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11/21/2017 AutoCAD - Wikipedia

AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting
software application. Developed and marketed by Autodesk,[1]
AutoCAD was first released in December 1982 as a desktop app
running on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers.[2] Prior
to the introduction of AutoCAD, most commercial CAD programs ran
on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator
(user) working at a separate graphics terminal.[3] Since 2010, AutoCAD
was released as a mobile- and web app as well, marketed as AutoCAD

AutoCAD is used across a wide range of industries, by architects,

project managers, engineers, graphic designers, and many other
professionals. It was supported by 750 training centers worldwide in
Developer(s) Autodesk
Initial release December 1982

Stable release 2018 / March 21, 2017

Contents Development status Active
1 History
Operating system Windows, macOS, iOS,
1.1 Version history
2 Features
2.1 Compatibility with other software Available in English, German,
2.2 Languages French, Italian, Spanish,
2.3 Extensions Korean, Chinese
2.4 Vertical integration Simplified, Chinese
3 Variants Traditional, Brazilian
3.1 AutoCAD Architecture Portuguese, Russian,
3.2 AutoCAD LT Czech, Polish and
3.3 AutoCAD 360 Hungarian
3.4 Student versions
Type Computer-aided design
4 Ports
4.1 Windows License Trialware
4.2 Mac Website
4.3 Android and iOS /products/autodesk-
5 See also autocad/overview (http://
6 References
7 Further reading ucts/autodesk-autocad/o
8 External links verview)

History 1/11
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AutoCAD was derived from a program begun in 1977 and released in 1979[4] called Interact CAD, also referred to in early
Autodesk documents as MicroCAD, which was written prior to Autodesk's (then Marinchip Software Partners) formation by
Autodesk cofounder Mike Riddle.[5][6]

The first version by Autodesk was demonstrated at the 1982 Comdex and released that December.[7] As Autodesk's flagship
product, by March 1986 AutoCAD had become the most ubiquitous CAD program worldwide.[8] The 2018 release marked the
32nd major release of AutoCAD for Windows. The 2014 release marked the fourth consecutive year of AutoCAD for Mac.

Version history
The native file format of AutoCAD is .dwg. This and, to a lesser extent, its interchange file format DXF, have become de facto,
if proprietary, standards for CAD data interoperability, particularly for 2D drawing exchange. AutoCAD has included support
for .dwf, a format developed and promoted by Autodesk, for publishing CAD data.

Autodesk's logo and, respectively, AutoCAD icons have changed for several versions through the years. 2/11
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Official Date of
Version tag Release support Comments
name release

1982, DWG R1.0 file
Version 1.0 1
December format
DWG R1.2 file
Version 1.2 2 1983, April
1983, DWG R1.3 file
Version 1.3 3
August format
1983, DWG R1.4 file
Version 1.4 4
October format
1984, DWG R2.05
Version 2.0 5
October file format
DWG R2.1 file
Version 2.1 6 1985, May
DWG R2.5 file
Version 2.5 7 1986, June
DWG R2.6 file
AutoCAD format. Last
Version 2.6 8 1987, April version to run
2.6 without a math
1987, DWG R9 file
Release 9.0 9
September format
1988, DWG R10 file
Release 10.0 10
October format
1990, DWG R11 file
Release 11.0 11
October format
DWG R11/R12
file format. Last
release for
Release 12.0 12 1992, June
Macintosh till
DWG R13 file
format. Last
1994, release for
Release 13.0 13
November Unix, MS-DOS
and Windows
1997, DWG R14 file
Release 14.0 14
February format
AutoCAD 1999, DWG 2000 file
15.0 AC1015 15
2000 March format 3/11
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AutoCAD 15.1 AC1015 16 2000, July

15.2 AC1015 17 2001, June
AutoCAD 2003, DWG 2004 file
16.0 AC1018 18
2004 March format
AutoCAD 2004,
16.1 AC1018 19
2005 March
AutoCAD 2005,
16.2 AC1018 20 Dynamic Block
2006 March
AutoCAD 2006, DWG 2007 file
17.0 AC1021 21
2007 March format
AutoCAD 2008
and higher
AutoCAD 2007,
17.1 AC1021 22 (including
2008 March
can directly
import and
underlay DGN
V8 files.
Revisions to
the user
AutoCAD 2008, interface
17.2 AC1021 23
2009 March including the
option of a
tabbed ribbon
Windows XP DWG 2010 file
Windows Vista
Windows 7[9][10][11] introduced.
Mesh 3D solid
PDF underlays.
AutoCAD 2009,
18.0 AC1024 24 Both 32-bit and
2010 March 24
64-bit versions
of AutoCAD
2010 and
2010 are
compatible with
and supported
under Microsoft
Windows 7.
AutoCAD 18.1 AC1024 25 2010, Surface
2011 March 25 modeling,
analysis and
October 15,
AutoCAD 2011
for Mac was
released. Are 4/11
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compatible with
and supported
under Microsoft
Windows 7
array, model
DGN editing.
Support for
AutoCAD 2011,
18.2 AC1024 26 complex line
2012 March 22
types in DGN
files is
improved in
DWG 2013 file
AutoCAD 2012,
19.0 AC1027 27 Windows XP Vista format
2013 March 27
Windows 7
File tabs,
design feed,
AutoCAD Windows 8[13][14] 2013,
19.1 AC1027 28 reality capture,
2014 March 26
Autodesk live
Line smoothing
Windows 7
Windows 8.1
Windows 8 support added,
AutoCAD 2014,
20.0 AC1027 29 dropped
2015 March 27
Windows 8.1[15] Windows XP
support (incl.
canvas, richer
design context,
and intelligent
AutoCAD 2015, new tools such
20.1 AC1027 30
2016 March 23 as smart
Windows 7 SP1 coordination
model, and
Windows 8.1 enhanced
Windows 10[16][17]
PDF import,
center marks
AutoCAD 2016,
21.0 AC1027 31 and
2017 March 21
DirectX 11
AutoCAD 2017, DWG 2018 file
22.0 AC1032 32
2018 March 21 format


Compatibility with other software 5/11
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ESRI ArcMap 10 permits export as AutoCAD drawing files. Civil 3D permits export as AutoCAD objects and as LandXML.
Third-party file converters exist for specific formats such as Bentley MX GENIO Extension, PISTE Extension (France),
ISYBAU (Germany), OKSTRA and Microdrainage (UK);[18] also, conversion of .pdf files is feasible, however, the accuracy of
the results may be unpredictable or distorted. For example, jagged edges may appear. Several vendors provide on-line
conversions for free such as Cometdocs.autoCAD commonly use in all purposes.

AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT are available for English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Korean, Chinese Simplified, Chinese
Traditional, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Czech, Polish and Hungarian, Albanian (also through additional language
packs).[19] The extent of localization varies from full translation of the product to documentation only. The AutoCAD
command set is localized as a part of the software localization.

AutoCAD supports a number of APIs for customization and automation. These include AutoLISP, Visual LISP, VBA, .NET and
ObjectARX. ObjectARX is a C++ class library, which was also the base for:

products extending AutoCAD functionality to specific fields

creating products such as AutoCAD Architecture, AutoCAD Electrical, AutoCAD Civil 3D
third-party AutoCAD-based application
There are a large number of AutoCAD plugins (add-on applications) available on the application store Autodesk Exchange
Apps .[20] AutoCAD's DXF, drawing exchange format, allows importing and exporting drawing information.

Vertical integration
Autodesk has also developed a few vertical programs:

AutoCAD Architecture
AutoCAD Civil

AutoCAD Electrical
AutoCAD ecscad
AutoCAD Map 3D
AutoCAD Mech
AutoCAD Structural Detailing
AutoCAD Utility Design
AutoCAD Plant 3D
for discipline-specific enhancements.

For example, AutoCAD Architecture (formerly Architectural Desktop) permits architectural designers to draw 3D objects, such
as walls, doors and windows, with more intelligent data associated with them rather than simple objects, such as lines and
circles. The data can be programmed to represent specific architectural products sold in the construction industry, or
extracted into a data file for pricing, materials estimation, and other values related to the objects represented.

Additional tools generate standard 2D drawings, such as elevations and sections, from a 3D architectural model. Similarly,
Civil Design, Civil Design 3D, and Civil Design Professional support data-specific objects, facilitating easy standard civil
engineering calculations and representations. 6/11
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Civil 3D was originally developed as an AutoCAD add-on by a company in New Hampshire called Softdesk (originally DCA).
Softdesk was acquired by Autodesk, and Civil 3D was further evolved.


AutoCAD Architecture
AutoCAD Architecture (abbreviated as ACA) is a version of AutoCAD with tools and functions specially suited to architectural

AutoCAD LT is the lower cost version of AutoCAD, with reduced capabilities, first released in November 1993. Autodesk
developed AutoCAD LT to have an entry-level CAD package to compete in the lower price level. AutoCAD LT, priced at $495,
became the first AutoCAD product priced below $1000. It is sold directly by Autodesk and can also be purchased at computer
stores (unlike the full version of AutoCAD, which must be purchased from official Autodesk dealers).

As of the 2011 release the AutoCAD LT MSRP has risen to $1200. While there are hundreds of small differences between the
full AutoCAD package and AutoCAD LT, there are a few recognized major differences[21] in the software's features:

3D Capabilities: AutoCAD LT lacks the ability to create, visualize and render 3D models as well as 3D printing.
Network Licensing: AutoCAD LT cannot be used on multiple machines over a network.
Customization: AutoCAD LT does not support customization with LISP, ARX, .NET and VBA.
Management and automation capabilities with Sheet Set Manager and Action Recorder.
CAD standards management tools.
AutoCAD LT 2015 introduced Desktop Subscription (rental) from $360 per year

AutoCAD 360
Formerly marketed as AutoCAD WS, AutoCAD 360 is an account-based mobile and web application enabling registered users
to view, edit, and share AutoCAD files via mobile device and web[22] using a limited AutoCAD feature set and using cloud-
stored drawing files. The program, which is an evolution and combination of previous products, uses a freemium business
model with a free plan and two paid levels marketed as Pro ($4.99 monthly or $49.99 yearly) and Pro Plus ($99.99 yearly)
including various amounts of storage, tools, and online access to drawings. 360 includes new features such as a "Smart Pen"
mode and linking to third-party cloud-based storage such as Dropbox. Having evolved from Flash-based software, AutoCAD
360 uses HTML5 browser technology available in newer browsers including Firefox and Google Chrome.

AutoCAD WS began with a version for the iPhone and subsequently expanded to include versions for the iPod Touch, iPad,
Android phones, and Android tablets.[23] Autodesk released the iOS version in September 2010,[24] following with the Android
version on April 20, 2011.[25] The program is available via download at no cost from the App Store (iOS), Google Play
(Android) and Amazon Appstore (Android).

In its initial iOS version, AutoCAD WS supported drawing of lines, circles, and other shapes; creation of text and comment
boxes; and management of color, layer, and measurements in both landscape and portrait modes. Version 1.3, released
August 17, 2011, added support for unit typing, layer visibility, area measurement and file management.[22] The Android
variant includes the iOS feature set along with such unique features as the ability to insert text or captions by voice command
as well as manually.[25] Both Android and iOS versions allow the user to save files on-line or off-line in the absence of an
Internet connection.[25] 7/11
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In 2011, Autodesk announced plans to migrate the majority of its software to "the cloud", starting with the AutoCAD WS
mobile application.[26]

According to a 2013 interview with Ilai Rotbaein, an AutoCAD WS Product Manager for Autodesk, the name AutoCAD WS
had no definitive meaning, and was interpreted variously as Autodesk Web Service, White Sheet or Work Space.[27]

Student versions
AutoCAD is licensed, for free, to students, educators, and educational institutions, with a 36-month renewable license
available. The student version of AutoCAD is functionally identical to the full commercial version, with one exception: DWG
files created or edited by a student version have an internal bit-flag set (the "educational flag"). When such a DWG file is
printed by any version of AutoCAD (commercial or student) older than AutoCAD 2014 SP1, the output includes a plot
stamp/banner on all four sides. Objects created in the Student Version cannot be used for commercial use. Student Version
objects "infect" a commercial version DWG file if they are imported in versions older than AutoCAD 2015.[28] - -


AutoCAD is a software package created for Windows and usually any new AutoCAD version supports the current Windows
version and some older ones. AutoCAD 2016 and 2017 supports Windows 7 up to Windows 10.[29]

Autodesk stopped supporting Apple's Macintosh computers in 1994. Over the next several years, no compatible versions for
the Mac were released. In 2010 Autodesk announced that it would once again support Apple's Mac OS X software in the
future.[30] Most of the features found in the 2012 Windows version can be found in the 2012 Mac version. The main difference
is the user interface and layout of the program. The interface is designed so that users who are already familiar with Apple's
macOS software will find it similar to other Mac applications.[24] Autodesk has also built in various features in order to take
full advantage of Apple's Trackpad capabilities as well as the full-screen mode in Apple's OS X Lion.[23][24] AutoCAD 2012 for
Mac supports both the editing and saving of files in DWG formatting that will allow the file to be compatible with other
platforms besides the OS X.[23] AutoCAD 2014 for Mac supports Apple OS X v10.9.0 or later (Mavericks), OS X v10.8.0 or later
(Mountain Lion) with 64-bit Intel processor.

AutoCAD LT 2013 is now available through the Mac App Store for $899.99. The full-featured version of AutoCAD 2013 for
Mac, however, is not available through the Mac App Store due to the price limit of $999 set by Apple. AutoCAD 2014 for Mac
is available for purchase from Autodesk's Web site for $4,195 and AutoCAD LT 2014 for Mac for $1,200, or from an Autodesk
Authorized Reseller.[30] The latest version available for Mac is AutoCAD 2017 as of July 2017.

Android and iOS

Autodesk AutoCAD 360 is the official AutoCAD mobile app for Android and iOS and Windows tablets (UWP).[31][32] It can
view, markup, measure and edit (2D only editing) any DWG file from a mobile phone or tablet. The actual file editing
operations are performed in the cloud, in genuine DWG file format.

See also
Autodesk software 8/11
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Autodesk 3ds Max

Autodesk Maya
Autodesk Revit

Other topics

Comparison of computer-aided design editors

Design Web Format

1. "Autodesk, Inc" (
FundingUniverse. Lendio. 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
2. "Chapter 8 : Autodesk and AutoCAD" ( (PDF). Retrieved 2016-03-30.
3. "Chapter 2 : A Brief Overview of the History of CAD" ( (PDF). Retrieved 2016-03-30.
4. Riddle, Michael. "About" ( Retrieved 24 January 2014. "Ive been building CAD
products for over 29 years now, starting with Interact for the Marinchip 9900 released back in 1979, one of the first PC-
based CAD programs available. Interact went on to become the architectural basis for the early versions of AutoCAD. I
was one of the original 18 founders of that company."
5. Walker, John (1 May 1982). "Information letter #5" ( Retrieved
24 January 2014.
6. Yare, Evan (17 Feb 2012). "AutoCAD's Ancestor" ( 3D CAD World.
Retrieved 24 January 2014.
7. One Company's CAD Success Story (,
InfoWorld, 3 December 1984, retrieved 19 July 2014
8. "Part 2 CAD/CAM/CAE", 25 Year retrospective (
2-/25-YEAR-RETROSPECTIVE-br-Part-2-CAD-CAM-CAE.aspx), Computer Graphics World, 2011, retrieved 29 March
9. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2012 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2012.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
10. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2011 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
pport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2011.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
11. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2010 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2010.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
12. [1] ( Archived (
0110816160221/ August 16, 2011, at the
Wayback Machine.
13. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2014 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2014.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
14. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2013 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2013.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24. 9/11
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15. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2015 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2015.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
16. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2016 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2016.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
17. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2017 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
upport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2017.html). Retrieved 2017-02-24.
18. "AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Drawing Compatibility" ( (PDF).
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 User's Guide. Autodesk. April 2010. pp. 141142. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
19. "AutoCAD 2016 Language Packs | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
utocad/downloads/caas/downloads/content/autocad-2016-language-packs.html). Retrieved
20. "AutoCAD Exchange Apps" ( Autodesk. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
21. "Questions and Answers" ( (PDF).
Retrieved 2016-03-30.
22. Autodesk. "AutoCAD WS" ( iTunes Preview. Apple.
Retrieved 30 September 2011.
23. Ozler, Levent. "AutoCAD for Mac and AutoCAD WS application for iPad and iPhone" (
66). Dexigner. Dexigner. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
24. Ozler, Levent. "AutoCAD for Mac 2012: Built for Mac OS X Lion" ( Dexigner.
Dexigner. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
25. Ozler, Levent. "AutoCAD WS for Android" ( Dexigner. Dexigner. Retrieved
30 September 2011.
26. Thomson, Iain. "Autodesk Shifts Design Apps to the Cloud" ( The A Register. The
A Register. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
27. "AutoCAD WS: Moving Forward" ( Augi Autodesk Users Group
International, January 29th, 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
28. "Overview of Plotting" (
0.htm). Retrieved 19 March 2016.
29. "System requirements for AutoCAD 2016 | AutoCAD | Autodesk Knowledge Network" (
pport/autocad/troubleshooting/caas/sfdcarticles/sfdcarticles/System-requirements-for-AutoCAD-2016.html). 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2016-03-19.
30. Clark, Don (16 August 2011). "Autodesk Adopts Apple App Store for Mac Software" (
16/autodesk-adopts-apple-app-store-for-mac-software/?KEYWORDS=AutoCAD). The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved
30 September 2011.
31. "AutoCAD 360 - Android Apps on Google Play" ( Retrieved 2016-03-19.
32. "AutoCAD 360" (

Further reading
Hurley, Shaan. "AutoCAD Release History" (
Between the lines.
"Mike Riddle & the Story of Interact, AutoCAD, EasyCAD, FastCAD & more" (
ndex.html). DigiBarn Computer Museum. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
"About" ( Michael Riddle's Thoughts. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
Plantec, Peter (7 January 2012). "The Fascinating Story of How Autodesk Came to Be (Part 1)" (
m/2012/01/the-fascinating-story-of-how-autodesk-came-to-be-part-1/). Studio Daily. Access Intelligence. 10/11
11/21/2017 AutoCAD - Wikipedia

Grahame, James (17 May 2007). "Mike Riddle's Prehistoric AutoCAD" (
r.html). Retro Thing.

External links
AutoCAD Official Website (
AutoCAD LT (
AutoCAD 360 (

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