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The solution that is most alkalotic would be the one with a pH of :

Four
Seven
Nine
Twelve

The normal pH of blood is:


7.00 - 7.25
7.30 - 7.40
7.35 - 7.45
7.45 - 7.55

The respiratory system compensates for changes in the pH level by responding to


changes in the levels of.
CO2
H2O
H2CO3
HCO3

The kidneys compensate for acid-base imbalances by excreting or retaining:


Hydrogen ions
Carbonic acid
Bicarbonate
Water

All of the following might cause respiratory acidosis except:


Sedation
Asthma
COPD
Hyperventilation

A patient with a prolonged episode of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea might have the
following ABG result.
Metabolic acidosis
Metabolic alkalosis
Respiratory acidosis

A calculated ABG value that indicates excess or insufficiently of bicarbonate.


HCO3
Base Excess
PaO2
pH
Which of the following may be a reason to obtain an ABG.
A patient who suddenly develops severe shortness of breath
An asthmatic patient who is tiring
A patient in DKA
All of the above

When an acid base disturbance is caused by a metabolic disturbance, the pH and HCO3
will move:
In opposite directions
Totally independent of each other
In the same direction

The oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve represents the relationship between the:


SaO2 & Hgb
SaO2 & PaO2
PaO2 & HCO2
PaO2 & pH

Assuming the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is normal a SaO2 of 90% would


correspond to a PaO2 of:
60
80
90
100

pH 7.33 PaCO2 60 HCO3 34


Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Partially compensated respiratory acidosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis

pH 7.48 PaCO2 42 HCO3 30


Uncompensated metabolic acidosis
Partially compensated respiratory alkalosis
Compensated respiratory alkalosis
Uncompensated metabolic alkalosis

pH 7.38 PaCO2 38 HCO3 24


Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Partially compensated respiratory acidosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis
pH 7.21 PaCO2 60 HCO3 24
Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Partially compensated respiratory acidosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis

pH 7.48 PaCO2 28 HCO3 20


Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis
Partially compensated respiratory alkalosis
Compensated respiratory alkalosis

pH 7.50 PaCO2 29 HCO3 24


Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis
Partially compensated respiratory alkalosis
Compensated respiratory alkalosis

pH 7.28 PaCO2 40 HCO3 18


Normal ABG
Uncompensated metabolic acidosis
Partially compensated metabolic acidosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis

pH 7.03 PaCO2 66 HCO3 13


Uncompensated metabolic acidosis
Partially compensated metabolic acidosis
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Combined respiratory metabolic acidosis

pH 7.35 PaCO2 44 HCO3 22


Normal ABG
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Partially compensated respiratory acidosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis