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PARCO-Mid Country Refinery DOC.

#: PAR-MCR-PROCESS/
Training Manual-01
PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
HEAT EXCHANGERS & FIN FAN COOLERS Page 1 of 38 01-07-2005

CHANGE RECORD

Prepared by Reviewed by Approved by


Issue Issue
Change Description Sign Sign Sign
No. Date Initial Initial Initial
Date Date Date
01 01-07-05 Initial release SAH AHQ/AAN AAZ

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Contents
13.1. HEAT TRANSFER
13.2. TYPE OF HEAT TRANSFER
13.2.1. Convection Heat Transfer
13.2.2. Conduction Heat Transfer
13.2.3. Radiation Heat Transfer
13.3. EQUIPMENT FOR HEAT EXCHANGE
13.4. HEAT EXCHANGERS
13.5. MECHANICS OF HEAT TRANSMISSION
13.6. TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGER
13.7. EXCHANGER OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
13.8. FIN FAN COOLERS
13.9. MCR EXCHANGERS LIST & DATA

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13.1. HEAT TRANSFER

In the petroleum refining, the proper use of heat is extremely important and
successful operation of petroleum processes is largely dependent upon correct heat
application.

Efficient equipment, designed to take full advantage of processing heat, is in use on


all refinery operations.

Crude oil is separated into its various products by boiling. Heat is applied to the oil in
heaters from which it passes to the distillation columns where the products or
fractions are separated and taken off.

To supply the heat required, large quantities of fuel must be burned in the heaters
and any reduction in the amount of fuel used is a saving in refinery operation costs.

Any heat which has been given to the oil and is not used, is a waste to fuel, thus the
conversation and full usage of heat is a major part of refinery operation.

As the oil entering the plant is usually cold, and products leaving the various
columns are hot and need to be cooled before going to storage, we conserve by
transferring the heat in the products to the incoming oil.

By this means the oil going to the heater is hotter and therefore less fuel is required
to bring it up to its required temperature.

In the refinery to do this we use equipment called heat exchangers. These devices
provide a practical means of adding or removing heat at various points in a process.

To better understand the conservation of heat, it is necessary that the basic


principles of heat transmission be understood. In general, there are only three
different methods of heat transmission (1) Convection (2) Conduction (3) Radiation

13.2. TYPE OF HEAT TRANSFER

The heat transfer methods of convection, conduction and radiation are the three
fundamental types when considering the transfer mechanism and may occur at the
same time.

13.2.1. Convection Heat Transfer

Convection is the transfer of heat from one part to another within a fluid, gas or
liquid, by the mixing of one portion of the fluid with another.
Convection heat transfer is further divided into natural convection where the motion
of the fluid entirely depends upon the difference in density, in other words, the
difference in temperature and forced convection where the motion of the fluid is
caused by mechanical force.

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The speed of forced convection is, of course, faster than that of natural convection.

Typical example:

The heating of air by a radiator in a central heating system.

Home water heater.

13.2.2. Conduction Heat Transfer

Conduction is the transfer of heat from one part of a body to another part of the
same body, or from one body to another in contact, without any mixing of each of
the components.

This heat transfer is the result of transfer of the momentum of atoms and / or
molecules.

Typical example:

The handle of a teaspoon in a cup of hot tea becomes warm after some time.

13.2.3. Radiation Heat Transfer

Radiation is the transfer of heat from one body to another, not by contact, but by
means of electromagnetic waves through space.

Every body emits electromagnetic waves depending upon its surface temperature.
When one body receives electromagnetic waves from another body, the
electromagnetic wave turns into heat (thermal energy).

Typical examples:

Heat from an electric light bulb.


Heat from the rays of the sun.
An electric radiant heater.

13.3. EQUIPMENT FOR HEAT EXCHANGE

13.3.1. Fired Equipment

In this case, heat (energy) which is released by convection and radiation during the
combustion process of fuel is used directly to heat or vaporize a product. Examples
of this are steam boilers and furnaces (heaters).

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13.3.2. Non-Fired Equipment

In this case the heat transfer occurs by means of conduction or convection and no
combustion takes place. Examples of this are coolers, condensers and heat
exchangers.

This lesson covers the second type of heat exchangers, of the non fired type, in
detail.

13.4. HEAT EXCHANGERS


This manual describes the types of heat exchangers in general use in a refinery,
together with their operating characteristics and procedures.

A heat exchanger is the equipment used to exchange heat between two fluids with
different temperature, through a fixed wall, without mixing the two fluids.

Heat exchangers are widely used in refineries and chemical plants to:

Cool or heat a fluid (gas or liquid).


To condense a vaporized material.
To evaporate a liquid.
To recover waste heat.

13.5. MECHANICS OF HEAT TRANSMISSION


Heat exchange between two materials through a fixed wall utilizes the thermal
conductivity of a solid material and that of fluid.

The thermal conductivity of a fluid is in direct proportion to the turbulence rate of


that fluid, i.e. as the turbulence rate increases, the level of thermal conductivity in
the fluid becomes higher.

Factors considered in designing heat exchangers are:

Material wall between the fluids must have a high thermal conductivity.
Must be corrosion resistive.
Ratio of heat transfer area to fluid volume must be as large as possible.
Fluid flow rate must be as fast as possible.
Turbulence rate of fluid must be as high as possible.

The overall equation for heat transfer in a heat exchanger is

Q = U, A, tm.

Where Q = Quantity of heat transferred.

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U = Overall heat transfer coefficient of the exchanger, related


to thermal conductivities.
tm = Average temperature difference between the hot and
cold fluids.
A = Total surface area of tubes used for heat transfer.

As can be seen from the equation, the higher the thermal conductivities and the
higher the temperature difference (driving force) and surface area of tubes, the
greater will be the quantity of heat transferred is given time.

13.6. TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGER


The most widely used type of exchanger consists of a bundle of tubes enclosed in a
shell, thus called a shell and tube heat exchanger.

In a heat exchanger, two fluids flow against the opposite sides of a wall, which
separate them. The fluids never come in contact with each other. Heat is passed
from the hot fluid to the cold fluid. The temperature of the hot fluid is reduced by
transferring heat to the other fluid.

The shell and tube exchanger is the most commonly used heat exchanger. Figure 1
shows the arrangement of heat exchanger tubes. It is desirable to place as many
tubes as possible in a heat exchanger. These tubes are available in different sizes.
Tubes are made of steel, copper, brass or alloys. Tubes are attached to a tube sheet
generally made of the same material,

Figure (1), Heat Exchanger Tubes

Figure (2) shows an end view of the tube sheet. Tubes are attached by welding,
brazing or rolling. The tubes may also be attached by using packing glands. The
sizes, type and number of tubes depend on the amount and characteristics of the
fluid being handled.

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Figure (2), Tube Sheet and Tubes

Special care must be taken to prevent leakage between the tube sheet and the tube.
Holes are drilled in the tube sheet. These holes are only slightly larger than the
outside diameter of the tubes.

Specialized equipment is then used to expand the tube to fit the hole. This
expanding and rolling equipment is highly specialized and its use is usually left to
specialists.

If a leak free joint is not made, the tube fluid and the shell fluid will mix, which is
undesirable. Either under rolling or over rolling the tubes can cause leaks.

The tubes and tube sheets together are called the tube bundle. The tube bundle is
installed as a single unit. The bundle is also removed as a unit for inspection,
cleaning and repair.

Most heat exchangers contain baffles. Baffles are usually metal sheets placed
perpendicular to the tubes. These metal sheets cause the fluid to flow back and
forth across the tube bundle to get better heat transfer.

The baffles also give support to the tubes. The baffles are usually attached to the
outer shell of the heat exchanger. Figure (3) shows a segmental baffle. These
baffles have tubes running through them.

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Figure (3), Segmental Baffles

They help to route the fluid flow outside of the tubes. These baffles alternate
between the top and bottom of the shell. The arrows indicate fluid flow direction
around the tubes. In this diagram, very few tubes are shown. There are many more
tubes in a tube bundle.

Figure (4) shows a disc and doughnut baffle arrangement. The disc support tubes
but does not attach to the exchanger shell. The doughnut portion of the baffle
supports tubes and also attaches to the exchanger shell.

Figure (4), Disc and Doughnut Baffle

The simplest type of construction for a shell and tube heat exchanger is known as
the fixed tube sheet type. This is shown in figure (5). The fluid which will flow inside
the tubes enters the exchanger in the upper left hand part of the exchanger marked
IN

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Figure (5), Fixed tube sheet heat Exchanger

A partition forces the fluid to flow through the upper tubes toward the right hand
part of the exchanger. A partition on the right hand side of the exchanger causes the
fluid to flow back through tubes to the left middle section of the exchanger.

Fixed tube sheets type heat exchanger

Legend:

1) Channel or bonnet 10) Channel or bonnet


2) Fixed tube sheet 11) Fixed tube sheet
3) Vent connection 12) Drain connection
4) Support saddle 13) Tie rod and spacer
5) Shell 14) Baffle plate
6) Tube 15) Support saddle
7) Expansion joint 16) Shell nozzle
8) Instrument connection 17) Instrument connection
9) Channel nozzle 18) Channel nozzle

A second partition on the left side of the exchanger forces the fluid to travel back to
the right side of the exchanger. The fluid returns to the left side of the exchanger
and leaves the exchanger in the outlet marked OUT.

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Since the fluid flows back and forth throughout the exchanger, this exchanger is
known as a multi-pass fixed tube heat exchanger. The cooling fluid, usually water,
enters the exchanger at the inlet marked IN in the lower right hand portion of the
exchanger.

The baffle aid in circulation of the cooling water. The water leaves the exchangers at
the top of the exchanger. Both ends of the tube bundle are rigid and fixed. This
allows for very little expansion of the tubes. This heat exchange is only used where
the temperature difference between the two fluids is very small.

Figure (6) shows a U tube heat exchanger. The tubes in this exchanger are bent in
the form of a U. This design allows for large amounts of tube expansion but makes
it difficult to clean out tubes if they get clogged.

Figure (6), U Tube Exchanger

U-Tube type heat exchanger

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Legend:

1) Channel or bonnet 09) Shell Cover


2) Channel nozzle 10) Shell nozzle
3) Instrument connection 11) Support saddle
4) Shell nozzle 12) Support saddle
5) Shell 13) Shell flange fixed heat end
6) Baffle Plate 14) Instrument connection
7) Tie rod and spacer 15) Pass partition plate
8) Tube

Cooling water
Head

A538
Product

U-Tube Type

Figure (7) shows a floating head removable tube bundle exchanger. This type of
exchanger is standard for oil refinery use. Oil flows through the shell of the
exchanger. Oil enters the shell inlet nozzle. It is directed back and forth across the
tube bundle using segment baffles.

Figure (7), Floating Head removable tube bundle exchanger

The oil leaves through the shell outlet. Cooling water enters the exchanger through
the channel inlet. The water flows through the tubes in the lower half of the channel
because of the partition plate. It then reverses direction and flows through the
channel outlet. This heat exchanger has a single pass shell and two pass tubes.

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Figure (8) shows the details of the tube bundle used in the floating head exchanger.
The fixed tube sheet is larger than the floating tube sheet. This allows the floating
tube sheet to be slipped into the shell for ease of installation and removal. The fixed
tube sheet fits against the exchanger shell. The channel section is then bolted to this
tube sheet.

Figure (8), Floating Head Tube Bundle

The end remains fixed and unable to move. This is shown in figure (9). The floating
head tube cover is removable. This cover allows easy removal of the tube bundle
and easy access for cleaning.

Figure (10) shows a detail of a tube sheet and floating head cover. Its function is to
direct the flow of the cooling water in the exchanger. Gaskets are used to make a
leak proof connection between the floating head and the tube sheet. The partially
assembled unit is shown in figure (11).

Fixed tube plate - type

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Floating head - type

Figure (9), Bundle Installation

Figure (10), Detail of tube sheet and floating head cover

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Figure (11), Piping around heat exchanger

13.7. EXCHANGER OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Heat exchangers are a necessary part of refinery operation. Heat exchanger


breakdown are more costly and dangerous. Tube failures may cause products, which
do not meet specifications. This may force the unit to be shutdown.

Leaky tubes or gaskets allow the two fluids to mix. Fouled tubes cause inefficient
heat transfer. For continuous and efficient operation, the exchanger must be as
clean as possible and free of leaks. The baffles must also be in good condition and
properly fitted.

The start up or shutdown of a heat exchanger must be done properly to avoid


equipment damage and possible injury to personnel. The unit must be warmed up
and cooled off slowly. A sudden change in temperature causes excessive expansion
or contraction of the metal. This can cause damage to the tubes. Leaks can develop.

Tubes may also become loose in the tube sheet. Vibration can cause the loosening
of tubes in the tube sheet. Applying hot fluid to a cold exchanger may cause thermal
expansion and the loosening of tubes. A large difference in pressure on the inside
and outside of the tubes may also cause the thin, walled tubes to collapse.

The heat exchangers are designed to operate completely full of fluid. Unequal heat
exchange results form either of the two fluid capacities being less than full.

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Both sides should be vented on start up to remove any trapped air.


The cooler of the two fluids should be introduced first when starting up a heat
exchanger.
When shutting down, the hotter fluid should be shut off first.

Tubes must be cleaned periodically. If the unit is scheduled for a shutdown, it is


good time to take the exchanger apart and thoroughly clean it. Care must be taken
in cleaning the tubes to avoid damage.

When rotating tube cleaners are used, the inside surface of the tubes may be worn
thin or cut. They may also be bent or dented if they are cleaned on the outside.
Sand blasting or hydro blasting can wear away the metal if used too long.

Pressure tests and leak tests can be used to check the tubes in a bundle. A pressure
test consists of filling the exchanger with liquid or air to a pressure higher than
atmosphere pressure. A loss of pressure after a period of time will indicate a leak.

Leaky tubes may be re-rolled if they are leaking at the tube sheet. If only a few
tubes are leaking some where in the middle of the tube, they may be plugged. In
this case a tapered metal plug is driven into each end of the tube. The plugging of a
few tubes in a tube bundle and putting the exchanger back in service is not
uncommon.

This may be repeated until the number of tubes plugged interferes with efficient
exchanger operation.

On floating head exchangers, a special test ring is available which will test individual
tubes for leaks. Pressure is applied to the unit. A loss of pressure will indicate leaky
tube. Remember that any pressure testing may be dangerous.

All personnel not involved in the test should remain away from the test area. Only
qualified personnel should be allowed to pressure test an exchanger or be allowed in
the test area.

Shell and tube exchangers of the types previously described can be used for any of
the functions mentioned at the beginning of the test i.e. cooling, condensing
evaporation (re-boiling) etc.

It should be pointed out at this stage that the fundamental difference between a
shell and tube exchanger used as a condenser or a cooler is that in a condenser a
change of phase occurs (vapor to liquid) and therefore there should be little or no
temperature difference.

In other words Latent Heat is being withdrawn from the hot fluid.

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In a cooler the fluid temperature does drop due to the removal of the hot fluids
sensible heat.

Likewise the same principle applies in a re-boiler another change of phase


application.

A Cooling or Heating Sensible Heat

B Condensing or Evaporation Latent Heat

Figure (12)

Exchangers may be installed either vertically or horizontally in the field and a


common variation on this theme is the Kettle Type Re-boiler

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Kettle type reboiler

This design is frequently found as heating units at the base of distillation columns.

In this type, liquid is vaporized in the shell (space around the tubes) using steam or
other hot material passing through the tubes.

An overflow baffle makes sure that tubes are always submerged in the liquid. The
vapors, given off during the heating, can be returned to the distillation column.

Non-evaporated liquid returns as bottom product.

13.8. FIN FAN COOLERS

In some cases, due to location or climate it is not always possible to take cooling
water from the surroundings, due to either no water being available or the
temperature limitations of the supply / return may be a constraint.

In this case air cooling is used.

Air Cooled heat Exchangers Fin Fans Figure (14)

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The hot fluid is passed through the tubes and cooled by air passes over the tubes at
a high velocity by either a forced or an induced draft.

It has the advantages of:

An air piping system is not required, and there is no limit to the air supply
volume.
There is practically no fouling on the outside surfaces of the tubes.
It is economical and easily maintained.

However, it also has the disadvantage where the minimum cooling level is limited by
ambient temperature.

For this reason air coolers are normally confined to Low Grade cooling.

Illustrative construction drawing of an induced draft unit

1) Axial flow fan 07) Vents (drains below)


2) Fan ring 08) Bearing
3) Finned tube bundle 09) V. belt drive
4) Header 10) Electric motor
5) Removable tube plugs 11) Substructure columns and braces
6) Hood 12) Channel frame

As mentioned the draft can be either forced or induced dependent on placement of


fan during construction.

The effective cooling surface of the tubes is enlarged by installing thin plates or fins
to the tubes to create better heat transfer.

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Extended area fins

During warm periods it is common in refineries to direct a fire water spray on to the
fin tubes which increases the fin fan capacity for heat removal due to the cooling
effect of the evaporating water.

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13.9. MCR EXCHANGERS LIST & DATA

EXCHANGERS DATA OF CRUDE DISTILLATION UNIT (U-100)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
100-E1 Crude Circulation Circulating
1 Crude 39.00 26.00 120.00 161.00 28.40 8.29 10 / 66 127 / 71 Tubular
A/B Naphtha Exchanger Naphtha
100-E2 Kerosene Product Trim Kerosene
2 Cooling Water 26.00 15.80 125.00 120.00 14.50 4.50 65 / 40 34.5 / 45 Tubular
A/B Cooler Product
Crude Kerosene Product Kerosene 154 /
3 100-E3 Crude 26.00 39.00 182.00 120.00 15.80 27.10 66 / 78 Tubular
Exchanger Product 102
100-E4 Crude Circulation Circulating 180 /
4 Crude 26.00 39.00 208.00 154.00 7.26 26.40 78 / 126 Tubular
A/B Kerosene Exchanger Kerosene 108
Diesel Product Trim Diesel
5 100-E5 Cooling Water 26 / FV 15.00 120 / 65 120.00 8.12 4.50 65 / 50 34.5 / 45 Tubular
Cooler Product
Crude Circulation Diesel Circulating 181 / 118 /
6 100-E6 Crude 26.00 39.00 220.00 157.00 4.07 26.00 Tubular
Exchanger Diesel 163 129
100-E7 Desalting Water Desalter Desalted
7 Desalted Brine 39.00 40.00 129.00 151.00 33.20 23.20 66 / 101 123 / 86 Tubular
A/B Brine Exchanger Water
100-E8 Desalted
8 Desalter Brine Cooler Cooling Water 27.00 40.00 120.00 123.00 4.50 2.11 34.5 / 45 86 / 41 Tubular
A/B Brine
Desalted Crude Cold Diesel 244 / 199 / 116 /
9 100-E9 Desalted Crude 26 / FV 39.00 153.00 11.90 20.30 Tubular
Diesel Product Exchanger Product 203 153 125
100-E11 Desalted Crude HVGO 208 / 120 /
10 HVGO Desalted Crude 26.00 39.00 236.00 179.00 13.70 20.20 Tubular
A/B Exchanger No.1 157 150
Desalted Crude
100-E12 Circulating 220 / 150 /
11 Circulating Diesel Crude 26.00 39.00 248.00 202.00 5.64 19.00 Tubular
A/B Diesel 176 174
Exchanger

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Desalted Crude HVGO 225 / 174 /


12 100-E13 HVGO Desalted Crude 26.00 39.00 285.00 213.00 14.50 17.40 Tubular
Exchanger No.2 208 185
Desalted Crude Hot Diesel 272 / 239 / 185 /
13 100-E14 Desalted Crude 26 / FV 39.00 231.00 11.80 16.50 Tubular
Diesel Product Exchanger Product 244 203 193
Flashed Crude HVGO 284 / 191 /
14 100-E15 HVGO Flashed Crude 24.00 30.00 285.00 247.00 15.40 22.00 Tubular
Exchanger No. 3 225 219

Flashed Crude Circulating Circulating 231 / 191 /


15 100-E16 Flashed Crude 26.00 30.00 263.00 233.00 6.48 22.70 Tubular
Diesel Exchanger No. 3 Diesel 220 205

Flashed Crude/Cold Cold


100-E17 268 / 205 /
16 Vacuum Bottoms Vacuum Flashed Crude 22.00 30.00 362.00 249.00 12.90 22.00 Tubular
A/B 232 221
Exchanger Bottoms

100-E18 Flashed Crude HVGO 285 / 220 /


17 HVGO Flashed Crude 24.00 30.00 313.00 272.00 16.50 21.00 Tubular
A/B Exchanger No.4 265 231

Flashed Crude Hot


100-E19 Hot Vacuum 362 / 244 /
18 Vacuum Bottoms Flashed Crude 22.00 30.00 390.00 293.00 13.70 19.80 Tubular
A/B Bottoms 268 265
Exchanger
Crude
100-E20 Crude Column Trim 3.9 /
19 Column Cooling Water 7.00 120 / 61 120.00 0.58 4.50 61 / 41 34.5 / 41 Tubular
A/B Condenser FV
Vapor

100-E21 Demineralized Water Diesel Demineralized 244 /


20 26 / FV 27.00 138.00 11.20 12.60 153 / 56 21 / 92 Tubular
A/B Diesel Product Exchanger Product Water 187

21 100-E22 Steam / Air Preheater Air MP Steam 6.00 13.00 260.00 300.00 _ _ _ _ _

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AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF CRUDE DISTILLATION UNIT (U-100)

Sr. Service Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Tag No. Description Type
No. T/S (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C)

1 100-EA1 Kerosene Product Cooler Kerosene Product 26.0 182 _ _ Finned

2 100-EA2 Diesel Product Cooler Diesel Product 26 / FV 187 / 118 _ _ Finned

3 100-EA4 Crude Column Condenser Overhead Vapors 3.5 / FV 143 / 115 _ _ Finned

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PARCO-Mid Country Refinery DOC. #: PAR-MCR-PROCESS/
Training Manual-01
PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
HEAT EXCHANGERS & FIN FAN COOLERS Page 23 of 38 01-07-2005

EXCHANGERS DATA OF VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT (U-110)


Design
Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service Press.
Tag No. Description (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. (Kg/cm)
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
34.5 /
1 110-E1 A/B LVGO Trim Cooler LVGO Cooling Water 17.50 11.70 128.00 120.00 10.40 4.50 65 / 40 Tubular
45
100 /
2 110-E2 HVGO Trim Cooler HVGO Tempered Water 24.00 16.00 175.00 120.00 10.20 8.61 66 / 85 Tubular
85
3 110-E3 Steam/Air Preheater Air Steam _ 300.00 _ 13.00

AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT (U-110)

Service Design
Sr. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Tag No. Description Press. Type
No. (C) (Kg/cm) (C)
T/S (Kg/cm)

1 110-EA1 LVGO Cooler LVGO 17.50 139.00 _ _ Finned Tube

3 110-EA3 HVGO Product Cooler HVGO Product 24.00 191.00 _ _ Finned Tube
Tempered Water
4 110-EA4 Tempered Water 7.8 / FV 120 / 85 _ _ Finned Tube
Cooler

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Training Manual-01
PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
HEAT EXCHANGERS & FIN FAN COOLERS Page 24 of 38 01-07-2005

EXCHANGERS DATA OF VISBREAKER UNIT (U-130)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
130-E1 Frac. Btm./ Vac. 232 / 343 /
1 Frac. Btm. 62.36 41.57 344.00 371.00 50.40 19.28 Tubular
A/B/C//D Feed Exchanger Residue 315 289

Frac. Btm./ BFW & MP 224 / 290 / 196 /


2 130-E3A/B Fract. Btm. 24.18 16.12 / FV 318.00 16.20 14.18 Tubular
MP Steam generator Steam 196 224 196

Vis. Btm./ BFW & LP 193 / 224 165 /


3 130-E4 Vis. Btm. 24.18 16.12 / FV 289.00 9.75 6.88 Tubular
LP Steam generator Steam 165 /193 165
Vis. Btm./
193 / 121 /
4 130-E5 BFW Preheat Vis. Btm. BFW 52.00 78.00 221.00 197.00 8.44 59.20 Tubular
175 168
Exchanger
Fract. O/H Trim Fract. O/H Cooling 65 / 34.5 /
5 130-E6 7.18 7.00 120.00 120.00 4.43 4.50 Tubular
Condenser Vapors Water 49 45
Gas Oil P-A/ Gas Oil P-A BFW & MP 224 / 260 / 196 /
6 130-E7 16.73 15.94 / FV 289.00 13.29 14.18 Tubular
MP Steam Generator & Quench Steam 100 224 196
Combustion Air Combustion
7 130-E8 MP Steam _ 13.00 _ 300.00 _ _ _ _
Heating Coil Air _
AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF VISBREAKER UNIT (U-130)
Sr. Service Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Tag No. Description Type
No. T/S (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C)

Gas Oil Quench Fined


1 130-EA1 Gas Oil 16.73 252.00 _ _
Cooler Tube
Fract. O/H Fined
2 130-EA2 Fract. O/H 7.18 180.00 _ _
Condenser Tube

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PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
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EXCHANGERS DATA OF GAS CONCENTRATION UNIT (U-411)


Design
Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Tag Service Press.
Description (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. No. (Kg/cm)
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
87 / 34.5 /
1 411-E1 Compressor Suction Cooler Feed Gases Cooling Water 5.10 7.00 120.00 120.00 3.21 4.50 Tubular
41 41
59 / 34.5 /
2 411-E2 Inter Stage Cooler Feed Gases Cooling Water 8.90 7.00 120.00 120.00 7.06 4.50 Tubular
39 41
411- 59 / 34.5 /
3 High Pressure Cooler Gas & Liquid Feed Cooling Water 17.80 11.90 120.00 120.00 15.70 4.50 Tubular
E3A/B 39 41
Primary Absorber Inter 47 / 34.5 /
4 411-E4 Lean Oil Cooling Water 22.50 15.00 120.00 120.00 18.60 4.50 Tubular
Cooler 39 39
Sponge Abs. Lean Oil/ 55 / 232 /
5 411-E5 Rich Oil Lean Oil 14.70 22.00 170.00 263.00 3.73 6.63 Tubular
Rich Oil Exchanger 142 146
Sponge Abs. Lean Oil Trim 65 / 34.5 /
6 411-E6 Lean Oil Cooling Water 22.00 14.70 173.00 120.00 5.82 4.50 Tubular
Cooler 39 39
Debutanizer 40 / 149 /
7 411-E7 Stripper Feed Exchanger Naphtha/LPG mix. 21.00 14.00 120.00 183.00 19.00 11.00 Tubular
Btm. 60 128
Stripper Reboiler Debutanizer 132 / 186 /
8 411-E8 Naphtha & LPG 19.00 14.00 173.00 220.00 16.70 11.90 Tubular
Exchanger Btm. 142 149
13 / 300 / 142 / 184 /
9 411-E9 Stripper Reboiler Naphtha & LPG MP Steam 19.00 200.00 16.70 10.20 Tubular
FV FV 164 184
411- 128 / 34.5 /
10 Debutanizer Btm. Cooler Naphtha Cooling Water 13.40 9.00 162.00 120.00 7.90 4.50 Tubular
E10A/B 39.5 45
411- 186 / 263 /
11 Debutanizer Reboiler Naphtha Cir. Diesel 18.40 20.40 231.00 291.00 11.90 7.40 Tubular
E11 195 224

411- Debutanizer Net O/H 57 / 34.5 /


12 LPG Cooling Water 31.00 21.00 120.00 120.00 23.80 4.50 Tubular
E12 Cooler 38 38

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AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF GAS CONCENTRATION UNIT (U-411)


Service Design
Sr. Tag Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Description Press. Type
No. No. T/S (C) (Kg/cm) (C)
(Kg/cm)
411- Sponge Abs. Lean Oil Finned
1 Lean Oil 22.00 173.00 4.99 _
EA1 Cooler Tube
411- Finned
2 Debutanizer Condenser Debutanizer O/H liquid 13.40 120.00 10.70 _
EA2 Tube

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PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
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EXCHANGERS DATA OF DIESEL MAX UNIT (U-284)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
Reactor H.C H.C
284- 83 / 435 / 454 / 347 / 403 /
1 Effluent/Combined (Combined (Reactor 105 / FV 89.30 75.00 Tubular
E1A1-B1 FV 177 177 379 380
Feed Exchanger Feed) Eff.)
Reactor
H.C (Reactor H2 107 / 477 / 183 / 251 / 92 /
284-E2 Effluent/Recycle Gas 81 / FV 73.10 93.00 Tubular
Eff.) (Hydrogen) FV 177 177 241 154
Exchanger
Reactor H.C
H.C (Sep. 80 / 191 / 269 / 238 /
2 284-E3 Effluent/Separator (Reactor 54 / FV 9.79 72.30 59 / 163 Tubular
Liquid) FV 177 177 177
Liquid Exchanger Eff.)
Recycle Gas Cooling 120 / 34.5
3 284-E4 Recycle Gas Cooler 78 / FV 52.00 120.00 70.10 4.50 60 / 41 Tubular
H2 Water 177 / 41
Kerosene Product Kerosene Cooling 34.5
4 284-E5 16.50 11.00 178.00 120.00 6.30 4.50 60 / 41 Tubular
Trim Cooler (H.C) Water / 41
Kerosene
Kerosene Stripper H.C (V11- 228 / 348 /
5 284-E6 (Stripper 45.00 67.00 275.00 376.00 2.15 39.70 Tubular
Reboiler BTM) 243 321
Liq.)
Stripper Trim V-9 OVHD Cooling 34.5
6 284-E7 11.30 7.60 134.00 120.00 7.74 4.50 60 / 41 Tubular
Condenser Gases+Vap. Water / 41
Diesel Product Trim Cooling 34.5
7 284-E8 Diesel (H.C) 16.70 11.20 178.00 120.00 7.28 4.50 60 / 50 Tubular
Cooler Water / 45
Stripper Kero
H.C Stripper 165 / 228 /
8 284-E9 Bottoms/Kerosene Product 22.10 16.50 203.00 256.00 16.60 8.53 Tubular
BTM 175 193
Product Exchanger (H.C)
Stripper Diesel
H.C Stripper 175 / 290 /
9 284-E10 Bottoms/Diesel Product 22.10 16.70 225.00 318.00 16.20 12.60 Tubular
BTM 197 203
Product Exchanger (H.C)

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PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
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Stripper Diesel
Bottoms/Diesel H.C Stripper Pump 197 / 316 /
10 284-E11 22.10 14.80 259.00 344.00 15.70 5.89 Tubular
Pump around BTM around 231 247
Exchanger (H.C)
H.C Back Tempered 66 /
11 284-E12 Backwash Cooler 9.80 7.80 182.00 120.00 6.16 4.50 154 / 85 Tubular
Wash Oil Water 85
Product Fractionator
BFW & MP PF BTM 300 / 121 / 321 /
12 284-E13 Bottoms MP Steam 45 / FV 67.10 349.00 11.90 35.00 Tubular
Steam (H.C) 194 194 213
Generator
284- Cooling 34.5
13 Lean Amine Cooler Lean Amine 27.50 18.40 120.00 120.00 16.10 4.50 61.43 Tubular
E18A/B Water / 45
Distillate Pump Distillate
MP Steam 15.5 / 225 / 260 / 194 /
14 284-E50 around/MP Steam Pump around 15.30 290.00 12.50 14.00 Tubular
Generator FV 195 212 194
Generator (H.C)
Distillate
Distillate Product/LP BFW & LP 260 / 121 / 230 /
15 284-E52 Product 7 / FV 10.50 260.00 4.70 8.33 Tubular
Steam Generator Steam 156 156 169
(H.C)
284- Flash Fractionator FF OVHD Cooling 34.5
16 8.00 7.00 145.00 120.00 5.63 4.50 60 / 41 Tubular
E56A/B Trim Condenser Vap. Water / 45
Flash Fractionator
BFW & MP FF BTMs 15.5 / 225 / 194 / 383 /
17 284-E59 Bottoms/MP Steam 12.50 426.00 14.00 9.60 Tubular
Steam (H.C) FV 195 194 232
Generator
Distillate Product Cooling
18 284-E61 H.C Distillate 10.50 7.00 169.00 120.00 Hair pin
Trim Cooler Water

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PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
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AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF DIESEL MAX UNIT (U-284)


Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service Design Press. Design Temp.
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. (Kg/cm) (C)
T/S T/S T/S
H/C / Wash Water/Recycle
1 284-EA1 Product Condenser 79.0 241 _ _ Finned Tube
Gas
Stripper OVHD
2 284-EA2 Stripper Condenser 11.3 192 _ _ Finned Tube
Vapors/H2S/H2S (H/C)
Product Fractionator
3 284-EA3 PF OVHD Vapors (H/C) 3.5 122 _ _ Finned Tube
Condenser

4 284-EA4 Diesel Product Cooler Diesel Product (H/C) 16.7 231 _ _ Finned Tube

Kerosene Pump
5 284-EA5 Kerosene Product (H/C) 11.2 223 _ _ Finned Tube
Around Cooler
Kerosene Product
6 284-EA6 Kerosene Product (H/C) 16.5 221 _ _ Finned Tube
Cooler
Product Fractionator
7 284-EA7 P.F BTM (H/C) 67.1 241 _ _ Finned Tube
Bottoms Cooler
Distillate Product
8 284-EA50 Distillate (H/C) 10.5 230 _ _ Finned Tube
Cooler
Flash Fractionator
9 284-EA51 FF OVHD Vapors (H/C) 8.0 170 _ _ Finned Tube
Condenser
Distillate Pump
10 284-EA54 Distillate (H/C) 15.3 240 _ _ Finned Tube
Around Cooler
Flash Fractionator
11 284-EA55 FF BTM (H/C) 12.5 260 _ _ Finned Tube
Bottoms Cooler

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PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
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EXCHANGERS DATA OF NAPHTHA HYDROTREATING UNIT (U-200)

Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.


Sr. Tag Service
Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
Combined Feed
1 200-E1A Combined Feed Reactor Eff. 62.00 51.00 181.00 215.00 53.20 45.60 118.00 188.00 Tubular
Exchanger
Reactor No. 1 Effluent 357 / 406 /
200-E2 Combined Feed Reactor Eff. 60 / FV 52 / FV 50.90 46.90 294.00 378.00 Tubular
Cooler 330 378
Products Trim
2 200-E3 Reactor Eff. CW 48 / FV 32.00 171 / 65 120.00 42.80 4.50 65.00 34.50 Tubular
Condenser
Stripper Feed /
16.3 / 178 /
3 200-E4 Splitter Bottoms Stripper Feed Heavy Naph. 14.00 120.00 12.20 11.45 49.00 120.00 Tubular
FV 151
Exchanger
Stripper Feed / Stripper 12.7 / 232 /
4 200-E5 Stripper Feed 13.50 170.00 11.80 10.50 84.00 185.00 Tubular
Bottoms Exchanger Bottom FV 185
Heavy Naphtha Trim 16.3 /
5 200-E6 Heavy Naph. CW 10.90 120 / 65 120.00 9.56 4.50 65.00 34.50 Tubular
Cooler FV
Stripper Trim Stripper Off
6 200-E7 CW 13.20 8.80 128.00 120.00 9.74 4.50 65.00 34.50 Tubular
Condenser gases
47.5 / 426 /
7 200-E8 Stripper Reboiler Stripper Bottom HP Steam 12.70 237.00 10.50 41.10 185.00 371.00 Tubular
FV 252
Splitter Trim
8 200-E9 Light Naph. CW 6.3 / FV 7.00 128 / 63 120.00 1.72 4.50 63.00 34.50 Tubular
Condenser
181 / 300 /
9 200-E10 Splitter Reboiler No.1 Splitter Bottom MP Steam 4.6 / FV 13 / FV 2.63 10.20 127.00 184.00 Tubular
132 184

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AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF NAPHTHA HYDROTREATING UNIT (U-200)


Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Tag Service Design Press. Design Temp.
Description (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. No. (Kg/cm) (C)
T/S T/S T/S

1 200-EA1 Product Condenser Reactor Eff. 48.0 201 _ _ Finned

2 200-EA2 Stripper Condenser Stripper Overhead 13.2 128 _ _ Finned

3 200-EA3 Heavy Naphtha Cooler Heavy Naph. 16.3 120 _ _ Finned

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Training Manual-01
PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
HEAT EXCHANGERS & FIN FAN COOLERS Page 32 of 38 01-07-2005

EXCHANGERS DATA OF PLATFORMING UNIT (U-300)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
Combined Feed
1 300-E1
Exchanger
300- Product Trim Reactor Cooling 34.5 /
2 4.7 / FV 7.00 120 / 65 120.00 2.74 4.50 65 / 41 Tubular
E2A/B Condenser Effluent Water 41
Reactor Purge Reactor
3 300-E3 Recycle Gas 5.60 7.50 549.00 549.00 3.44 3.89 _ _ Hair Pin
Exchanger Effluent
Net Gas Trim Cooling 34.5 /
4 300-E4A Net Gas 4.90 4.50 120 / 62 120.00 4.90 4.50 62 / 41 Tubular
Cooler Water 41
Recontact Recont. Liq. Cooling 17.8 / 34.5 /
5 300-E5A 11.90 120 / 52 120.00 15.90 4.50 52 / 41 Tubular
Cooler No.1 Net Gas Water FV 41
Re-contact Recont. Liq. Cooling 45.4 / 34.5 /
6 300-E6A 30.30 120 / 55 120.00 41.50 4.50 55 / 41 Tubular
Cooler No.2 Net Gas Water FV 41
Re-contact Recont. Liq. Cooling 106.5 / 34.5 /
7 300-E7A 71.00 120 / 56 120.00 96.70 4.50 56 / 41 Tubular
Cooler No.3 Net Gas Water FV 41
Debutanizer Recontact
300- Debutanizer 41 / 197 /
8 Feed/Bottoms Separator 14.40 13.00 183.00 225.00 12.60 10.90 Tubular
E8A/B/C Bottom Liq. 155 69
Exchanger Liq.
Debutanizer Debut. 12.8 / 235 / 426 / 195 / 371 /
9 300-E9 HP Steam 47.5 / FV 11.00 41.10 Tubular
Reboiler Bottom/Liq. FV 207 252 207 252
Debutanizer Debut. Cooling 34.5 /
10 300-E10 12.30 8.20 120.00 120.00 10.50 4.50 61 / 42 Tubular
Condenser OHVD Water 42
Debutanizer Cooling 34.5 /
11 300-E11 Reformats 13.00 8.70 120.00 120.00 9.10 4.50 69 / 41 Tubular
Bottoms Cooler Water 41

Splitter Bypass Cooling 34.5 /


12 300-E16 LPG 26.50 17.70 120.00 120.00 20.30 4.50 41 / 38 Tubular
Cooler Water 37

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EXCHANGERS DATA FOR PLAT EXCHANGER (U-300)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Service
Sr. (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C)
Tag No. Description Type
No. Hot Hot Cold Hot Cold Hot Cold
Hot Side Cold Side Cold Side
Side Side Side Side Side Side Side
Combined Feed Reactor
1 300-E1 Naphtha+H2 5.60 7.40 549.00 5.10 3.47 5.18 _ _ Plate
Exchanger Effluent

AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF PLATFORMING UNIT (U-300)


Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service Design Press. Design Temp.
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. (Kg/cm) (C)
T/S T/S T/S
Product
1 300-EA1 Reactor Effluent 5.0 120 _ _ Finned
Condenser
2 300-EA2 Net Gas Cooler Net Gas 7.4 120 _ _ Finned
First Stage
3 300-EA3 Discharge Net Gas 18.0 145 _ _ Finned
Cooler
Second Stage
4 300-EA4 Discharge Net Gas 45.6 141 _ _ Finned
Cooler
Third Stage
5 300-EA5 Discharge Net Gas 106.7 142 _ _ Finned
Cooler

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EXCHANGERS DATA OF CCR UNIT (U-312)

Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.


Service
Sr. (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C)
Tag No. Description Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
Reduction Gas Reduction
1 312-E1 Reduction Gas 13.80 13.80 4.20 234.00 6.30 12.00 _ _ Hair Pin
Exchanger Gas

2 312-E2 Booster Gas Heater MP Steam Booster Gas 13.00 13.80 300.00 205.00 10.20 12.00 _ _ Hair Pin

3 312-E3 Caustic Cooler Caustic Cooling Water 12.30 8.20 120.00 120.00 6.80 4.50 43.00 34.50 Tubular

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EXCHANGERS DATA OF LPG MEROX UNIT (U-802)


Design Opr.
Design Temp. Opr. Press.
Sr. Service Press. Temp.
Tag No. Description (C) (Kg/cm) Type
No. (Kg/cm) (C)
Hot Side T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S

1 802-E1 Caustic Heater Caustic Steam 20.6 30.9 260 120 4.2 Hair Pin

2 802-E2 Lean Amine Trim Cooler Lean Amine Cooling Water 27.50 18.40 120.00 120.00 15.10 3.80 Hair Pin

EXCHANGERS DATA OF AMINE TREATING UNIT (U-810)


Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
Amine
810- 6/
1 Regenerator Amine Steam 6 / FV 160 / 131 260 / 145 1.70 3.20 131 / 131 145 / 145 Tubular
E2A/B FV
Reboiler
Rich-Lean Amine
2 810-E3 Lean Amine Rich Amine 7.60 11.30 160 /132 120.00 1.70 6.20 132 /101 56 /88 Tubular
Exchanger
Sour Water
810-E6 Stripper Stripped
3 Sour Water 7.4 /FV 11.10 159 /130 136.00 1.80 7.80 130 /160 38 /107 Tubular
A/B/C Feed/Bottoms Water
Exchanger
Sour Water
4 810-E7 Sour Water LP Steam 6 /FV 6 /FV 160 /146 260 / 146 1.80 3.20 130 / 130 145 / 145 Tubular
Stripper Reboiler
Stripped Water Stripped Cooling
5 810-E8 12.90 8.60 120.00 120.00 3.70 3.80 60 / 43 35 / 43 Tubular
Cooler Water Water

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Lean Amine Trim Cooling


6 810-E9 Lean Amine 27.50 18.40 120.00 120.00 13.50 3.80 61 / 50 35 / 45 Tubular
Cooler Water

AIR COOLED EXCHANGERS DATA OF AMINE TREATING UNIT (U-810)


Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.
Sr. Service Design Press. Design Temp.
Tag No. Description (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No. (Kg/cm) (C)
T/S T/S T/S
Amine
Amine Regenerator
1 810-EA1 Regenerator 6.0 160 _ _ Finned
Overhead
Condenser
Lean Amine
2 810-EA2 Lean Amine 27.5 129 _ _ Finned
Cooler
Circulating Sour
3 810-EA3 Circulating Sour Water 13.1 130 _ _ Finned
Water Cooler

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EXCHANGERS DATA OF SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT (U-820)

Sr. Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.


Tag Service
No Description (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C) Type
No.
. S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S S/S T/S
No. 1 260 / 115 /
1 820-E2 BFW & Steam WHB effluent 6 / FV 3.50 320 / 185 4.00 0.58 320 / 185 Tubular
Condenser 152 152
No.2 260 / 115 /
2 820-E3 BFW & Steam WHB effluent 6 / FV 3.50 343.00 4.00 0.45 300 / 170 Tubular
Condenser 152 152
No.3 260 / 115 /
3 820-E4 BFW & Steam WHB effluent 6 / FV 3.50 343.00 4.00 0.34 227 / 160 Tubular
Condenser 152 152
No.1 49.7 / 185 /
4 820-E5 Reaction Gas HP Steam 3.50 275.00 426 / 258 0.54 44.20 258 / 258 Tubular
Reheater FV 230
No. 2 49.7 / 170 /
5 820-E6 Reaction Gas HP Steam 3.50 275.00 426 / 258 0.42 44.20 258 / 258 Tubular
Reheater FV 210
820- SCOT Waste 260 / 115 /
6 BFW & Steam WHB effluent 6 / FV 3.50 343.00 4.00 0.23 310 / 170 Tubular
E51 Heat Boiler 152 152
820- Regenerator MDEA 157 / 132 /
7 LP Steam 4.5 / FV 6 / FV 260 / 145 1.52 3.20 145 / 145 Tubular
E55 Reboiler (Amine) 132 132
Regenerator
820- Amine & 149 /
8 Ovhd. Cooling Water 3.5 / FV 7.00 120.00 1.24 3.80 120 / 61 34.5 / 45 Tubular
E56 Water 149
Condenser

PLATE AND FRAME HEAT EXCHANGER OF SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT (U-820)

Design Press. Design Temp. Opr. Press. Opr. Temp.


Sr. Service
Tag (Kg/cm) (C) (Kg/cm) (C)
No Description Type
No.
. Hot Cold Hot Cold Hot Cold Hot Cold
Hot Side Cold Side
Side Side Side Side Side Side Side Side
820- Circulation
1 Sour Water Cooling Water 11.30 7.00 120.00 120.00 5.30 3.80 78 / 41 34.5 / 45 PLT/FR
E52 Water Cooler

SAH/- Heat Exchanger and fin fan cooler-Final 11/07/05


PARCO-Mid Country Refinery DOC. #: PAR-MCR-PROCESS/
Training Manual-01
PROCESS TRAINING MANUAL Issue # 01 Issue Date:
HEAT EXCHANGERS & FIN FAN COOLERS Page 38 of 38 01-07-2005

Lean/Rich
820- 47.5 /
2 Solution Rich Amine Lean Amine 4.5 / FV 10.00 157.00 147.00 1.80 5.10 132 / 58 PLT/FR
E53 122
Exchanger
Lean
820- 56.5 /
3 Solution Lean Amine Cooling Water 9.00 7.00 120.00 120.00 5.30 3.80 34.5 / 45 PLT/FR
E54 41
Cooler

SAH/- Heat Exchanger and fin fan cooler-Final 11/07/05