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Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series A

Reinforcing Sub grade Soil Using Jute Fibre

--Manuscript Draft--

Manuscript Number:

IEIA-D-17-00169

Full Title:

Reinforcing Sub grade Soil Using Jute Fibre

Article Type:

Original Contribution

Section/Category:

Civil Engineering

Keywords:

Key Words - Sub grade, Jute fibre, California Bearing Ratio

Corresponding Author:

Aman Tiwari, M.tech Corporate Institute of Science and Technology bhopal, mp INDIA

Corresponding Author Secondary Information:

 

Corresponding Author's Institution:

Corporate Institute of Science and Technology

Corresponding Author's Secondary Institution:

 

First Author:

Aman Tiwari, M.tech

First Author Secondary Information:

 

Order of Authors:

Aman Tiwari, M.tech

Rohan Rajput, M.tech

Avinash Kumar Shah, BE

Order of Authors Secondary Information:

 

Funding Information:

 

Abstract:

Sub grade is the lowest layer of the pavement. It takes all the loads of the pavement as well as the loads coming on the pavement. So, it should possess sufficient stability under adverse climatic and loading conditions. Use of jute fiber in civil engineering for improving soil properties is advantageous because they are cheap, locally available, biodegradable and environmental friendly. In this experiment an attempt is made to study the influence of jute fiber reinforcement on C.B.R properties of expansive soil with increasing percentages 0.25%, 0.50%, 1.0%, 2.0% and 3.0%. It was also observed that increasing the percentage of fiber there was a further increase in the CBR value of reinforced soil. This increase in CBR values of soil reinforced with Jute fiber can be used to substantially indicating significant improvement in the bearing capacity of soil. After doing the CBR test of soil it has been noted that its value increases with the increase in fiber content. This significant increase in CBR value of soil reinforced with Jute fiber can be used to substantially reduce the thickness of pavement sub grade and significant reduction in the cost of construction.

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Reinforcing Sub grade Soil Using Jute Fibre

Aman Tiwari (1) , Rohan Rajput (2) & Avinash Ku. Shah (3)

(1)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal (2)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal (3)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal

Email ID:- (1) aman20tiwari@gmail.com (2) rohanrajput.rajput67@gmail.com (3) avinashshah91@gmail.com Mobile number:- (1) 9926394648 (2) 7415766770 (3) 9589856768

Manuscript (excluding authors' names and affiliations)

Aman Tiwari (1) , Rohan Rajput (2) & Avinash Ku. Shah (3)

(1)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal (2)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal (3)Assistant Professor, Corporate Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal

Reinforcing Sub grade Soil Using Jute Fibre

ABSTRACT

Sub grade is the lowest layer of the pavement. It takes all the loads of the pavement as well as

the loads coming on the pavement. So, it should possess sufficient stability under adverse

climatic and loading conditions. Use of jute fibre in civil engineering for improving soil

properties is advantageous because they are cheap, locally available, biodegradable and

environmental friendly. In this experiment an attempt is made to study the influence of jute

fibre reinforcement on C.B.R properties of expansive soil with increasing percentages 0.25%,

0.50%, 1.0%, 2.0% and 3.0%.

It was also observed that increasing the percentage of fibre there was a further increase in the

CBR value of reinforced soil. This increase in CBR values of soil reinforced with Jute fibre

can be used to substantially indicating significant improvement in the bearing capacity of

soil.

After doing the CBR test of soil it has been noted that its value increases with the increase in

fibre content. This significant increase in CBR value of soil reinforced with Jute fibre can be

used to substantially reduce the thickness of pavement sub grade and significant reduction in

the cost of construction.

Key Words - Sub grade, Jute fibre, California Bearing Ratio, Biodegradable

I. INTRODUCTION

Soil reinforcement technique is one of the most popular techniques used for the improvement

of poor soils which is known as soil stabilization using jute fibres. Metal strips, synthetic

geotextiles, geogrid sheets, natural geotextiles, randomly distributed, synthetic and natural

fibres are being used as reinforcing materials to soil. Further, the soil reinforcement causes

significant improvement in tensile strength, shear strength, other properties, and bearing

capacity of soil. More importantly this method is very economical.

Sub grade is the lowest layer of the pavement which takes the loads of the pavement along

with the loads coming on the pavement. Certainly it should possess sufficient stability under

various climatic and loading conditions. The defects in flexible pavement surface like rutting,

corrugation, etc. are generally attributed to poor sub grade. Thus the stability of the sub grade

is important for the stability of the pavement. In order to improve the engineering properties,

soil can be reinforced using various materials which may be organic or inorganic. One of the

reinforcing materials is jute fibres. Jute fibres are preferable because of its better durability,

high tensile strength and porous texture which provide a good drainage and filtration

properties. Apparently, jute is easy available, cheap and eco-friendly. Reinforcing in soil

masses increases its strength, bearing capacity and ductility, reduces settlement and inhibits

lateral deformation.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW

Over the last two decades many studies have been carried out to reinforce the soil, so as to

increase its strength and other properties. The study of effect of jute fibre on the soil was

done and later jute was introduced as geotextiles in rural roads. The effect of jute fibre in sub

grade characteristics improvement was also studied. It was noticed that jute fibre reinforced

soil has reduced maximum dry density and increased optimum moisture content remarkably.

Dr. T.Kiran Kumar (1) , et al in JUNE 2016 concluded that tests result indicates that CBR

properties of soil increases with the increase in fibre content. It was also observed that

increasing the percentage of fibre further increases the CBR value of reinforced soil and this

increase is substantial at fibre content of about 3%. This significant increase in CBR values of

soil reinforced with Jute fibre can be used to substantially indicating significant improvement

in the engineering behavior.

Kumar Dharmendra (2) , et al in May 2015 concluded that his test results indicate CBR

value of soil increases with the increase in fibre content. It was also observed that increasing

the length of fibre further increases the CBR value of reinforced soil and this increase is

substantial at fibre content of about 1.5 to 2.0 %.

III. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

i. Materials

Soil Jute

Fibres

The soil used in the investigation was the black cotton soil collected from the area of college

campus near Bhopal. The soil was collected from a depth of 50 cm after removing the top

surface soil from natural ground surface.

Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibres. Jute is a long, shiny vegetable fibre,

biodegradable substance. The other term is said to be jute fibre is COIR (Coconut fibre) is

natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in FLOOR MATS, DOOR MATS

and BRUSHES.

Following are the advantages of jute geotextile

1. Availability

2. Jute geotextile can perfectly shape itself to ground contours.

3. High moisture/water absorbing capacity.

4. High initial strength.

ii. Methodology

To Determine the Liquid Limit, Plastic limit, Maximum Dry Density (M.D.D),

Optimum Moisture Content (O.M.C) & C.B.R value of the Raw Soil.

Sieve the soil by 20mm & 4.75mm (IS Sieve) to obtain the quantity of 5 kg.

Mixed the soil by water up to (O.M.C).

Take the quantity of Jute Fibre by Dry weight of the Soil by following percentage.

Mix the Jute Fibre layer-by-layer into the soil.

Test the Doped Soil in C.B.R apparatus to obtain the value of following percentage.

IV. OBSERVATION & RESULTS

Observations & Calculations of Density Test:-

Weight of mould=4.120 kg Diameter of mould =10 cm Weight of rammer =4.5 kg

Volume of mould =1000CC Height of mould =12.8 cm Amount of compaction= light (25 blow)

 

DETERMINATION

1

2

3

4

NO

Weight of Water Added, Ww (gm)

400 gm

550 gm

700 gm

850 gm

Weight Of Mould + Compacted Soil, (gm)

5.850

5.960

6.170

6.210

Weight of Compacted Soil, W (gm)

1.730

1.840

2.050

2.090

Bulk Density(gm/cc) = W/(Mould Volume)

1.73

1.84

2.05

2.09

Dry Density (gm/cc) = Bulk density/ (1+w).

1.67

1.77

1.81

1.79

Container No.

1

2

3

4

Wt. of container (gm) =

23.12

22.36

23.93

22.28

W1

Wt. of container + wet soil (gm) = W2

35.05

42.99

39.35

42.44

Wt. of container + dry soil (gm) = W3

33.85

40.53

37.10

39.51

Moisture %

11.18

13.54

17.08

20.43

OMC=17.08%

 

M.D.D= 1.81 gm/cc.

M.D.D. CURVE

2.00 1.90 1.80 1.70 1.60 1.50 1.40 1.30 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% Dry
2.00
1.90
1.80
1.70
1.60
1.50
1.40
1.30
0.00%
5.00%
10.00%
15.00%
20.00%
25.00%
Dry Density (gm/cc)

Moisture Contant %

Results of CBR test performed for different % of jute reinforced-

S.NO.

% of Jute

CBR%

1

NIL

1.95

2

0.25

4.88

3

0.5

5.16

4

1.0

5.37

5

2.0

5.86

6

3.0

6.83

C.B.R. test of soil (Doped By 1.0%) (Jute Fibre) 8 7 6 5 4 3
C.B.R. test of soil (Doped By 1.0%)
(Jute Fibre)
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0
5.0
7.5
10.0 12.5
Load Intensity (kg/cm^2)

Penetration (mm)

V. CONCLUSION Tested Soil Sample Mixed With 1% of Jute fibre  With the above

V. CONCLUSION

Tested Soil Sample Mixed With 1% of Jute fibre

With the above results we conclude that, if we use individually Jute Fibres put up

into a Soil, whose provide the tensile strength to a Soil and increase the thickness of

the Sub-Grade of the pavement.

As in the case of Jute Fibre when we use below 3% its CBR Value is good but when

we add more Jute Fibre then its CBR value reduce.

Jute Fibre in this project is near 0.25%-3% gives good result.

In this result we find that our value changes from 0% to 5%. Our CBR value

increases near about 3% since pavement thickness reciprocal of CBR value. In this

way we reduce the pavement thickness near about 30%.

In this result we find that our value changes from 0% to 5%. Our CBR value

increases near about 3% since pavement thickness reciprocal of CBR value. In this

way we reduce the pavement thickness near about 30%.

Adding jute fibre more than 3% showing CBR value greater but the quantity of jute

was in excess that the soil losses its significance. As the jute fibre is biodegradable so

taking it in excess quantity will be harmful for the soil sub grade after the long

interval of time.

It has also been concluded that reinforced soil using jute-geotextile is advantageous

economically as it is cheap and locally available material. Compared to other methods of soil

reinforcement which have some practical difficulties in the field, the application of jute-

geotextile is easier. The jute geotextile reinforcement is an excellent solution for the

construction of low volume roads on weak subgrades.

REFERENCES

1. Dr. T. Kiran Kumar, B Jagan “A CRITICAL REVIEW ON APPLICATIONS OF NATURAL JUTE FIBRES A CASE STUDYVolume 7, Issue 3, MayJune 2016 International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), pp 200-210

2. Dharmendra Kumar, Sudhir Nigam, Abhinav Nangia, and Shailendra Tiwari Improvement in CBR Values of Soil Reinforced with Jute Fibre” ISSN: 2321-0869, Volume-3, Issue-5,

May 2015International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR) pp 290-293

3. Savastano H, Warden G, Coutts P., 2000. Brazilian waste fibers as reinforcement for cement- based composites. Cement Concrete Compos;Vol. 22, pp 379384.

4. Choudhary A. K., Gill K. S. and Jha K.N. (2011); “Improvement in CBR values of expansive soil sub grade using geo-synthetics”. Proc. Indian Geotechnical Conference,Kochi, pp.569-

572.

5. Subramani, T. “Experimental Investigations on Coir Fibre Reinforced Bituminous Mixes” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol.2, Issue.3, pp 1794- 1804, 2012

6. ] Ramaswamy, S.D. And Aziz, M.A., 1989. “Jute Geotextiles For Roads”, Geotextiles Vol. 1, Tata Me. Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 159-166.

7. Control", Proceedings of the 11th workshop on coir geogrids and geofabrics in Civil Engineering Practice, Coimbatore, India, 28 -31.

9.

IRC: State - of - the Art: “ Applications of geotextiles in Highway Engineering, Special report 12, Highway Research Board, Indian Roads Congress

10. Datye, K. R., and Gore, V. N. (1994) "Application of Natural geotextiles and related products", Journal of Geotextiles. 13, 371 - 388.

11. IS Code (IS: 2027 (Part 5) 1985)

12. IS Code (IS: 2027 (Part 7) 1980)