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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

UNRESTRICTED Document ID : SP-1166


September 2004 Filing key :

Specification for identification of on-plot


pipework

Keywords:
This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole
nor any part of this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic
recording or otherwise) without prior written consent of the owner.
Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

Authorised For Issue 29/9/04

Signed :....................................................
Anton Sluijterman, UEP
Corporate Function Discipline Head Process Engineering

The following is a brief summary of the 4 most recent revisions to this document. Details of all
revisions prior to these are held on file by the issuing department.

Version No. Date Author Scope / Remarks


Version 1.0 March 2000 Anton Revision of Engineering Reference
Sluijterman, Document 43-05 Colour Coding of On-
UEP/1 Plot Pipework, 1994.
Version 2.0 September Anton Revalidation and update references.
2004 Sluijterman, UEP

SP-1166 Page i September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

Contents

1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................... 3
1.1 PURPOSE..................................................................................................................... 3
1.2 CHANGES TO THE SPECIFICATION..................................................................................3
1.3 COMPLIANCE WITH THIS SPECIFICATION.........................................................................3
2 IDENTIFICATION OF ON-PLOT PIPEWORK...................................................................4
2.1 COLOUR BANDS............................................................................................................ 4
2.2 POSITIONING OF IDENTIFICATION BANDS.........................................................................4
2.3 DRAIN PIPES................................................................................................................. 4
2.4 UNDERGROUND PIPES................................................................................................... 4
2.5 REMOTE MANIFOLDS, ON-PLOT MANIFOLDS/FLOWLINE SECTION.......................................4
2.6 INSULATED PIPES.......................................................................................................... 6
2.7 BI-DIRECTIONAL FLOW................................................................................................... 6
2.8 COLOUR REFERENCE.................................................................................................... 6
2.9 DISPLAY OF COLOUR CODING IN CONTROL ROOM............................................................6
3 RELATED BUSINESS CONTROL DOCUMENTS............................................................7

4 GLOSSARY OF DEFINITIONS, TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS....................................7

SP-1166 Page ii September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

1 Introduction
1.1 Purpose
This document specifies the identification of above ground on-plot pipework for all PDO
facilities. The identification system helps the plant operation and maintenance
personnel in assessing the amount of care to be taken in the event of any hazard or if
activities like maintenance, excavation, transportation of heavy machinery, cranes
movement, sampling etc. are to be carried out in the proximity of the pipework.

1.2 Changes to the Specification


This specification is developed from and replaces the Colour Coding of On-Plot
Pipework Engineering Reference Document (ERD-43-05), issued in January 1994.

1.3 Compliance with this Specification


The user shall obtain written approval from the Corporate Function Discipline Head
(CFDH) Process Engineering for any deviation from this specification. This specification
does not need to be applied retroactively.

SP-1166 Page 3 September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

2 Identification of on-plot pipework

2.1 Colour bands


The on-plot pipework shall be colour coded as per Table 1. Circumferential colour
bands shall be used to identify the service of the pipe. The colour bands along with a
flow direction arrow shall be painted on a white colour base on the pipework. The only
exception is the firewater service, which covers full length of pipe painted with red
colour.

The first basic identification colour band shall have a width of 100mm and the
subsequent colour band/bands shall have a width of 50mm and the gap between the
colour bands shall be 50mm.

2.2 Positioning of identification bands


On lengths of uninterrupted pipework the identification bands shall be at 10 metres
intervals. Identification bands shall be included at junctions, both sides of a valve, both
side of wall penetrations, plant battery limit, skid limit, package vendors scope limit, at
the entry of underground, at the exit from underground and at all positions where their
omission would cause confusion.

For skid-mounted and vendor package items the interval of 10 metres may need to be
reduced for easy identification of services. The required interval to be decided based on
size and complexity of the skid mounted/vendor package unit at application stage.
For small pipe lengths in the skid at least one set of colour band shall be marked.

On pipe racks/sleepers colour bands shall be positioned at the same location for the
group of pipes.

Source and destination of fluid in the pipe (From - To) should be written on the pipe,
adjacent to the colour band.

2.3 Drain pipes


Drainpipes (above ground) shall be colour coded on the basis of the fluid being
drained.

2.4 Underground pipes


Underground pipes should not be colour-coded. Suitable above ground markers shall
be used to identify the location and type of underground pipes.

2.5 Remote manifolds, on-plot manifolds/flowline section


In case of two phase flow the colour coding for this part is to be based on general
designation of the installation, i.e. whether it is predominantly a gas producing or oil
producing station.

SP-1166 Page 4 September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

Table 1 Service identification colours

Service First basic Specific service Colour bands


identification identification
band colour
Gas:

HP Gas (>4000 kPa) Yellow Yellow - Red

LP Gas (< 4000 kPa) Yellow Yellow - Green

Flare and vent systems Yellow Yellow - Yellow

Sour gas (note 1) Yellow Yellow - Red - Violet

Oil:

Crude Brown Brown - Brown

Condensate, gasoline & diesel Brown Brown - Red

Lube oil, fuel oil & hot oil Brown Brown - Blue

Toxic substances:

Solvents, acids & alkalies Violet Violet - Violet

Solvents containing H2S (Note 1) Violet Violet - Violet - Violet

Injection chemicals (e.g. scale &


corrosion inhibitors, demulsifiers) Violet Violet - Blue

Bulk gas dehydration chemicals Violet Violet - Green


(glycols)

Water:

Process water Green Green - Brown

Utility water Green Green - Green

Instrument air: Blue Blue - Blue

Fire water: Red Red (full length)

Refrigerant: Black Black - Black

Steam: Grey Grey - Grey

Note 1: The designation of sour gas is defined in SP-1190.

SP-1166 Page 5 September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

2.6 Insulated pipes


Colour coding shall also be applicable for insulated pipes.

2.7 Bi-directional flow


Where bi-directional flow is possible, like balancing or equalising lines, the bi-directional
arrow shall be marked at downside of the colour bands as shown below.

2.8 Colour reference

Table 2 below indicates the colour reference number as per British Standard
Specification BS 381C. The colour applied for bands shall conform to the reference
colour number.

Table 1 Colour reference numbers

Colour Reference number

Blue 175
Green 221
Yellow 355
Brown 411
Red 539
Grey 693
Violet 797

2.9 Display of colour coding in control room


Each station control room shall display a colour code signboard. This shall be treated
as a personnel safety requirement. Familiarity will be helpful for the personnel working
in the installation and also for visitors and newcomers.

SP-1166 Page 6 September 2004


Specification for identification of on-plot pipework Version 2.0

3 Related Business Control Documents


The following standards (latest issue) are referred to in this document and shall apply
according to the requirements of this specification.

PDO Standards
PDO SP-1190 Design for sour service specification
PDO SP-1246 Specification for painting and coating Systems of oil and gas
facilities

International
Standards
BS 381C Colours for identification, coding and special purposes

4 Glossary of Definitions, Terms and Abbreviations

The following terms and abbreviations used in this document, are defined below:

Abbreviation Description

BS British Standard
CFDH Corporate Functional Discipline Head
DEP Design Engineering Practice
ERD Engineering Reference Document
HP High Pressure (> 4000 kPa)
LP Low Pressure (< 4000 kPa)

SP-1166 Page 7 September 2004