthesis
III. Solution Development
IV. Evaluation of Solution

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

Æ Map client & involved parties

Æ Develop design goal (problem formulation)

Æ List of (testable) requirements

Æ Site & Literature research

Æ Research on different scales (national, regional, local)

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

Æ Traffic oriented approach

Æ Client = Developer

Æ Site south-east of center

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

Æ Design goal:

To create a new development on the site that, besides a livable and commercially viable development, will reduce traffic and related pollution issues of the city of Boston.

Æ Requirements:

I. Design livable development (quantify?)

II. Design Economically viable development

III. Reduce traffic use around area and city of Boston by a sizeable amount (%?)

IV. Reduce pollution on the site compared to standard development by x%

A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

Energy Usage Per Capita

8 4 USA USA Japan UK Austria Italy Tonnes of Oil Per Person Per Year
8
4
USA
USA
Japan
UK
Austria
Italy
Tonnes of Oil Per Person Per Year
Japan UK Austria Italy Tonnes of Oil Per Person Per Year 8.3 Tonnes of Oil Per

8.3 Tonnes of Oil

Per Person Per Year

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

50% 70% Employed Cars
50%
70%
Employed
Cars

Boston

0.5 Mil

8.300 TOPPPY

4.400 p/km 2 Energy Density
4.400 p/km 2
Energy
Density

70% Car

of people in Boston own a

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

I. Analysis of Problem

t a i s b n b o t h J s 0 n 0
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Boston City main traffic flow

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City main traffic flow A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City main traffic flow A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Synthesise research into understandable and usable data

Æ Compiling, visualizing & correlating data

Æ Research backgrounds on individual and combined issues

Æ Apply synthesized data to problem and investigate related issues

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world

Æ Define areas for design development

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Synthesise research into understandable and usable data

Æ Compiling, visualizing & correlating data

Æ Research backgrounds on individual and combined issues

Æ Research backgrounds on individual and combined issues E nergy D istribution World US Boston Massachusetts

Energy Distribution

World

US

Boston

Massachusetts

18% 21% 17% W o r l d World P o w e r US
18%
21%
17%
W
o
r
l
d
World
P
o
w
e
r
US
17%
U
s
a
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1
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17% U s a g e 1 0 . 0 0 0 . 0 0 0

15%

21%U s a g e 1 0 . 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 t

30% - Residential

36%. 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 t m t o 15% 21% 30% -

29% - Traffic

Decrease Residential & Traffic Energy

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Synthesise research into understandable and usable data

Æ Compiling, visualizing & correlating data

Æ Research backgrounds on individual and combined issues

Energy and Land Usage

50% 30% Employed Cars
50%
30%
Employed
Cars
30% 60% Cars Employed
30%
60%
Cars
Employed
50% 50% Cars Employed
50%
50%
Cars
Employed
19% 50% Cars Employed
19%
50%
Cars
Employed
50% 70% Employed Cars Boston
50%
70%
Employed
Cars
Boston
London Amsterdam Barcelona Tokyo 0.5 Mil 7.1 Mil 1.1 Mil 1.6 Mil 12.4 Mil Energy
London
Amsterdam
Barcelona
Tokyo
0.5 Mil
7.1 Mil
1.1 Mil
1.6 Mil
12.4 Mil
Energy & Density
No need for cars
Residential Energy down
Density UP

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

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h I b n 0 i 0 t 5 a n . 7 t 1 s
h I b n 0 i 0 t 5 a n . 7 t 1 s

II.

Synthesis

Commuter Flux

. 7 t 1 s p l a o i t t n e II. Synthesis

Æ Apply synthesized data to problem and investigate related issues

s b t i o a b J n 0 h t 0 s n
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Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Density & Energy

Æ Synthesise research into understandable and usable data

Æ Research backgrounds on individual and combined issues

Dissatisfaction Energy Density
Dissatisfaction
Energy
Density

17.000 inh/km 2

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world

8000 pp/km2

8 TBO

4000 pp/km2

4 TBO

20% Cars 32% Commute 50% 65% Employed Jobs
20%
Cars
32%
Commute
50%
65%
Employed
Jobs

Commute by Bike:

58% Commute 70% Cars 50% 65% Employed Jobs
58%
Commute
70%
Cars
50%
65%
Employed
Jobs

38%

2%

Copenhagen

Boston

0.5 Mil 0.5 Mil 8.34 TBO 5600 pp/km2 4600 pp/km2 3.64 TBO Population Energy Population
0.5 Mil
0.5 Mil
8.34 TBO
5600 pp/km2
4600 pp/km2
3.64 TBO
Population
Energy
Population
Energy
Density
Usage
Density
Usage

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world Foundations of a design approach A n

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world

20% Cars 32% Commute 50% 65% Employed Jobs
20%
Cars
32%
Commute
50%
65%
Employed
Jobs
the world 20% Cars 32% Commute 50% 65% Employed Jobs Copenhagen 0.5 Mil Copenhagen City Center

Copenhagen

0.5 Mil

Copenhagen City Center

Copenhagen

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Research similar issues & solutions around the world

Pedestrian Policy

issues & solutions around the world P edestrian P olicy 7% Cars 40% Employed 60% Jobs
7% Cars 40% Employed 60% Jobs Antwerp
7%
Cars
40%
Employed
60%
Jobs
Antwerp

0.5 Mil

Antwerp City Center

Antwerp

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

II.

Synthesis

Æ Define areas for design development

Æ Reduce daily traffic flux by providing high density residential

Æ Promote work at home and live/work buildings

Æ Pedestrianize (car-less) and promote public transport

Æ Extend subway network

Æ Create partial self-sustainable region

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

III. Solution Development

Æ Develop ideas that address all listed issues

Æ Rinse & Repeat several times

Æ Combine best ideas

Æ Go to evaluation stage & redo process

Æ Woo client

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

Given

Proposed

Given Proposed III. Solution Development P rogram S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail
Given Proposed III. Solution Development P rogram S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail
III. Solution Development
III.
Solution Development

Program Shift

Residential

46%

26%

15%

11%

Offices

Retail

Hotel

S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail Hotel Boston City A n U rbAn
S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail Hotel Boston City A n U rbAn
S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail Hotel Boston City A n U rbAn
S hift Residential 46% 26% 15% 11% Offices Retail Hotel Boston City A n U rbAn

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

III. Solution Development

Æ High density

Reclaim road space:

Solution Development Æ High density Reclaim road space: - Reduction of roads - Buildings Over Roads

- Reduction of roads

- Buildings Over Roads

Space Gained:

150.000 ft 2

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

III. Solution Development

Æ High density

Æ Green Rooves

III. Solution Development Æ High density Æ Green Rooves Boston City A n U rbAn D
III. Solution Development Æ High density Æ Green Rooves Boston City A n U rbAn D

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

III. Solution Development

Æ High density

Æ Green Rooves

Æ Car-less development

Autodate

Access Control

Æ Green Rooves Æ Car-less development Autodate Access Control Boston City A n U rbAn D
Æ Green Rooves Æ Car-less development Autodate Access Control Boston City A n U rbAn D

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

III. Solution Development

Æ High density

Æ Green Rooves

Æ Car-less development

Æ Self-sufficiency

Æ Public Transportation extensions

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

IV. Solution Evaluation

Æ Test combined solutions against stated goal & requirements

Cost Effect

Cost

Effect

Solution A

 

Cost

Cost

Effect

Solution B

Solution C Cost Effect
Solution C
Cost
Effect

Boston City

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Boston City A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology

IV. Solution Evaluation

Æ There is never just one approach, or solution. Keep thinking.

Æ Largest savings made early in the process (size, program, etc)

Æ Maximize your territory and expand the design’s influence

Æ Proper Research = Proper Solutions, Bad Research = Flying Blind

Æ A solution for one place is often not effective somewhere else

Æ Reduction of energy use before sustainable energy generation

Æ Work within economic realities and use them to your advantage

Æ Politicians are your best friend. Unfortunately.

Foundations of a design approach

An UrbAn Design MethoDology

Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology
Foundations of a design approach A n U rbAn D esign M ethoDology