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AP magazine

FEB 2017

1. DIVYA DARSHAN - free piligrimage for poor


2. rayalseema two lift irrigation - muchumarry (pagidyala ,kurnool) +
gandikota scheme - (GNSS - galerunagal sujana sravanti,pyidipalem
,kadapa)
3. linking godavari -yeleru rivers - purushothapatnam scheme
4. 104th ISC tirupati // before it was conducted in tpt @ 1983 - "man and
ocean resource and devt " //ada yonath -israel +takaaki kajita - japan
,Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh, Serge Haroche and Jean Tirole,
both of France
5. CII - confederation of indian industry - vizag// aditya birla to invest
7000cr
6. arogya raksha - monthly premium 100 / head / month
7. k.ramnoth - cinematogrophy
8. CY chinatamani - "leader "chief editor ( started by madan mohan
malaviya )
9. diviseema - boat race
10. padma shri telugu states - aekka yadagiri rao- sculptor // mohd abdul
waheed - medicine //chandrakanth pithowa - barc & ecil //daripalli
ramaih -social worker green cover//bvr mohan reddy - entrepreneur-
NASSCOM//hanuman chow - civil service // koteswaramma -
literature//mallesham - science
11. amaravati -anantapur express highway

JAN 2017

1. 5th international kuchipudi dance festival


2. AP promoted smart cities - anantapur + eluru + kurnool + ongole +
srikakulam
3. praja sadhaka survey- Andhra Pradesh Smart Pulse Survey is a massive
survey of all households, aimed to capture the required socio-
economic data directly in digital form, with online validations. The field
surveyors can enter the data by accessing the relevant portal through a
connected tablet so that the data validations happen online and the
scope for mistakes is minimized and the consolidation and analysis of
data can be completed within 2 weeks of the completion of field surve
- imitated by haryana
4. nadikude - srikalahasti = railway line
5. A.krishnan - sound engineer
6. The first flag in India is believed to have August 7, 1906, in the
Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Kolkata. The flag had
horizontal stripes red, yellow and green.
7. The second flag to have been hoisted was by Madame Cama and her
band of exiled revolutionaries in Paris in 1907.
8. pingali venkaya - 1921 designed flag
9. world economic forum - global gender gap report 2015 -india
139/145// female work force participation india - 27.4 % & AP it is
51.3% ( highest in india )
10. biodiversity park @ sakumuru village - thullur andhra
11. 68 indian pharmaceutical conference - vizag

DECEMBER -2016

1. MEPMA - mission for elimination of poverty to aid DWCRA women in


AP
2. greenfield airport project --->bhogapuram -vizianagaram // dagadarthi -
nellore // orvakallu - kurnool
3. kia motors and isuzu - nellore
4. world bank energy saving rating rank - AP @1 position
5. kotam raju rama rao - natonal herald editor
6. 6 lane express way - amravati to anantapur
7. kalachakra - wheel of time - dalailama meet
8. new urban bodies - nellore + kurnool + anantapur + godavari

NOVEMBER -2016

1. interim govt complex - velagapudi @guntur


2. mega food park @ tundurru - bhimavaram - WG
3. two ship building mou with russia - USC (united shipment building corp
) & JSC
4. IIPE- indian institute of petroleum and energy @ vizag
5. 3rd brics urban conference - vizag
6. ease of doing business by DIPP + world ban - AP & telangana
7. khasa subbarao - journalist - started "swatantra " @ 1946
8. eUPHC - electronic urban public health care - tele medicine & diagnosis

OCTOBER - 2016

1. NABARD fully funding polavaram


2. section 90 - AP REORG ACT - polavaram project
3. Section 93 of the Act, the details of institutions and infrastructure to
be developed in the State are outlined in the Thirteenth Schedule to
the Act.
4. section 94 - tax incentives to industrialization
5. Out of the tax revenue of central government, certain portion is
given back to states. It used to be given as 1.Plan and 2.Non plan funds.
6. Non plan funds are used for state govt employees salaries, welfare
programs etc. Non-plan funds are to be allocated by a Finance
Commission to be constituted every five years.
7. Plan funds used to be allocated by Planning Commission. They also
have varying criteria for every plan period of five years. These funds are
for developmental projects like roads, irrigation etc.
8. Special Category States get extra funds only for Plan expenditure. Not
for non plan expenditure.
9. In 1968, Planning Commission gave special grants to Nagaland, Assam
and J&K as part of plan funds due to their special needs.
10. In 1973, during the Fifth Plan period, they were extended to 7 more
states, covering all the North East states.
11. In 1992/93, a committee was formed to evaluate the efficacy of these
special grants when Pranab Mukherji was Chairman, Planning
Commission. They came out with what is called Gadgil-Mukherjee
formula.
12. According to that formula, 30% of all Plan Funds of Central Govt
would be distributed to these 10 special states.
13. Remaining 70% would be distributed among all the non-special states.
14. In 2002, Uttarakhand which was formed as a result of bifurcation of
UP - was added to this list of special states due to its hilly terrain and
backwardness. So, the number of special states became 11. Though
two other states were formed that time Chattisgarh and Jharkhand,
they were not added to the list of special states. Uttarakhand was the
last state to be added to the list of special states.
15. These tax incentives were introduced as late as 2002. Remember that
Special Category States have been in existence since 1968. But tax
exemptions were introduced only in 2002
16. These North Eastern states are hilly areas, border states, theres
practically no industry, insurgency was increasing, no jobs for youth,
something drastic had to be done to attract industry to be set up
there.
17. So the N-E states were given tax exemptions in 2002 for a period of
five years. The same incentives were extended to Uttarakhand and
Himachal Pradesh in 2005. May be because they also are hilly and
border states with very low level of industrialization and also may be
because they were already in the list of special states.
18. So what was started in 2002 as a security related measure for five
years but not a development targeted measure and later extended to
two more states in 2005, was to expire in 2007 and 2010 respectively.
They were extended once by 5 years and then again by 2 years. Then
they were terminated. As a result, the tax exemptions were withdrawn
for 8 states in 2014 and three more states Uttarakhand, HP and J&K
will lose it in 2017 March.
19. The Chouhan formula =====After coming to power in 2014, the NDA
government brought about radical changes in the developmental
model and public finance universe. Planning Commission was abolished.
NDC no longer exists. Niti Ayog was formed. Whereas Planning
Commission used to decide plan size, priorities, distribution etc, Niti
Ayog is just a think tank. Plan Funds dont exist anymore. No 30% to
Special Category States. In fact, no more Special Category States. 14th
Finance Commission also said no need to treat any state as special
category state. It said that every state is different and should be
evaluated individually in terms of its resources and needs.
20. The 14th Finance Commission recommended devolution of 42% of
central government revenues to states in place of the earlier 32%. In
addition, some Special Grant was given to some states to cover their
revenue deficit. States which got this special grant include the
erstwhile 11 special category states, AP, Bengal and Kerala. Bengal and
Kerala got it for one year only. The 11 special states and AP got it for
five years.
21. AP would be getting special grants to the extent of 22,500 crores in
five years. Of course, this was not a special favor. AP is getting this as a
statutory right due to its revenue deficit. So, as far as filling the
revenue deficit is concerned, AP stands on par with the 11 special
states.
22. As we learned earlier, Finance Commission deals with non-plan, i.e.,
expenditure on salaries, welfare etc only. Now what happened to the
erstwhile Plan Funds? When there is no fiveyear plan and no planning
commission, where are those plan funds going? How are they being
distributed?
23. To decide that, a committee under Shivraj Singh Chouhan, CM of
Madhya Pradesh was constituted and they came up with a formula
the Chouhan formula.
24. According to this formula, the available plan funds will be distributed
among different states based on their population, poverty level, hilly
nature, SC/ST population etc.
25. These funds will be given in two forms CASP (Centrally Assisted
State Plan) and EAP (Externally Aided Projects). Of these two, CASP
occupies the lions share. All states would be given 60% as CASP. But
the 11 erstwhile special category states (though not called by the same
name any longer) would get 90% as CASP. However, all these 11
special states being very small in size, the effect of funding their CASP
to an extra extent of 30% on central government is negligible.
26. EAP --Central Government sometimes comes up with certain projects
aided by World Bank or ADB (Asian Dev Bank) etc which have to be
implemented across number of states. In such cases, 60% of the
expenditure is borne by the center and 40% by states concerned. The
same is 90% and 10% in case of special states
27. However, in the history of the North East states, there were only two
EAPs - one on agriculture (1998-2004, now closed) and one world
bank project (2006-2013/14). No more central EAPs in the N-E now.
However, states can get their own EAPs and they have to bear the
entire expenditure. Central government gives sovereign guarantees.
States used to take up EAPs earlier but due to increasing interest rates,
volatility of forex markets, stringent conditions, specificity of programs,
penalties for non execution etc, states are preferring rupee
borrowings from RBI etc.