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secrion10.2ClassifyingChemicalReactions

ln your textbook, read about synthesis,combustion,decomposition,and replacement reactions.

Assume that Q, T, X, and Z are symbols for elements.Match each equation in Column A with the reaction type it representsin Column B.

ColumnA

1.Q+XZ->X+QZ

Column B

a. decomposition

2. Q + Z+QZ

b. double-replacement

3.QT+Q+T

C.

single-replacement

4. QT + r<Z-> QZ + XT

Answer the following questions

d. synthesis

5. Doesthefollowing equationrepresenta combustionreaction,a synthesisreaction,or both?Explain your answer.

2C(s)+O2G7+2CO2@)+ energy

c

6. Why is it sometimesinconectto statethata compoundis brokendown into its

o

=

,

E

!

j

i

e

o

t

3

E

4

F

(J

componentelementsin a decompositionreaction?

7. Whensoapis addedto hardwater,solid soapscumforms.When wateris addedto

bakingpowder,carbondioxidebubblesform.Whenlemonjuice is addedto household

ammoniasolution,wateris oneof theproducts.Tell how you know a double-replacement

reactionhasoccurredin eachcase.

8. Explainhow you canusean activify seriesto determinewhethera single-replacement reactionwill occur.

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Chemistry:Matter and Change . Chapter10

Section 7O.2 continued

ln your textbooh read about the activity seriesfor metaland halogens.

Examine eachof the following pairs of potential reactants.UseFigure 10-10in your textbook to help you decide whether or not a reaction would (rccur. If a reaction occurs, write the balanced equation. If no reaction occurs, write NR.

9. calciumandwater

10. magnesiumand water

11. rubidium and lithium chloride

12. potassiumandaluminumoxide

13. silver andcalciumnitrate

14. fluorine andpotassiumiodide

15. magnesiumbromideandchlorine

16. copperand iron(III) sulfate

Match each example of a chemical reaction in Column A to the type(s) listed in Column B. List all typ€sfrom Column B that apply.

ColumnA

17. Aluminum lawn furniturebecomescoatedwith a layerof aluminumoxidewhenit sitsout in theair.

18. Chlorinegasis bubbledthrougha calciumbromide solution. The solution turns brown, the color of bromine.

19. Lime is addedto acidwaterin a lake.Wateranda salt form.

20. Propaneis a commonhouseholdfuel.Whenburned,water andcarbondioxideareproduced.

21. Steelwool burns,forming an iron oxide.

22. Whenanelectriccurrentis passedthroughmolten potassiumbromide,potassiumandbromineform.

23. Whensolutionsof sodiumiodideandleadnitrateare combined,a yellowsolidforms.

58 Chemistry:Matter and Change . Chapter10

Column B

a. combustion

b. decomposition

C. double-replacement

d

(.)

'

d. single-replacement

e. synthesis

=

t

a

(J

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