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DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CENTRE FOR DIPLOMA STUDIES UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA DAM 20503

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CENTRE FOR DIPLOMA STUDIES UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA

DAM 20503 : THERMODYNAMICS

Tutorial 1: Basic Concepts and Definitions

1.

A definite area or space where some thermodynamic process takes place is known as

what?

2.

Explain the meaning of open system.

3.

Explain what isolated system is.

4.

Explain and list extensive property of a thermodynamic system

5.

Explain and list intensive property of a thermodynamic system.

6.

Explain first and second laws of thermodynamics with application.

7.

Discuss four (4) types of Equilibrium

8.

When two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with a third body they are also in thermal

equilibrium with each other. What is this statement called?

9.

What is the difference between the classical and the statistical approaches to

thermodynamics?

10.

The temperature at which the volume of a gas becomes zero is called

11.

The value of one bar (in SI units) is equal to?

12.

The absolute zero pressure will be?

13.

Absolute zero temperature is taken as?

14.

The unit of energy in SI units is?

15.

One watt is equal to?

16.

What is the meaning of energy?

JKM,PPD,UTHM,2017

17. What is the conservation of energy principle?

18. What is the definition of the first law of thermodynamics?

19. Why do you need to study thermodynamics, and please give five (5) examples of

practical thermodynamic device?

20. What is the definition of surroundings, system and boundary?

21. What is the meaning of closed system, open system and isolated system? And please

shows the figure each of them.

Calculation

22. A 3kg plastic tank that has a volume of 0.2 m 3 is filled with liquid water. Assuming the density of water is 1000 kg/m 3 , determine the weight of the combined system. (Answer: 1991N)

23. Determine the mass and the weight of the air contained in a room whose dimensions are 6m x 6m x 8m. Assume the density of the air is 1.16 kg/m 3 . (Answers: 334.1 kg, 3277 N)

24. A vacuum gage connected to a chamber reads 35 kPa at a location where the atmospheric pressure is 92 kPa. Determine the absolute pressure in the chamber. (Answer: 57kPa)

25. A gas is contained in a vertical, frictionless pistoncylinder device. The piston has a mass of 4 kg and a cross-sectional area of 35 cm 2 . A compressed spring above the piston exerts a force of 60 N on the piston. If the atmospheric pressure is 95 kPa, determine the pressure inside the cylinder. (Answer: 123.4kPa)

26. A manometer containing oil (ρ = 850 kg/m 3 ) is attached to a tank filled with air. If the oil-level difference between the two columns is 60 cm and the atmospheric pressure is 98 kPa, determine the absolute pressure of the air in the tank. (Answer: 103kPa).

JKM,PPD,UTHM,2017