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Design of Energy Monitoring System based on IOT

Hao Luan1, Jianwei Leng2,


1. Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300000
E-mail: 804619615@qq.com
2. Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300000
E-mail: lengjianwei61101@163.com

Abstract: This design is an application of enterprise energy monitoring system which is based on IOT. In order to design
a remote energy monitoring system based on B/S structure, this application has used many kinds of technologies, such as
digital instrumentation, communications networks, software, databases and so on, setting centralized management,
decentralized control and remote monitoring as the goals. This remote energy monitoring system which is based on IOT,
can not only improve the level of enterprisesenergy management, but also plays an important role in energy-saving and
emission reduction as well as some other aspects. This energy monitoring system has already conducted a
comprehensive test in China Automotive Technology and Research Center, and the results showed that it met the design
requirements and achieved real-time monitoring of the devices.
Key Words: Energy Management System, IOT, B/S Structure

1 INTRODUCTION 2 SYSTEM STRUCTURE


Currently, the energy management work of manufacturing IOT technology based communicating network, solving
enterprises faces some situations of too many metering interconnection of thing to thing issues. The system
points, decentralized metering points, laggard levels of architecture can be divided into three levels: from the
informatization and automation and so on. For a long time, bottom to top are the perception layer, transport layer and
they relied on getting values artificially thus there are many application layer. This section describes the system
disadvantages like less information, slower transmission architecture of energy monitoring system is shown in
speed, longer processing cycles, more used energy, Figure1.
etcetera. Therefore, how to use the most advanced
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technology to establish an comprehensive energy
management platform which can improve the efficiency of
energy management effectively, so as to achieve the
important goal of energy saving is a subject worthy of 1HWZRUN
study.
Broadly speaking, IOT is defined as a kind of network
which not only can connect the objects, can be fully ,3& ,3&
automatic, can collect, transmit and process information
intelligently but also can realize the scientific management 56 56
at anytime and anywhere through a variety of sensing
devices and the Internet. The basic characteristics of IOT
are: networked, instrumented, automated and
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Based on this understanding, we designed an energy


management system based on Internet of Things in order to
improve the energy management levels and to do a better
job in saving energy. The energy management system Fig 1. The system structure of energy monitoring system
based on IOT can solve the problems of collecting,
transmitting and saving the massive data in energy running 2.1 Sensing Layer
processes by using a variety of techniques such as digital
instruments, communicating networks, software, databases Sensing layer is mainly used in smart electricity meters,
and so on. smart water meter, smart oil meter and air flow meter field
sensing device. Comprehensive monitoring of plant energy
media, including water, oil, electricity, compressed air, etc.
Monitoring objects include energy consumption of major
equipment, the key node of flow. Air flow meter for liquids,

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etc., we also use totalizer to achieve the live display and In the industrial control network remote monitoring
laboratory displayed. technology, it is generally divided into three modes:
Perception layer is mainly used for industrial serial bus centralized host, client/server(C/S), browser/server (B/S).
technology, mainly used in between the equipment and Host centralized model is a remote powerful computer,
instrumentation, which is based on Modbus communication shared by the main user of the terminal host CPU resources
protocol to transfer. Modbus is a widely used in the field of and database storage to perform functions of the program.
industrial communication protocol, through this agreement, This centralized control method can guarantee the security
reciprocal between devices, network devices and other of information, but suddenly when the amount of data
devices can be achieved via communication. Its quickly becomes large, or there is a large number of users
characteristics are easy to implement, and almost all the online, will lead to a large load which affects the speed of
industrial field sensors to support Modbus protocol. the system.
C/S structure of the basic principles of computer
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multiple computers division is completed, using
"distribution function" principle. Clients complete data
processing, data display and user interface functions; the
56 56 56 56 server side DBMS(database management system) core
functions. Such a framework will be an application system
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is divided into two parts, collaborative complete the
application of the whole system, fully meet the software
~P$ ~P$ ~P$ and hardware resources to maximize utilization. In the
previous ten years, including improving hardware and
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software to enhance the ability of the operating system and
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Internet networks, C/S achieved a high position in the field
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increases, the client application software adds many new
Fig 2. The system structure of sensing layer features, resulting in a heavy burden of maintenance work.
B / S architecture is for C / S architecture extensions, by the
browser, server and database composed of three parts, B/S
2.2 Transport Layer architecture is a network configuration mode after the rise
According to factory management, production process and WEB, WEB browser is the most important application in
functional requirements, the meter and totalizer received client. This model unifies the client, the core part of the
signals and sent it by the serial server and Ethernet fiber system function on a centralized server to simplify system
converter convert form connected to the switch, the switch development, maintenance and use. Just install a browser
is then connected to the IPC, the data collected in the field on the client, such as Internet Explorer, the server
and then summarize using IPC finished the aggregated data installation Oracle, Sybase, Informix, or SQL Server and
sent via LAN management. other databases. Browser Web Server for data exchange
with the database through. This greatly simplifies the client
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costs and workload, reducing the overall cost of the user.
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This design is based on Browser/Server system architecture,
the database is in Microsoft's SQL Server.
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3 HARDWARE DESIGN
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3.1 Hardware Design


Smart electricity meters must comply with the national
7&3,3 7&3,3 7&3,3
power industry standard DL / T - 645 - 1997 three-phase
smart electricity meter communication protocol with
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RS485 interface, which can capture voltage, current, power


three data.
Energy for different network media and different caliber
Fig 3. The system structure of transport layer need to choose a different flow sensors. Scene flow meter
electromagnetic flow meter and vortex flow meter.
2.3 Management Layer Electromagnetic flow meter is a measuring tube conductive
medium volume flow meter based on Faraday induction
Management layer includes data monitoring systems and law of electromagnetic induction, embedded
data management systems. microcontroller technology, digital excitation. Vortex flow
meter is mainly used for industrial pipe flow measurement

6786 2016 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC)


fluid medium, such as a gas, liquid, vapor and other media. Project node This is used for system settings of central
It features a small pressure loss, large range, high accuracy database server, and provide external Web services, clients
when measuring actual volume flow is hardly affected by can browse the project node dynamically to monitor the
fluid density, pressure, temperature, viscosity and other node health.
parameters. No moving mechanical parts, so high reliability,
low maintenance, instrument parameters can be long-term 4.3 Main Interface Diagram
stability. The Web interface of the energy monitoring system is
These instruments have RS485 interface for easy completed by the WebAccess web page editor. According
connection with the totalizer and other equipment. to the different requirements, it can be configured to meet
the needs of the design. The following four pictures is the
3.2 Major Equipment real web of energy monitoring system.
Serial server is mainly used in Advantech EKI-1521,
EKI-1522, EKI-1524 in three models, whose role is to
respectively make 1/2/4 RS485 devices join in the network.
Photoelectric converter is a device similar to digital
modem, and the modem is the access of different fiber optic
lines, generally used for long-distance transmission signal.
Expansion of the network is a network switch equipment,
can provide more ports for the sub-network equipment. In
order to unify engineering products, we have adopted
Advantech's EKI-7619CI network switch.
Small industrial computer uses Advantech's UNO-2171, Fig 4. The login interface
which is an enhanced personal computers, providing
Windows operating system, has a wealth of network
interfaces and application software platform to meet the
design requirements.

4 SOFTWARE DESIGN

4.1 The overall Software Framework


Energy monitoring system is fully based on browser. The
basic framework is the underlying data in the form of
internal network to send data to the main server, so as to
realize mutual transmission and recording functions, and Fig 5. The welcome interface
the client can easy get the data on the primary server
through the browser.
4.2 WebAccess System Framework
WebAccess framework mainly consists of four major
components:
SCADA node Management and data acquisition are
WebAccess SCADA node software functionality, it is able
to use a WebAccess supported communication drivers to
connect to a remote PC automation equipment.
Fig 6. The trend interface
Client It is called the man-machine interface software, it
has data, features trend reports and alarms. And it is a
plug-in program which is closely associated with the
browser. Real-time dynamic data through the TCP / IP
protocol connected to the Internet or a local network, and
has a point-value and acknowledge alarms and real-time
control of the authority.
Thin Client Another type of Advantech WebAccess
client is thin client. Thin client need not install a client
program. Thin clients use a static picture. Also, it does not
support animation features, buttons, pull bar is also not
Fig 7. The report interface
supported. Change the point-values and the alarm
acknowledgments are required to complete through text
interfaces.

2016 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC) 6787


5 SYSTEM ADVANTAGES of the accident, the reasonable adjustment and balance of
energy supply and demand.
Currently, traditional energy management methods are the
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