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To Train & Retain Sea-Staff for LNG

Carriers - How to Meet the Challenges

by
Capt Simon Pressly & Mr Chris Clucas
Dorchester Maritime Ltd (DML)
Isle of Man.
The LNGC Fleet is Growing at a Record Rate
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LNG Fleet Development

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World LNGC Growth Rate

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World LNGC Growth Rate

Year Total Deliveries % Increase


2002 133 10 8
2003 159 26 16
2004 174 15 9
2005 197 23 12
2006 219 22 10
2007 255 36 14
2008 278 23 8
Number of Operators of
Vessels Being Delivered
2005 11
2006 12
2007 15
2008 13

Expansion is spread more or less evenly


amongst a relatively small number of Operators.
World LNGC Growth Rate

How will we recruit the staff for the growing


LNG Fleet?
How will we train people to operate these
highly sophisticated ships?
How will we maintain the outstanding safety
record achieved by LNGCs to date?
How can the industry meet these challenges?
Analysis of World LNGC Scene Today

Where are we now?


40 years proven operating experience
Limited number of high-quality operators (high cost of
entry to the LNG Club)
Established operating procedures
Convergent technological systems
Training requirements set by STCW95
Significant number of ships in service
Steady expansion rate
Long time between contract and delivery
Analysis of World LNGC Scene Today

What manning problems do we face in this expansionary


phase of the LNG Industry?

Excessive demands for prior experience from


Charterers

General shortage of ships Officers world-wide

Steam propulsion

Monotonous trading routes


Analysis of World LNGC Scene Today

What opportunities arise from this expansion?

New entrants with new perspectives


Shortage can be used to implement modern
structured training concepts (inc Simulators)
Alternative propulsion systems
Changing trade patterns
New crew sources
Analysis of World LNGC Scene Today

What threats exist to the success of the expansion?


Pressure to lower standards and training budgets
due to reduced charter rates
Operators thinking short-term leading to
poaching rather than investment in training
Wage escalation
Mercenary approach from seafarers
Hype about the problem in Press, media etc
when it can be managed successfully
Complacency & boredom among sea staff
Analysis of World LNGC Scene Today

THE SOLUTION!

Training

Training

and more Training!


Training

How does DML do this?


DML LNGC Crewing Expansion

2002 5 ships 1 client


2004 12 ships 3 clients
2007 20 ships 5 clients

Note: DML currently manages in excess of 85 vessels of various types


Training Masters
& Chief Engineers
To Train a Master or Chief Engineer requires a minimum of
12 years, as general seagoing experience and maturity is
required.

Recruiting new entrants just for expansion is not possible

The only feasible option is to cross train existing,


experienced officers, preferably with gas or tanker
backgrounds.
Training

What are we trying to achieve?


A cohesive shipboard team who are
Competent
Knowledgeable
Responsive
Training

It is vital that officers have an in-depth


understanding of:

DML Company Systems

DML Company Culture


Management of Training

Our training programme consists of the


following elements:
STCW requirements

Company specific and optional training

LNG Specific Training

LNGC Familiarisation
STCW Training
Certificates of competency
First Aid
Fire Prevention & Fire Fighting
Personal Safety & Survival
ARPA
GMDSS
ISPS,
Advanced Fire Fighting for Liquefied Gas,
Advanced Liquefied Gas Safety plus Liquefied
Gas Endorsement
Company and Optional Training
This training is more rank specific and includes:
Company Management systems, ISM, ISO 9001/14001 etc
Emergency Response and Accident/Incident Investigation
Fire Fighting Command and Control
Bridge or Engine Room Team Management,
BA and FA Equipment Maintenance
Lifeboat Release Operation and Maintenance
Portable Gas Detection
Electrical Fault Finding
Ship Handling
LNG Specific Training
This includes:
DML LNG Course - Ship and Trade specific
Ship Handling on the Manned Model Dorchester
Lady
LNG Cargo Handling Simulator
DML Steam Plant Training course
Onboard Familiarisation on modern LNGCs in
accordance with SIGTTO
Visit to LNG Export Terminal.
LNGC Familiarisation
This is Ship and Equipment Specific including:
Boilers, Turbines, Turbo-alternators, Water Treatment
and Evaporators
Cargo System (including Containment, Pumps,
Compressors, Heaters & Vaporisers & Valves)
Linked ESDs & Custody Transfer Systems
Inert Gas and Nitrogen Generators
Integrated Bridge Systems, Integrated Automation &
Power Management
Fire Detection, Fire Fighting and Gas Detection Systems
STCW Minimum Requirements
Master C/O 2/O 3/O Gas C/E 2/E 3/E ETO
Eng
Elementary First Aid
Fire Prevention / Fire Fighting
Personal Survival Techniques
Personal Safety and Personal Responsibility
Advanced Fire Fighting inc. Liquefied Gas
Medical First Aid Aboard ship
Medical Care Aboard Ship*
Certificate of Proficiency in Survival Craft
(CPSC)
ARPA
GMDSS (GOC)
Specialised Gas Tanker Safety
Dangerous Cargo Endorsement - Shipboard
Experience
30 days (officers with tanker experience)
3 months (officers with no tanker experience)

These are based international guidelines from STCW. National Flag States may have
additional requirements

* STCW states that person is charge of Medical Care on board ship must hold this certificate. It is
usually the Master.
DML Training Matrix for LNG

Master C/O 2/O 3/O Gas C/E 2/E 3/E ETO


Eng
Fire Fighting Command and Control
Medical Care / Advanced Medical Course
BA Maintenance and Fire Equipment
BA Compressor Maintenance
Electrical Faultfinding
Portable Gas Detection Equipment
Computer Skills
Computerised Plan Maintenance Systems
Paint Maintenance & Repair
Manned Model Shiphandling
Ship Handling Simulator
ISO 14001 Familiarisation
ISM Familiarisation
ISPS Code Familiarisation
LNGC SpecificTraining Matrix

Master C/O 2/O 3/O Gas Eng C/E 2/E


Specialised Gas Tanker course with LNG emphasis
LNG Familiarisation On Board ( SIGTTO 1 load & 1
Discharge)
LNG Familiarisation On Board ( 2 x SIGTTO 2 Loads & 2
Discharges)
Bridge Team Management
Engine Room Management
Manned Model Shiphandling
LICOS - Cargo Handling Simulator
LICOS - Steam Plant Simulator
Steam Course
Emergency Response
Incident / accident INV
ISPS Ship Security Officer
Visit to LNG Export Terminal
LNGC Familiarisation Training Matrix
Mas ter C/O 2/O 3/O Gas Eng C/E 2/E 3/E ETO
Cargo Containment
Cargo Sys tems
Cargo Pump
Inert Gas Gen
Cargo Compress
Cargo Heater /Vap
Nitrogen Generator
Cus tody Trans fer System
Hull piping s ys tems
Gas Detection
Fire Detection
Fire Fighting Systems
Life Saving Systems( Life Boat)
Steam and other Machinery S ys tems
Main Turbine
Main Boiler
Boiler Water Treatment
Turbo Generator
Dies el Generator
Navigation S ys tems and IBS
Communication Systems
IAS (Operator)
IAS (Technical)
Power Management (HV)
Switchboard
Electrical systems
Management of Training

DML targets training to the individual by


evaluations and assessments
Candidates come from Owners/Managers
Existing Pool of Gas/Tanker sea-staff.
They are familiar with the company systems
and culture.
Candidates usually have a common history
of employment.
Simulator Courses (LICOS)
DML runs LPG and LNG
Cargo Simulator courses in
our Isle of Man and Polish
offices. Simulators provide
real time simulation of all
possible cargo operations; they
can simulate equipment
breakdowns and system
malfunctions to test the
abilities of the trainees to cope
with the unexpected

DML utilises simulators


extensively for all officers
cross-training from LPG to
Snapshot of LICOS Screen used for LNG & Steam Training
LNG vessels and for on-going
monitoring and assessment
purposes
Shiphandling - Manned Models
Large gas ships have special
manoeuvring characteristics
DML has sponsored the
construction of a 22 ton ride
on scale model of an 140k type
LNGC at the Ilawa Facility in
Poland
The Model can be customised to
reproduce the handling
characteristics of: single screw,
duel screw and azipod propulsion
The Course is designed for senior
deck officers, but is also beneficial
for Pilots at the terminals
Shiphandling - Manned Models
Only to be practised with experienced Instructors at a properly-
equipped facility.
Do not try this out at home!
Shiphandling Simulator (BMT Seatech Rembrandt)
DML believes in the value of
shiphandling simulation
particularly in the case of new
ship types and new ports or berths
in order to ensure senior deck
officers are familiar with the
characteristics of vessels in both
normal and exceptional conditions
DML will ensure that the Vessels
will be modelled together with all
expected loading and discharge
ports and all Senior Deck Officers
will undertake both training and
evaluation on this simulator
It is DMLs recommendation to
place such simulators on board
Screen Snapshot of PC Rembrandt Ship-Handling Simulator
each vessel
Manoeuvring Practice
Not only ships Masters & Pilots need extra training from time to time!
LNG Vessels for Training/Familiarisation/Secondments

Northwest Shearwater

Al Hamra Shahamah

Al Khaznah
Umm Al Ashtan
Ghasha

Ish
Mubaraz
British Innovator

British Merchant
Mraweh

British Trader
MANAGING THE LNG FLEET EXAPANSION

Looking to our earlier analysis of the problems


facing the industry, what are the SOLUTIONS?

LNG Fleet Development

300
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Long Term Solution

Continuous recruitment and training of


cadets across the entire shipping industry

DML is continuously training cadets

Currently over 150 cadets in training


Intake during 2004 around 100
2005 in-take expected 100
Stakeholder responsibilities

Gas Buyers and Charterers to recognise that


structured Training can be an alternative to
LNG Experience alone
Owners and Managers to provide sufficient
funding for both pre-delivery and on-going
training
Industry bodies (eg SIGTTO and IAMU) to
work together to ensure harmonised
standards
MANAGING THE LNG FLEET EXAPANSION

By building on the Success Story of LNG


and focussing the resources of the Industry
towards training, we can achieve expansion
of the LNG industry in a controlled and
orderly manner while still maintaining the
excellent safety record
To Train & Retain Sea-Staff for LNG
Carriers - How to Meet the Challenges

by
Capt Simon Pressly & Mr Chris Clucas
Dorchester Maritime Ltd (DML)
Isle of Man.