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This specification establishes the requirement for fabrication of Pressure Vessels as per the
drawings enclosed with the specifications.


The most commonly used standard in the manufacture of pressure vessels in India is ASME
Section VIII Div. (1). The standards to be followed for the manufacturing of pressure vessels
are the following:
1. ASME Section VIII Div. (1): Rules for construction of Unfired Pressure Vessels.
2. ASME Section VIII Div. (2): Alternative rules for construction of Unfired Pressure
3. ASME Section VIII Div. (3): Rules for construction of High Pressure Vessels.
4. IS 2825: Indian Standard code for Unfired Pressure Vessels.
5. BS 5500: Specification for Unfired Fusion Welded Pressure Vessels.
6. Chapter J of Rules and Regulations for the Construction and Classification of Steel
ships Lloyds register of Shipping.
7. AD Merkblater Technical rules for Pressure Vessels.


All materials for fabrication work shall conform to the specifications issued by SEEPCO. No
substitution of equivalent material is permissible unless specifically authorized by SEEPCO
through a Design Change Request (DCR).

Fabricator shall maintain a positive system of identification for the materials used in fabrication
in order that all materials in the completed work shall be easily traceable to its origin. The
Purchaser shall approve the system.


a. The fabricator shall, submit before starting work, a detailed Construction programme / BAR
chart adhering to the completion time as accepted under Delivery Schedule Clause of this Order
to the LPG Projects Department.

b. Fabricator shall fabricate, inspect, test, package and deliver the vessels as per details given
in this specification. Fabricator's scope of work shall terminate only when the equipment
with attachments and supports are delivered in good condition, without any damage, at the
Project Site.

c. Detailed manufacturing plans and sequence of assembly to be adopted for fabrication of these
vessels shall be submitted for approval of the.

d. The fabrication of equipment shall be carried out in a separate enclosed clean area, specially
reserved for tendered jobs. The area will be reserved for Stainless Steel Fabrication exclusively
ensuring full protection against cross contamination, airborne or through tools. The cutting,
grinding tools & tackles employed for this job shall be new and shall be of compatible grade &
MOC. Utmost care shall be taken in upkeep of fabrication environment to ensure clean surfaces.
Every cutting, grinding, welding, shifting operation shall be proceeded and preceded by
thorough cleaning of the surface by approved cleaning agents to ensure ingress free weld joints
and deposit free equipment surface.

e. Identification reference markings on materials shall be transferred prior to cutting of materials.

The markings shall be located as to be clearly visible on the outside after completed fabrication.
However, markings made, if any, on surfaces exposed to corrosive service shall be removed.

f. The fabricator shall comply in all respects with the provision of the applicable codes, standards
and specification during fabrication with respect to tolerances, welding, fabrication, forming of
heads, radiography, heat treatment, inspection, testing and quality control etc. unless &
otherwise specified.

g. Plates of different thicknesses shall be made flush with the inner surfaces of equipment unless
otherwise stated.

h. All dish heads shall preferably of single piece construction. Larger heads which cannot be
formed in one piece shall be fabricated as follows with prior approval from Owner.
i. In two pieces, with the welding seam included in the middle third and preferably on the
centre line.
ii. In petal construction, with meridian seams and a central cap of diameter not larger than
0.75 times the vessel outside diameter.

i. Due provisions must be kept for venting out entrapped gases during welding of pads, flanges
and liner plates etc.

j. All welding shall be carried out by qualified welders using approved procedures in compliance
with the requirements of codes, standards & specifications and shall be duly certified by the
concerned inspecting authority. All welding procedures must be got approved from authorized
inspecting authority & Owner before starting any fabrication job. Welding of all parts must be
completed before heat treatment. For all welds, Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) must
be provided.

k. All welds shall be full penetration welds with back chipping and re-welding from the second
side. For those joints which are inaccessible for back chipping the root run shall be carried out
with TIG process. Single side welding with backing strips is not permitted.

l. All sharp corners shall be rounded off with smooth radius. Inside edge of manhole and hand
hole at the internal surface shall be rounded to minimum radius 5 mm.

m. All flange bolts shall straddle centre line unless otherwise stated.
n. In case of nozzle with butt-end construction, extra length shall be provided to facilitate
hydraulic testing and subsequently cutting and edge preparation to suit piping welding at site.

o. All nozzles less than or equal to NB 65 mm shall be stiffened with three equi-spaced plate ribs
of the same material as that of shell.