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11/6/2017 Jan Garbarek - Wikipedia

Jan Garbarek
Jan Garbarek (born 4 March 1947)[1] is a Norwegian jazz saxophonist
Jan Garbarek
who is also active in classical music and world music.

Garbarek was born in Mysen, Norway, the only child of a former Polish
prisoner of war, Czesaw Garbarek, and a Norwegian farmer's daughter. He
grew up in Oslo, stateless until the age of seven, as there was no automatic
grant of citizenship in Norway at the time. When he was 21, he married
Vigdis. He is the father of musician and composer Anja Garbarek.[2]

1 Biography Jan Garbarek in Oslo in 2016
2 Awards and honors Background information
3 Discography Born 4 March 1947
3.1 As leader Mysen, Norway
3.2 As sideman
Origin Oslo, Norway
4 References
Genres Jazz, classical,
5 External links
Occupation(s) Musician

Biography Instruments Saxophone

Years active 1966present
Garbarek's sound is one of the hallmarks of the ECM Records label, which
has released virtually all of his recordings. His style incorporates a sharp- Labels ECM, Flying
edged tone, long, keening, sustained notes, and generous use of silence. He Dutchman
began his recording career in the late 1960s, notably featuring on Associated acts George Russell,
recordings by the American jazz composer George Russell (such as Terje Rypdal,
Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature). If he had initially appeared Bobo Stenson,
as a devotee of Albert Ayler and Peter Brtzmann, by 1973 he had turned Keith Jarrett,
his back on the harsh dissonances of avant-garde jazz, retaining only his Ralph Towner,
tone from his previous approach. Garbarek gained wider recognition Eberhard Weber,
through his work with pianist Keith Jarrett's European Quartet which Bill Frisell, David
released the albums Belonging (1974), My Song (1977) and the live Torn, Gary
recordings Personal Mountains (1979), and Nude Ants (1979).[3] He was Peacock, Hilliard
also a featured soloist on Jarrett's orchestral works Luminessence (1974) Ensemble
and Arbour Zena (1975).[4] Website www.garbarek
.com (http://www.
As a composer, Garbarek tends to draw heavily from Scandinavian folk
melodies, a legacy of his Ayler influence. He is also a pioneer of ambient
jazz composition, most notably on his 1976 album Dis a collaboration with
guitarist Ralph Towner that featured the distinctive sound of a wind harp on several tracks. This textural approach,
which rejects traditional notions of thematic improvisation (best exemplified by Sonny Rollins) in favour of a style
described by critics Richard Cook and Brian Morton as "sculptural in its impact", has been critically divisive.
Garbarek's more meandering recordings are often labeled as new-age music, a style generally scorned by more 1/4
11/6/2017 Jan Garbarek - Wikipedia

orthodox jazz musicians

and listeners, or spiritual
ancestors thereof. Other
experiments have
included setting a
collection of poems of
Olav H. Hauge to music,
with a single saxophone
complementing a full
mixed choir; this has led Garbarek with Eberhard Weber and Nana
Vasconcelos in Vancouver, Canada 1987.
to notable performances
with Grex Vocalis, but
not yet to recordings. In the 1980s, Garbarek's music began to incorporate
synthesizers and elements of world music. He has collaborated with Indian
and Pakistani musicians such as Trilok Gurtu, Zakir Hussain, Hariprasad
Chaurasia, and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. Garbarek is credited for composing
Garbarek live in 2007.
original music for the 2000 film Kippur.

In 1994, during heightened popularity of Gregorian chant, his album

Officium, a collaboration with early music vocal performers the Hilliard Ensemble, became one of ECM's biggest-
selling albums of all time, reaching the pop charts in several European countries and was followed by a sequel,
Mnemosyne, in 1999. Officium Novum, another sequel album, was released in September 2010. In 2005, his album In
Praise of Dreams was nominated for a Grammy. Garbarek's first live album Dresden was released in 2009.

Awards and honors

1999: Knight 1st Class of the Order of St. Olav
2004: Norwegian Arts Council Award
2014: Willy-Brandt-Award[5]

With Keith Jarrett

As leader Belonging (ECM, 1974)

Luminessence (ECM, 1974)
Til Vigdis (Norsk Jazzforbund, 1967)
Arbour Zena (ECM, 1975)
Esoteric Circle (Flying Dutchman, 1969)
My Song (ECM, 1977)
Afric Pepperbird (ECM, 1970)
Personal Mountains (ECM, 1979)
Sart (ECM, 1971) with Terje Rypdal
Nude Ants (ECM, 1979)
Triptykon (ECM, 1972)
Sleeper (ECM, 2012)
Witchi-Tai-To (ECM, 1973) with Bobo Stenson
Dansere (ECM, 1975) with Bobo Stenson With Egberto Gismonti
Dis (ECM, 1976) with Ralph Towner
Places (ECM, 1977) Sol Do Meio Dia (ECM, 1977)
Photo with Blue Sky, White Cloud, Wires, Windows and a My Song (ECM, 1978)
Red Roof (ECM, 1978) with Bill Connors With Charlie Haden and Egberto Gismonti
Aftenland (ECM, 1980) with Kjell Johnsen
Eventyr (ECM, 1980) with John Abercrombie and Nan Magico (ECM, 1979)
Vasconcelos Folk Songs (ECM, 1979)
Paths, Prints (ECM, 1981) with Bill Frisell Magico: Carta de Amor (ECM. 2012)
Wayfarer (ECM, 1983) with Bill Frisell and Eberhard Weber
With David Darling 2/4
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It's OK to Listen to the Gray Voice (ECM, 1985) with David Cycles (ECM, 1981)
With Zakir Hussain
All Those Born with Wings (ECM, 1987)
Legend of the Seven Dreams (ECM, 1988) with Rainer Making Music (ECM, 1986) with John
Brninghaus McLaughlin and Hariprasad Chaurasia
Rosensfole (1989) with Agnes Buen Garns
With Trilok Gurtu
I Took Up the Runes (ECM, 1990)
Ragas and Sagas (ECM, 1990 [1992]) with Fateh Ali Khan
Living Magic (1990)
StAR (ECM, 1991) with Miroslav Vitous
Atmos (ECM, 1992) with Miroslav Vitous With Manu Katch
Madar (ECM, 1992) with Anouar Brahem and Shaukat
Neighbourhood (ECM, 2006)
Twelve Moons (ECM, 1992) With Eleni Karaindrou
Officium (ECM, 1994) with the Hilliard Ensemble
Visible World (ECM, 1995) Music For Films (ECM, 1991)
Rites (ECM, 1998) Concert in Athens (ECM, 2013)
Mnemosyne (ECM, 1999) with the Hilliard Ensemble With Kim Kashkashian
In Praise of Dreams (ECM, 2004)
Dresden (ECM, 2009) live album Monodia (2002)
Officium Novum (ECM, 2010) with the Hilliard Ensemble With Marilyn Mazur

Elixir (2007)
As sideman With Gary Peacock
With Karin Krog
December Poems (ECM, 1977)
Jazz Moments (1966) Voice from the Past - Paradigm (ECM, 1981)
Til Vigdis (1967) Guamba (ECM, 1987)
Joy (1968) With L. Shankar
With Terje Rypdal
Vision (1983)
Bleak House (Polydor, 1968) Song for Everyone (1985)
Terje Rypdal (ECM, 1971) With Paul Giger
With George Russell
Alpstein (ECM, 1991)
Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature (Flying With Giya Kancheli
Dutchman, 1969)
Trip to Prillarguri (Soul Note, 1970) Caris Mere (1995)
Listen to the Silence (Soul Note, 1971)
With Miroslav Vitous
With Art Lande
Universal Syncopations (ECM, 2003)
Red Lanta (ECM, 1973)
With Eberhard Weber
With Ralph Towner
Chorus (ECM, 1984)
Solstice (ECM, 1975) Stages of a Long Journey (ECM, 2007)
Solstice/Sound and Shadows (ECM, 1977) Rsum (ECM, 2012)
With Jan Erik Vold With Kenny Wheeler

Hav (Philips, 1971) Deer Wan (ECM, 1977)

Ingentings Bjeller (Polydor, 1977)
With Bill Connors

Of Mist and Melting (ECM, 1977)

References 3/4
11/6/2017 Jan Garbarek - Wikipedia

1. Hultin, Randi (2002). "Garbarek, Jan". In Barry Kernfeld. The new Grove dictionary of jazz, vol. 2 (2nd ed.). New
York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. pp. 1112. ISBN 1561592846.
2. Allmusic biography (
3. Yanow, S. Allmusic Biography ( accessed 5 November 2009
4. Keith Jarret discography ( accessed 5 November 2009
5. (

External links
Official website (
Jan Garbarek on ECM Records (
Jan Garbarek ( on IMDb
Jan Garbarek's daughter, singer Anja Garbarek's website (
Jan Garbarek Group @ Theatre Lycabettus concert review, Greece (

Preceded by Recipient of the Buddyprisen Succeeded by
Jon Christensen 1968 Arild Andersen
Preceded by Recipient of the Gammleng-prisen Succeeded by
First award in 1982 1982 Karin Krog
Recipient of the Norsk kulturrds
Preceded by Succeeded by
Jon Fosse Agnes Buen Garns

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