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Solidaire avec Europe

M. N. G. Einstein

19. November, 2017

Pour Europe

If there any questions, feel free to ask! Although I am usually not reachable.

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Germany
Solidaire avec Allemagne Jour V.

Solidaire avec Europe Cinquime Jour. The country I am living in. It was once
nicknamed the country of poets and philosophers. So lets get down to business
and see what remains of that.

Numro douze
12. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15.10.1844 25.08.1900) the one who killed
god. He was actually a classical philologist, who became posthumous a very famous
philosopher for his moral studies, in which he criticized especially the christian
and the uncritically adoption of the predominant moral by former philosophers.
The European nihilism of Hegel was continued by him, leading to the catch phrase
god is dead. With his ideas of the bermensch (superhuman), which originated
in the first century BC in the philosophy of Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Wille
zur Macht (will to power), an original concept of Nietzsche influenced by Arthur
Schopenhauer, and ewige Wiederkunft (eternal recurrence), which originated in
ancient Egypt, he not only changed philosophy, but they also found their way in
a very disturbing and feculent perverted manner inside the national socialist po-
litical positions. While the concept of the bermensch is nothing more than a
person that reaches or strives above the average of a human in a lifetime, which is
a goal for humanity to set for itself, his Wille zur Macht is a dionsysic approval
of an eternal circle of life (and death). This shows the disgusting perversion by
the Nazis. Although his actions make it clearer what his status of mind was, as
he broke with his publisher Ernst Schmeitzner due to his anti semitic opinions, he
was definitely a child of his time and surrounded by anti semites, which made him
probably very susceptible to anti semitic slurs and outburst.

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Numro onze
11. Les Nibelungen The Nibelungs the German mythology. The only words
needed are:

Bin ich nun frei?


Wirklich frei?
So grss euch denn meiner Freiheit erster Gruss!
Wie durch Fluch er mir geriet, verflucht sei dieser Ring!
Gab sein Gold mir Macht ohne Mass,
nun zeug sein Zauber Tod dem, der ihn trgt!
Kein Froher soll seiner sich freun,
keinem Glcklichen lache sein lichter Glanz!
Wer ihn besitzt, den sehre die Sorge,
und wer ihn nicht hat, den nage der Neid!
Jeder giere nach seinem Gut, doch keiner geniesse mit Nutzen sein!
Ohne Wucher ht ihn sein Herr; doch den Wrger zieh er ihm zu!
Dem Tode verfallen, fessle den Feigen die Furcht,
solang er lebt, sterb er lechzend dahin,
des Ringes Herr als des Ringes Knecht,
bis in meiner Hand den geraubten wieder ich halte!
So segnet in hchster Not der Nibelung seinen Ring!
Behalt ihn nun, hte ihn wohl, meinem Fluch fliehest du nicht!,

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Translation:

Am I free now?
Truly free?
Then thus I give you my freedoms first greeting!
Since by curse it came to me, accursed be this ring!
Since its gold gave me measureless might,
now may its magic bring death to whoever wears it!
It shall gladden no happy man;
its bright gleam shall light on no one lucky!
Whoever possesses it shall be consumed with care,
and whoever has it not be gnawed with envy!
Each shall itch to possess it,
but none in it shall find pleasure!
Its owner shall guard it profitlessly,
for through it he shall meet his executioner!
Forfeit to death, faint with fear shall he be fettered;
the length of his life he shall long to die,
the rings master to the ring a slave,
until again I hold in my hands what was stolen!
Thus, in direst distress, the Niblung blesses his ring!
Keep it now, guard it well; my curse you cannot escape!

The dwarf Alberich in


The Ring of the Nibelung
by Richard Wagner

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Numro dix
10. The Glottonym of the German language one definite surprise. Glottonym
means: the languages name of the one in use. The word deutsch (meaning Ger-
man) is a result of the Germanic root thioda (the stem of this word means peo-
ple, adjective thiodisk, diutschiu), which denoted those who were part of the
folk and developed to a name for the language of the Germanic tribes in middle
Europe, that stood in contrast to the adjoining Romance population and their La-
tin. The area, in which those language varieties occurred, that constructed a highly
coherent dialect continuum and that was called deutsch, was initially known in
the plural diutschiu lant. This became in the fifthteenth century Deutschland
(the modern name for Germany). Today we would call it German language area.
In Russian Germans are called nemez (in Romanian the word nemi is employ-
ed) and not as expected Germani. This has to do with the same Glottonym logic,
as Russian speakers called the outside people (those who did not speak the Russian
language) mute, foreign, which has the Slavic root Nemzi. The same applies
to the name of the city Niemcza in Poland as a result of the sixth century Slavic
settlements constructed there.

qui Theutonica sive Teutisca lingua loquimur


die wir Teutonisch oder Deutsch reden
those who we speak Teutonic or German

Notker: Gesta Karoli 1, 10, 2425

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Numro neuf
9. Arminius the Cheruscan (17. B.C. 21 A.D.) the father of the end of the
Roman campaign for Magna Germania. Although today people seem to have for-
gotten about Arminius, he is one of the reason why in Germany the common
language is German and not French or any other sub or mixed form based on
Latin. Alongside his younger brother Flavus, he had lived in Rome as a hostage in
his youth, where he had served in the Roman army and received a military edu-
cation. As another rebellion broke out in the Balkans Tiberius sent eight legions
to deal with this problem, leaving three legions available to Publius Quinctilius
Varus, a perfect opportunity for Arminius to defeat him. Arminius set a trap, into
which Varus and his legions marched, leading to the annihilation of them all. As it
was one of the most devastating defeats Rome suffered in its history, the Romans
abandoned shortly after the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest concerted attempts
to conquer and permanently hold the region east of the Rhine called Germania.

Numro huit
8. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22.02.1857 01.01.1894) the father of electromagne-
tic waves. With a special constructed oscillator he was able to demonstrate, that
Maxwells equation of electromagnetism and especially the theory, that light was
part of the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, was true. He further showed, that
those waves are moving with the speed of light and then he managed to trans-
mit electromagnetic waves from a source to a receiver, opening the door for the
wireless telegraphy and the radio. Hertz helped establish the photoelectric effect,
which was found originally by Alexandre Edmond Becquerel and helped Albert
Einstein later win his Nobel prize.

Numro sept
7. Bernhard Riemann (17.09.1826 20.07.1866) the father of analytic number
theory. As a mathematical genius he had an influence in many parts of mathema-
tics. In complex analysis he established the CauchyRiemann equations to descri-
be harmonic functions. With the Riemannian geometry he laid the mathematical
foundation for the theory of relativity. In real analysis he systemized the integral
term and brought into the form we know it today as a limit process of a sum. But
his most prominent result he made investigating the zeta function in a single short
paper, that was only seven pages long, due its importance for understanding the
distribution of prime numbers. This resulted in the famous Riemann hypothesis.

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Numro six
6. Immanuel Kant (22.04.1724 12.02.1804) the father of modern philosophy.
As a promoter of the idea that perpetual peace could be secured through universal
democracy and international cooperation, which would not be planned, but be
rather an outcome of history, he laid the foundation of the modern political ap-
proach intended by the leaders of the European Union and its members. With his
Critique of Pure Reason he closed the philosophical gap between rationalists and
empiricists, while history punished his critics wrong, as space and time possesses
a form which can be analyzed, as the theory of relativity states. His first Critique
as well as Critique of Practical Reason dealt with the four question of Reason:

1.) What should I do?

2.) What may I hope?

3.) What can I know?

4.) What is men?

leading Kant to claim that one ought to think autonomously (free of the dictates
of external authority), making him one of the masterminds of the Enlightenment.
Of course his influence is much wider than all of that.

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Numro cinq
5. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe the godfather of German literature. The only
words needed are:

Mephisopheles.
Wozu der Lrm? Was steht dem Herrn zu Diensten?

Faust.
Das also war des Pudels Kern!
Ein fahrender Skolast? Der Kasus macht mich lachen.

Mephisopheles.
Ich salutire den gelehrten Herrn! Ihr habt mich weidlich schwitzen ma-
chen.

Faust.
Wie nennst du dich?

Mephistopheles.
Die Frage scheint mir klein, fr einen, der das Wort so sehr verachtet,
der, weit entfernt von allem Schein, nur in der Wesen Tiefe trachtet.

Faust.
Bei euch, ihr Herrn, kann man das Wesen
Gewhnlich aus dem Namen lesen,
Wo es sich allzu deutlich weist,
Wenn man euch Fliegengott, Verderber, Lgner heit.
Nun gut, wer bist du denn?

Mephistopheles.
Ein Teil von jener Kraft, die stets das Bse will und stets das Gute
schafft.

Faust.
Was ist mit diesem Rtselwort gemeint?

Mephistopheles.
Ich bin der Geist der stets verneint!
Und das mit Recht; denn alles was entsteht
ist werth da es zu Grunde geht;

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drum besser wrs da nichts entstnde.
So ist denn alles was ihr Snde,
Zerstrung, kurz das Bse nennt,
mein eigentliches Element.

Faust.
Du nennst dich einen Teil, und stehst doch ganz vor mir?

Mephistopheles.
Bescheidne Wahrheit sprech ich dir.
Wenn sich der Mensch, die kleine Narrenwelt
Gewhnlich fr ein Ganzes hlt
Ich bin ein Teil des Teils, der anfangs alles war
Ein Teil der Finsternis, die sich das Licht gebar
Das stolze Licht, das nun der Mutter Nacht
Den alten Rang, den Raum ihr streitig macht,
Und doch gelingts ihm nicht, da es, so viel es strebt,
Verhaftet an den Krpern klebt.
Von Krpern strmts, die Krper macht es schn,
Ein Krper hemmts auf seinem Gange;
So, hoff ich, dauert es nicht lange,
Und mit den Krpern wirds zugrunde gehn.
Translation I:
Mephisopheles.
Do vient ce vacarme? Questce quil y a pour le service de monsieur?

Faust.
Ctait donc l le contenu du barbet? Un colier ambulant.

Mephisopheles.
Je salue le savant docteur. Vous mavez fait suer rudement.

Faust.
Quel est ton nom?

Mephisopheles.
La demande me parat bien frivole, pour quelquun qui a tant de mpris
pour les mots,
qui toujours scarte des apparences,
et regarde surtout le fond des tres.

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Faust.
Chez vous autres, messieurs,
on doit pouvoir aisment deviner votre nature daprs vos noms,
et cest ce quon fait connatre clairement
en vous appelant ennemis de Dieu, sducteurs, menteurs.
Eh bien! Qui donc estu ?

Mephisopheles.
Une partie de cette force qui tantt veut le mal et tantt fait le bien.

Faust.
Que signifie cette nigme?

Mephisopheles.
Je suis lesprit qui toujours nie;
et cest avec justice: car tout ce qui existe
est digne dtre dtruit;
il serait donc mieux que rien nexistt.
Ainsi, tout ce que vous nommez pch,
destruction, bref, ce quon entend par mal,
voil mon lment.

Faust.
Tu te nommes partie, et te voil en entier devant moi.

Mephisopheles.
Je te dis la modeste vrit.
Si lhomme, ce petit monde de folie,
se regarde ordinairement comme formant un entier,
je suis, moi, une partie de la partie qui existait au commencement de
tout,
une partie de cette obscurit qui donna naissance la lumire,
la lumire orgueilleuse, qui maintenant dispute sa mre la Nuit
son rang antique et lespace quelle occupait;
ce qui ne lui russit gure pourtant, car malgr ses efforts,
elle ne peut que ramper la surface des corps qui larrtent;
elle jaillit de la matire, elle y ruisselle et la colore, mais un corps suffit
pour briser sa marche.
Je puis donc esprer quelle ne sera plus de longue dure,

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ou quelle sanantira avec les corps euxmmes.
Translation II:
Mephisopheles.
Why such a noise? What are my lords commands?

Faust.
This was the poodles real core,
A travelling scholar, then? The casus is diverting.

Mephisopheles.
The learned gentleman I bow before:
Youve made me roundly sweat, thats certain I

Faust.
What is thy name?

Mephisopheles.
A question small, it seems,
For one whose mind the Word so much despises;
Who, scorning all external gleams
The depths of being only prizes.

Faust.
With all you gentlemen, the names a test,
Whereby the nature usually is expressed.
Clearly the latter it implies
In names like Beelzebub, Destroyer, Father of Lies.
Who art thou, then?

Mephisopheles.
Part of that Power, not understood,
Which always wills the Bad, and always works the Good.

Faust.
What hidden sense in this enigma lies?

Mephisopheles.
I am the Spirit that Denies!
And justly so: for all things, from the Void
Called forth, deserve to be destroyed:

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Twere better, then, were naught created.
Thus, all which you as Sin have rated,
Destruction, aught with Evil blent,
That is my proper element.

Faust.
Thou namst thyself a part, yet showst complete to me?

Mephisopheles.
The modest truth I speak to thee.
If Man, that microcosmic fool, can see
Himself a whole so frequently.
Part of the Part am I, once All, in primal Night,
Part of the Darkness which brought forth the Light,
The haughty Light, which now disputes the space,
And claims of Mother Night her ancient place.
And yet, the struggle fails; since Light, howeer it weaves,
Still, fettered, unto bodies cleaves:
It flows from bodies, bodies beautifies;
By bodies is its course impeded;
And so, but little time is needed,
I hope, ere, as the bodies die, it dies I.

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Numro quatre
4. German language connection between English, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Nor-
wegian and Icelandic. Today of that origin is of course not much visible anymore,
although some words as for example woman, which is Frau in German, fr in
Icelandic, vrouw in Dutch and fru in Danish, Swedish and Norwegian preserved
their commen history, but all these languages are connected and German lies right
in the middle of it today. But it is much more than that, as it is a historic testim-
ony of the interconnection of the population of the entire European continent from
Portugal in the West to Russia in the East, from Iceland in the North to Malta in
the South, which is reflected by the variety of the languages.

Numro trois
3. Karl Marx the father of Das Kapital The Capital. No one else dominated
the Twentieth Century as much as his ideas stated in that same book. The Natio-
nal Socialists were in power from 30.01.1933 to 09.05.1945, while Lenin overthrew
the Tzar in 1917. But the Soviet Union lasted to 1991. For more than forty years
it was in the ideological Cold War with the United States. Mao Tse Tung, Fidel
Castro, every leader of the Soviet Union and, since the 1990s, also the leaders of
the South American countries, especially Hugo Chvez, were influenced by him.
The faults in the capitalistic system, which were cut out very precisely by Karl
Marx, are today more than ever visible. The idea of the basic income is a result of
his analysis. Hence, his shadow will lie ahead of us for a long time to come.

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Numro deux
2. Albert Einstein (14.03.1879 18.04.1955) the father of modern physics.
People have a great misconception about the work of Albert Einstein, although
all clues are in the name of the general theory of relativity, because due to the
relativity one has to drag in all equations along the so called Lorentz factor:
1
=r
v2
1
c2
which on the other hand reflects the relativity. Hence, the name of the theory.
This factor results in max v(elocity) = the speed of light, yielding new laws of
gravitation as space and time are not absolute nor static, but dynamic key players
in physics as the Einstein field equations:
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Rik gik R = 4 Tik + gik
2 c
show and as one consequence is gravitational waves:

hki = 0

Thus, overthrowing the world view established by Isaac Newton. With the ex-
pansion of quantum mechanics this lead to high energy physics, mainly quantum
electrodynamics and chromodynamics. Albert Einstein got his Nobel prize for
the photoelectric effect and not as many believe for the general theory of relativity.
This proved that light was definitely made out of particles, settling a long debate
among physicists about the character of light.

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Numro un
1. Carl Friedrich Gau (30.04.1777 23.02.1855) Princeps Mathematicorum.
Although only a small amount, which merely serves as an example, all of the fol-
lowing theorems were established by Carl Friedrich Gau. You might ask, where
and what do I need them for? From modern electronic devices to maps and across
the fields, from mathematics to physics and economics, these theorems are imple-
mented and used in one way or the another.

The Divergence theorem states:



( F ) dV = (F n) dS
V S

Gau flux theorem:



Q
E = = E dA E =
0 0
S

GauBonnet theorem:

KdA + kg ds = 2(M )
M M

The probability density of the normal distribution is:


!
2
1 (x )
f (x|, 2 ) = exp
2 2 2 2

One field that is missing, from the to long list, is the NonEuclidean geometries,
which lead to Einsteins theory of general relativity.

Until then! #JeSuisEurope

France, je taime. Paris, je tadore.

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