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physiotherapy Education curricula in the United States are accredited by

the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE). In 2011, the APTA report
that as many as 222 of 227 Basic program accredited professions in the United States are at
the Postdoctoral level. Based on CAPTE, by 2012 there are 25,660 students enrolled in an accredited
physiotherapist education programs 210 in the United States.

Physiotherapy specialization beginning in the United States in 1974, with the establishment of the
field of Orthopedic orthopedic specialist who developed the APTA. In the same year, the International
Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapy was formed. Here's what the Federation played an
important role in introducing manual therapy worldwide.

According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labour Bureau of the
United States, there are about 198,600 physiotherapists working in the United States in 2010, with an
average income of $ 76,310 ($ 867,278,780) per year, or $ 36.69 (USD 416,989) per hour, with the
prediction of job growth of 39% by 2020. Bureau of Labor Statistics also reports that there are
approximately 114,400 Assistant Physiotherapist working in the United States in 2010, with an average
income of $ 37,710 ($ 428,581,874) per year, or $ 18.13 (USD 206,051) per hour, with the prediction of
job growth of 45% in 2020.

To meet their needs, many health facilities and physiotherapy rent "Travel Physical Therapists", who
work in a specific time period between 8 to 26 weeks with a much higher wage, about $ 113,500 ($
1,289,950,748) per year. Bureau of labor statistics data about the assistant physiotherapist was hard
to untangle, due to a tendency to report employment data collectively. O-Net reported that in 2011,
assistant physiotherapist in the United States who worked part time earned an average salary of $
51,040 ($ 580,080,054) per year or $ 24.54 (USD 278,902) per hour

Because of the scope of knowledge of the extensive physiotherapy,


some physiotherapists specialize more specific spaces in scope. American Board of Physical
Therapy Specialties to register as many as 8 different types
of certified physiotherapist specialties include electrophysiology clinic and sports physiotherapy.

a. Cardiopulmonary (heart and Lung)


Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation physiotherapy handles various circumstances patients are associated
with abnormalities in the heart and lungs of a person or people
who recently finished undergoing heart surgery or a lung.

The main goal of this specialization of which is to increase the durability and function of the heart
and lungs of a person. Manual therapy used in this specialization to help clean
up lung secretions experienced by sufferers of cystic fibrosis.

Heart and lung abnormalities that could have handled this specialization can be a heart
attack, coronary artery disease, a postoperative lung disease that is chronic, and fibrosis in the lungs.

Geriatrics (elderly)
Geriatric physiotherapy has an extensive coverage of related issues surrounding the people who had
passed the age limit of normal adults, but his main focus is on the aged.
Many of the health problems that might be experienced by someone older as she began, for example,
arthritis (inflammation of joints), osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, impaired
balance, incontinence, and so on. Geriatric physiotherapy helps people who
experience these problems by developing specialties geriatric, capable
of restoring motion mobility, reduce pain and improve one's fitness.
c. Neurological (nerve)
Neurological physiotherapy a physiotherapy specialization is helping people who experience the
disorder or disease neurological (nerve), such as Alzheimer's disease, CMT (Charcot-Marie-
Tooth disease), ASL, cerebral palsy (paralysis of the nerves), injury/concussion, multiple
sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury, and stroke. Generally, disorders associated
with neurological conditions in the form of the disorder that occurred on vision, balance, activity,
movement and functional decline in freedom of the body.

Orthopedic
Orthopedic physiotherapist to diagnose, manage and treat patients who experience the disorder and
the wounds on the musculoskeletal system including rehabilitation after undergoing orthopedic
surgery. This specialization is most plentiful in physiotherapy clinics. An orthopedic physiotherapist is
trained to be skilled in handling patients post fracture/orthopedic surgery, fractures, acute sports
injuries, arthritis (arthritis), sprains (sprain), strain (muscle stiffness/tense), back and
neck pain, spinal disorders, and amputation.

Mobilization or manipulation of the joints and spine,


therapeutic exercise, neuromuscular education, hot or cold therapy (hot/cold pack),
and electrical muscle stimulation (such as cryotherapy, electrotherapy, iontophoresis) is a commonly
used modality accelerate recovery in orthopedic physiotherapy. In addition,
the orthopedic physiotherapy also uses sonographic in the diagnose and treat patients, for example,
when muscle retraining (exercise). People who have experienced an injury or disease related
to bone, muscle or tendon, will be greatly helped by the
existence of specialist physiotherapist orthopedic examination.

Pediatric
Pediatric physiotherapy helps detect health problems early and using different modalities in
the handle motion and function of motion abnormalities in pediatric environment. This
specialization specializes in diagnosing, treatment and management of physiotherapy in
infants, children, and adolescents with a variety of congenital
abnormalities, developmental disorders, neuromuscular disorders, disorders of the skeleton,or suffers
from a disease. Handling is focused on fine motor skills and rough, balance and coordination, strength
and durability as good as cognitive and sensory integration/process. Children
with growth retardation, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, or torticollis can be handled by a
specialist physiotherapist pediatric.

f. Integumentary (skin and related parts)


Conditions that are handled by this specialization is the wounds
and burns. Specialist physiotherapist integumentary using surgical tools, mechanical lavage, dressings,
and topical agents to necrotic tissue repair and speed up the healing process of scar tissue. In
addition to these regular specialties also use exercise, control edema, splint and compression garment

g. Sports
A physiotherapist can be involved in the maintenance of the health of athletes in
sports recreation, semi-professionals (paid/for rent) and professional (full-
time jobs). This practice area includes sports injury management based on 5 main categories:

The handling of the first examination and diagnosis of acute injury


Action-application advises and specialist sports physiotherapy techniques to speed up healing
Rehabilitation-a progressive management to be back exercising in full
Prevention-identifying and knowing the things that directly lead to, or act as a pencil injury
Education-share specialized knowledge on athletes, teams or clubs in helping the prevention
or treatment of injury to athletes.
Physiotherapists who work for professional sports teams usually have special sports
certification issued by the national sports organizations. Most Physiotherapist who struggled in the
field of sport was also active in sports medicine program