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Zero conditional

Complete the zero conditional sentences with the verb in brackets. Use contractions where possible.

it turns I go they don't have he's comes you aren't I don't know we don't do

1. If you press that button, the light (come) on.

2. It's easier to sleep if (you / not / be) stressed.

3. The teacher gets angry if (we / not / work) hard.

4. If (I / go) on a boat, I always feel sick.

5. His mother gets annoyed if (he / be) late.

6. If (I / not / know) a word, I look in my dictionary.

7. They play football if (they / not / have) any homework.

8. If you freeze water, (it / turn) to ice.

Puedes leer la explicacin ms detenidamente en la siguiente seccin.

La condicional cero se utiliza para expresar hechos o situaciones que siempre se


cumplen, es decir, para expresar verdades universales.

Si llueve la carretera se moja.

PARA QU SIRVE?

Utilizamos las condicionales para indicar una condicin y un resultado y por


lo tanto consiste en dos frases, la principal y la que indica la condicin.
Este tipo de frases se utilizan para hablar de situaciones que siempre tienen
lugar.

CMO SE FORMA?

AFIRMATIVA: La condicional cero se forma con el Presente Simple en la 'if-clause' y en la


'main clause'.

[IF... + PRESENT SIMPLE] + [PRESENT SIMPLE]

Si llueve la carretera se moja.


If it rains, the road gets wet.
* En este caso indicamos algo que siempre ocurre, es decir, una verdad
universal.

Tambin se puede utilizar junto a un imperativo.

Si llueve no cojas el coche.


If it rains, dont use the car.

NEGATIVA: Para hacer una condicional negativa podemos utilizar dos


estructuras diferentes. La primera sera negando los verbos normalmente.

Si no llueve la carretera no se moja.


If it doesn't rain, the road doesnt get wet.

Sin embargo, tambin podemos utilizar 'unless' seguido del verbo en afirmativa,
manteniendo el mismo significado.

A menos que llueva, la carretera no se moja.


Unless it rains, the road doesnt get wet.

QU DEBO RECORDAR?

ORDEN: Recuerda que estas dos frases pueden intercambiarse el orden, es decir,
que podemos tambin encontrar la 'main-clause' primero y luego la 'if-clause'.

If it rains, the road gets wet.

The road gets wet if it rains.

*1 Cuando la 'if-clause' est delante separamos las frases con una coma, de
lo contrario no es necesario.

PASADO: Esta estructura tambin se puede utilizar en pasado para indicar


situaciones que siempre tenan lugar en el pasado.

Si yo iba al parque me compraba un helado.


If I went to the park I bought an ice-cream.
* En este caso indicamos algo que siempre suceda en el pasado, por lo
que podemos utilizar el pasado simple en ambas frases.

En el idioma ingls existe una construccin llamada Conditional 0 (Condicional 0en


espaol) que se utiliza para expresar verdades generales o hechos cientficos, es
decir, hechos que son siempre verdaderos o situaciones que siempre van a ocurrir;
tambin es usado para describir rutinas o hechos generales.

Las construcciones gramaticales Conditional 0 empiezan con la palabra If, antes de


una oracin en presente simple o continuo que es una situacin, seguida del sujeto
sobre el que recae la condicin y a ste le sigue otra oracin en presente simple, que
es la consecuencia que se da por la situacin dada.

10 Ejemplos de Conditional 0:

1. If water is heated to 100C, it boils. (Si se calienta al agua a 100 C, sta


hierve).
2. If butter is heated, it melts. (Si se calienta la mantequilla, sta se derrite).
3. If you born wood, it becomes coal. (Si se quema la madera, sta se convierte en
carbn).
4. If you flip a coin, it always fall to the ground. (Se avientas una moneda al aire,
sta caer siempre al suelo).
5. If you add two plus two, the result is always four. (Si sumas dos ms dos, el
resultado siempre es cuatro).
6. If you combine the colors blue and yellow, the result is the green color. (Si se
combinan los colores azul y amarillo, el resultado es el color verde).
7. If there is sunlight, then it is day. (Si hay luz de sol, entonces es de da).
8. If you freeze water, then you get ice. (Si congelas el agua, obtienes hielo).
9. If I leave the house at 8:00 a.m., I will arrive at work early. (Si salgo a las 8:00
a.m. de la casa, llego temprano al trabajo).
10. If I finish my homework early, I can go out to play. (Si termino mi tarea temprano
puedo salir a jugar).

Present Continuous
Present Simple
Present Simple or Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Simple or Continuous
Irregular Verbs
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect or Past Simple
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Review 1
Past Review 2
The Future - Going to
The Future - Will
Will or Going to
The Future - present forms
Will - other uses
Shall
The Imperative
The Passive
The -ing form
Can
Could
May/Might
Should
Should 2
Must /Have to
Zero Conditional
First Conditional
Second Conditional
Third Conditional
Wish
Had better
Used to
Questions 1
Questions 2
Question tags
Reported speech
Reported speech 2
Suppose
Suppose 2
Have something done
Should have
Can have / could have
Will be doing
Will have done
Vocabulary Lessons
About
For
For 2

Let
Like

When we talk about things that are generally or always true, we can
use:

If/When/Unless plus a present form PLUS present simple or imperative

If he gets there before me, ask him to wait.


When you fly budget airline, you have to pay for your drinks and snacks.
Unless you need more space, a small car is big enough for one person.

Note that we are not talking about a specific event but something which
is generally true.

In the condition clause, we can use a variety of present forms. In the


result clause, there can only be the present simple or imperative.

If you visit London, go on the London Eye.


If unemployment is rising, people tend to stay in their present jobs.
If you've done that, go and have a coffee.
When you go on holiday, take plenty of sun cream. It'll be very hot.
When I'm concentrating, please don't make so much noise.
When I've finished an article, I always ask Kate to read it through.

Notice that 'unless' means the same as 'if not'.

Unless he asks you politely, refuse to do any more work on the project.
Unless prices are rising, it's not a good investment.
Unless you've been there yourself, you don't really understand how fantastic it
is.
Uso
Se usa este tipo de condicional cuando la condicin y el resultado siempre es
verdad, como por ejemplo los hechos cientificos:
- If you heat water to 100C, It boils // Water boils if you heat it to 100 C (Si
calientas agua hasta los cien grados, hierve).
- If I dont pratice the piano everyday I play poorly (Si no practico piano todos
los das, tocar mal)
- Does you mom get mad If you dont call her? (Se enfada tu madre si no la
llamas?)
Ojo! Podemos cambiar el orden de las frases sin cambiar el significado.
Tambin, en general, con este tipo de condicional, podemos sustituir If por
when sin alterar el significado de la frase.
Estructura:
IF + Oracin en presente + Oracin en presente

Zero Conditional:
certainty
We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of
the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.

Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan.


What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You
would be surprised if it did not.

IF condition result

present simple present simple

If you heat ice it melts.

Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always


true for this condition. The result of the condition is an
absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future
or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a
simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk
about the condition. We also use the present simple tense
to talk about the result. The important thing about the
zero conditional is that the condition always has the
same result.
We can also use when instead of if, for
example: When I get up late I miss my bus.

Look at some more examples in the tables below:

IF condition result

present simple present simple

If I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work.

If I am late for work my boss gets angry.

If people don't eat they get hungry.

If you heat ice does it melt?

result IF condition

present simple present simple

I am late for work if I miss the 8 o'clock bus.

My boss gets angry if I am late for work.

People get hungry if they don't eat.

Does ice melt if you heat it?


A) Zero condicional. Ordena las siguientes palabras para formar oraciones.

forget

whatever time

don't

to call

you arrive,

me

Whatever time you arrive, don't forget to call me.

to learn

this subject

choose

you're

you

a lot if

going

You're going to learn a lot if you choose this subject.

3
decide

if she

to come, I

her up

am going

to pick

If she decide to come, I am going to pick her up.

coffee I

nervious

if I

get

drink

usually

If I drink coffee, I usually get nervious.

the

up

it

rains,
grow

flowers

when

When it rains, the flowers grow up.

B) Zero conditional. Une las siguientes oraciones formando condicionales.

6 Next weekend it snows. We can go skying.

If it snow s next w

If it snows next weekend, we can go skying.

We can go skying if it snows next weekend.

7 You can't help everybody. Try to do it with the closest people to you.

If you can't help e

If you can't help everybody, try to do it with the closest people to you.

8 The baby is a girl. The mother is going to choose her name.

If the baby is a gi

If the baby is a girl, the mother is going to choose her name.

The mother is going to choose her name if the baby is a girl.

9 He lives in the first floor. I don't take the elevator.

If he lives in the f
If he lives in the first floor, I don't take the elevator.

I don't take the elevator if he lives in the first floor.

Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situacin es real
o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clause Main clause

If + Present tense will / can / may / must + verb

If it rains today, I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home.


Si llueve hoy, me quedar en casa.
If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow.
Si est ocupado ahora, regresar maana.
If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon.
Si tengo tiempo, visitar a mis padres esta tarde.
If it is warm tomorrow, we'll go to the beach.
Si est caluroso maana, iremos a la playa.
If it is cold, you must wear warm clothes.
Si est fro, debes usar ropa abrigada.
If he doesn't do his homework, he can not go to the party.
Si l no hace su tarea, no puede ir a la fiesta.
If she doesn't call you, you can call her.
Si ella no te llama, t puedes llamarla.
If you work hard, you may become a millonaire someday.
Si trabajas duro, puede que te conviertas en un millonario algn da.

If you spend more than you earn, you'll become a poor man.
Si gastas ms de lo que ganas, te convertirs en un hombre pobre.
If they don't invite you, you must not go.
Si ellos no te invitan, no debes ir.
If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus.
Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro autobus.
If you pay now, you'll get a discount.
Si pagas ahora, obtendrs un descuento.
If they don't want to go out, they can stay home.
Si no quieren salir, se pueden quedar en casa.
If you drink too much, you'll get drunk.
Si bebes demasiado, te emborrachars.
If you feel sick, you must stay in bed.
Si te sientes enfermo, debes quedarte en cama.
If they don't come here, we'll have to go there.
Si ellos no vienen aqu, tendremos que ir all.


1. Read the information in the chart and complete the verbs
in the sentences (do not use abbreviations in the future
form):

FIRST CONDITIONAL EXAMPLES

- We use the first - "If I don't study, I won't pass


conditional to express my exams"
possibility in the present or - "If the weather is good, we'll
in the future. go for a walk in the park."
- The subordinate clause (If- - "I will buy that CD if I have
clause) has a verb in the enough money."
present simple. The main
clause is always in the
future.

a) If you (help) me with my homework, I


(finish) it in time to go to the cinema.

b) If it (not/rain), the students (practice)


sport in the playground.

c) Jane (come) home early if she (not/be) very


busy at work.

d) Our teacher (be) pleased if we (do) our


homework.

e) If Robert (play) football with us, we (win)
the match.

2. Look at the pictures and choose the correct option. What


can we do to save our planet?

a) If we (recycle) more, we (help) our planet.

b) If people (share) their cars to go to work, there


(not/be) so many car fumes.

c) We (save) thousands of trees if we


(waste) so much paper.

d) If the govenment (fine) those who pollute the


atmosphere, some factories (stop) throwing waste
into rivers.

e) If we only (use) the water we need, we


(contribute) to our planet's recovery.

3. Choose the most appropriate ending for the following


sentences:

a) If we keep polluting our planet,

b) If we use recycled paper and glass,

c) Children will be aware of the importance of recycling

d) If you have a shower instead of a bath,

e) If the environmental issues are taught at school,


1. Read the information in the chart and complete the verbs
in the sentences (do not use abbreviations in the future
form):

FIRST CONDITIONAL EXAMPLES

- We use the first - "If I don't study, I won't pass


conditional to express my exams"
possibility in the present or - "If the weather is good, we'll
in the future. go for a walk in the park."
- The subordinate clause (If- - "I will buy that CD if I have
clause) has a verb in the enough money."
present simple. The main
clause is always in the
future.

help
a) If you (help) me with my homework, I
w ill finish
(finish) it in time to go to the cinema.

doesn't rain
b) If it (not/rain), the students
w ill practice
(practice) sport in the playground.

w ill come isn't


c) Jane (come) home early if she (not/be) very
busy at work.

w ill be do
d) Our teacher (be) pleased if we (do) our
homework.

plays w ill w in
e) If Robert (play) football with us, we (win)
the match.

2. Look at the pictures and choose the correct option. What


can we do to save our planet?

e d b
a
c

recycle w ill help


a) If we (recycle) more, we (help) our planet.

share
b) If people (share) their cars to go to work, there
w on't be
(not/be) so many car fumes.

w ill save
c) We (save) thousands of trees if we
don't w aste
(waste) so much paper.

fines
d) If the govenment (fine) those who pollute the
w ill stop
atmosphere, some factories (stop) throwing waste
into rivers.

use
e) If we only (use) the water we need, we
w ill contribute
(contribute) to our planet's recovery.



3. Choose the most appropriate ending for the following
sentences:

a) If we keep polluting our planet,
many animal species w ill become extinct


b) If we use recycled paper and glass,
w e w ill be contributing to our planet's recovery


c) Children will be aware of the importance of recycling
if their parents recycle


d) If you have a shower instead of a bath,
you'll save a lot of w ater


e) If the environmental issues are taught at school,
people w ill learn the importance of reducing, reusing and recycling

A) First condicional. Ordena las siguientes palabras para formar oraciones.

1
you

you'll be

tonight if

work

tired

all day

You'll be tired tonight if you work all day.

make

this afternoon if

together

I can

dinner

we

a cake

I can make a cake this afternoon if we dinner together.

if Patrick

at the airport

comes, I
him up

will

pick

If Patrick comes, I will pick him up at the airport.

whoever

I'll

want

date

I'll date whoever I want.

musn't

he finish

come

if

late

he

He musn't come if he finish late.


B) First conditional. Une las siguientes oraciones formando condicionales.

6 (Even) It rains. We will go swimming.

We w ill go sw imm

We'll (will) go swimming even if it rains.

Even if it rains, we'll (will) go swimming.

7 You want to come. You will be welcome.

If you w ant to co

If you want to come, you'll (will) be welcome.

You'll (will) be welcome if you want to come.

8 He can win the first prize. He finishes the competition.

If he finishes the

If he finishes the competition, he can win the first prize.

He can win the first prize if he finishes the competition.

9 The tree cover the window up. They may cut it down.

If the tree covers

If the tree blocks the window up, they may cut it down.

They may cut the tree down if it blocks the window up.

La primera condicional se utiliza para expresar una conexin fuerte entre la condicin y
el resultado. Para entender a qu hacemos referencia vamos a ver un ejemplo.
Si gano la lotera, me comprar una casa.

PARA QU SIRVE?

Utilizamos las condicionales para indicar una condicin y un resultado y por lo


tanto consiste en dos frases, la principal y la que indica la condicin.
Este tipo de oraciones indica lo que va a ocurrir si la condicin tiene lugar en el
presente o el futuro.

CMO SE FORMA?

AFIRMATIVA: Las primera condicional se forma con el presente simple en la 'if-clause'


(frase con 'if') y el futuro simple en la 'main clause' (frase principal).

[IF... + PRESENT SIMPLE] + [WILL + VERBO PRINCIPAL]

Si gano la lotera, me comprar una casa.


If I win the lottery, I will buy a house

* En este caso indicamos algo probable, ya que indicamos qu haramos en el


caso de que la condicin fuese real.

Tambin se utiliza para dar instrucciones, utilizando el imperativo o los verbos modales
en la frase principal.

If you want your present, go to your room.

If you need a pencil, you can take mine.

NEGATIVA: Para hacer una condicional negativa podemos utilizar dos


estructuras diferentes. La primera sera la siguiente negando los verbos normalmente.

Si no gano la lotera, no me comprar una casa.


If I dont win the lottery, I won't buy a house.

* Como podemos ver en el ejemplo, simplemente negamos las frases. Recuerda


que pueden estar las dos negadas o slo una de ellas.
Sin embargo, tambin podemos utilizar 'unless' seguido del verbo en afirmativa,
manteniendo el mismo significado.

Si no gano la lotera, no me compar una casa.


Unless I win the lottery, I won't buy a house.

* Recuerda que 'unless' significa 'a menos que' o 'si no', por lo que ya indica un
significado negativo.

QU DEBO RECORDAR?

GRAMTICA: Es importante recordar cmo se forma el Present Simple (Presente


Simple), ya que este tiempo se usa en la 'if-clause'. Tambin es necesario recordar
cmo se utiliza el modal 'will' para expresar futuro, su forma negativa y peculiaridades.

ESTRUCTURA: Cuando hablamos de oraciones condicionales debemos tener en


cuenta que estn formadas por dos frases.

1 La 'if-clause' que es la frase que contiene la partcula 'if'. Esta frase indica
la hiptesis o condicin.

2 La 'main clause', es decir, la frase principal. Esta frase lo que indica es el


resultado.

ORDEN: Recuerda que estas dos frases pueden intercambiarse el orden, es decir,
que podemos tambin encontrar la 'main-clause' primero y luego la 'if-clause'.

If I win the lottery, I will buy a house.

I will buy a house if I win the lottery.

*1 Cuando la 'if-clause' est delante separamos las frases con una coma, de lo
contrario no es necesario.

*2 Recuerda, adems, que podemos encontrar 'will' contrado.


LO HE ENTENDIDO?
Puedes realizar una actividad de comprensin relacionada con este tema en el siguiente
enlace.

First Conditional: Activities


Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situacin es real
o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clause Main clause

If + Present tense will / can / may / must + verb

If it rains today, I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home.


Si llueve hoy, me quedar en casa.
If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow.
Si est ocupado ahora, regresar maana.
If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon.
Si tengo tiempo, visitar a mis padres esta tarde.
If it is warm tomorrow, we'll go to the beach.
Si est caluroso maana, iremos a la playa.
If it is cold, you must wear warm clothes.
Si est fro, debes usar ropa abrigada.
If he doesn't do his homework, he can not go to the party.
Si l no hace su tarea, no puede ir a la fiesta.
If she doesn't call you, you can call her.
Si ella no te llama, t puedes llamarla.
If you work hard, you may become a millonaire someday.
Si trabajas duro, puede que te conviertas en un millonario algn da.

If you spend more than you earn, you'll become a poor man.
Si gastas ms de lo que ganas, te convertirs en un hombre pobre.
If they don't invite you, you must not go.
Si ellos no te invitan, no debes ir.
If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus.
Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro autobus.
If you pay now, you'll get a discount.
Si pagas ahora, obtendrs un descuento.
If they don't want to go out, they can stay home.
Si no quieren salir, se pueden quedar en casa.
If you drink too much, you'll get drunk.
Si bebes demasiado, te emborrachars.
If you feel sick, you must stay in bed.
Si te sientes enfermo, debes quedarte en cama.
If they don't come here, we'll have to go there.
Si ellos no vienen aqu, tendremos que ir all.
The first conditional (or 1st Conditional) is for future actions dependent on
the result of another future action or event, where there is a reasonable
possibility of the conditions for the action being satisfied.

eg: If he gets here soon, I'll speak to him about it. (The speaker believes that
there is a reasonable or good chance of seeing him.)

Formation:
If + Present Simple, + Will
See Also: Conditionals; Modal Verb; 2nd Conditional; 3rd Conditional; Zero Conditional; Verb Related
Article English Conditionals - Read up on the English Conditionals and discover how they are used to talk
about possible or imaginary situations

Read more at http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/1st-conditional.html#MOBs6ywoydAQpKDq.99

Form
If + present + will + verb

Meaning
1. We use first conditional to talk about actions or events in the future which are likely to happen or
have a real possibility of happening.
If it rains tomorrow, I'll stay at home.
I think there is a real possibility of rain tomorrow. In this condition, I will stay at home
If my father doesn't buy me a bike for my birthday, I will be very unhappy.
I think there is a real possibility that my father won't buy me a bike. In this condition, I will be
unhappy
Additional points
1. We can use other modal verbs in place of will.
If it's sunny tomorrow, I might go to the beach.
Going to the beach is only a possibility
If you come early, you can meet my mother.
It is possible for you to meet my mother

Ideas for teaching the first conditional


How do you teach first conditional? Add your idea
1. I usually give some examples of superstitions, e.g. If you break a mirror, you will... (they give
the answer, since they already know Future Simple Tense).
2. Then I give some more oral examples for them to finish.
3. After that they make their own examples.
4. Now they write down an example or two.
5. In groups they try to figure out what goes with the IF clause, what with the main clause. They
report back to the class.
6. In groups, they make new examples of "silly" superstitions.
For homework, they write several sentences asking other students: What happens if you...
(they finish). Other students give answers, and then they choose the silliest one.

I definitely try to make fun of it, because I think the first conditional is easy to comprehend (it is
very similar to the first conditional in their mother tongue), so that they aren't bored.
Maja Hadzic, Belgrade, Serbia

1. First I start asking my students what they would like to do. They usually suggest watching a
video, learning a new song, playing games, listening to stories, etc.
2. I write their suggestions on the board.
3. Then I mention the conditions in order to get what they have suggested.
4. The sentences written on the board have different colours. I use green for the word "IF", red
for the modal verbs "WILL" or "CAN" and blue for the verbs. They immediately notice I am
teaching a new structure.
5. Later I ask them to tell the conditions their parents establish at home, like what will your
mother do if you behave well?
6. In pairs they talk about it.
7. I help them mention different things their parents have told them about good habits; like what
happens if you eat vegetables... brush your teeth... don't smoke... go to bed early, etc.
exercise on the First Conditional
1) Use the word: begin
b
If the seminar at 9:00 we will be on time.

2) Use the word: call


If the customer I'll tell her you'll contact her first thing tomorrow.

3) Use the word: fix


If you inform us of any problems by 10:00 a.m. we them the same day.

4) Use the word: increase


If you adopt this marketing strategy your profits dramatically.

5) Use the word: learn


Your employees all they need to know about the program if you send
them to this training session.

6) Use the words: meet & give


If I with the customer tomorrow I her your card.

7) Use the words: do & produce


Your company better financially if you for the international
market.

8) Use the words: think & succeed


If you positively you .

9) Use the words: use & "to be"


If you biodegradable products it better for the environment.

10) Use the words: see & visit


We Mr. Johnson when we the factory.
el primer condicional es posibilidad real
estos son algunos ejemplos:
if it rains, I will stay at home
if I see Mary, I will tell her
if Tara is free tomorrow, he will invite her
if they don't pass their exam, their teacher will be sad
if it rains tomorrow, you will stay at home?
if it rains tomorrow, what will you do?
if he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow
if i have time, I will visit my parents this afternoon
if it is warm, i will go to the beach
if she doesn't call you, you can call her
if we don't hurry, we will miss our bus
if you drink too much, you will get drunk
if you pay now, you will get a discount
if they don't come here, we will have to go there
If he doesn't do his homework, he can not go to the party.

Ejemplos

1: Si no termino mi tarea, no ir a la fiesta


If I do not finish my homework, I will not party
2: Si l no estudia, no pasara el examen
If not study, do not pass the exam
3: Si tengo tiempo, visitare a mi abuela
If I have time, visit my grandmother
4: Si te sientes enfermo, debes ir al doctor
If you feel sick, you go to the doctor
5: Si ellos no vienen aqu, tendremos que ir a su casa
If they do not come here, we'll have to go home
6: Si hace frio, me llevare una chamarra
If it's cold, I'll take a jacket
7: Si hago ejercicio, bajare de peso
If I exercise, will lose weight
8: Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro autobs
If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus.
9: Si l no come, se enfermara
If you do not eat, get sick
10: Si a l le gusta el carro, lo comprara
If he likes the car, buy it

Como usar first conditional, estructura, ejemplos,


dilogo.
Uso del primer condicional. Aprenders como usar el first conditional ("primercondicional") en
situaciones reales o posibles, estructura y oraciones ejemplos. Tambin aclararemos el
significado de clause en la gramtica inglesa y cmo invertir el orden de sta en las oraciones.

Uso y estructura del "primer condicional"

Uso
El primer condicional se usa para hablar de situaciones que tienen mucha probabilidad que
ocurran (reales o posibles) en el presente o futuro.

Estructura
El "primer condicional" est compuesto por:

1- La if clause.
Frase que contiene la condicin.
La estructura de la if clause es:

if + clause in present tense ( If +oracin en presente)


Ejemplo de if clause: If she comes to the party Si ella viene a la fiesta

2-La result clause o main clause


Frase que contiene el resultado si se cumple la condicin.
La estructura de la result clause es: subject + Will/can/may/might + verb base form (sujeto
+ will / can / may/might+ ms verbo en su forma base)

Ejemplo de main clause:

1-I will dance with her Bailar con ella.

Uniendo la if clause con la main clause la oracin dira:


If she comes to the party, I will dance with her.

Si ella viene a la fiest,bailar con ella.

Tambin puedes invertir el orden de las frases. En este caso no ponemos coma.
I will dance with her if she comes to the party.

Bailar con ella si viene a la fiesta.

Nota: se le llama clause en la gramtica inglesa a un grupo de palabras que contiene un verbo.
Puede ser parte de una oracin o ser una oracin en s misma.

Ejemplo:
I went to the park and played with my friends.
Esta oracin tiene 2 clauses:
1- I went to the park
2- and played with my friends.

En este blog tambin puedes tener acceso a: cero condicional, segundo condicional y tercer
condicional

Si necesitas ms oraciones ejemplos accede a Oraciones en primer condicional

Ejemplos de "first conditional"


1-If I have enough money, I will buy a new smartphone.

Si tengo suficiente dinero, comprar un telfono inteligente nuevo.

2-If dad doesnt rent a video, Ill download a free one.

Si papi no renta un video, descargar uno gratis.

3-If I see Joan, I will give her a kiss.

Si miro a Joan, le dar un beso.

Se puede invertir el orden de la if clause y la result clause.

1-I will buy a new smartphone If I have enough money.

2-Ill download a free video If dad doesnt rent one.

3-I will give Joan a kiss If I see her.

Se puede usar can en la result clause, de acuerdo a la estructura anterior.


1-If I have satellite TV, I can watch my favorite programs.

Si tengo TV por satlite, puedo mirar mis programas favoritos.

2-If I have enough money, I can buy a new mp3 player.

Si tengo suficiente dinero, puedo comprar un nuevo reproductor mp3.

3-If I go to New York, I can visit my uncle John.

Si voy a New York puedo visitar a mi to John.

4-If I study Computer Science online, I can get a new job.

Si estudio Ciencias de la Computacin en Internet, puedo conseguir un trabajo nuevo.

5-If I have money, I can buy a Plasma TV.


Si tengo dinero, puedo comprar un TV Plasma.

Tambin se pude usar may/might en la result clause:

1-If you dont feed the dog, your mom may get angry.

Si no alimentas al perro, tu mami se puede enojar

2-If you dont sleep well, you might be tired tomorrow.

Si no duermes bien, podras estar cansado maana.

3-You might drink orange juice if you are thirsty.

Podras beber jugo de naranja si ests sediento.

4-You may buy new jeans if you go to the mall.

Puedes comprar pantalones vaqueros nuevos si vas al centro comercial.

Videos recomendados para practicar

Video de englisheasily: (ESL) Introduction to the FirstConditional

Dilogo usando "primer condicional"


-Are you going to the concert?
Vas a ir al concierto?

-I dont have any money to buy a ticket.

No tengo dinero para comprar una ticket.

-My favorite singer is going to sing, shes so pretty and talented!

Mi cantante favorita va a cantar, ella es tan bella y talentosa!

-If I have money, I will buy a ticket for the concert. When will it take place?

Si tengo dinero, comprar un ticket para el concierto. Cundo se llevar a cabo?

-It is on Sunday. Maybe you can get money on Saturday.

Es el domingo. Tal vez t puedas conseguir dinero el sbado.

-If I get money on Saturday, I can go to the concert.

Si consigo dinero el sbado, yo puedo ir al concert.

-If I am near her, I will throw her flowers! !

Si estoy cerca de ella le tirar flores!

-If I dont go to the concert, I will watch satellite TV instead!

!Si no voy al concierto, mirar TV por satlite!

Tu visita a este sencillo blog nos alegra mucho. Te esperamos pronto.

By Tutorrizo

Como usar first conditional, estructura, ejemplos, dilogo.


En esta leccin aprenders como usar el first conditional (primer condicional) en
situaciones reales o posibles, estructura y oraciones ejemplos. Tambin aclararemos el
significado de clause en la gramtica inglesa y cmo invertir el orden de sta en
las oraciones.

Uso y estructura del first conditional

El first conditional se usa para hablar de situaciones reales o posibles en el presente o


futuro. Est compuesto de una if clause y una result clause.

La estructura de la if clause es: if + clause in present tense ( If +oracin en presente)

La estructura de la result clause es: subject + Will/can/ + verb base form (sujeto
+ will / can / may/might+ ms verbo en su forma base)
Nota: se le llama clause en la gramtica inglesa a una oracin con sujeto y predicado
que forma parte de una oracin compuesta. En otras palabras, las oraciones en first y
second conditional son oraciones compuestas.

En este blog tambin puedes tener acceso a: cero condicional, segundo


condicional y tercer condicional

Si necesitas ms oraciones ejemplos accede a Oraciones en primer condicional

Ejemplos de first conditional

If I have enough money, I will buy a new truck. Si tengo suficiente dinero, comprar
una camioneta.

If dad doesnt rent a video, Ill download a free one. Si papi no renta un video,
descargar uno gratis.

If I see Joan, I will give her a kiss. Si miro a Joan, le dar un beso.

Se puede invertir el orden de la if clause y la result clause.

I will buy a new truck If I have enough money.

Ill download a free video If dad doesnt rent one.

I will give Joan a kiss If I see her.

Se puede usar can en la result clause, de acuerdo a la estructura anterior.

If I have enough money, I can buy a new mp3 player. Si tengo suficiente dinero,
puedo comprar un nuevo mp3.

If I have satellite TV, I can watch my favorite programs. Si tengo TV por satlite,
puedo mirar mis programas favoritos.

If I go to New York, I can visit my uncle John. Si voy a New York puedo visitar a mi to
John.

If I study Computer Science online, I can get a new job. Si estudio Ciencias de la
Computacin en Internet, puedo
conseguir un trabajo nuevo.
If I have money, I can buy a Plasma TV. Si tengo dinero, puedo comprar un TV
Plasma.

Tambin se pude usar may/might en la result clause:

If you dont feed the dog, your mom may get angry. Si no alimentas al perro, tu
mami se puede enojar

If you dont sleep well, you might be tired tomorrow. Si no duermes bien, podras
estar cansado maana.

You might drink orange juice if you are thirsty. Podras beber jugo de naranja si ests
sediento.

You may buy new jeans if you go to the mall. Puedes comprar pantalones vaqueros
nuevos si vas al centro comercial.

Videos recomendados para practicar

Video de englisheasily: (ESL) Introduction to the First Conditional

Dilogo usando primer condicional

-Are you going to the concert? Vas a ir al concierto?

-I dont have any money to buy a ticket. No tengo dinero para comprar una ticket.

-My favorite singer is going to sing, shes so pretty and talented! Mi cantante favorita
va a cantar, ella es tan bella y talentosa!

-If I have money, I will buy a ticket for the concert. When will it take place? Si tengo
dinero, comprar un ticket para el concierto. Cundo se llevar a cabo?

-It is on Sunday. Maybe you can get money on Saturday. Es el domingo. Tal vez t
puedas conseguir dinero el sbado.

-If I get money on Saturday, I can go to the concert. Si consigo dinero el sbado, yo
puedo ir al concert.

-If I am near her, I will throw her flowers! !Si estoy cerca de ella le tirar flores!

-If I dont go to the concert, I will watch satellite TV instead! ! Si no voy al concierto,
mirar TV por satlite!
Tu visita a este sencillo blog nos alegra mucho. Te esperamos pronto.

Second Conditional Form


Make the second conditional
Check
1) If I (be) you, I (get) a new job. Try
Again!Try Again! Show Answer

Check
2) If he (be) younger, he (travel) more. ..
Show Answer

Check
3) If we (not/be) friends, I (be) angry with
you. .. Show Answer

Check
4) If I (have) enough money, I (buy) a big
house. .. Show Answer

Check
5) If she (not/be) always so late, she (be)
promoted. .. Show Answer

Check
6) If we (win) the lottery, we (travel) the
world. .. Show Answer

Check
7) If you (have) a better job, we (be) able
to buy a new car. .. Show Answer

Check
8) If I (speak) perfect English, I (have) a
good job. .. Show Answer

Check
9) If we (live) in Mexico, I (speak)
Spanish. .. Show Answer

Check
10) If she (pass) the exam, she (be) able to
enter university. .. Show Answer

Check
11) She (be) happier if she (have) more
friends. .. Show Answer

Check
12) We (buy) a house if we (decide) to
stay here. .. Show Answer

Check
13) They (have) more money if they
(not/buy) so many clothes. .. Show Answer
Check
14) We (come) to dinner if we (have)
time. .. Show Answer

Check
15) She (call) him if she (have) his
number. .. Show Answer

Check
16) They (go) to Spain on holiday if they
(like) hot weather. .. Show Answer

Check
17) She (pass) the exam if she (study)
more. .. Show Answer

Check
18) I (marry) someone famous if I (be) a
movie star. .. Show Answer

Check
19) We (be) late again if we (buy) a new
car. .. Show Answer

Check
20) You (lose) weight if you (eat) less. ..
Show Answer

Refiere a una situacin hipottica y se forma segn la estructura if + simple past + simple
condicional. Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clause Main clause

If + Past Simple would / could / might + verb

If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.

If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.


Si ganara la lotera, viajara por todo el mundo.
If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.
Si yo estuviese en Brasil, ira a Ro de Janeiro.
If I were you, I would buy that car.
Si yo fuese t, comprara ese auto.
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this.
Si l estuviese en mi lugar, no hara esto.
If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment.
Si yo tuviese ms dinero, me comprara un lindo apartamento.
If she had more time, she would travel more often.
Si ella tuviera ms tiempo, viajara ms a menudo.
If it were not raining, we could go out.
Si no estuviese lloviendo, podramos salir.
If we didn't have to work today, we could have a picnic.
Si no tuvisemos que trabajar hoy, podramos tener un picnic.

If they won the lottery, they wouldn't work any more.


Si ellos ganaran la lotera, no trabajaran ms.
If I saw her, I would ask her out.
Si la viera, la invitara a salir.
If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want to come back.
Si fueras a Brazil, no querras regresar.
If they spoke Spanish, we would understand them.
Si ellos hablasen espaol, los entenderamos.
If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't go fishing.
Si el no viviera cerca del ro, no podra ir a pescar.
If I didn't want to go, I would tell you.
Si no quisiera ir, te lo dira.
If they worked for that company, they might have better salaries.
Si ellos trabajaran para esa compaa, podran tener mejores sueldos.
If she wrote a book, it would be a best-seller.
Si ella escribiese un libro, sera un best-seller.

Quieres otra forma de aprender ingls?


Ingresa a nueva Comunidad de Sherton English >>Aqu podrs:
Aprender y ensear / Conocer gente / Crear grupos / Participar en foros / Subir tus fotos y
videos / Escribir tu propio blog / Trabajar en forma colaborativa / Conversar con otros
miembros / y mucho ms!

If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.

If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.

If I were you, I would buy that car.


If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this.

If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment.

If she had more time, she would travel more often.

If it were not raining, we could go out.

If we didn't have to work today, we could have a picnic.

If they won the lottery, they wouldn't work any more.

If I saw her, I would ask her out.

If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want to come back.

If they spoke Spanish, we would understand them.

If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't go fishing.

If I didn't want to go, I would tell you.

If they worked for that company, they might have better salaries.

If she wrote a book, it would be a best-seller.


hola

The second conditional is used to express and ureal or improbable condition


and its probable result in the present or future.

The condition is unreal because it is different from the facts that we know. We
can always say But ...

El segundo condicional es usado para expresar condiciones reales e irreales


y el resultado es probable en el presente o futuro.

El condicional es irreal porque el es diferentes hechos que nosotros conocemos


nosotros podemos siempre decir pero ...

If I were Prime Minister, I 'd increase tax for rich people. ( but I 'm not Prime
Minister )

si yo fuera Primer Ministro , yo aumentaria la tasa para la gente rica ( pero yo no


soy primer ministro )

- If second conditional : If past simple + infinitive without to

si segundo condicional : si pasado simple + infinitivo sin to

which countries would you go to if you travelled round the world ?

cual Pais te gustaria ir si tu viajaras alrededor de el mundo ?

good lucky bye


El Condicional Tipo 2 se usa para situaciones "imaginarias" en el futuro.Hay una condicin que si
se cumple,tiene una consecuencia,pero la concrecin no es segura o nunca tendr lugar por no
estar basada en hechos reales sino en algo que en este momento no est sucediendo o no es
as.
Se construye de esta manera:

IF +Past Simple,Would+Infinitivo.

IF I won the lottery,I would travel around the world.


Si ganara la lotera,viajara alrededor del mundo.

(Si se cumple la condicin que expresa la primera oracin (=ganar la lotera),la consecuencia ser
lo que dice la segunda oracin(=viajar alrededor del mundo.)

Tambin puede construirse con COULD o MIGHT + Infinitivo en la segunda oracin,dependiendo


de cmo lo querramos expresar.

If I won the lottery,I could travel around the world.


Si ganara la lotera,podra viajar alrededor del mundo.

If I won the lottery,I might travel around the world.


Si ganara la lotera,podra ser que viajara alrededor del mundo/tal vez viajara alrededor del
mundo.

Otros ejemplos:

If I were you,I would tell him the truth.Si fuera t,le dira la verdad.
(Este es el caso en que se usa para dar una opinin o consejo.El que habla imagina la situacin
de ser la otra persona y lo que hara en su lugar.
Con el sujeto "I",en este caso,se usa generalmente Were,aunque puede usarse Was.

If Lucy studied hard,she would pass the exam.Si Lucy estudiara mucho,aprobara el examen.

If my sister married Peter,she would be unhappy.Si mi hermana se casara con Peter,sera


desdichada.

If I were rich,I would be happy.Si fuera rico,sera feliz.

Espero que te sirva.:)

PD:No siempre la oracin encabezada por IF va al principio.En caso de que vaya en segundo
trmino,no van separadas por una coma.

Refiere a una situacin hipottica y se forma segn la estructura if + simple past + simple
condicional. Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clause Main clause

If + Past Simple would / could / might + verb


If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.

If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.


Si ganara la lotera, viajara por todo el mundo.
If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.
Si yo estuviese en Brasil, ira a Ro de Janeiro.
If I were you, I would buy that car.
Si yo fuese t, comprara ese auto.
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this.
Si l estuviese en mi lugar, no hara esto.
If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment.
Si yo tuviese ms dinero, me comprara un lindo apartamento.
If she had more time, she would travel more often.
Si ella tuviera ms tiempo, viajara ms a menudo.
If it were not raining, we could go out.
Si no estuviese lloviendo, podramos salir.
If we didn't have to work today, we could have a picnic.
Si no tuvisemos que trabajar hoy, podramos tener un picnic.

If they won the lottery, they wouldn't work any more.


Si ellos ganaran la lotera, no trabajaran ms.
If I saw her, I would ask her out.
Si la viera, la invitara a salir.
If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want to come back.
Si fueras a Brazil, no querras regresar.
If they spoke Spanish, we would understand them.
Si ellos hablasen espaol, los entenderamos.
If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't go fishing.
Si el no viviera cerca del ro, no podra ir a pescar.
If I didn't want to go, I would tell you.
Si no quisiera ir, te lo dira.
If they worked for that company, they might have better salaries.
Si ellos trabajaran para esa compaa, podran tener mejores sueldos.
If she wrote a book, it would be a best-seller.
Si ella escribiese un libro, sera un best-seller.
first conditional:
If you study you will pass your exam
Si estudias yu psaras tu examen

If she eates a lot of candy she will get fat


Si ella come demasiados dulces ella se volvera gorda
If they do to much exercise they will get strong
Si ellos hacen mucho ejercicio ellos se volveran fuertes

Second conditional:

If I were on vacation I would rest


Si estuviera en vacaciones estaria descansando

If I had enough money I would buy a car


Si tuviera suficiente dinero compraria un auto

If she did not study she would not pass her exam
Si ella no estudia no pasara su examen

Source:
Soy nivel avanzado en Ingles

Clasificacin y comentario del que hace la pregunta

Gracias a todos. Tienen que reconocer que esta respuesta estaba mas completa.

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Calificada con la mayor puntuacin

? respondida hace 5 aos

para la primera forma:


*It will be cheaper tu buy a pass, if you plan to take several flights
*if you`re going hiking, you`ll need somo insect repellent
*if you like outdoor activities, you can go canoeing up roraima`s park
*if you go in may or june, it won`t be too hot

para la segunda forma:


*if it weren`t so cold, we would go swimming
*if you went to a desert island, what would you take?
*if i had a car, i wouldn`t take the train every day
*if i were rich, i would buy a house abroad

o 1
o Comentarios (0)
o

Patty Pato respondida hace 5 aos

IF you eat all that popcorn, you WILL be sick.

Si, tu comes todo ese popcorn (palomitas de maz), te enfermers.

IF you WERE sick, you WOULD be in bed.

Si, estuvieras enfermo, estaras en cama.

Second Conditional

Present Continuous
Present Simple
Present Simple or Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Simple or Continuous
Irregular Verbs
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect or Past Simple
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Review 1
Past Review 2
The Future - Going to
The Future - Will
Will or Going to
The Future - present forms
Will - other uses
Shall
The Imperative
The Passive
The -ing form
Can
Could
May/Might
Should
Should 2
Must /Have to
Zero Conditional
First Conditional
Second Conditional
Third Conditional
Wish
Had better
Used to
Questions 1
Questions 2
Question tags
Reported speech
Reported speech 2
Suppose
Suppose 2
Have something done
Should have
Can have / could have
Will be doing
Will have done
Vocabulary Lessons
About
For
For 2

Let
Like

The Second Conditional is used to talk about 'impossible' situations.

If we were in London today, we would be able to go to the concert in Hyde Park.


If I had millions dollars, I'd give a lot to charity.
If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place.
If everyone had clean water to drink, there would be a lot less disease.

Note that after I / he/ she /it we often use the subjunctive form 'were' and not 'was'. (Some
people think that 'were' is the only 'correct' form but other people think 'was' is equally
'correct' .)

If she were happy in her job, she wouldn't be looking for another one.
If I lived in Japan, I'd have sushi every day.
If they were to enter our market, we'd have big problems.

Note the form 'If I were you' which is often used to give advice.

If I were you, I'd look for a new place to live.


If I were you, I'd go back to school and get more qualifications.

The Second Conditional is also used to talk about 'unlikely' situations.

If I went to China, I'd visit the Great Wall.


If I was the President, I'd reduce taxes.
If you were in my position, you'd understand.

Note that the choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the
speaker's attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples. Otto thinks these things
are possible, Peter doesn't.

Otto If I win the lottery, I'll buy a big house.


Peter If I won the lottery, I'd buy a big house.
Otto If I get promoted, I'll throw a big party.
Peter If I got promoted, I'd throw a big party.
Otto If my team win the Cup, I'll buy champagne for everybody.
Peter If my team won the Cup, I'd buy champagne for everybody.

Note that the 'If clause' can contain the past simple or the past continuous.

If I was still working in Brighton, I would commute by train.


If she were coming, she would be here by now.
If they were thinking of selling, I would want to buy.

Note that the main clause can contain 'would' 'could' or 'might.

If I had the chance to do it again, I would do it differently.


If we met up for lunch, we could go to that new restaurant.
If I spoke to him directly, I might be able to persuade him.

Also note that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.

What would I do without you? ("if you weren't here")


Where would I get one at this time of night? ("if I wanted one")
He wouldn't agree. ("if I asked him")

SECOND CONDITIONAL

El second conditional se usa para condiciones irreales, imposibles,


improbables, etc. Hablamos siempre de condiciones que se dan en estos
momentos y no de algo que sucedi o pudo suceder en el pasado.
Para que lo veis claro, miremos un ejemplo:

If I had a lot of money, I would buy a Ferrari.


Si tuviera mucho dinero, me comprara un Ferrari.

Cmo vemos decimos esta frase refirindonos a este momento que


estamos viviendo ahora y adems vemos que es una condicin irreal o
imposible ya que nos dice "si tuviera mucho dinero" y en realidad no lo
tengo.

Muchas veces explico a mis alumnos que deberamos usar este tipo de
frases condicionales cuando estamos imaginando cosas que no son reales.

La extructura que siguen siempre es la misma:

IF+PAST SIMPLE, WOULD+VERB(FORMA BASE)

Les podemos dar la vuelta a las dos partes quitando la coma ( como en
todas las condicionales).

Ms ejemplos:

If she ate some meat, she would be healthier (but she is vegetarian).
Si comiera carne, estara mas saludable (pero es vegetariana).

If I were Madonna, I' d buy a huge house.


Si yo fuera Madonna, Me comprara una casa enorme.

En esta ltima frase podemos encontrar algo especial: primero un "I" con
un "were" (es una excepcin y se usa para decir "si yo fuera") se usa
mucho para dar consejos " si fuera t....". Y segundo el would apostrofado
" 'd" que lgicamente se usa ms de forma oral.

Con I/he/she/it se debera siempre usar "were" y no "was" (es como un


subjuntivo).

Para prcticar un poco buscad ejercicios por internet.


Si no encontris nada entrad en:

http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/menu.php
Si tenis ms dudas me dejis comentario en este post y estar contento
de poder ayudaros.

La segunda condicional se utiliza para expresar una condicin improbable o


imposible. Para entender a qu hacemos referencia vamos a ver un ejemplo.

Si fuese rico, me comprara una casa.

PARA QU SIRVE?

Utilizamos las condicionales para indicar una condicin y un resultado y por lo


tanto consiste en dos frases, la principal y la que indica la condicin.
Las segunda condicional indica lo que ocurrira si se diese la condicin, aunque
es improbable o imposible que suceda.

CMO SE FORMA?

AFIRMATIVA: Las segunda condicional se forma con el pasado simple en la 'if-clause' y


con el would en la 'main clause'.

[IF... + PAST SIMPLE] + [WOULD + VERBO PRINCIPAL]

Si ganase la lotera, me comprara una casa.


If I won the lottery, I would buy a house

* En este caso indicamos algo improbable, ya que es una situacin que rara vez
ocurre.

Tambin se puede utilizar los modales 'could' y 'might' en la frase principal.

Si ganase la lotera, me podra comprar una casa.


If I won the lottery, I could buy a house

NEGATIVA: Para hacer una condicional negativa podemos utilizar dos


estructuras diferentes. La primera sera negando los verbos normalmente.
Si no ganase la lotera, no me comprara una casa.
If I didnt win the lottery, I wouldnt buy a house.

* Como podemos ver en el ejemplo, simplemente negamos las frases. Recuerda


que pueden estar las dos negadas o slo una de ellas.

Sin embargo, tambin podemos utilizar 'unless' seguido del verbo en afirmativa,
manteniendo el mismo significado.

Si no ganase la lotera, no me comprara una casa.


Unless I won the lottery, I wouldn't buy a house.

* Recuerda que 'unless' significa 'a menos que' o 'si no', por lo que ya indica un
significado negativo.

INTERROGATIVA: La segunda condicional suele aparecer en preguntas, ya que con


ello podemos preguntar por supuestos imaginarios.

Qu haras si ganases la lotera?


What would you do if you won the lottery?

Me comprara una casa.


I would buy a house.

QU DEBO RECORDAR?

WAS/WERE: Debemos recordar que cuando usamos el verbo 'to be' podemos
utilizar la forma 'were' (en lugar de 'was') para todas las personas.

Si yo fuese t comprara un coche nuevo.


If I were you, I would buy a new car.

Si l fuese rico comprara un coche nuevo.


If he were rich, he would buy a new car.

* A veces lo encontraremos con 'was', pero es una forma menos formal,


especialmente en ingls americano.
ESTRUCTURA: Cuando hablamos de oraciones condicionales debemos tener
en cuenta que estn formadas por dos frases.

1 La 'if-clause' que es la frase que contiene la partcula 'if'. Esta frase


indica la hiptesis o condicin.

2 La 'main clause', es decir, la frase principal. Esta frase lo que indica


es el resultado.

ORDEN: Recuerda que estas dos frases pueden intercambiarse el orden, es decir,
que podemos tambin encontrar la 'main-clause' primero y luego la 'if-clause'.

If I won the lottery, I would buy a house.

I would buy a house if I won the lottery.

*1 Cuando la 'if-clause' est delante separamos las frases con una coma,
de lo contrario no es necesario.

*2 Recuerda, adems, que podemos encontrar 'would' contrado.

LO HE ENTENDIDO?

Puedes realizar una actividad de comprensin relacionada con este tema en el siguiente
enlace.

Conditional Sentences (Frases


condicionales)
El uso del condicional significa que una accin depende de otra. Los condicionales se utilizan
para hablar sobre situaciones reales o irreales. En general, las frases condicionales llevan la
palabra "if" (si).
Ten en cuenta que no existe un tiempo verbal para el condicional en ingls como existe en
espaol. A la vez, se usa el verbo auxiliar "would" para formar el condicional en ingls.
Hay cuatro tipos de frases condicionales y el uso de uno u otro refleja la probabilidad de la
accin.

Conditional Types (Tipos de los condicionales)


Zero Conditional (Tipo 0)
Se usa este tipo de condicional cuando la condicin y el resultado siempre es verdad, como por
ejemplo los hechos cientficos.

IF Condition Result

If Present simple Present simple

Ejemplos:
Play
If you heat water to 100 C, it boils. / Water boils if you heat it to 100 C. (Si calientas agua a
100 C hierve.)

Play
If I don't practice the piano everyday I play poorly. / I play the piano poorly if I don't
practice everyday. (Si no practico el piano cada da toco mal.)

Play
Does your mom get mad if you don't call her? / If you don't call your
mom, does she getmad? (Si no llamas a tu madre, se enoja?)

Nota: Podemos cambiar el orden de las frases sin cambiar el significado. Tambin, en general
con este tipo de condicional, podemos sustituir "if" por "when" sin alterar el significado.

First Conditional (Tipo 1)


Este tipo de condicional se utiliza para el futuro y en los casos en que es muy probable que la
condicin pasar.

IF Condition Result

If Present simple Future simple ("will")

Ejemplos:
Play
If Bill studies, he will pass the exam. / Bill will pass the exam if he studies. (Si Bill estudia,
aprobar el examen.)

Play
If it doesn't rain, we will go to the beach. / We will go to the beach if it doesn't rain. (Si no
llueve, iremos a la playa.)

Play
Will you take the train if you miss the bus? / If you miss the bus, will you take the
train?(Cogers el tren si pierdes el bus?)

Nota: Se pueden usar algunos verbos modales en vez de "will" para cambiar la probabilidad o
expresar una opinin. Para ms informacin, ver la leccin sobre los verbos modales.
Ejemplos:
Play
If it doesn't rain, we may go to the beach. [*Con el uso de "may", el significado de esta frase cambia.
Ahora, el hablante reconoce que puede ir a la playa pero no esta tan seguro de si ir.]

Play
If it doesn't rain we should go to the beach. [*En este caso, el uso de "should" expresa la opinin del
hablante.]

Play
If it doesn't rain we can go to the beach.["Can" significa que es posible ir a la playa, pero no indica la
probabilidad.]

Second Conditional (Tipo 2)


Se utiliza el tipo 2 para expresar una posibilidad irreal en el presente, como un deseo o un
sueo, o para una accin en el futuro no tan probable.

IF Condition Result

If Past simple "Would" + infinitivo

Ejemplos:
Play
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. / I would travel around the
world if Iwon the lottery. (Si ganara la lotera, viajara alrededor del mundo.)

Play
If Rachel had more time, she would learn to play the guitar. / Rachel would learn to play the
guitar if she had more time. (Si Rachel tuviera ms tiempo, aprendera a tocar la guitarra.)

Play
Would you be happy if you were to get married? / If you were to get
married, would you behappy? (Estaras feliz si te casaras?)

Nota: Como en el tipo 1, se pueden usar otros verbos modales en vez de "would" para
cambiar el significado y la posibilidad.

Third Conditional (Tipo 3)


A diferencia a los tipos 1 y 2, se utiliza el tercer tipo de condicional cuando hablamos de una
condicin en el pasado que no ha sucedido.

IF Condition Result

"Would have" + past


If Past perfect
participle

Ejemplos:
Play
If I had known then what I know now, I would have done things differently. / I would have
done things differently if I had known then what I know now. (Si hubiera sabido en el pasado lo que
s ahora, hubiera hecho las cosas de manera diferente.)
Play
Suzanne wouldn't have had the heart attack if she had gone on a diet as her doctor
recommended. / If Suzanne had gone on a diet as her doctor recommended she wouldn't
have had the heart attack. (Suzanne no hubiera tenido el infarto si hubiera hecho dieta como su mdico le
recomend.)

Play
Would you have liked to go to university if you had been able to afford it? / If you had
been able to afford it, would you have liked to go to university? (Te hubiera gustado ir a la
universidad si te lo hubieras permitido pagar?)

Nota: Como en los tipos 1 y 2, se pueden usar otros verbos modales en vez de "would" para
cambiar el significado y la probabilidad.

SECOND CONDITIONAL
(explicada en espaol )

Este tipo de oracion condicional se usa para


expresar situaciones hipoteticas en el presente , como
un deseo o un sueo , o una accion que puede suceder en
el futuro pero no es probable.
Tambien la podemos usar para dar un consejo a otra
persona poniendonos en su lugar.

Se forma con el pasado simple y los verbos modales


como Would , Could , Might , Should estos ultimos
siempre van seguidos por el infinitivo .

Recordemos que las oraciones condicionales se forman


con : una oracion principal y una suboracion condicional
.
Para la Segunda Condicional debemos usar en
la suboracion que expresa la Condicion el Pasado
Simple y en la oracion principal , que es el resultado de
la condicional: Would + infinitivo .

Aqui tienes un ejemplo :

sub oracion condicional oracion principal


IF + Condition + Result
IF + Past simple + "Would" + infinitivo
If I won the lottery , I would buy that car .
(Si Yo ganara la loteria , compraria ese auto .)

Usualmente ponemos una coma cuando la sub oracion


condicional If esta primero que la oracion principal ,
pero si la oracion principal es la primera la coma se
omite .

* Recordemos que los verbos que se usan en las


condicionales pueden abreviarse con el uso de un
apostrofe .

Would = 'd
Had = 'd
Would not = Wouldn't
Did not = Didn't

Traducciones cientifico literarias


Prof Carol
Cel :15 6448 4598 Bs.As Argentina
Mail : carolbrusa@yahoo.com

Traduccion del ingles al espaol del libro


Ashtanga as taught by Shri Pattahbi Jois de Larry
Schultz
http://www.traduccionashtanga.blogspot.com.ar/

Aqui tienes mas ejemplos :

*En estos casos estamos usando la Segunda condicional


para hablar de una posibilidad irreal en el presente ,
como un deseo , un sueo o una accion que se puede dar
en el futuro pero es muy improbable .

Past simple + Would + infinitivo


If I had enough money , I would buy that house.
Si tuviera suficiente dinero , Yo compraria esa casa .
(pero en realidad no tengo el dinero )

Past simple Would + infinitivo


If I had any money , I would give you some .
Si tuviera algo de dinero , te daria .
(pero en realidad no tengo dinero )

Past simple Would + infinitivo


If Harry won the lottery , He would travel to Iceland .
Si Harry ganara la loteria , El viajaria a Islandia .
( pero en realidad Harry no gano la loteria )

* Recordemos que si la oracion principal esta al


principio la coma se omite .

Would+infinitivo Past simple


They would go to Bariloche If They had the money.
Ellos irian a Bariloche Si ellos tuvieran el dinero.
(pero en realidad ellos no tienen el dinero )

Would + infinitivo Past simple


He would feel better If he did not smoke so much.
El se sentiria mejor Si no fumara tanto .
(pero en realidad no ha dejado de fumar )
Would +infinitivo Past simple
I would lower taxes If I became president .
Yo bajaria los impuestos , Si me convirtiera en
presidente .
(pero en realidad no soy presidente )

*En estos casos estamos usando la Segunda condicional


para dar un consejo o ponernos en el lugar de otra
persona.

Past simple Would +infinitivo


If I were in Brazil , I would go to Rio .
Si estuviera en Brazil, Yo iria a Rio.

Past simple Would +infinitivo


If I were you , I would go to the party .
Si fuera tu ,Yo iria a la fiesta.

Past simple Would +infinitivo


If He were in my place , He wouldn't do this.
Si El estuviera en mi lugar , no haria esto.
NOTA : En este tipo de oracion condicional el verbo
To be
se conjuga en pasado pero con I - He - She - It se usa
WERE al igual que con You We They , ya que esta
expresando una condicion y esta funcionando como
Subjuntivo .

Con un click puedes ayudar a rescatar una mascota


abandonada (no tienes que donar en
dinero) http://www.barkingmad.co.za/

Las empresas que hacen publicidad en esta pagina


cuentan la cantidad de clicks por dia y donan en
consecuencia .

Para ver mas donaciones gratuitas en la web ir a:


http://www.thenonprofits.com/

*Tambien podemos usar las condicionales en las


preguntas :
Would +infinitivo Past simple
Would They win the match If They played ?
Ganaran Ellos el partido si jugaran ?

Would +infinitivo Past simple


Would They come If I asked them ?
Vendrian Ellos si les pidiera ?

Would +infinitivo Past simple


What would you do If they offered you the job ?
Que harias si te ofrecieran el empleo ?

Entonces , tengamos en cuenta que para usar esta


Condicional, en la suboracion condicional debe ir el
pasado simple y en la oracion principal debe ir Would +
infinitivo .

Si por ejemplo decimos :

(oracion principal ) (sub oracion condicional)


She would go to Argentina If her parents would buy her
the plane ticket .

Esto es incorrecto ya que en la sub oracion condicional


corresponde el pasado simple .

La forma correcta es:

(oracion principal ) (suboracion


condicional )
Result + If + Condition
Would +infinitivo + If + Past
simple
She would go to Argentina If her parents bought her the
plane ticket .
(Carolina iria a Argentina Si sus padres compraran el
boleto de avion .)

Si por ejemplo decimos :

(sub oracion condicional) (oracion principal)


If I would won the scholarship , I would become the first
one in my family to study at University .

Esto es incorrecto ya que en la sub oracion


condicional corresponde el pasado simple .
La forma correcta es:

(sub oracion condicional) (oracion principal )


IF + Condition + Result
If + Past simple + Would + infinitivo
If I won the scholarship , I would become the first one in
my family to study at University .
(Si Yo ganara la beca , me convertiria en la primera en mi
familia en estudiar en la universidad. )

Entonces recuerda que la Segunda Condicional se usa


para expresar situaciones hipoteticas en el presente ,
como un deseo o un sueo , o una accion que puede
suceder en el futuro pero no es probable.

Tambien la podemos usar para dar un consejo a otra


persona poniendonos en su lugar.

Para usar correctamente la Segunda Condicional


siempre en la suboracion condicional debe ir
el pasado simple y en la oracion principal debe
ir Would + infinitivo .

Para actividades de oraciones condicionales ir a :


http://www.theyellowpencil.com/gramacondicionales.ht
ml
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/2co
nd2.htm
http://www.mansioningles.com/cursointer/cursointer11_
5.htm

A la gente de Mountain View , Como decimos en


Argentina RE GRACIAS por siempre estar ahi .
Con todo mi aprecio ,
Carol .

* Si tienes mas dudas sobre este tema , deja tu pregunta


en comentarios y te contestare a la brevedad.

Best regards

Carol
from Bs. As. Argentina.

* If you have more doubts about this topic , leave your


question in comments and I will answer as soon as I can.

Best regards
Carol
from Bs. As. Argentina
.

Publicado por Carol Brusa en 12:29


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Etiquetas: SECOND CONDITIONAL (explicada en espaol
)
3 comentarios:

1.

Annimo1 de septiembre de 2013, 8:21


me sirvio de mucho esa informacion gracias. leydy
estrada-colombia
Responder

2.
Annimo22 de septiembre de 2013, 9:26
superrr,esta re bien explicado
Responder
3.
nephi burgos30 de enero de 2014, 16:39
ayudenme con preguntas del segundo condicional
Responder
Aadir comentario

Second Conditional:
unreal possibility or
dream
The second conditional is like the first conditional. We
are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about
a particular condition in the future, and the result of this
condition. But there is not a real possibility that this
condition will happen. For example, you do not have a
lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket,
no win! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the
future. So you can think about winning in the future, like
a dream. It's not very real, but it's still possible.

IF condition result

past simple WOULD + base verb

If I won the lottery I would buy a car.

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We


use the past simple tense to talk about the future
condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the
future result. The important thing about the second
conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that
the condition will happen.

Here are some more examples:

IF condition result

past simple WOULD + base verb


If I married Mary I would be happy.

If Ram became rich she would marry him.

If it snowed next July would you be surprised?

If it snowed next July what would you do?

result IF condition

WOULD + base verb past simple

I would be happy if I married Mary.

She would marry Ram if he became rich.

Would you be surprised if it snowed next July?

What would you do if it snowed next July?

Sometimes, we use should, could or might instead


of would, for example: If I won a million dollars,
I could stop working.

Third Conditional

Second Conditional:
unreal possibility or
dream
The second conditional is like the first conditional. We
are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about
a particular condition in the future, and the result of this
condition. But there is not a real possibility that this
condition will happen. For example, you do not have a
lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket,
no win! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the
future. So you can think about winning in the future, like
a dream. It's not very real, but it's still possible.

IF condition result

past simple WOULD + base verb

If I won the lottery I would buy a car.

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We


use the past simple tense to talk about the future
condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the
future result. The important thing about the second
conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that
the condition will happen.

Here are some more examples:

IF condition result
past simple WOULD + base verb

If I married Mary I would be happy.

If Ram became rich she would marry him.

If it snowed next July would you be surprised?

If it snowed next July what would you do?

result IF condition

WOULD + base verb past simple

I would be happy if I married Mary.

She would marry Ram if he became rich.

Would you be surprised if it snowed next July?

What would you do if it snowed next July?

Sometimes, we use should, could or might instead


of would, for example: If I won a million dollars,
I could stop working.

Third Conditional
1 If I ______ promoted, I would be able to buy a bigger house.
had
got
took
paid
worked

2 I think it would create much better discipline in the office if you


______ me a bit more respect in front of my staff.
had
got
were
showed
worked

3 If you ______ the train, you wouldn't be so tired when you arrived.
offered
met
took
showed
bought

4 If I ______ her again, I would be really angry with her.


offered
met
were
showed
bought

5 If you ______ a bit harder, you'd be really good at your job.


offered
met
took
paid
worked

6 If we ______ these premises, we'd quickly outgrow them. They're


just not big enough.
had
got
were
paid
bought

7 If I ______ you, I wouldn't tell anybody about this.


had
got
were
was
worked

8 If they ______ me the job, I would probably take it.


offered
was
were
showed
bought

9 If he ______ a shower every morning, it would be much easier to


work with him.
had
met
were
paid
worked

10 If you ______ more attention in meetings, you'd know what was


going on.
offered
met
took
paid
bought

11 My father gave me that watch. He ______ very happy if he knew I


had lost it.
would have
would be
wouldn't be
would refuse
would lose

12 Do you think Harry ______ angry if I used his office whilst he was
away?
would have
would be
wouldn't know
would refuse
would lose

13 If we didn't agree to their terms, what ______ ?


would have
would be
wouldn't be
would happen
would lose

14 If I won the Lottery, I ______ my job. I love it too much.


would make
wouldn't leave
wouldn't be
would happen
would feel
15 If my computer was stolen, I ______ months of work.
would make
wouldn't leave
wouldn't know
would refuse
would lose

16 If I got made redundant, I ______ what to do with myself.


would make
wouldn't leave
wouldn't know
would happen
would feel

17 If you stopped smoking, you ______ a lot better pretty quickly.


would have
would sit
wouldn't be
would happen
would feel

18 If I was made President of this company, I ______ quite a few


changes.
would make
would be
wouldn't be
would happen
would feel

19 If I met Prince Charles, I ______ to bow to him.


would smoke
wouldn't leave
wouldn't know
would refuse
would feel

20 If we caught the earlier flight, we ______ a long wait in Atlanta


airport for the connecting flight.
would have
wouldn't leave
wouldn't know
would refuse
would lose