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Chapter 10 problems

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10.6 A machinist is using a wrench to loosen a nut. The wrench is 25cm

long, and he exerts a 17-N force at the end of the handle.

a) What torque does the machinist exert about the center of the nut?

b) What is the maximum torque he could exert with this force?

The direction of the torque will

be out of the page.

r F

r F sin( )

radius and force are perpendicular to each other

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10.12 A stone is suspended from the free end of a wire that is wrapped around

the outer rim of a pulley. The pulley is a uniform disk with mass 10kg and

radius 50cm and turns on frictionless bearings. You measure that the stone

travels 12.6m in the first 3 seconds, starting from rest.

Find a) the mass of the stone and b) the tension in the wire.

the acceleration of the falling stone:

Positive = downward

y y0 v0,y t 1

ay t2 R

2

T M

12.6m 0 0 1

2 ay (3s)2

ay 2.8 sm2

find the tension:

T R I

mg

a

2

T R ( 12 MR ) ( ) T 1

2 M a

R

T 2 (10kg)(2.8 sm2 )

1

14N

stone to find its mass:

F mg T ma

mg ma T m(g a) T

T 14N

m 2kg

g a 9.8 s2 2.8 sm2

m

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10.20 A string is wrapped several times around the rim

of a small hoop with radius 8cm and mass 0.18kg. The

free end of the string is held in place and the hoop is

released from rest. After the hoop has descended 75cm,

calculate

a) the angular speed of the rotating hoop and

b) the speed of its center.

mgh 1

2

mv2cm 1

2

I 2

vcm 2

mgh 1

2 mv2cm 1

2 (mr2 )( )

r

mgh 1

2 mv2cm 1

2 mv2cm

mgh mv2cm

vcm gh 2.7 ms

vcm

33.9 ras d

r

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10.26 A bowling ball rolls without slipping up a ramp that slopes upward at

an angle to the horizontal. Treat the ball as a uniform, solid sphere,

ignoring the finger holes.

a) Draw the free-body diagram for the ball. Explain why friction is uphill.

b) What is the acceleration of the center of mass of the ball?

c) What minimum coefficient of static friction is needed to prevent slipping?

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10.44 A solid wood door 1m wide and 2m high is hinged along one side and has

a total mass of 40kg. Initially open and at rest, the door is struck at its center by

a handful of sticky mud with mass 5kg, traveling perpendicular to the door at

12m/s just before impact. Find the final angular speed of the door. Does the mud

make a significant contribution to the moment of inertia?

10.62 A large 16kg roll of paper with radius R=18cm rests

against the wall and is held in place by a bracket attached to

the rod through the center of the roll. The rod turns without

friction in the bracket, and the moment of inertia of the paper

and rod about the axis is 0.26kg-m2. The other end of the

bracket is attached by a frictionless hinge to the wall such

that the bracket makes and angle of 30 with the wall. The

weight of the bracket is negligible. The coefficient of kinetic

friction between the paper and the wall is k=0.25. A

constant vertical force F=40N is applied to the paper, and the

paper unrolls.

paper as it unrolls?

b) What is the angular acceleration of the roll?

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10.75 A solid, uniform ball roll without slipping up a

hill, as shown. At the top of the hill, it is moving

horizontally, and then it goes over the vertical cliff.

a) How far from the foot of the cliff does the ball land,

and how fast is it moving just before it lands?

b) Notice that when the ball lands, it has a larger

translational speed than when it was at the bottom of

the hill. Does this mean that the ball somehow gained

energy? Explain!

First we need to use conservation of energy to find the linear speed of the ball

when it reaches the top of the cliff, then we will use kinematics to find the

distance and final speed.

Eto p Ebo tto m

2

1

2 mv2 1

2 I 2

mgh 1

2 mv20 1

2 I 0

v v0 2

1

2 mv2 1

2 ( 25 mr2 )( )2 mgh 1

2 mv20 1

2 ( 25 mr2 )( )

r r

7

10 mv2 mgh 10 7

mv20

7

10

v2 (9.8 sm2 )(28m) 7

10

(25 ms )2 v to p 15.26 ms

Use free-fall to find the time it takes to fall, then multiply to get distance:

y 1

2 gt2

28m 1

2

(9.8 sm2 )t2 t 2.4s

x (15.26 ms )(2.4s) 36.6m

vy (9.8 sm2 )(2.4s) 23.5 ms

Notice that this is larger than the initial speed! The ball is spinning more slowly,

so more energy is available for linear motion.

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