STRUCTURE OF ATOM
This Chapter “Structure of Atom” is taken from our:
ISBN : 9789386146533
1. Which is not correct amongst the following statements about cathode rays :
(a) 
They are deflected by electric and magnetic fields 
(b) 
e/m ratio of the particles forming them depends upon the gas filled in the discharge tube 
(c) 
e/m ratio is constant, independent of the gas filled and cathode material 
(d) 
particles forming them possess the same mass and same charge. 
2. What is an electron ?
(a) 
a wave 
(b) 
a particle 
(c) 
either, depending on how it is observed 
(d) 
neither 
3. The photoelectric current decreases if
(a) 
the frequency of incident radiation decreases below threshold frequency 
(b) 
the exposure time is decreased 
(c) 
the intensity of the source of light is decreased 
(d) 
none of these 
4. The work function of a metal is 4.0 eV. The longest wavelength of light that can cause photoelectron emission from the metal is approximately :
(a) 
540 nm 
(b) 
400 nm 
(c) 
300 nm 
(d) 
220 nm 
5. The work function of a photoelectric material is 3.3 eV, its threshold frequency will be
(a) 
8 × 10 ^{1}^{4} Hz 
(b) 
5 × 10 ^{3}^{3} Hz 
(c) 
8 × 10 ^{1}^{0} Hz 
(d) 
4 × 10 ^{1}^{1} Hz 
6. The angular momentum of the electron in first excited energy state of hydrogen atom is
(a)
(c)
h
_{}
(b)
(d)
h
_{2} _{}
none of these
7. The hydrogen line spectra provides evidence for the
(a) 
Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
(b) 
wave like property of light 
(c) 
diatomic nature of hydrogen 
(d) 
quantized nature of atomic energy states 
8. If an element emits photon in its ground state due to electronic transitition, then its
(a) 
atomic number will increase 
(b) 
atomic number will remain unchanged 
(c) 
atomic number will decrease 
(d) 
mass number will decrease 
9. an electron undergoes transition from n = 2 to n = 1 in If 

Li 
^{2}^{+} ion, the energy of photon radiated will be best given 
by 

(a) 
hv 
(b) 
hv _{1} + hv _{2} 
(c) 
hv _{1} + hv _{2} + hv _{3} 
(d) 
all of these 
10. Kinetic energy of an electron in hydrogen atom increases after transition from an orbit n _{1} to another orbit n _{2} . Then
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
n
n
1
1
n
n
2
2
it is not possible to predict
none of these
IITJEE CHEMISTRY Challenger
11. The ratio of the speeds of an electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atom to that in the 4th orbit of He ^{+} is
(a) 
1 : 2 
(b) 
2 : 1 
(c) 
1 : 4 
(d) 
4 : 1 
12. Hydrogen atoms are excited to n = 4 state. In the spectrum of emitted radiation, number of lines in the ultraviolet and visible regions are respectively
(a) 
3; 1 
(b) 
1; 3 
(c) 
2; 3 
(d) 
3; 2 
13. An electron travels with a velocity of x ms ^{–}^{1} . For a proton to have the same de Broglie wavelength, the velocity will be approximately?
(a)
(c)
1840
_{x}
1840 x
^{(}^{b}^{)}
(d)
x
1840
x
14. Li and a proton are accelerated by the same potential, their
and _{p} have the ratio (assume
de Broglie wavelengths
Li
m Li 9m 
p ) 

(a) 
1 : 2 
(b) 
1 : 4 

(c) 
1 
: 1 
(d) 
1: 3 
15. When light of frequency 3.2 × 10 ^{1}^{6} Hz is used to irradiate a metal surface, the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted
3 

photoelectron is _{4} 
of the energy of the irradiating photon. 
What is the threshold frequency of the metal?
(a)
(c)
2.4
1.6
10
10
25
15
Hz
Hz
(b)
(d)
2.4
8
10
10
15
16
Hz
Hz
16. The ionization potential for the electron in the ground state of the hydrogen atom is 13.6 eV atom ^{–}^{1} . What would be the ionization potential for the electron in the first excited state of Li ^{2}^{+} ?
(a) 
3.4 eV 
(b) 
10.2 eV 
(c) 
30.6 eV 
(d) 
6.8 eV 
17. The energy of the electron in Be ^{3}^{+} ion depends on
18. What are the component values (in terms of _{h}_{/}_{2} _{} ) of the orbital angular momentum along the Zdirection for a 2p electron?
(a)
(c)
1
1
2
,
2
+2, +1, 0, –1, –2
(b)
(d)
3
1
1
3
2
,
2
,
2
,
2
+1, 0, –1
19. The average life of an excited state of hydrogen atom is of the order of 10 ^{–}^{8} s. The number of revolutions made by an electron when it is in state n = 2 and before it suffers a transition to state n = 1, are
(a) 
2.28 × 10 ^{6} 
(b) 
22.8 × 10 ^{6} 
(c) 
8.23 × 10 ^{6} 
(d) 
2.82 × 10 ^{6} 
20. What transition in the hydrogen spectrum would have the same wavelength as Balmer transition, n = 4 to n = 2 in He ^{+} spectrum?
(a) 
n = 3 to n = 1 
(b) 
n = 3 to n = 2 
(c) 
n = 4 to n = 1 
(d) 
n = 2 to n = 1 
21. The dissociation energy of H _{2} is 430.53 kJ mol ^{–}^{1} . If hydrogen is dissociated by illumination with radiation of wavelength 253.7 nm, the fraction of the radiant energy which will be converted into kinetic energy is given by
(a) 
1.22% 
(b) 
8.76% 
(c) 
2.22% 
(d) 
100% 
22. If a proton and particle are accelerated through the same potential difference, the ratio of de Broglie wavelengths
p
(a)
(c)
is
(b)
(d)
1
3
23. If the uncertainties in position and momentum are equal, the uncertainty in the velocity is
(a) 
h

(b) 
h
2

(c) 
1
h
2m

(d) 
none of these 
(a) 
the principal quantum number only 
(b) 
the principal and azimuthal quantum numbers only 
(c) 
the principal, azimuthal and magnetic quantum numbers only 
(d) 
the principal, azimuthal, magnetic and spin quantum numbers 
24. The orbital angular momentum of 2p electron is
(a)
(c)
Zero
(b)
(d)
STRUCTURE OF ATOM
25. In any subshell, the maximum number of electrons having same value of spin quantum number is
31. The de Broglie wavelength of electron in first Bohr orbit is exactly equal to
(a) 
l (l
1)

(b) 
_{l} _{} _{2} 
(c) 
2l 2 
(d) 
4l 2 
26. The orbital diagram in which both the Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule are violated, is
27. The incorrect statement amongst the following is
(a) 
Magnetic quantum number determines the z 
component of the orbital angular momentum of the electron 

(b) 
In the applied magnetic field, dorbitals can assume 5 different orientations w.r.t. the field 
(c) 
The wave function associated with half filled or completely filled subshells is spherically symmetrical 
(d) 
None of these 
28. Given the following statements regarding dorbitals
It has 4 lobes and 2 angular nodes
(1)
(2)
(3)
It has 4 lobes and one angular node
The orbital angular momentum of electron in this
orbital is
2
(4)
The correct statement(s) is/are
(a)
(c)
It is nondegenerate
only (1)
(2) and (3)
(b)
(d)
(1) and (3)
(1) and (4)
29. If the shortest wavelength of the spectral line of Hatom in Lyman series is x, then the longest wavelength of the line in Balmer series of Li ^{2}^{+} is
(a) 
half the circumference of the orbit 
(b) 
equal to the circumference of the orbit 
(c) 
twice the circumference of the orbit 
(d) 
thrice the circumference of the orbit 
32. The de Broglie wavelength of an electron accelerated by
an electric field of V volts is given by
(a)
(c)
1.23
1.23
nm
nm
(b)
(d)
1.23
1.23
V
nm
nm
33. The minimum number of orbitals possible for a shell containing gsubshell is
(a) 
25 
(b) 
9 
(c) 
36 
(d) 
none of these 
34. Which two orbitals are both located between the axes of coordinate system, and not along the axes?
(a)
(c)
d
xy
d
x
2
, d
y
2
2 (b)
z
, p
z (d)
d
yz
, p
x
none of these
35. Which series of subshells is arranged in the order of increasing energy for multielectron atoms?
(a)
(c)
6s, 4 f, 5d, 6p
5d, 4 f, 6s, 6p
(b)
(d)
4 f, 6s, 5d, 6p
4f, 5d, 6s, 6p
36. The four quantum numbers that could identify the third 3p electron in sulphur are
(a)
n = 3, l = 0, m = +1, s =
1
2
(a)
^{5} _{4} ^{x}
(b)
^{4}
x
5
(b)
n = 2, l = 2, m = –1, s =
1
2
(c)
_{9} ^{x}
(d)
_{9}_{x}
30. Which of the following electron transitions in a hydrogen atom will require the largest amount of energy?
(a)
(c)
from n = 1 to n = 2
from n = 10 to n = 1
(b)
(d)
from n = 2 to n = 4
from n = 3 to n = 5
(c)
(d)
n = 3, l = 2, m = +1, s =
n = 3, l = 1, m = –1, s =
1
2
1
2
IITJEE CHEMISTRY Challenger
37. The quantum numbers of four electrons are as follows :
n 

(i) 
Electron 1 
3 
(ii) 
Electron 2 
3 
(iii) 
Electron 3 
4 
(iv) 
Electron 4 
3 
l 
m 
s 

1 

1 
1 


2 

1 

0 
0 

2 
1 

0 
0 

2 
1 

2 
2 


2 
43.
44.
45.
The correct order of decreasing energies of these electrons is
The correct order of penetrating power of 3s, 3p, 3d electrons is
(a) 
3d > 3p > 3s 
(b) 
3s > 3p > 3d 
(c) 
3s > 3d > 3p 
(d) 
3d > 3s > 3p 
Hund’s rule pertains to the distribution of electrons in
(a) 
principal energy shell 
(b) 
an orbital 
(c) 
degenerate orbitals 
(d) 
none of these 
If there are three possible values
^{}
1
1
2
, 0,
^{} 2
for the
spin quantum numbers, the number of elements in first, second, 3rd and 4th periods of long form of periodic table will be respectively
(a) 
Electron 2 > Electron 1 > Electron 3 > Electron 4 
(b) 
Electron 4 > Electron 3 > Electron 1 > Electron 2 
(c) 
Electron 4 > Electron 3 > Electron 2 > Electron 1 
(d) 
Electron 1 > Electron 2 > Electron 4 > Electron 3 
46.
38. The principle that is based on electrons attempting to be as apart as possible is
(a) 
Bohr’s theory 
(b) 
Heisenberg principle 
(c) 
Exclusion principle 
(d) 
Hund’s rule 
47.
39. The atomic number of the element with maximum number of unpaired electrons is
(a) 
23 
(b) 
33 
(c) 
15 
(d) 
26 
40. Which of the folloing orbitals is more close to the nucleus?
(a) 
5f 
(b) 
6d 
(c) 
7s 
(d) 
7p 
41. If the radius of first orbit of Hatom is a _{0} , then de Broglie wavelength of electron in 4th orbit is
(a) 
2, 8, 8, 18 
(b) 
3, 12, 27, 27 
(c) 
3, 12, 12, 27 
(d) 
2, 8, 12, 27 
The number of radial nodes (nodal points) of 3s, 3p and 3d electrons are respectively
(a) 
0, 1, 2 
(b) 
2, 1, 0 
(c) 
1, 3, 5 
(d) 
3, 2, 0 
When a certain photoelectric substance was irradiated with
a light of frequency 4.0 × 10 ^{1}^{5} Hz, the photo electrons
emitted had thrice the kinetic energy as did photo electrons emitted when the same substance was irradiated with light
of frequency 2.0 × 10 ^{1}^{5} Hz. The threshold frequency of the photoelectric substance is
(a) 
2.0 

10 
(c) 
1.0 

10 
15
15
Hz
Hz
(b)
(d)
1.0
1.5
10
10
16
15
Hz
Hz
(a)
(c)
2
a
a
0
0
_{4}
(b)
(d)
16a
0
8
a
0
48.
42. The radii of maximum probability for 3s, 3p and 3d electrons are in the order
The wave number of last line of Lyman series of hydrogen spectrum is 109674 cm ^{–}^{1} . The wave number of H _{} line in Balmer series He ^{+} is
(a) 
438696 cm ^{–}^{1} 
(b) 
109674 cm ^{–}^{1} 
(c) 
30465 cm ^{–}^{1} 
(d) 
60930 cm ^{–}^{1} 
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
()
rrr
max
d
max
p
333
max
()
()
s
()
r
max
3
d
rr
max
s
()
33
max
()
p
()()
rr
max
s
33
max
p
none of these
()
r
max
49.
The energy of electron in first excited Bohr’s orbit of He ^{+} is 13.6 eV atom ^{–}^{1} . The energy of electron in the second excited orbit of Li ^{2}^{+} is
(a) 
–30.6 eV atom ^{–}^{1} 
(b) 
–13.6 eV atom ^{–}^{1} 

3 
d 
(c) 
–7.65 eV atom ^{–}^{1} 
(d) 
–27.2 eV atom ^{–}^{1} 
STRUCTURE OF ATOM
50. Given the following ions
(1)
(3)
(atomic number : Cr = 24, Fe = 26, Ni = 28, Cu = 29)
The correct sequence of the increasing order of number of unpaired electrons in these ions is
Cr
Ni
^{3}^{+}
^{2}^{+}
(2)
(4)
Fe ^{2}^{+}
Cu ^{2}^{+}
(a) 
3, 4, 2, 1 
(b) 
1, 2, 3, 4 
(c) 
4, 3, 1, 2 
(d) 
4, 2, 3, 1 
51. The magnetic moment of M ^{x}^{+} (atomic number of M = 25) is
B.M. The number of unpaired electrons and the value
of x respectively are
(a) 
4, 3 
(b) 
3, 4 
(c) 
3, 2 
(d) 
5, 2 
52. The number of delectrons in Fe ^{2}^{+} (Z = 26) is not equal to that of
(a) 
selectrons in Mg 
(b) 
pelectrons in Ne 
(c) 
delectrons in Fe (d) pelectrons in Cl 
53. The ratio of magnetic moments of Fe(III) and Co (II) is
57. The orbital diagram in which the Aufbau principle is violated, is
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
58. The total number of orbitals in the principal shell of He ^{+}
that has energy equal to
hcR
4
, is (R = Rydberg constant)
(a) 
4 
(b) 
16 
(c) 
9 
(d) 
none of these 
59. Which of the following sets of three quantum numbers
(,n l and m) that does not give the permissible solution
(a) 
3 :
7

(b) 
7 :
3

(c) 
7 : 3 
(d) 
3 : 7 
54. The magnetic moments of Cu (Z = 29), Ti (Z = 22), and Cr (Z = 24) are in the ratio of
(a)
(c)
(b)
(d)
4:
_{1}_{:}
5 :1
55. Which of the following is not correct about the product of velocity of electron in Bohr’s orbit and the principal quantum number in a hydrogenic atom or ion?
(a) 
It is independent of the principal quantum number 
(b) 
It is independent of the energy of electron 
(c) 
It has no dependence of nuclear charge 
(d) 
It varies proportionately with the nuclear charge 
56. Which of the following orbital diagram violates the Pauli’s exclusion principle?
of Schrodinger wave equation?
(a) 
3, 2, 2 
(b) 
4, 2, 0 
(c) 
4, 3, –3 
(d) 
4, 2, 3 
60. If the subsidiary quantum number of a subenergy level is 4, the maximum and minimum values of the spin multiplicities are
(a) 
9, 1 
(b) 
10, 1 
(c) 
10, 2 
(d) 
4, –4 
61. The correct set of quantum numbers for the unpaired electron of scandium (Z = 21) is
(a)
(c)
4, 2, 2,
3, 1, 1,
1
2
1
2
(b)
(d)
3, 2, –2,
3, 2, 3,
1
2
1
2
62. The orbital of next higher energy than that of n p orbital is
(a) 
nd 
(b) 
(n + 1)p 
(c) 
(n + 1) d 
(d) 
(n + 1) s 
2s 
2p 
2s 
2p 

(a) 
(b) 

2s 
2p 
2s 
2p 

(c) 
(d) 
63. The magnetic moment of a particular ion is _{2}
ion is
_{6} B.M. The
(a) 
Mn ^{2}^{+} 
(b) 
Fe ^{3}^{+} 
(c) 
Co ^{2}^{+} 
(d) 
Co ^{3}^{+} 
IITJEE CHEMISTRY Challenger
64. The electronic configuration of Mn ^{2}^{+} is
3d 
4s 

(a) 
[Ar] 

3d 
4s 

(b) 
[Ar] 

3d 
4s 

(c) 
[Ar] 

3d 
4s 

(d) 
[Ar] 
65. The number of concentric spherical surfaces for 3s orbital at which the probability of finding the electron is zero, are
(a) 
0 
(b) 
1 
(c) 
2 
(d) 
3 
66. Which of the following graphs represents the radial charge density of 3d electron?
67. Which two orbitals are both located along the axes, and not between the axes?
(a)
(c)
d
xy
,
d
z
2
d _{y}_{z} , p _{x}
(b)
(d)
d _{x}_{y} , p _{z}
p _{z} ,
d
x
2
y
2
68. The wave number of electromagnetic radiation emitted during the transition in between two energy levels of Li ^{2}^{+} ion whose principal quantum number sum is 4 and difference is 2, is
(a)
(c)
3.5 R _{H}
8 R _{H}
(b)
(d)
4 R _{H}
^{8}
9
R
H
69. In order to have a wavelength of 1Å associated with an electron, the accelerating electric potential must be
(a) 
10 V 
(b) 
150 V 

(c) 
15 
V 
(d) 
1 V 
70. A principal shell having the highest energy subshell to be ‘g’ can accomodate electrons to a maximum of
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(a)
(c)
18
25
(b)
(d)
32
50
71. A 5 ‘g’ orbital has
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
0 angular and radial nodes both
0 radial node and 2 angular nodes
4 radial nodes and 4 angular nodes
0 radial node and 4 angular nodes
72. A 3 porbital has
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
2 nonspherical nodes
2 spherical nodes
1 spherical and 1 nonspherical node
1 spherical and 2 nonspherical nodes
73. If n and l are the principal and azimuthal quantum numbers, then maximum number of electrons that a principal energy level can accomodate, is
(a)
(c)
l
l
1
n
l
1
1
n
l 0
2(2
2(2
l
l
1)
1)
(b)
(d)
l
n
l 0
2(2
l
1)
l
1
n
l 1
2(2
l
1)
74. The energy of an electron in first Bohr orbit of Hatom is – 13.6 eV. The possible energy value of electron in the excited state of Li ^{2}^{+} is
(a)
(c)
– 122.4 eV
– 30.6 eV
(b)
(d)
30.6 eV
13.6 eV
STRUCTURE OF ATOM
75. The kinetic energy of an electron in an orbit of radius r of
Li
(a)
(c)
2
ion is (e = electronic charge)
^{2}
e
r
3 e ^{2}
r
(b)
(d)
e
2
3 r
3 e
2
2 r
76. Magnetic field produced by electrons in atoms and molecules is due to their
(a) 
orbital motion only 
(b) 
spin motion only 
(c) 
spin and orbital motion both 
(d) 
neither spin nor orbital motion 
77. When an electron of Hatom jumps from a higher to lower energy state, then
(a) 
its potential energy increases 
(b) 
its kinetic energy increases 
(c) 
its angular momentum remains unchanged 
(d) 
wavelength of de Broglie wave associated with the electron increases 
78. An energy of 24.6 eV is required to remove one of the electrons from a helium atom. The energy required to remove both the electrons from helium atom is
(a) 
38.2 eV 
(b) 
49.2 eV 
(c) 
51.8 eV 
(d) 
79.0 eV 
79. As per Bohr model the potential energy of electron in the
ground state of
Li ^{}
2
is
(a) 
– 27 eV 
(b) 
– 122.4 eV 

(c) 
– 244.8 
eV 
(d) 
244.8 eV 
80. Electronic configuration of a species (atom or ion) depends upon
(a) 
total number of electrons present only 
(b) 
nuclear charge only 
(c) 
total number of electrons as well as nuclear charge 
(d) 
total number of electrons as well as number of neutrons 
81. The electron in Hatom like species makes a transition from an excited state to the ground state. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) 
Its kinetic energy increases but potential and total energy decreases 
(b) 
Its kinetic energy decreases whereas the potential and total energy remains the same 
(c) 
Its kinetic and total energy decreases and potential energy increases 
(d) 
Its kinetic, potential and total energy decreases 
82. If the binding energy of the electron in a hydrogen atom is
13.6 eV, the energy required to remove the electron from the first excited state of Li ^{2}^{+} is
(a) 
3.4 eV 
(b) 
13.6 eV 
(c) 
30.6 eV 
(d) 
122.4 eV 
83. The shortest wavelengths of radiation emitted when an electron from infinity falls into the ionized Hatom
(
R
H
1.097
10
7
m
1
)
(a) 
91 nm 
(b) 
192 nm 

(c) 
406 nm 
(d) 
1.9 

10 
8
nm
84. According to Einstein’s Photoelectric equation, the plot of kinetic energy of photoelectron from a metal surface versus reciprocal of wavelength of incident radiation is a straight line. The slope of the line
(a) 
depends on the intensity of radiation and metal used 
(b) 
depends on the nature of the metal used 
(c) 
depends on the intensity of the radaition used 
(d) 
is the same for all metals and independent of the 
intensity of radiation
85. Photoelectric work function of a metal is 1 eV. If a light of wavelength 300 Å falls on the metal, the velocity of the photoelectron ejected will be
(a)
(c)
10
10
ms ^{}
1
4
ms ^{}
1
(b)
(d)
10
10
3
6
ms ^{}
ms ^{}
1
1
86. The work function of a metal is 4.0 eV. The longest wavelength of light that can cause photoelectron emission from this metal is approximately
(a) 
540 nm 
(b) 
400 nm 
(c) 
310 nm 
(d) 
220 nm 
87. The binding energy per nucleon of deutron (H ^{2} is 1.1 mev and that of He nucleus is 7 mev. When two deutron nuclei fuse to form helium nucleus, the energy released is
(a) 
13.9 mev 
(b) 
23.6 mev 
(c) 
29.6 mev 
(d) 
19.2 mev 
88. The electronic configuration which one of the following
122ss
2
2
51
ps3
describes
(a) 
The ground state of neon 

(b) 
The ground state of 
F 

anion 
(c) 
The ground state of oxide anion 

(d) 
The excited state of oxide anion 
IITJEE CHEMISTRY Challenger
89. Which of the following graphs depicts correctly the variation of photoelectric current, i, with the intensity, I, of incident radiation?
93. The correct relationship between wave numbers of spectral lines, in Balmer series of hydrogen atom having the least and highest wavelengths, is given by
90. If it were possible for hydrogen atom to exist with a positron as the extra nuclear particle, then the energy of positron in first excited state will be
(a) 
13.6 eV 
(b) 
3.4 eV 
(c) 
– 3.4 ev 
(d) 
6.8 eV 
91. What will be the number of spectral lines (N) observed if an electron undergoes transition from n _{2} excited level to n _{1} excited level in an atom of hydrogen ?
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
N
N
N
(
n
)(
nn
2 12
n
1
1)
(
2
nnn )(
1
22
n
1
1)
2
nn
( )(
n
2
11
n
2
1)
2
2(n _{1} – n _{2} )(n _{2} + n _{1} – 1) ^{2}
92. If the shortest wavelength of a spectral line in Lyman series for He ^{+} is ‘x’, then what will be the largest wave length of a spectral line in Balmer series of Li ^{2}^{+}
(a)
(c)
^{4} _{5} ^{x}
^{5} _{4} ^{x}
(b)
(d)
9 x
^{1}^{6}
x
5
(a) 
5 : 9 
(b) 
9 : 5 
(c) 
5 : 27 
(d) 
27 : 5 
94. If we apply potential difference so that an electron is
accelerated continuously in a vaccum tube such that a decrease of 10% occurs in its de Broglie wave length. In such a case the change observed in kinetic energy of electron will be approximately
(a) 
a decrease of 11% 
(b) 
an increase of 11.1% 
(c) 
an increase of 10% 
(d) 
an increase of 23.4% 
95. The approximate wave length of matter wave associated with an electron, that is accelerated by applying 100 V of
potential difference in a discharge tube, will be
(a) 
123 pm 
(b) 
12.3 pm 
(c) 
1.23 pm 
(d) 
0.123 pm 
96. Which of the following gives the correct ratio between time periods of an electron for each revolution in second and third Bohr’s orbits ?
(a) 
4 : 9 
(b) 
9 : 4 
(c) 
8 : 27 
(d) 
27 : 8 
97. Which of the following is the correct sequence for the number of nodal planes, number of nodes and number of peaks in the radial probability curve of a ‘5d’ orbital ?
(a) 
2, 3, 2 
(b) 
2, 2, 3 
(c) 
4, 3, 2 
(d) 
5, 2, 3 
98. Energy levels, A, B, C, of a certain atom correspond to increasing values of energy i.e., E _{A} < E _{B} < E _{C} . If _{1} , _{2} , _{3} are the wave lengths of radiations corresponding to the transition from C to B, B to A and C to A respectively, which of the following statements is correct ?
STRUCTURE OF _{A}_{T}_{O}_{M}
99. The given diagram indicates the energy levels of certain atoms. When the system moves from 2E level to E a photon of wave length is emitted. The wavelength of photon
102. If E is the kinetic energy of the particle then which of the following expressions is correct for de Broglie wave length of the particle ?
level to E is
100. The transition from state n = 4 to n = 3 in a hydrogen like atom results in ultraviolet radiations. Infrared radiation will be obtained in which of the following transitions ?
(a) 
n = 2 to n = 1 
(b) 
n = 3 to n = 2 
(c) 
n = 4 to n = 2 
(d) 
n = 5 to n = 4 
101. Radial part of the wave function depends upon quantum numbers
(a) 
n and s 
(b) 
l and m 
(c) 
l and s 
(d) 
n and l 
(a)
(c)
=
=
h
2 mE
^{h}
mE
(b)
(d)
=
=
h
103. Angular part of the wave function depends upon quantum
numbers
(a) 
n and l 
(b) 
l and m 
(c) 
n and s 
(d) 
l and s 
104. If two particles are associated with same kinetic energy, then the de Broglie’s wavelength ( ) of these particles is
(a) 
directly proportional to the velocity 
(b) 
inversely proportional to the velocity 
(c) 
independent of mass and velocity 
(d) 
can not be predicted 
105. An electron in the ground state of hydrogen was excited to a higher energy level using monochromatic radiations of wave length ( ) 975 Å. The longest wave length that appears in the resulting spectrum is due to transition from:
(a)
(c)
n
n 4
n
1
5
n
4
(b)
(d)
n 4
n 5
n
n
3
1
PASSAGE1
Dual Nature of Matter : Light and other electromagnetic radiations have dual nature i.e., wave and particle nature. Interference and diffraction phenomenon show the wave nature of light whereas the photoelectric effect and black body radiation phenomenon support the particle nature of light. Louis de Broglie (1924) suggested on the same grounds that all moving material particles (microscopic as well macroscopic) also have the dual nature i.e., wave and particle nature. However, the wave associated with matter, known as matter wave, has characteristics different from the electromagnetic wave. The two characters of matter are related by de Broglie equation as
_{} =
h
h
=
mv
p
(h = Planck's constant)
(1)
where denotes the wavelength associated with the moving matter object of mass m and velocity v, and p denotes the momentum of the object. Davisson and Germer determined the wavelength of matter wave associated with electrons (accelerated by an exactly known electric
potential) by studying their diffraction patterns from nickel crystal and using the relation:
2d sin = n _{}
(2)
where d denotes the spacing of lattice planes in nickel crystal, the grazing angle of incidence on the planes and n (1, 2, 3 etc.) the order of reflection. The experimentally determined value of from Eq. (2) is found to be in excellent agreement with the value of wavelength calculated using de Broglie equation as :
h h
=
IITJEE CHEMISTRY Challenger
where e is the electronic charge (coulombs) and V (volts) is the accelerating potential.
1. The momentum of hydrogen atom is given by
(a)
(c)
p
p
hv
c
mv
h
(b)
(d)
p
hv
2
Can't be predicted
2. The wavelength of matter wave associated with an electron passing through an electric potential of 5000V is given by (e = electronic charge in coulombs and m = mass of electron in Kg.)
(a)
(c)
h 10
4
m
h
10
2
m
(b)
(d)
h 10
2
m
h
10
4
m
3. If is the wavelength associated with the electron in the second circular orbit of Hatom, the radius of the orbit is given by
(a)
(c)
_{2} _{}
^{}
(b)
(d)
^{2} ^{}
where x, y, z are cartesian coordinates of the electron m = mass of electron; E = total energy of the electron; V = potential energy of the electron; h = Planck's constant and (psi) = wave function of
the electron.
The wave function may be reagarded as the amplitude function in
mc terms of coordinates x, y and z. It may have positive or negative values depending upon the values of coordinates. As such has
no significance but its square (
an electron within a small element of space. The narrow region of space in which there is maximum probability of finding the electron is called orbital.
The solution of the above equation requires three sets of numbers to be introduced, called quantum numbers. These are denoted by n, l and m and called principal, azimuthal and magnetic quantum numbers respectively. n assumes integral values (1, 2, 3, 4 etc.), l
assumes values 0 to n – 1 (all integral) and m assumes –l to +l
through zero (all integral). The principal quantum number describes the size and the energy of the orbital, l describes the shape and m the orientation of the orbital in the applied magnetic field.
The hyperfine splitting of spectral lines of Hspectrum under the electric field necessitates the introduction of fourth quantum number, the spin quantum number(s).
2 ) gives the probability of finding
Spin quantum number can take up two values
1
2
and
1
2
which
4. If the Planck's constant is 6.6 × 10 ^{–}^{3}^{4} Js, the de Broglie wavelength of a particle of mass 3.3 × 10 ^{–}^{2}^{7} kg and velocity 200 ms ^{–}^{1} will be
(a) 
2 Å 
(b) 
5 Å 
(c) 
20 Å 
(d) 
10 Å 
PASSAGE2 
Erwin Schrodinger developed an atomic model which is based on the particle and wave nature of the electron. This model describes the electron as a three dimensional stationary wave in the electronic field of positively charged nucleus. Schrodinger derived an equation which describes wave motion of an electron. The equation, widely known as Schrodinger equation, is
2 2 2 

8 

2 
m 

x 
2 

y 
2 
z 
2 
h 
2 
(
E V )
0
describe the spin angular momentum of the electron in clockwise and anticlockwise directions.
The four quantum numbers address completely a particular electron. No two electrons in an atom can have the same set of the four quantum numbers, if three numbers have the same values for the two electrons, the fourth (say s) will differ (Pauli's exclusion principle).
Orbitals are designated by specific values of n and l. Their energies are determined by the value of n + l in multielectron atom, larger is the value of n + l, the greater is the energy of the orbital. For H atom and like species (He ^{+} , Li ^{2}^{+} etc.), only the principal quantum number determines the energy of the orbital.
Various orbitals are filled with electrons in the increasing order of their energy (Aufbau principle). Degenerate orbitals (orbitals of equal energy) of a particular subshell, designated by particular
set of n + l values, are filled singly first with parallel spins; pairing
of electrons (with opposite spins) starts when all the degenerate orbitals are singly occupied. (Hund's rule)
MARK YOUR
RESPONSE
STRUCTURE OF ATOM
5. Which of the following quantum numbers is not the direct consequence of wave mechanical model of an atom?
(a) 
Principal quantum number 
(b) 
Azimuthal quantum number 
(c) 
Magnetic quantum number 
(d) 
Spin quantum number 
6. Which of the following is independent of all the three quantum numbers n, l and m in a multielectron atom?
(a) 
Energy of electron 
(b) 
Orbital angular momentum 
(c) 
Orientation of orbital 
(d) 
Spin angular momentum 
(III) The magnetic quantum number (m) determines the direction of rotation of the electron. The mathematical functions for atomic orbitals may be written as a product of two factors.
(i) 
The radial wave function describes the behaviour of an electron as a function of distance from the nucleus. 
(ii) 
The angular wave function shows how it varies with 
the direction in space. Angular wave functions do not depend on n and are features of s, p, d orbitals. Diagrammatic representations of angular functions for s, p, d orbitals are shown in figure below
7. Which set of orbitals in Li ^{2}^{+} represents degeneracy?
(a) 
2s, 3s, 4s 
(b) 
2s, 3p, 3d 
(c) 
3s, 3p, 3d 
(d) 
None of these 
8. The orbital diagram in which 'Aufbau' principle is violated, is
(a)
(c)
(b)
(d)
9. Which of the following statements is correct for an electron that has n = 4 and m = –2?
(a) 
The electron is in dorbital 

(b) 
The electron is in a porbital 

(c) 
The electron is in fourth principal electronic shell 

(d) 
The electron must have the spin quantum number to 

1 

be 

2 
PASSAGE3
The atomic orbitals of hydrogen are labelled by quantum numbers. Three integers are required for a complete specification.
(I) 
The principal quantum number (n) determines how far from the nucleus the electron is most likely to be found. 
(II) 
The angular momentum (or azimuthal) quantum number (l) determines the total angular momentum of the electron about the nucleus. 
, where mvr = angular momentum.
Fig. Shapes of s and p orbitals
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