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3. Diagram 3.1 shows the arrangement of particles in three different states of matter.

Diagram 3.1

(a) Name the three states of matter P,Q and R in Diagram 3.1

P: .

Q: .

R : .. ( 3 marks )

( b) ( i ) Give one example for matter P .

( 1 mark )
( ii ) Give a reason for your answer in (b ) i .

( 1 mark )

( c) What is the difference between matter Q and R ?

( 1 mark )

4. Diagram
4.1 shows three sets of apparatus P, Q and R used in an
experiments to study the movement of particles in a solid, liquid and gas.
Table 4.1 shows the results of the experiments.

Diagram 4.1

Experiment Observations Time taken

P The whole gel turns 2 days
purple in colour.
Q The water turns purple 2 hours
in colour.
R Both gas jars are filled 5 minutes
with smoke.
Table 4.1

( a ) i. In which experiment does the movement of particles occur the


(1 mark)

ii. Arrange the three sets, P, Q and R in the order of the movement
of particles, from the fastest to the slowest.

(1 mark)

(b) In experiment R, the smoke rises to the top of the gas jar after a few
Why do smoke particles move so quickly in air?


(1 mark)

( c) A student realizes that there is a gas leakage in the laboratory.

i. How would he identify that the gas is leaking?

(1 mark)

ii. State two actions that the student needs to take before he reports
about the leakage to his science teacher?

[2 marks]