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3. Diagram 3.1 shows the arrangement of particles in three different states of matter.

Diagram 3.1

(a) Name the three states of matter P,Q and R in Diagram 3.1

P: .

Q: .

R : .. ( 3 marks )

( b) ( i ) Give one example for matter P .

..
( 1 mark )
( ii ) Give a reason for your answer in (b ) i .

.
( 1 mark )

( c) What is the difference between matter Q and R ?


( 1 mark )

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4. Diagram
4.1 shows three sets of apparatus P, Q and R used in an
experiments to study the movement of particles in a solid, liquid and gas.
Table 4.1 shows the results of the experiments.

Diagram 4.1

Experiment Observations Time taken


P The whole gel turns 2 days
purple in colour.
Q The water turns purple 2 hours
in colour.
R Both gas jars are filled 5 minutes
with smoke.
Table 4.1

( a ) i. In which experiment does the movement of particles occur the


slowest?

.
(1 mark)

ii. Arrange the three sets, P, Q and R in the order of the movement
of particles, from the fastest to the slowest.

(1 mark)

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(b) In experiment R, the smoke rises to the top of the gas jar after a few
minutes.
Why do smoke particles move so quickly in air?

....


(1 mark)

( c) A student realizes that there is a gas leakage in the laboratory.

i. How would he identify that the gas is leaking?

.
(1 mark)

ii. State two actions that the student needs to take before he reports
about the leakage to his science teacher?

.
[2 marks]

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