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UNIDAD 5 TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE

GOING TO

WILL

OBJETIVOS:
Identificar y emplear expresiones que permitan hablar sobre situaciones en el futuro.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: FUTURE


Si Ud. desea hablar de planes futuros puede utilizar la expresin be going to
What are you going to do?

Im going to study tonight


Voy a estudiar esta noche

He is going to celebrate his birthday this weekend


El va a celebrar su cumpleaos el fin de semana

FORMA AFIRMATIVA - FORMA NEGATIVA


Afirmacin Negacin
Im going to run Im not going to run
Youre going to run Youre not going to run
Hes going to run Hes not going to run
Shes going to run Shes not going to run
Its going to run Its not going to run
Were going to run Were not going to run
Youre going to run Youre not going to run
Theyre going to run Theyre not going to run
FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Preguntas (questions) Respuestas (answers)


Am I going to run? Yes, youre going to run. No, youre not going to fly
Are you going to run? Yes, Im going to run. No, Im not going to run.
Is he going to run? Yes, hes going to run. No, hes not going to run.
Is she going to run? Yes, shes going to run. No, shes not going to run.
Is it going to run? Yes, its going to run. No, its not going to run.
Are we going to run? Yes, were going to run. No, were not going to run.
Are you going to run? Yes, yore going to run. No, youre not going to run.
Are they going to run? Yes, theyre going to run. No, theyre not going to run.

ACTIVIDAD

a. Lea y traduzca al castellano (Read and translate to Spanish).


1. Theyre going to go dancing. ................................................................................
2. Shes going to read. ................................................................................
3. Shes going to go for a walk. ................................................................................
4. Hes going to go swimming. ................................................................................
5. Theyre going to go to a restaurant. ................................................................................
6. Hes going to watch television. ................................................................................
7. Hes going to see a movie. ................................................................................
8. We are going to work. ................................................................................

ACTIVIDAD

Usando going to y las palabras entre parntesis arme preguntas y responda. (Using going to . and
words between parenthesis ask questions and give answers).
Ejemplo:
Are you going to do anything this weekend? No, Im not. Im going to stay home
What are they going to do this weekend? Theyre going to go dancing
(when / you / visit me again? ).............................................( what time / Tom /
phone you tonight? ).............................................( how long / your friends / stay
here? ).............................................( what time / you / get up tomorrow? )........
.....................................
ACTIVIDAD

Una las oraciones (Match the sentences)


1Yoko is homesickAShes going to the ear, nose and throat doctor.2Bertha has a hearing problem.B Im going to
sleep in a few minutes.3Peters raincoat is dirtyCShes going to a photography show tomorrow.4Lulu likes
photogtaphy.DShes going to be a grandmother.5The Winstons car doesnt work.ETheyre going to take it to the car
repair shop.

Lalas en voz alta.

What are you going to do for Valentines Day?


Im going to go to a dance.
Im not going to go to a restaurant.

Where are you going to go?


Were going to go to Lagunas.
Were not going to stay home.

How are you going to get there?


Were going to drive.
Were not going to take a bus.

Whos going to be there?


My friends are going to be there.
My sister isnt going to be there.

La estructura going to junto a am, is o are, equivalen al espaol voy, vas, va, vamos, van a y
se utiliza para expresar una intencin.
Im going to buy some books tomorrow.
Voy a comprar libros maana.

Sarah is going to to selll her car.


Sarah va a vender su auto.

Are you going to invite John to your party?


Vas a invitar a John a tu fiesta?

ACTIVIDAD

Escriba sobre los planes que Ud. Tiene para sus vacaciones. (Write about your vacation plans)
Ejemplo:
Are you going to fly? Yes, I am
No, Im not

Are you going to drive? ...............................................


Are you going to rent a car? ...............................................
Are you going to travel alone? ...............................................
What city are you going to visit? ...............................................
How long are you going to stay? ...............................................
Are you going to visit museums? ...............................................

GRAMMAR FOCUS: WILL


Se usa will para hablar tambin del futuro en forma afirmativa. La expresin en futuro se forma
utilizando will ms el infinitivo sin to. En lugar de will puede utilizarse su contracccin ll

Si Ud. desea expresar el futuro en forma negativa deber emplear will + not o su contraccin
wont

En el siguiente cuadro se resume lo antedicho:

Pronombre Will Verbo en infinitivo


I you - we - they Will ( ll ) be
win
he she it Will not ( wont ) come
eat

Sara will be in Rome tomorrow


Sara estar en Roma maana.

She will not be here for your party


No estar aqu para tu fiesta.

Si Ud. desea expresarse en el tiempo futuro en la forma interrogativa deber estructurar la frase
de la siguiente manera:

Will Pronombre Verbo en infinitivo


be?
I - you - we - they win?
Will
He - she - it come?
eat?

Will you be at home this evening? Yes, I will. No, I wont.


Estar en su casa esta noche? Si No

Interprete el sentido del siguiente dilogo, recurra al diccionario o al translator de internet


frente a cualquier duda.

Bertha Listen to that rain. It sure is rainning hard. When will it stop?
Lulu Dont worry. It wont last long.
Bertha How do you know?
Lulu It never does.
Bertha Whats the forecast for this afternoon?
Lulu It will be warm and sunny.
Bertha Then, I wont clean the kitchen. Ill go to the beach instead.
Lulu Good idea. Ill meet you at the beach and Ill show you photos of my last trip.
Bertha Seen you then.
ACTIVIDAD

1. El mes que viene Helen viajar a Europa. Observe su plan de viaje y escriba dnde estar en las fechas entre
parntesis. (Next week Helen will go to Europe. Look at her plan and write where she will be).

(8th) Shell be in Paris 6 9 Paris


(25th) . 23 28 Athens
(14th) 11 15 Vienna
2. Escriba la negacin de las siguientes frases (Write negative sentences)
Ejemplo:
Youll sleep. You wont sleep.

Ill forget. ..
It will happen. ..
Youll find it. ..

Vocabulary: The weather


Busque los significados de las siguientes palabras en el diccionario e identifquelas con las figuras.
Look up the meaning of the following words in the dictionary and match them with the pictures:

CLOUDY FOGGY RAINY SUNNY


SNOWY WINDY COLD HOT

Its winter. Its summer.


Its snowing. Its very hot and humid.
Its minus five degrees.
Its thirty- five.

Its summer. Its fall.


Its warm and sunny. Its windy.
Its twenty five degrees. Its cool and cloudy.

Its spring. Its winter.


Its raining. Its cool. Its very cold.
Its seventeen degrees. Its one degree.
Cuando queremos preguntar acerca del clima, preguntamos:
Whats the weather like?
La respuesta ser:
Its ..
(palabra referida al clima)

Por ejemplo:

Whats the weather like?


Its rainy.

Whats the weather like?


Its sunny.

Practice:
CI Aguirre and C2 Lpez are talking on the deck of GC Mantilla:
Aguirre: Uh oh
Lpez: Whats the matter?
Aguirre: Its raining, and its very cold.
Lpez: Well, youre wearing a coat.
Aguirre: But Im not wearing boots! And its
zero degrees Celsius!
Lpez: Thets really cold.
Aguirre: So lets go inside.
Lpez: Great idea. Come on!

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