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VODIA MAnual .................................................. 2

The VODIA package ............................................... 2
Conect the PDA.......................................................................3
Installing VODIA ...................................................... 4
How to get the VODIA to function ............................. 6
Assamble the VODIA package.........................................7
VODIA overwiev ...................................................... 8
VODIA program icons...........................................................9
Enter the VODIA for the first time ............................ 10
VODIA options ....................................................... 11
Connecting to the engine ....................................... 12
Sewlec function group........................................................13
Parameter, Programming ...................................... 15


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Vodia package

Today, many of Volvo Pentas products have electrical control systems. VODIA is a handheld diagnostics tool
that enables mechanics to conduct professional service and repairs.

The VODIA package

Before you assemble the VODIA system, please
check to see that your package is complete. If not
contact your local market company.

Requirement on your PC hardware and


IBM-PC compatible personal computer.

Microsoft Windows(r) XP, 2000, NT Workstation 4.0
with SP6 or later, 98 or ME.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 or later with 128-bit
Available 9-pin (COM port), infrared port or USB (re-
commended but only available on Microsoft
Windows(r) XP, 2000, 98 or ME)
CD-ROM drive.
VGA graphics card or compatible video graphics
adapter at 256 colour or higher.
Your VODIA package should contain the following:
Part number: Keyboard.
3838619, VODIA, Complete tool Microsoft Mouse or compatible input device.
3838620, VODIA, Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Hard drive with 12 to 65 MB of available hard disk
with SD card space.
3838621, VODIA, Communication jacket. Used with
the VODIA PDA (3838620).
3838622, VODIA, Cable with connector. Used with
communication jacket (3838621) on the
communication socket in the vehicle.
3838623, VODIA, Adapter EDC with external power
supply. Used with communication jacket
(3838621) and 3838622 to the 2-pin sock-
et on the engine.
Order no: 1550 4501 1220

Vodia package

Connecting the PDA to a PC with

ActiveSync to create a partnership

Setting up the handheld

Install Microsoft ActiveSync 3.5 from the included CD on your
PC according to the instructions provided by Compaq.
NOTE! Do not connect the cradle to the PC prior to installing
ActiveSync 3.5.

Connecting the PDA to the PC

Perform the following steps to connect the PDA to the PC.
Make sure that the cradle (or cable) is connected to the
USB or Serial port on the PC.
Check that ActiveSync is started on the PC and dock the
handheld into the cradle (or cable). If an USB-connection is
used, ActiveSync will automatically connect. Otherwise,
choose File -> Get Connected in ActiveSync.
When the device is found, ActiveSync will ask if a partner-
ship should be created. Select Yes.
When selecting to setup a partnership, there is an option to
synchronize with only the current PC or with two PC:s. Select
to only synchronize with one PC.
The next window is the Select Sync. Settings, click next for
now. You are able to return and to change these settings la-
ter by reading about ActiveSync in your Compaq iPAQ ma-
ActiveSync has now setup an active partnership between
your PC and the PDA. It is now time to install VODIA. (Re-
member to not remove the PDA from the cradle or the acti-
ve connection to the PC is lost and you are not able to sync.
information to and from the PDA.)

Basic PDA functions

Installing VODIA using a SD Card

Locate the included SD Card containing the VODIA soft-
ware and load it in the SD expansion slot on the iPAQ as

The VODIA Software is installed automatically on to the

iPAQ when you load the SD Card. When the installation is
complete the front screen has been changed. The screen
is now containing four buttons, one for each application.

The VODIA application with is used for D3, D4, D6, D9, D12
and D16 engines.
EDC1 for engines with the old ECU.
MEFI for gas engines.
EDC4 for Deutch engines.

Basic PDA functions

Charging the main battery

You need to make sure that you have sufficient battery po-
wer to operate your PDA, or the VODIA setup may fail.
If the PDA is frequently used its battery may need to be
recharged on a daily basis.

IMPORTANT! The Compaq iPAQ doesnt have a

backup battery, it is important to always keep the main
battery with a minimal charge. If the main battery is
completely run out, there is a risk that all data on the
device is lost (the equivalent of a hard-reset). Howe-
ver, VODIA is automatically installed if the SD card is

Create a backup
To create a backup from the handheld, select Tools ->
Backup/Restore in the ActiveSync program.

Operate PDA Programs

How to start or switch to a program

A program can be started by selecting it in the Start menu or
in the Programs menu. Programs can also be started by
using hardware buttons.
A user can switch to another, currently running program, in
one of two ways. The first way is to tap its icon in the Start-
menu or in the Programs screen.
The other way is to see a list of running programs and
switch to any of those. To do this select Settings, System
tab and Memory. In the Memory settings screen, select tab
Running Programs. Select which program to switch to and
then tap on the button Activate.
How to close a program
A program can be closed by going to the Memory settings
screen. Tap on the tab Running Programs, select the pro-
gram to closed and then tap on Stop. To close all pro-
grams, tap on Stop All.
Another way to close all running programs is to perform a
soft reset.
When pressing the X-button in the upper right corner, the
program is not closed, its only minimized.
Additional information about the iPAQ can be found in the
enclosed Compaq iPAQ manual.

Assemble the Vodia package

How to get the VODIA to function

In order to use VODIA you must have access to Volvo
Penta Partner Network. You must also have authority
to use the VODIA application.
Enter Volvo Penta Partner Network
The first thing to do is to enter the VOLVO PENTA
PARTNER NETWORK and do the neccessery setups
and updates.

Update VODIA users

You need to download your users to the VODIA client
before you are able to get access to the program.
Choose the "Update users" for the menu and follow the
Update application
To be sure that the VODIA has the latest version an
update of the application must be done for each appli-
cation (VODIA, EDC1, MEFI and EDC4). In the future it
is only VODIA that requires a reglary update. Choose
"Update application"in the menu and follow the instruc-
In order to have the VODIA installed with your user files
a setup must be done. Choose "Setup VODIA" in the
menu and follow the instructions.The setup is done in 2
steps. (Remember that you need to have ActiveSync
running or the setup will not be complete).

Assemble the Vodia package

Assemble the VODIA package

It is now time to assemble the VODIA package to be
able to initiate the program on the PDA.
Please follow the instructions from the beginning to the
end to make sure that you have assembled the pack-
age correctly.

Communication jacket - PDA

Slide the VODIA PDA into the Communication jacket in
the same direction as shown in (figure A). Make sure
that you press down until the PDA reaches the bottom
Figure A Figure B of the sleeve (figure B). If the PDA is not firmly secured
in the sleeve it could lose connection to the sleeve
and test data may not be displayed correctly.

Leather harness - Communication jacket - PDA

Slip on the Leather harness to prevent the PDA from
being damaged or scratch when operated. (Figure C).

Figure C

Connect the Adapter for EDC (figure D/E) used with the
communication jacket on the communication socket in
the vehicle.
The plug and cable in Figure F is used with the com-
munication jacket (see Figure E) on the communica-
tion socket on the vehicle.
The Figure G illustrates the adapter for older EDC sys-
Figure D tems. It is used with the communication jacket and the
cable (Figure F) to connect to the 2-pin socket on the
engine. The communication jacket needs power supp-
ly from the battery, thus, the external power supply con-
nectors (Figure H).

Figure E

Figure F
Figure G Figure H

Vodia overview

VODIA overview

Position Name Description

1 Menu bar with the following menus.
File The following options are available from this menu.
Identify Identifying the vehicle/machine.
About VODIA Shows current version and last data base
Exit Exits VODIA

2 Options The following options are available from this menu.

Change Password Change local VODIA log in Pass
Settings Select Language and Unit.
Simulate Activates/deactivates VODIA Simulator mode.

3,4,5,6 Buttons The following function buttons are available in the toolbar.
3 Back to the previous program screen
4 Initiate test, reading.
5 End test, reading
6 Additional information about operations.

Vodia overview

VODIA program icons

Test icon for test operations.

Programming icon for programming operations.

Active error code icon indicating that an error

code is active.

Inactive error code icon indicating that an error

code is inactive.

Fault code information More details on the

fault can be obtained by clicking on this icon.

Close click the button to stop an operation and

return to the previous view.

Start click the button to start the current operation.

Stop click the button to stop the current opera-


Help icon indicating that a help text is available.

Software keyboard Activate the built in PDA

software keyboard.

The operations that can be carried out depend on the
vehicle/machine connected to the special tool and the
authorization of the user. This depends on the vehicle/
machine being tested and the level of authorization of
the user. Because most operations are built up of stan-
dard components the same method can be used for all
operations. Instructions for undertaking individual tests
are available in the application. The first time you se-
lect an operation, which requires communication with
control units; the program reads off information from the
control units. This may take a minute or two.
If the installation is unknown to VODIA you may still be
able to run the operations Vehicle information, test and
Fault codes.

Enter Vodia for the first time

Enter VODIA for the first time

VODIA login
Initiate the VODIA program by tapping on the VODIA
button icon on the PDA front screen.
1. Select a user identity from the drop down menu.

2. Enter your password in the Password field and tap

NOTE! If it is the first time after you are using VODIA
after downloading a user file from Volvo Penta Partner
Network the default password is volvo.

Changing the local VODIA password

1. Select the user identity in the drop down menu .
2. Enter the current password in the Password filed and
tap on change password.
3. Enter and verify the new password.
4. Tap OK and accept the default question to select
the new password or no to enter VODIA without chang-
ing the password. Tap cancel to return to the change
password screen.

Vodia options

VODIA Options
Tap Options to actvite the Options popup menu.

Change Password: If you want to change the local

VODIA password when you are running the program.
(Users with administrator privileges can change other
users passwords).
Settings: VODIA is deliverd with the option to select
different laungages.
NOTE! you may get incorrect language data if the set-
tings is changed when you are connected to an engi-
You are also able to set the unit utput to Metric or U.S.

Simulate: You are able to run VODIA in a Simulator

mode, this is handy when for example learning to use
the VODIA program.

Connecting to the engine

Connecting to the engine

1. Make sure that the plug is connected to the selected

Engine and the power is turned on.
2. Tap on File in the lower left corner of the program
screen and select Identify.

Job card
You can start a new Job card or select an existing on
in the drop down menu.

Create a new Job card

1. Tap on the empty text field.
2. Activate the PDA software keyboard an type the se-
lected name of the Job card.
3. Tap ok in the top right corner to create the new job-

Select an existing Job card

1.Tap the small black down pointing arrow to activate
the dropdown menu.
2.Select the preffered Job card from the list.
3. Tap ok in the top right corner to open the selected
Job card.
Job cards can be managed by loggin on to the VPPN/
VODIA Web page. For example, you can print para-
meter settings of an engine.

Connecting to the engine

Select VODIA Function group

Tap on the selected Function group name. To return to

the main selection screen, tap on the selected function
group name in the dropdown menu above the group se-

Function group - Service and


Fault codes
The purpose of this test is to read out error codes sto-
red in the vehicle/machine control units. The fault can
be selected from either individual or all control units.
Fault codes can be erased together or individually. All
fault codes are stored on the job card.
NOTE! All logged fault codes are erased when parame-
ters are programmed or read using VODIA. The fault
codes should be read off first and then Saved to a job
card to ensure that the fault code information is still
available later.
The error codes contain the following information:
MID (Message Identification Description): The con-
trol unit, which transmitted the fault code message.
The designation of the control unit is also displayed
in plain text (Engine control unit for example).
PID (Parameter Identification Description): The
Parameter that the error code applies to (accelera-
tor pedal for example).
PPID (Proprietary Parameter Identification Descrip-
tion): Volvo unique PID, see above.
SID (Subsystem Identification Description): The
component the error code applies to.
PSID (Proprietary SID): Volvo unique SID, see abo-
FMI (Failure Mode Identifier): Type of fault.
Number of occurrences: The number of times that
the error code has been stored.
Status: Whether the fault code is active or inactive.
First occurrence: Time when the error code was first
Last occurrence: Time when the error code was
last stored.
Total engine hours: The total number of hours the
engine has been run

Connecting to the engine

1. Locate and tap on the start button

2. Active codes are marked with a red icon on

the left hand side of the error code

3. Inactive codes are marked with a grey icon on

the left hand side of the error code.

4. To get detailed information about an error code, tap

on the Error Code information icon on the right
hand side of the error code.

5. You are able to read more detailed information

about a specific error.

6. You are able to erase single error codes or erase all

error codes. Tap on the dropdown list and make a

If you have selected the error information mode prior to

erasing errors tap OK in the top right corner to close
the screen and then tap on the drop down menu.

To return to the main Select VODIA Function group.

Parameter, Programming

Parameter, Programming

When programming is carried out the workshop ID is

stored in the control unit. This makes it possible to
check which workshop carried out programming last.
The VODIA user is responsible for ensuring that pro-
gramming is carried out correctly according to the re-
quirements of the vehicle/machine owner or other aut-
horized persons.

1. Locate and tap on the start button

2. Select the ECU from the drop down list.

3. Select and tap on the parameter to modify.

4. Change the parameter value, state from a dropdown

menu or type it in using the PDA software key-

5. Tap ok in the top right corner to implement the

change and to return to Parameter, Programming
main screen.

6. Tap on the Log button to be able to access this in-

formation via the VODIA web site.
NOTE! The parameter programming operation may re-
quire that you turn off the main switch for ten seconds.
Otherwise, the engine may not start.

Vodia options

Log test, industrial or marine

This operation is used for logging parameters (PID/
PPID) over time. If a request fails a star (*) is display-
ed instead of the value. The reasons for a failed re-
quest can be that the installation does not have the pa-
rameter or that the reply of the ECU is too slow. The
rate of requests is determined by how many parame-
ters that have been chosen in the list. The results are
stored on the job card.

1. Select PIDs or PPIDs to test and tap on the start

button to start the test.
2. When you have tested the preferred PID or PPID,
tap on the stop button to end the test.

Vehicle information
This operation is used to read out data from the
ECU's. Tap to choose MID and then the

Vodia options

Function group - Engine, engine

mounting and equipment.

Tap on the selected test to run it.

You always start a test by tapping on the start button
and end the test by tapping on the stop button .
Some tests are only executed once and then stopped

Injectors cut out, manual

You are able to cut out injectors manually by tapping
on its icon. When you re-tap the injector is started
again. The procedure for the test is:

1. Cut out the suspect injector.

2. Listen to the engine note.
3. Run the test at the engine speed at which the misfi-
re occurs.

Cylinder compression
The cylinder compression test indicates if there is any
deviation in compression in any cylinder in relation to
the other cylinders. For the values to be accurate the
test must be carried out with the engine at operating

NOTE! When the test and evaluation are complete,

the ignition key must be turned to 0 and then back to
the driving position to start a new test or to restart the

Parameter, Programming

Engine Run-up, test

The test indicates deviations in the power capability of
individual cylinders. The cylinders are shut off sequen-
tially and the engine is accelerated.

The time required to accelerate the engine is mea-

sured. If the time deviates much for the cylinder that is
shut off, it can be assumed that there is a defect in the
cylinder or its injection equipment.

For the values to be accurate, the test must be carried

out with the engine at operating temperature

MID XXX programming

The units in an EVC installation are Engine ECU, PCU
and HCU (one for each helm station). The software for
each individual unit is unique and they are tied together
with a chassis ID that assures their compatibility. The
Chassis ID consists of two strings: Chassis Type and
Chassis Number. Examples of Chassis Types are
VV003, VV004, VV006 or VP. Volvo Pentas diagnostic
data bus is called SAE J1587. On a SAE J1587 bus
each unit is identified with a Messenger Identifier (MID).

The following table illustrates the SAE names for the

EVC system:

Volvo Penta names MID

number SAE
Engine Management System (EMS) 128
Engine ECU
Powertrain Control Unit (PCU) 187
Vehicle ECU
Helm Control Unit (HCU) 164
Chassis ECU

On marine twin engine installation there are two chas-

sis ID - one for each Powertrain. It is recommended
that that all corresponding units on a boat are re-pro-
grammed, e.g., the Engine ECUs of both port and star-
board side.

Important: When VODIA dialog tells you to switch of

the power it is vital that the main power is switched of
for ten seconds. It is strictly forbidden to just pull to

Parameter, Programming

In order to program a MID 164 HCU (Helm Control Unit)

it must be in service mode. Press the D button on the
control panel for 7 seconds. It confirms the service
mode when D flashes with constant yellow light.

Choose MID XXX programming and follow the instruc-


If there is an ECU that is to be replaced the main power

shall be turned off before the replaced and on again
once it is replaced.

When programming is carried out the workshop ID is

stored in the control unit. This makes it possible to
check which workshop carried out programming last.
The VODIA user is responsible for ensuring that pro-
gramming is carried out correctly according to the re-
quirements of the boat/machine owner or other autho-
rized persons.

Warning: Under no circumstances may control units

be switched between vehicles/machines for fault tracing
or repairs without reprogramming them. Incorrect con-
trol unit settings can result in personal injury or damage
to the boat/machine.

MID XXX Control unit, campaign

Campaign programming is similar to ECU program-
ming. It is free of charge. You enter a chassis ID on the
VODIA Web and then see the available campigns for
that installation. In all other aspects the campaign oper-
ations are identical to the ECU programming.

After programming, a report must be done to unlock the

software and to generate an invoice. If no report is
made the software for that Chassis ID is locked for 28
days. After 28 days the software is unlocked any an in-
voice is generated. So even if there was no program-
ming you must report back or you will receive an in-
voice after 28 days.

Parameter, Programming

ECU programming
Enter the VPPN VODIA site and choose ECU
porgramming. Choose the Chassis type and
the Chassis number. Below there are three dif-
ferent boxes where the MID number for the
ECU can be choosen.

Report software
When a software has been downlaoded it
must be reported back when the operation is
compleated. If there has been no program-
ming and the software is reported back before
28 days there will be no invoice.


The applications EDC1Diag, PentaMEFI and

PentaEDC4 are aimed to offer basic diagnostic
features to complement the standard applica-
tion VODIA.

EDC1Diag can diagnose diesel en-

gines with the EDC1 electrical control
system using the EDC adopter deliv-
ered with VODIA (part number:

PentaMEFI can diagnose gasoline en-

gines with the MEFI (version 1, 3 and
4) electrical control system using a
special adapter (part number:

PentaEDC4 can diagnose and program

diesel engines with the EDC4 electrical
control system using the standard VO-
DIA plug.

The following manual section

covers EDC1Diag and PentaMEFI since
their user interfaces are very similar. Penta
EDC4 on the other hand is very similar to
VODIA and it is described in the last sec



Identifying the electronic system

1. The applications are started from the
Start menu.
2. When the diagnostic plug is connected
and the ignition is switched on the
identify button is pressed.
3. A dialog is shown where the user
should name a job card. Users of
EDC1Diag must also choose the in-
stallation type (marine, industry or rail-
4. If the identification is successful the
type and id number is displayed.

Local settings
The menus Languages & Units allows the user
select a language (English, Swedish, French,
German, Spanish, Italian, Dutch and Portugue-
se) and unit system (US or Metric)

Starting an operation
The operations can be started after the identifi-
cation by pressing on the icons. The following
choices are available:

EDC1Diag PentaMEFI
Log Log
Read data Engine history
Error codes Trouble Codes
Configuration Tests
An operation is closed when the ok button is

Exiting the application

The application exits when Exit is selected in
the File menu.



1. The relevant parameters for a log ses-

sion can be selected from the list. The
sample frequency is selected in the
dropdown menu with the choices 100
ms, 1, 10 or 60 seconds.

2. When Start is pressed the selected

parameters are read from the ECU in
sequence and written to the screen
and the job card (with a time-stamp for
each cycle)

3. When three numeric parameters are

marked real-time graphs are displayed.
If a parameter in the graph has positive
and negative values a green line will
mark y-axis zero. When the ok button
is presses the reading returns to
screen 2.
If only two numeric parameters are
selected on screen 1 and then
clicked on screen 2, two graphs
will be displayed on screen 3. If
only one numeric parameter is se-
lected on screen 1 and then click-
ed on screen 2, one graph will be
displayed on screen 3.

4. When Stop is pressed the reading



Read data & Engine history

EDC1Diag: Read data

When Read is pressed all the static parame-
ters are read from the ECU and written to the
screen and the job card.

PentaMEFI: Engine history

The engine history operation read and displays
the operating history from the ECM. It is also
written to the job card.

EDC1Diag: Error Codes

When Get is pressed the error codes

are read from the ECU.

The error code number and the blink

code (within parenthesis) and descrip-
tion text is displayed on the screen
and written to the job card.

When Erase is pressed the error codes are

erased from the ECU and the screen.

PentaMEFI: Trouble Codes

Get is pressed to retrieve trouble codes. The

trouble code number and description text is
displayed on the screen and written to the job
card. An icon illustrates if the code is active
(red) or logged (gray). The Erase button remo-
ves the trouble codes.


EDC1Diag: Configuration

On RailPack installations the gearbox commu-

nication can be configured. For industry and
marine installations the operation is grayed out.
If the gearbox communication is Enabled the
button is grayed out and Disable active (and
vice versa). To change the gearbox communi-
cation mode the corresponding button is pres-

PentaMEFI: Tests

The tests are started when the button is pres-

Active base timing mode: Fixes
spark advance at base timing and
increases RPM to 1000 to prevent
Fuel pump: Activates the ECM
output to turn on the fuel pump re-
Warning buzzer: Activates the
ECM output to sound the warning
Idle air control reset: Activates the
idle air control output circuits to
drive the valve to the full closed po-
sition, then back to its base posi-
Check Engine Lamp: Activates the
ECM output to turn on check engi-
ne lamp

Job cards on the PDA

1. The job card icon is pressed on the

main screen
2. A listing of job cards is displayed
3. The job card can then be opened in
Pocket Word
Job cards on the Web

First the users must enter the VODIA Web site

and selects Job card control followed by pro-
duct category. If the PDA is in the cradle the
job cards can be uploaded. Here, job cards can
be viewed and deleted.
The job card of a defective product can also be
sent to Volvo Pentas support organization via
the Web. The quality of service they can prov-
ide is radically increased if diagnostic informa-
tion from a job card is available.


The user interfaces of VODIA and PentaEDC4
are extremely similar. When users PentaEDC4
you must first login to the application (pass-
word is the same as for VODIA). You will then
see the main screen.

Identifying the electronic system

1. The applications are started from the

Start menu.
2. When the diagnostic plug is connected
and the ignition is switched on the
identify button is pressed.
3. A dialog is shown where you should
enter a job card name.
4. A dialog is shown where you should
enter the engine number (10 charact-
ers in total).
5. If the identification is successful the
operations names are possible to

The Languages, Units simulator is set in the
same way as for VODIA.

Starting an operation

The operations can be started after the identifi-

cation by pressing the buttons. Each operation
is following choices are available:

Error codes Same as VODIA

Parameter programming Same as VODIA
Dataset programming Unique to EDC4
Log test Same as VODIA

An operation is closed when the back arrow is


Exiting the application

The application exits when Exit is selected in
the File menu.

Parameter programming

The operation is used to program datasets.

You must first retrieve the dataset from the VO-
DIA web based on the engine serial number (10

When the programming is done you must

switch off the power for ten seconds.