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M-ESC-U-LAW
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LAW (PAPER-I)
ITime Allowed : Three Hours I Maximum Marks : 250 I
QUESTION SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS
(Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions)

There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and
in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted
choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which
must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the
space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the
authorized one.
Word limit in questions, if specified, should be adhered to.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a
question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank
in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

1 [ P.T.O.

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/ SECTION-A

1. (a) 'qWl' *"141 Rl e 'q cfil 3l"Cfm\Ull cfil


Explain the concept of 'Federalism' as incorporated in the Indian Constitution. 10

fbJ

"The procedure adopted for amending the Constitution is unique; it is not rigid
yet difficult." Elaborate. 10

(c) -qP(ftfl(l 00 "3;r 1R \ifl (fCf) >f\TIC{ I iltquft



The rule against bias strikes at such factors which may improperly influence in
arriving at a decision. Comment. 10

(d) Cfln "BG-4 cfil


What do you understand by the term 'Eminent Domain'? Discuss its relevance
in the present-day context. 10

reJ -BmtR\ f.ro1fu cmn 'mm


cfil 1

Discuss the relationship between 'Fundamental Rights' and 'Directive


Principles of State Policy' in the light of the constitutional amendments and
decided cases. 10

2. (a) 3lltm 1R cfil cfil


Discuss the legislative powers of the Union and States as provided in the
Constitution on the basis of subjects and territory. 20

(b) cf,1 q;8 cf,1 cfil


Discuss 'Residuary Powers' of the Parliament to legislate. 15

(c) "SPWfl f?lq:; 00 f.rqfur q;8 cfil I f.rqfur cnr 3'1 q t I" I
"The need for administrative rule making entails delegated legislation."
Comment. 15

3. (a) cfil Cfli441R-!Cfll "Cf)l "Ba)-q $ RlitttCfl{ (fif


3'1 {1\7414 Cfim cnr 3ij)4 Iel"i ""i 'Cf)"{ \% mI
Briefly enumerate the executive powers of the President, especially when two or
more States are involved in non-observance of an inter-State agreement. 15

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{b) 2014 ll 3"lr(1f.tf%a fu;&Rr cf?r S'Q. '3'iXf '"414k141 ll
cf?r cf?r "tR
While discussing the underlying principle of the 99th Amendment Act, 2014,
comment on the present system of appointment of judges to the Higher
Judiciary in the country. 20

(c) cf?r cf?r ,ft -wm fct m


3lCr.ft q;) WT tI
Discuss the powers and tunchons ot the Umon Pubhc Commission.
Also explain how it has maintained its impartiality. 15

4. (a)
11
q)T f.l<:rq 31'fq; "ffi')' Ch!"lf-14(1 fu;&Rr "q\ 31ltnft'a t -rnt; q)T

m t1'' fcfi q)RUT -rnt; q)T m


lRllRT -rnt; CfiT m t1
"The 'Rule of Law' is based on the principle of legality and is opposed to
exercise of arbitrary powers." Discuss. Explain whether failure to give reasons
amounts to exercising power arbitrarily. 20

(b) SlltiH1R<h il tftlt11R4i '3m


SlltiHiR<h q;) <fiCh il cf?r
The role of 'Ombudsman' is to correct the administrative faults which are
troubling the rights of a person in view of proliferation of trading entities.
Discuss. 15

(c) " <f?.TT cf?r t fct m cg


"Wn t1"
" 'The Policy and Guideline Theory' presupposes delivery of justice by
quasi-judicial authority." Elaborate it. 15

/ SECTION-B

5. (a) cf?r mtrn: cf?r 1


Discuss the nature and basis of International Law. 10

(b) 1:fRCI il Oll'f$ cf?r cT


Discuss the status of individual in International Law especially with respect to
Human Rights Treaties. 10

(c) -mq f.m:<f t 3ltH q;l M


fcrotn\ffil il t I
llf.fcfi
A treaty is void if it conflicts with an existing or new or emerging peremptory
norm of International Law or jus co gens' at the time of its inclusion. Comment. 10

3 [ P.T.O.

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(d) cp;n cfit 1:% "3'ffiTl rn "B\fi >ICfiR cnr a:t2lCn
fcmq >ICfiR cnr 3l2lCn cnr t
fcrcf;m Gfltrcfi t?
Discuss whether the trend of convention providing a special clause prohibiting
all kinds of reservations or some or specific or special kind of reservation or
prohibiting reservations totally will hinder the growth of International Law. 10

(e) 3Htdt}ll fcrtt:r, CfiT t I


International Law evidences the evidentiary theory of recognition. Discuss. 10

6. (a) >renT\ \ffiCf 3H1<ft)ll CfiT 3{rr GR TRff t, 1J;Cf


fcriltn\ffif cfit rn fcrtt:r cnr >f"lM fcnlll

Discuss how International Law becomes part of the law of the labd in India. In
case of conflict between the International Law and Municipal Law, which one
would be applied by the Municipal Courts of this country? Explain. 20

(b) cp;rf 'lmf, \ffiCf-1i.o qJ<fCtll\q) *it51ll(11 Clim fcf;


rl!llllt?lli 'q)'ql lFft t?lhsf{11 "Y'lfuf 1i.o
TRff t cfit lllTr t? Oli'Tllll
Can India invoke the India-UK Mutual Legal Assistance Agreement for
extraditing an Indian national who has run away to UK in spite of an Indian
Court order in respect of fraud and money laundering against him? Explain. 15

(c) 3ir(l<ltlll fcrtt:r 1J;Cf 3ir(l<it)ll lfRCi fcrtt:r cp;n


Oli'Tllll I
What are the essential differences between the International Humanitarian
Law and International Human Rights Law? Explain. 15

7. (a) M ctW: 3ir(l<lt)ll mf?rct


cfit cfit
Discuss the legal regime of 'right of innocent passage' through the territorial
waters (including international straits) of a State. 20

(b) M cfit llWI'l G1 en G1 cfit *ifiliR-1<1 lffiCR: \fi mftR1 t ,


q fcrtt:r cfit I
Discuss the law of delimitation of the continental shelf of a State including the
continental shelf common to two or more States. 20

(c) 1i.o "tBo 3i"f;{ G "ffi 3ili; G m, 1982 a:tuntfR "tfiT< G "ffi 3ili;
G m tlo a:ilo 1J;Cf CfiT "CI'uR
Discuss the functions, powers and jurisdiction of the International Tribunal
for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) established under the UN Convention on the Law
of the Sea, 1982. 10

?Jt-ese-u-.th/52 4

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i'

8. (a) CITG1 "B 3'H'HTtl'4 cf;l


Discuss the constituent elements of an international rule of customary law
with thf" hP:lp nf r:::tsf"s 10

(b) 3HHTtl'4 fcrcnGl -:cni\ VI -q fcffm "B


CfiT CfUR "B -q

Discuss, with the help ot relevant case law, var1ous methods spec1hcally
mentioned under Chapter VI of the UN Charter to resolve international
disputes peacefully. Also discuss the role of Security Council in this regard. 20

(C) <i_O 2015 3'Rf1fct cn\R .q 3TRP:r cnl 195


"B M Cfim 31clmfto tlo
<i_o "Q3o fcfi<n
fen '"WTfl'fi' Wn m "IDU f;!mfta t 3H'HTtl'4
'"'1111 3ltPlR <n '"'1111 m7ft 1
311<:H'4cn "TTI cn1 cnm fcrcrn 1
Final words of Paris Agreement under the UNFCCC, 2015 was adopted
unanimously by 195 countries. According to this Agreement, Nationally
Determined Contributions (NDC) are to be reported every 5 years and are to be
registered with UNFCCC Secretariat which will be 'progressive' depending upon
the targets set by each country itself and therefore contributions have been
made 'non-binding' as a matter of International Law and there will be a 'name
and shame system' or 'name and encourage plan'.
After explaining essential features, comment on the effectiveness of such an
Agreement. 20

***

m-&se-u-.t/lkl/ 52 5 7BS-630

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..
cs IM-6Sc-D-LAW I

II I Paper II
f.#.rffi:?r triRf : rft:r eR
Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximu m Marks : 250


ij)Q4/ JIR1i; 3W( #"" r[!l PIR!Rf&rt JIRl'h q;T Ullrf'l.,riih TTl :
f \ill qT &us/'ll
3110 WrT f (fP.!T ft.:* 3fk q}# ll f I
T:ftt1972/f wF w# "3fT( # f I
Jl# #?lll1 3/k 5 31t:lcn4 "! (fP.!T ff ?1 >IMCt> ?9U5 ?1 CfilT-"8-CfilT WrT fiFtff rfl;r
I
J!R/'lPT 3iCfi mrR 7Jlf ff I
w# "3fT( "3ift mum ff fffii \if# iltfi!l!. !JieCt>l t
Jliffl-w ff RPn TfliT 3/k fff
CfiT p:rtSC f!.) jfidCht TK 3fFcna R($sc "f2IR" TK RPn
lifRT illfi!l!. I J/fijf&d 31/dR.m 3P1 fittlt lfl!4lf ff fffli 7Jlf '3fR" TK CfiTf 3iCfi fTr<# I
JTRT ff #tJ:rr, fcrf.tfik CfiT 3fj8< Of FcPIT lifRT iltfi!l!. I
JTRT clft TfURT 5hlflj87< clft iilll!,if/ I q;rcr #{ aT WrT '3fR" clft TfURT clft ii/71!,4J
CW Wrr TfliT jtidCt>l ff 311 rp:! 3#! W 8
q;rcr lifRT iltfi!l!. I
Questi on Paper Specifi c Instruc tions
Please read each of the followin g instruct ions carefull y before attempt ing
question s:
There are EIGHT questions divided in 7WO SECTIO NS and printed both in HINDI and
in ENGLIS H.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any THREE are to be
attempte d choosing at least ONE from each section.
The number of marks carried by a question / part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admissio n Certificate which
must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space
provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the
authorized one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a
question shall be cou1Ut1d even if attempte d partly. Any page or pnrti.nn of the page left
blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
M-6Sc- D-LAW 1.

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SECTION A

Q1 . f.:lcti#lfuia s.f4q; CfiT Htllfftl 150 -ij I SIIC4QI;fi CJ


f.:luh:i'i cfrr CfiT 'elf2R I
Answer the following in about 150 words each. Support your answer
with legal provision s and judicial pronounc ements. 10x5=50

(a) lff3fT HtffiuT 11 %g, Cf -:qfur "CR


fcRm: cnfi 1" 11 51Cfil:tl 11
q;r W&TUT chlNll!\ I
"In determinin g the quantum of criminal liability, the law takes into
account the motive, magnitude and character of the offender." Examine
this statement in the light of absence of mens rea in statutory offences. 10

(b) f.'lqi(UI 1988, eq<h'f CfiT 3ltFft"


5,{)q4)JI "Q\<i "Cfi8 -ij- UCfidl 1" Qcquft chlNll!\ I
''The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 prevents the public servants
from misuse and abuse of their official capacity." Comment. 10

(c) "3N)" m"R 11 mtf qf{qJ"i 3l1<IT 1" flcqoft I


''No fault liability rule has undergone a drastic change in the recent
past." Comment. 10

(d) m\ifR -ij-, 3ij'ilf.:lct ;r@ m I


3lffiCIT, q;1 CfWfT mo-r fc6 q
cr2ftRtct Cf CWOT :3lf 1" Qcquft I
"Malice is not to be inferred merely from the acquittal of the plaintiff.
The plaintiff must prove independen tly of the acquittal that his
prosecution was malicious and without reasonable and probable cause."
Comment. 10
(e) 11, 51fsh41 eft!ctl
2005 q;r e'ilffi'il"il("'iCfi W&TUT chlNll!\ I
Critically examine the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendme nt)
Act, 2005 especially with reference to plea bargaining . 10
--
M-6Sc-J:) -LAW

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Q2. (a) -a cfiT mu 124A,
q;) 19(1)(a) WU q;fi I
"tR 411--4"1 <fm Ufcf\TR
19(2) -ij ''"ffiq; -ij" -ij 1" flcqoft I
"Section 124A of the IPC dealing with sedition is ultra-vires of the
Constitutio n insofar as it seeks to punish merely bad feelings against
the Governmen t. It is an unreasonab le restriction on freedom of speech
and expression guaranteed under Article 19(1)(a) and is not saved under
Article 19(2) of the Constitutio n by the expression uin the interest of
public order"." Comment. 20

(b) "J:fRCf C{tl, fiHT ttcf4l\il"1 3ll<ffi -ij 3lfCfi\ -ij Cfilf{d
QT, "ffi -;ffll 1" am f.tofll\il fcrttr CflT
WPJ"Gr 4>l l!\ I
"Culpable homicide is not murder, if if is committed without
premeditat ion, in a sudden fight in the heat of passion." Critically
examine the statement with leading case law. 15

(c) CJ
CXlfu> cr mtH
q;p:f 31Wd' Cf -ij"
1" chlNll!\ I mor
"A man is not criminally responsible for unintended and unknown
consequenc es of his lawful acts performed in a lawful manner; by lawful
means with proper care and caution." Elucidate. 15

Q3. (a) cfiT Qlf.f, ";{ "ffi 8.lfa ";{ 1"


qf{JlJOfl3 1l. 041&41 I
"Harm suffered voluntarily does not constitute a legal injury and is not
actionable. " Elaborate along with its limitations . 20

(b) ''tRg m CflT $ -;ffll q cfiT mm


1" f.tof41
I
''Direct evidence of negligence, however, is not always necessary and the
same may be inferred from the circumstan ces of the case." Elucidate
with cases. 15
(c) q;) q;) mm
\JtiQ\111, wu m
Sl f{tq 14' JOf 1"1 t11 PlctiRCfl q;) crre.t tR "ffi1l Cf)T 3lWJ WOT
m crre.T -a m 1" f.tof4\il fcrttr -a l!\ 1
"It is immateria l whether the defendant intended the defamatory
statement to apply to the plaintiff or knew of the plaintiff's existence if
the statement might reasonably be by Lhust:: who knew the
plaintiff, to refer to him." Elucidate with case law. 15
M-6SC-D -LAW 3

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Q4. (a) m&lUT 1986 d("ihlci)"'f 51CIRfd fcrftr
3iRtRm mlT ;r fcti 3i641Cfi<Ul -ij 1" "ChT
e 41 =q"'f k4 Ch tRT&lUT Q\ 1
"Provisions of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 shall be in addition to
and not in derogation of the provisions of any other law for the time
being in force." Critically examine the statement. 15
(b) q;) iRH fcrftr "Cf)l em "tR
dJ 11"11 mtl"'f1 41\it"'f >rft(f m\jff(ft
1" &II&II c:f)) Nl Q\ I
"The law making conspiracy a crime is designed to curb immoderat e
power to do mischief which is gained by a combinatio n of the means."
Explain. 15
(c) "ChT ChRICIIe mor CfQ elchtf.ICh ChiOJIR -ij <IT m
m -ij m, -ij m, lfT1if -ij \ifii'B (Sf;{\Cf){OI m
I" Ptof4\i1
fcrftr eta e I GTRJ q;) c:f)) Q\ I
''Every confineme nt of the person is an imprisonm ent, whether it be in a
common prison or in a private house, or in the stocks or even by forcibly
detaining one in the public streets." Explain with the help of case law. 20

M-6SC-D -LAW

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SECTIO NB

Q5. f.h.. {f;wfuift ctrr Mlcql 150 1l i.f\f"Gtl{ I 34Y)'ffi ftfftrcn 3ffi
f.loiqf cfiT ctrr chlf"Gtl{ I
An9wcr the followin g in about 150 P.Rr.h. Suppor t yolU" answer
with relevan t legal provisio ns and decided cases. 1 Ox5=50

(a) ''f<=fttRI SFRtlq cfflt cfiT \ikt<ft lH41J:S{ cfiT


I (fQ Cfift -;r crrtm \iff 3fu: -;r \iff
-rr=-:::rr'''
I
I
"An offer is to an acceptance what a lighted match-st ick is to a train of
gunpowder. It produces somethin g which cannot be recalled or
undone" - Anson. Explain. 10

(b) ef4GI -ij W Gil '10{1R-fq; Glfil<:"CI' Qlm


m<rr I 41R-fq; Glfli<:"CI -ij W<IT m
ef4G' W1 CfiT GWT WIT, 61 ct cfiT Gil
-;fflT 1" Pfo\'4\it fcrttl CfiT I
"Every contract contains a 'core' or 'fundam ental obligation' which must
be performed. If one party fails to perform this fundame ntal obligation,
he will be guilty of a breach of contract whether or not any exemptin g
clause has been inserted which purports to protect him." Critically
examine the statemen t with case law. 10

(c) CfiT m cxffit; -ij


31Ttffi 1R Qlm I" fllXI oft ehl l1\ I


"In determin ing whether a group of persons is or is not a firm, or
whether a person is or is not a partner in the firm, regard shall be had to
the real relations between the parties, as shown by all relevant facts
taken together." Comment. 10

(d) B-e- 1,000 "fWrr, "tfig qfhftJOJI 1963


I cfiT 1,000 "CflG R-fffct q:q;r 1R
fc6m I CfKR cfiT CfiT ehlNlQ\ I
A owed B 1,000, but the debt is barred by the Limitati on Act, 1963.
Subsequ ently A signs a written promise to pay 1,000 on account of the
previous debt. Decide the validity of this agreeme nt. 10

M-6SC,. .D-LAW 5

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(e) ''q<sol'"4 Ri@a "tfR CITffi m m
1".
flftctl<-1,
flftctl<-1, "tfR <rr <rr q<Sf)IJOfOI "Ch\
t -ij, 3:ft\ q{Sf)IJOfOI
CJ
fcfimf SIChiU cfiT I
"Every sole maker, drawer , payee or endorsee, or all of joint makers ,
drawer s, payees, or endorse es, of a negotia ble instrum ent may endorse
and negotia te it." In the light of the above stateme nt, disting uish
betwee n endorse ment and negotia tion and also explain differen t kinds of
'endors ements '. 10

Q6. (a) 2005, "ffict> cfiT Chl4:ncll -ij Cf


-ChT fcf;m ll<rr 1" TRf Ga -ij,
2005 wu (j'Cp "5I"Tt(f ? 3ltR "3ffi: Cf)f
31qCf1Gl CJ Pfof;q\il fcrttl I
"The Right to Inform ation Act, 2005 was enacted in order to promot e
transpa rency and accoun tability m the workin g of every public
authori ty." How far has this goal been achieved by the Right to
Inform ation Act, 2005 in the last ten years ? Critically analyse your
answer with the suppor t of exceptions and case law. 15
(b) f4:qROI 1fSl
3ltt -ij -ChT lR 3ltR
fcrcm: )ICf)l cfiT I f4:qi{OI CfiT ;;ql41<-14
I 1" Cf)f Pfof;q\il fcfftlm%o
''Though there is no law for media trial, however, in freedom of
express ion and speech under fundam ental rights, media has the freedom
to express its views based on evidence. This trial has no authori ty before
the court of law." Critical ly examin e the statem ent with case law. 15
(c) cfiT \iii=-!Chltl -ij CfiT -ij m3ltt
Cf)Bf -m, 0\ft ctiT -m 1
I;:it WU fct;m ll<rr ;rn:r Chi C'"tt P!Ch "ffi q loot cfiT mTft 1"
Cf)f 3m Pfof;q\il fcrttJ I
''There can be a mistak e of identity only when a person bearing a
particu lar identity exists within the knowledge of the plaintiff, and the
plaintif f intends to deal with him only. If the name assume d by the
swindle r is fictitious, there will be no mistake of identity ." Examin e the
statem ent with leading case law. 20

M-6SG -D-LAW

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Q7. (a) 1996 -ij
2015 "tR: >renm 1
Highli ght the impor tant amend ments wade in the Arbitr ation and
Conciliation Act, 1996 by the Arbitr ation and Concil iation (Amen dment )
Act, 2015. 15

(b) CfiT 3ir(ilfC1


I" >renm -ij Pflll{i Cf>T
\iff w.PciT Q\ I
"The revocation of agent' s author ity can be made by the princi pal subjec t
to certain rules." Exami ne these rules in the light of protec tion to agent. 15

(c) -q8:lCh"fU Cflm "tf\ 3lTmfur


Wff 1"
Wff I fcrttr cfiT m&n
"The rights of unpaid seller do not depend upon any agreem ent, expres s
or implie d, betwe en the parties . They arise by implic ation of law."
Elucid ate. 20

QS. (a) WI j<:hl81o:ft cfiT CfiT -ij


dCf) fc6m \iff % mR m 1"
-q, m "5fCf)R cfiT jc:hi81Ptlli
? cfiT Olll&u
I
"The object of award ing damag es for a breach of contra ct is to put the
injure d party in the same position, so far as money can do it, as if he had
not been injured ." In the light of the above statem ent, explai n the
variou s kinds of damag es that the court can award . Also explai n the
rP.lHt.ing to assess ment of damag es.
20

(b) 2008 2008 -ij


snwfllc:hl 3fu: 31CR
<Xfffi efi) Q\ I
Explai n the salien t featur es and your VIews on the Inform ation
Technology Act, 2000 as amend ed m 2008 by the Inform ation
Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008. 15

(c) 1991 CfiT &o<"ilco (q({ecoc'"lll) ailli1 -ij


31;<J 3R1TcfT CfiBr

1" Pfofll\it fcrtt:r chl Q\ I


''The object of Public Liabil ity Insura nce Act, 1991 is to provide relief to
tho victims of accidents in hazaritonA indust ries in additio n to any other
right to claim compensation." Explai n with case law. 15

M-6SC ..D-LA W

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