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BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1:1998

Incorporating
amendment no. 1

Flued oil stoves with


vaporizing burners

The European Standard EN 1:1998, incorporating amendment A1:2007,


has the status of a British Standard

Confirmed
March 2008
ICS 91.140.20
BS EN 1:1998

National foreword
This British Standard is the official UK version of EN 1:1998, incorporating
amendment A1:2007.
The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in
the text by tags !". Tags indicating changes to CEN text carry the number
of the CEN amendment. For example, text altered by CEN amendment A1 is
indicated by !".
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
RHE/13, Oil burning equipment.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Engineering
Sector Board, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Board and comes
into effect
on 15 September 1998

BSI 2007
Amendments issued since publication

Amd. No. Date Text affected

17134 29 June 2007 See national foreword

ISBN 978 0 580 59195 2


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 1
May 1998
NORME EUROPEENNE
+ A1
EUROPAISCHE NORM April 2007

ICS 91.140.20

Descriptors: Heaters, liquid fuel appliances, oil stoves, oil burners, combustion product discharge, definitions, equipment specifications,
performance evaluation, measurements, name plates, technical notices, marking

English version

Flued oil stoves with vaporizing burners

Poeles a combustible liquide avec bruleurs a Heizofen fur flussige Brennstoffe mit
vaporisation raccordes a un conduit d'evacuation Verdampfungsbrennern und Schornsteinanschlu
des produits de la combustion

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 February 1998.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a
national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical
references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to
the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German).
A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a
CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the
same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Europaisches Komitee fur Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels

1998 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national
Members.
Ref. No. EN 1:1998 E
Page 2
EN 1:1998

Foreword Contents
Page
This European Standard has been prepared by Foreword 2
Technical Committee CEN/TC 46, Oil stoves, the Introduction 3
secretariat of which is held by DIN.
1 Scope 3
This European Standard replaces EN 1:1980. 2 Normative references 3
This European Standard shall be given the status of 3 Definitions 3
a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by 4 Constructional requirements 4
November 1998, and conflicting national standards 5 Performance and operating requirements 6
shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 1998. 6 Tests 8
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal 7 Instructions and marking of the appliance 14
Regulations, the national standards organizations 8 Evaluation of conformity 15
of the following countries are bound to implement
this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Annex A (normative) Measuring methods for
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, determining the smoke number 18
Greeze, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Annex B (normative) Fluid method for detecting oil
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, derivatives 18
Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Annex C (normative) Measurement of nitrogen
oxides 30
Annex D (normative) Measurement of total
hydrocarbons (THC) 32
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this
Foreword to amendment A1 European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 89/1065/EC, EU
Construction Products Directive 33
This document (EN 1:1998/A1:2007) has been Bibliography 37
prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 46 Oil
stoves, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This Amendment to the European Standard
EN 1:1998 shall be given the status of a national
standard, either by publication of an identical text
or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2007,
and conflicting national standards shall be
withdrawn at the latest by January 2009.
This document has been prepared under a mandate
given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports
essential requirements of EU Directive(s).
For relationship with EU Directive(s), see
informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of
this document.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations, the national standards organizations
of the following countries are bound to implement
this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,
Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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EN 1:1998

Introduction 3 Definitions
This standard specifies the constructional and For the purposes of this standard, the following
operating requirements, conditions for functional definitions apply:
testing, and marking and instructions for flued oil
stoves with vaporizing burners. 3.1
flue gas
flue gas is the product of combustion leaving the
1 Scope stove by means of the flue gas outlet
!This standard applies to flued oil stoves with one 3.2
or more vaporizing burners (hereafter referred to as
flue gas mass flow
stoves) as used for individual heating in the
domestic field and having either a draught regulator flue gas mass flow is the mass of flue gas being
or a combustion air limiter as defined in 3.13 and a evacuated over a given period of time
nominal heating capacity of not more than 15 kW. 3.3
This standard also applies to appliances with fan steady operating condition of the stove
assisted vaporizing burners. steady operating condition of the stove the operating
condition of the stove corresponding to a given heat
This standard does not cover
input in which the flue gas temperature in the
built-in appliances measuring sleeve (see Figure B.3) does not vary by
appliances equipped with an atomizing burner more than 5 K over a period of 15 min.
appliances incorporating a boiler or connected 3.4
to a water system control device
According to the type of fuels used in the country of the control device is a component of the oil regulator
destination, the stoves are supplied for use with for adjusting the oil flow from a closed to a
either: maximum open position
fuel oil with a maximum kinematic viscosity of 3.5
6,0 mm/s at 20 C maximum oil flow position
or kerosene with a flash point of not less than the maximum oil flow position is the control device
40 C " setting with the maximum oil flow to the burner
3.6
2 Normative references heating gases
This European Standard incorporates by dated or heating gases are the combustion gases flowing
undated reference, provisions from other inside the stove
publications. These normative references are cited
at the appropriate places in the text and the 3.7
publications are listed hereafter. For dated minimum oil flow position
references, subsequent amendments to or revisions the minimum oil flow position is the control device
of any of these publications apply to this European setting with the minimum oil flow to the burner
Standard only when incorporated in it by 3.8
amendment or revision. For undated references the
nominal heating capacity
latest edition of the publication referred to applies.
the nominal heating capacity is the heating capacity
EN 50165, Electrical equipment of non-electric indicated on the rating plate
appliances for household and similar purposes
Safety requirements. 3.9
storage tank
!EN 60335-2-102:2006 Household and similar
the storage tank is the part in the stove from which
electrical appliances Safety Part 2-102:
the burner is supplied with fuel
Particular requirements for gas, oil and solid-fuel
burning appliances having electrical connections 3.10
(IEC 60335-2-102:2004, modified) oil derivatives
ISO 2859 (all parts) Sampling procedures for oil derivatives are the organic substances which are
inspection by attributes" deposited onto the filter paper when determining
the smoke number

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EN 1:1998

3.11 !3.22
oil regulator content of unburnt hydrocarbons
the oil regulator is a device which ensures an content of unburnt hydrocarbons in the dry flue
adjustable, constant flow of oil to the burner gases measured as volume in ppm, calculated as
C3H8, expressed in mg/MJ"
3.12
smoke number
smoke number (SN) is the degree of blackening 4 Constructional requirements
which the soot causes on white filter paper under
4.1 Heating capacity
the conditions specified in this standard
The nominal heating capacity, expressed in
3.13 kilowatts, shall be:
combustion air limiter
the combustion air limiter is a device for limiting the selected by the manufacturer;
combustion air supply verified during the tests;
indicated on the rating plate.
3.14
combustion air conveyor The nominal heating capacity shall be rounded off to
the nearest multiple of 500 W.
the combustion air conveyor is a device for
conveying the combustion air supply 4.2 Materials
3.15 The quality of the materials as well as the shape and
combustion chamber dimensions of the components shall ensure that,
the combustion chamber is the area in the stove provided the operational procedures are met and
where combustion takes place with the associated mechanical, chemical and
thermal stresses which occur, the stoves will remain
3.16 safe and operable over a given period.
vaporizing burner
!The stove shall be fire-resistant and safe to
the vaporizing burner is a burner in which operate, and shall be designed such that
combustion of the fuel occurs under the effect of heat
and, together with the combustion air, forms a no visible deformations following the
combustible fuel vapour/air mixture performance tests according to Clause 6 occur;
3.17 it can withstand the stresses arising during
normal operation;
heat input
the amount of heat supplied by the fuel on an hourly the burner and the stove cannot become heated
basis to the stove, calculated using the calorific to create a hazard;
value, Hi of the fuel dangerous accumulations of combustible gases
(fuel mixed with air) in the combustion chamber
3.18 and in the flues are prevented (for automatically
heating capacity operated burners only);
the heating capacity is the useful amount of heat gases cannot leak from the stove in dangerous
given off hourly by the stove quantities.
3.19 The stove shall be made of non-combustible
efficiency materials except that combustible materials shall
efficiency is the ratio of the actual heating capacity be allowed for the following:
to the related heat input, expressed as a percentage components of accessories e.g. burner covers, if
3.20 the parts are fitted outside of the boiler;
ignition device internal components of controls and safety
the ignition device is a built-in device for igniting equipment;
the fuel vapour/air mixture operating handles;
!3.21 electrical equipment.
content of NOx Component parts of covers, operating, control and
content of NOx in the dry flue gases measured as safety devices and electrical accessories shall be
volume in ppm, calculated as NO2, expressed in arranged in such a way that their surface
mg/MJ" temperatures, under steady state conditions, do not
exceed those specified either by the manufacturer or
in the component part standard."

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EN 1:1998

!NOTE Because the entire heat dissipating surfaces of the 4.9 Fuel lines
appliance including the flue spigot/socket and the flue gas
connector are working surfaces, there is no requirement for The fuel lines shall not be load-bearing parts of the
limiting the surface temperature of the appliance." construction.
4.3 Combustion chamber The fuel lines shall be resistant to the fuel and shall
not exceed the maximum permissible surface
The combustion chamber shall be properly sealed
temperatures specified by the manufacturer.
and fitted with a device (e.g. lid, door, etc.) which
cannot be locked, and designed to compensate for Removable fuel lines shall be connected by means of
any excess pressure. metal screw threads including at least four engaged
threads.
4.4 Filter
The sealing of the parts containing fuel shall be such
The stove shall include at least one filter situated that there is no leakage or seepage.
either before or inside the oil regulator and a
strainer in the filling orifice. The filter shall retain !It shall not be possible to remove any component
particles with a diameter of over 0,25 mm. The filter in the oil supply line to the burner without the use
and strainer shall be easy to remove and clean. of a tool."

4.5 Oil regulator 4.10 Storage tank


Oil regulators, or equivalent devices, shall maintain When the stove includes a storage tank, its effective
the flow of oil reaching the burner at a constant capacity shall enable operation of the stove for:
value corresponding to the setting selected. at least 10 h in the case of nominal heating
The closed and maximum open positions shall each capacity u 8 kW; and
have a limiting stop. at least 8 h in the case of a nominal heating
The minimum position shall be clearly marked and capacity > 8 kW.
be sensed as a resistance that can be overcome The filling orifice of the storage tank shall have a
mechanically. cap.
4.6 Marking of operating settings It shall be possible to cut off the supply of fuel from
the storage tank to the burner be means of a
The control device for the oil regulator shall have shut-off device fitted before the oil regulator. If it is
clearly visible and permanent markings. a rotary device, closing shall be by turning in a
4.7 Safety device clockwise direction.

The stove shall have a safety device to prevent !To ensure that any fire external to the stove is
overflowing of the oil from the burner. not transmitted to the contents of the built-in
storage tank or, if a fire does occur, its effects are
4.8 Fan for the supply of combustion air limited by either the tank being made of
Irrespective of the operating setting of the stove, the non-combustible materials e.g. metal or be enclosed
supply of combustion air from the fan shall not with non-combustible fire resisting materials or
construction. Any fuel lines from the tank to the
create excess pressure in the combustion chamber.
The operation of the fan shall be trouble free. burner shall also be fire resistant.
The filling orifice of the built-in storage tank shall
The function of the burner shall be linked with that
have a cap and shall be easily accessible and it shall
of the fan. In the event of a failure of the fan, the
be so arranged that when filling the tank with fuel
flow of oil to the burner shall be either totally
it is not possible to ignite the fuel from any hot
interrupted or reduced to a flow such that the smoke
components."
number does not exceed the maximum permissible
value for the operation of the burner without the 4.11 Oil-level indicator
fan.
Built-in storage tanks shall have an oil-level
If the fuel supply to the burner is completely cut off indicator.
by an electric current failure, then for manually
operated burners (without automatic ignition), 4.12 Drip tray
when the current is restored, the fuel shall be !Any stove incorporating a built-in storage tank
readmitted to the burner manually. For shall incorporate a drip tray, below the parts of the
automatically operated burners (automatic stove containing fuel, for the collection of any
ignition), when the current is restored, the ignition spillage, having an edge height of a least 10 mm
without a blow-out shall be ensured. (inside depth) and capacity of a least 1 dm3."

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EN 1:1998

4.13 Flue outlet !Controls and safety devices shall be coupled so


that operation of each occurs in the correct sequence
The flue outlet can be of the push-on or push-in type
and timing; coupling may be electrical or
and shall have a circular cross-section at its end and
mechanical. The controls and safety devices shall:
permit the attachment of a flue gas pipe, the
diameter of which compiles with the applicable a) ensure that the start-up sequence is not able to
standards of the country in which the stove is to be commence unless the flame sensing equipment
installed. has confirmed the no-flame condition;
It shall be possible to fit a flue pipe, having a b) establish satisfactory ignition of the oil;
diameter D in a length D/4, but at least 30 mm, onto
c) maintain normal operation if the flame is
or into the flue outlet.
satisfactorily established, and switch off ignitor;
4.14 Damper d) automatically vary the burner firing rate,
Dampers or other movable devices for restricting where applicable;
the flow of flue gases are not permitted. e) stop the burner when the demand for heat is
4.15 Draught regulators and combustion air satisfied;
limiters f) stop the oil supply and lock-out system if flame
Draught regulators shall be able to be set in a is not satisfactorily established;
permanent manner at the maximum draught g) provide means for a visible or audible
indicated by the manufacturer. This value shall be indication that the unit is in a lock-out condition;
given in the installation instructions.
h) ensure that any interruption of the electricity
Draught regulators and combustion air limiters supply does not give rise to a dangerous condition.
built into the stove shall be fitted at the
manufacturer's works and shall operate If the control sequences are such that an attempt to
automatically. re-ignite the burner can be made the burner shall
either:
One of these two devices shall be fitted if the stove
has no fan for the supply of combustion air. i. ignite and burn in a safe manner whilst the
surplus oil is burnt off and the burner is returning
4.16 Assembly to normal operation conditions; or
The stove shall be supplied by the manufacturer ii. not ignite.
with all parts assembled; the flue outlets and burner Manually operated dampers or other movable
rings may be built in subsequently. Non-removable devices for restricting the flow of gases shall not be
parts shall be securely fitted in their position of use. fitted. Automatically operated dampers, if fitted,
For removable parts, see 7.2. shall be interlocked with the fuel supply and
4.17 Maintenance arranged so that the burner cannot operate with a
closed flue."
Parts which are removable to allow for maintenance
and cleaning shall be readily accessible and
designed so that they can be correctly reassembled !5 Performance and operating
in accordance with the manufacturer's requirements"
instructions.
Under the test conditions given in clause 6, the
!4.18 Additional requirements for appliances following requirements shall be met.
with automatic burners
5.1 Maximum oil flow
The burner and control system in combination shall
be such that, in the event of failure to ignite when With the control device in the maximum position,
starting, the burner will assume a safe condition the heating capacity shall be equal to, or greater
(lock-out) and will require a manual reset of its than, the nominal heating capacity.
sequencing control. In the event of a flame failure 5.2 Minimum oil flow
occurring when running, the appliance shall fail
safe. With the control device in the minimum position,
the average hourly oil flow shall not exceed
A temperature or pressure sensing device shall be one-third of the nominal flow at nominal heating
provided on the appliance to start and stop the capacity. Stoves having a maximum flow
burner. In addition, a separately operating limiting of 0,200 kg/h in the minimum setting are excluded
device shall be provided to stop the burner before from this requirement.
the temperature in the appliance exceeds safe
limits."

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EN 1:1998

If the control device of oil-fired heating appliances is !5.7 CO in the flue gases"
reduced by hand, the maximal rate shall not be The emission of carbon monoxide (CO) in the flue
more than 50 % of the oil rate per hour at nominal gases, of an amount of fuel corresponding to 1 MJ
heat input. (based on Hi), shall not exceed the value of 0,4 g/MJ
5.3 Ignition at all rates of operation.
It shall be possible easily to light the burner from This value shall be calculated as the mean value
cold following the manufacturers operating from the tests as described in 6.5.2.1, 6.5.2.2 and
instructions. 6.5.3.2.
!In addition for appliances of class 1 according to
!5.4 Appliance classes for efficiency and Table 1, the content of CO measured at nominal
emissions heat output and at low rate shall not exceed
The requirements of Table 1 shall be fulfilled as 20 mg/MJ."
appropriate to the appliance class.
Table 1 Appliance Classes
Efficiency at nominal heat
Appliance CO C n Hm NOx
output Smoke number
Class mg/MJ mg/MJ mg/MJ
%
appliances appliances Gas oil Kerosene
< 4 kW U 4 kW
1a 020 6 35 78 81 1 1
2b 400 75 75 2 2
3b 400 75 75 3 2
4b 400 70 70 3 2
5b 400 60 60
a measured at nominal heat output and low rate only
b measured in the whole heat output range

NOTE 1 National regulations might request the statement of efficiency values as well as the class. Therefore in these cases it is
allowed to state the efficiency value in addition on the data plate and/or in the technical information (see 7.4).
NOTE 2 National regulations might request the statement of efficiency values in addition to these measured at nominal heat output."

5.5 Smoke number 5.8 Oil temperature


!For appliances of the classes 1, 2 and 3 according The temperature of the fuel in the built-in storage
to Table 1, in the whole heat output range the smoke tank and oil regulator shall not exceed 20 K above
number shall not exceed 3 for gas oil and 2 for ambient temperature for fuel oil, or 15 K above
kerosene. For appliances of class 1 according to ambient temperature for kerosene.
Table 1, at nominal heat output and at low rate only
5.9 Floor temperature
the smoke number shall not exceed 1 for both gas oil
and kerosene. The surface temperatures of the underside of the
drip tray, shall not exceed 45 K above ambient
The flue gases shall not contain oil rest particles. temperature when using fuel oil, or 35 K above
Under the test conditions of 6.5.1.2, 6.5.1.4 and ambient temperature when using kerosene.
6.5.3.1 for gas oil, the smoke number may be one The surface temperatures of the floor shall not
more." exceed 60 K above ambient temperature.
5.6 Flue gas temperature !This requirement is not applicable if the
manufacturer states that the appliance shall not be
During the tests, the flue gas temperature shall not installed on combustible floor."
be less than 90 K, nor more than 350 K, above the
ambient temperature. 5.10 Wall temperature
The surface temperatures of the walls, behind and
adjacent to the stove, shall not exceed 60 K above
ambient temperature at the minimum clearances
given by the manufacturer in the installation
instructions under the test conditions described
in 6.5.
!This requirement is not applicable if the
manufacturer states that the appliance shall not be
installed adjacent to combustible walls."

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5.11 Temperature of the control knobs Temperature measuring devices


The temperatures of the control knobs on their Continuous recording equipment for determining
contact surface shall not exceed ambient the flue gas temperature with a measuring
temperature by more than: tolerance of max. 2,5 K.
35 K for metals; Continuous recording equipment for determining
45 K for porcelain; the ambient temperature with a measuring
tolerance of max. 0,5 K.
60 K for plastics.
This also applies to other similar materials. Equipment for measuring the fuel temperature in
the storage tank and oil regulator, the temperature
These temperatures may be exceeded if the stove is of the fuel lines, on the floor, on the underside of the
supplied with an accessory with which it is possible drip tray, the test wall temperatures and the control
to operate the adjustment devices easily and knobs with a measuring tolerance of 1 K.
without the risk of burning. The tests shall be
carried out as described in 6.5.2.1. Measurement of the draught
Continuous recording equipment for determining
!5.12 Electrical safety the draught during operation and with a measuring
EN 60335-2-102 shall apply with the following tolerance of max. 0,5 Pa.
condition:
Measurement of the smoke number
The tests described in Clause 19 of
Intermittent recording equipment or manually
EN 60335-2-102:2006 shall not apply for safety operated device as shown in Annex A for recording
relevant circuits when the mechanical components
at least one measured value in a 15 min period.
ensure that any failure or interruption of the
electronic circuits does not affect the safe operation Measurement of the quantity of fuel supplied
of the appliance. !Gravimetric measuring process for determining
5.13 NOx and unburnt hydrocarbons (CnHm) the quantity of fuel supplied using a weighing tank
in the flue gases and scale having a measuring tolerance of 10 g and
a scale graduation of at least 2 g or an equivalent
In addition for appliances of class 1 only according volumetric measuring process.
to Table 1, measured at nominal heat output and at
low rate the content of NOx must not exceed Add the following new measurement equipment
35 mg/MJ and the content of unburnt hydrocarbons downstream the measurement equipment for CO in
must not exceed 6 mg/MJ." the flue gases:
NOx-content in the flue gases
6 Tests Continuously recording instrument for the
measurement of NOx-content with an inaccuracy of
6.1 Test apparatus maximal 5 ppm
6.1.1 General CnHm-content in the flue gases
!The stove shall be installed on test apparatus Continuously recording instrument for the
(see Figure B.1) and connected to the test chimney measurement of CnHm-content with an inaccuracy
by means of measuring sleeve (see Figures B.2 and of maximal 5 ppm
B.3). The test floor and walls together with the More information to measurement of nitrogen
accessories shall be as shown in figures by B.4a, oxides (NOx) and total hydrocarbons (CnHm) are
B.4b and B.4c." given in Annexes C and D.
The measuring equipment shall meet the following The draught regulator shall be inoperative during
requirements: the tests. If a locking device is available, this shall
CO2 concentration of flue gases be locked during the tests and unlocked, if
necessary, when the stove is installed."
Continuous recording equipment for determining
the CO2 content with a measuring tolerance of max. 6.1.2 Testing of stoves having several possible
0,2 % by volume. outlet connections
CO concentration of the flue gases If the stove to be tested has several possible outlet
connections, the tests described in 6.5.1.1 to 6.5.3.3
Continuous recording equipment for determining
shall be carried out on one outlet connection. For
the CO content with a measuring tolerance of max.
each of the other possible outlet connections, the
0,005 % by volume.
short-term tests as described in 6.5.1 shall be
carried out without altering the oil flow in the oil

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EN 1:1998

regulator. For all possible outlet connections, the test side wall shall be located opposite the hottest
nominal heating capacity shall be attained and the point of the stove.
specifications for operational use as defined in
clause 4 shall be complied with. 6.5.1 Short-term tests
Before the short-term tests are carried out the
6.2 Test fuel control device of the oil regulator is adjusted to the
The test fuel used in the tests shall have maximum oil flow rate position and it is determined
characteristics corresponding to the average fuel whether the required heating capacity has been
available in the country of destination. The fuels reached.
used are:
Otherwise, the oil supply to the burner shall be
fuel oil having a viscosity of (5,0 0,5) mm2/s corrected by varying the flow at the oil regulator.
at 20 C and a density of (0,84 0,02) kg/dm3 During the tests, the secondary air device of the test
at 15 C; chimney is adjusted so that it is possible to attain
kerosene satisfying the regulations valid in the the draught indicated by the manufacturer at
country where the stove is to be used. maximum oil flow.
The test fuel shall be defined by the following No further correction of the secondary air device
dimensions, which are given in the test report: position shall be undertaken during the tests.
With the above setting of the secondary air device
Density at 15 C kg/m3;
being maintained, the control device is adjusted to
Viscosity at 20 C mm2/s; minimum oil flow rate and it is determined whether
Carbon content % by mass; the oil flow meets the requirements of 5.2.
Hydrogen content % by mass; Otherwise, the oil supply to the burner shall be
corrected by varying the flow at the oil regulator.
Sulfur content % by mass;
Calorific value Hi kJ/kg. Modifications of oil rate are not allowed during the
tests.

6.3 Verification of construction 6.5.1.1 Maximum oil flow rate

By visual inspection or, if necessary, during the The control device shall be set at the maximum
operational tests, it shall be ascertained whether position.
the requirements given in clause 4 have been met. When steady operating conditions have been
reached, the test begins and lasts for a period of 2 h.
6.4 Testing of leak-tightness of the fuel circuit
The following values shall be measured or
During the tests, it shall be verified that there is no determined:
leakage or seepage of fuel.
Draught (d);
6.5 Operational tests
Quantity of fuel supplied (D);
All the tests shall be carried out on a test chimney Smoke number (RZ);
(see Figures B.2 and B.3) with the secondary air
device adjusted as specified in 6.5.1 so that the Oil derivatives (B);
draught indicated by the manufacturer is attained Flue gas temperature (tf);
at maximum oil flow. CO concentration of flue gases (CO);
Only the test described in 6.5.3.2 may be carried out CO2 concentration of flue gases (CO2);
either on the test chimney or another chimney. Efficiency ();
The evacuation of the flue gases from the test room Heating capacity (P);
shall be arranged so that the flow and pressure CO quantity in flue gas (CO).
conditions of the test chimney are unaffected.
The mean values for the quantity of fuel supplied
The test room temperature shall be between 20 C (D), efficiency () and heating capacity (P) from the
and 30 C. two hour test shall be given.
It shall be verified whether the requirements of 6.5.1.2 Change from the maximum to the minimum
clause 5 have been met. oil flow rate
The tests are carried out after the stove has been The control device is moved from the maximum
placed in the test device in accordance with the position to the minimum position.
installation instructions. The distance between the
test wall and the apparatus wall containing the flue
gas evacuation duct shall not exceed 300 mm. The

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EN 1:1998

Thirty minutes after the change, the following Draught (d);


values shall be measured: Quantity of fuel supplied (D);
Draught (d); Smoke number (RZ);
Smoke number (RZ); Oil derivatives (B);
Oil derivatives (B). Flue gas temperature (tf);
CO concentration of flue gases (CO);
6.5.1.3 Minimum oil flow rate
CO2 concentration of flue gases (CO2);
The control device remains in the minimum
Efficiency ();
position.
Heating capacity (P);
When steady operating conditions have been
reached, the test begins and lasts for a period of 2 h. CO quantity in flue gas (CO);
!NOx-content in the flue gases (for class 1
The following values shall be measured or appliances only);
determined:
CnHm-content in the flue gases (for class 1
Draught (d); appliances only)."
Quantity of fuel supplied (D); At the end of the sixth hour of the test, the following
Smoke number (RZ); shall be measured:
Oil derivatives (B); temperature of the fuel in the storage tank and
Flue gas temperature (tf); oil regulator;
CO concentration of the flue gases (CO); temperature of the floor and underside of the
drip tray;
CO quantity in flue gas (CO).
temperature of the test walls behind and
The mean value for the quantity of fuel supplied
adjacent to the stove;
form the two hour test shall be given.
temperature of the control knobs.
6.5.1.4 Change from the minimum to the maximum
oil flow rate 6.5.2.2 Minimum oil flow rate
The control device is moved from the minimum to The control device is placed in the minimum
the maximum position. position.
Thirty minutes after the change, the following When steady operating conditions have been
values shall be measured: reached, the stove shall be operated or the control
device positioned so that the fuel supplied is less
Draught (d); than or equal to a of the fuel supply at nominal
Smoke number (RZ); heating capacity or less than or equal to 0,200 kg/h.
Oil derivatives (B). Automatically regulated stoves shall be operated so
6.5.1.5 Maximum oil flow rate (Repeat tests) that the fuel supplied does not exceed 50 % of that
at nominal heating capacity.
The control device remains in the maximum
position. The test then lasts for a period of 6 h.

The test begins immediately after the test described The following values shall be measured or
in 6.5.1.4 and lasts for a period of 1 h. determined:

The same values as in 6.5.1.1 shall be measured or Draught (d);


determined. Quantity of fuel supplied (D);
Smoke number (RZ);
6.5.2 Long-term tests
Oil derivatives (B);
6.5.2.1 Maximum oil flow rate Flue gas temperature (tf);
The control device is set to the maximum position. CO concentration of flue gas (CO);
When steady operating conditions have been CO2 concentration of flue gas (CO2);
reached, the stove shall be operated or the control CO quantity in flue gas (CO);
device shall be set so that the nominal heating
capacity is maintained. !NOx-content in the flue gases (for class 1
appliances only);
The test lasts for a period of 6 h. CnHm-content in the flue gases (for class 1
The following values shall be measured or appliances only)."
determined:

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

6.5.3 Additional tests 6.5.4 Measurement methods


6.5.3.1 Intermediate oil flow rates 6.5.4.1 Ambient temperature
The total range of the rate of fuel supply between The ambient temperature is measured at a height
the maximum and the minimum is divided into of 1,5 m and at a minimum distance of 3 m from the
three approximately equal ranges. stove, with a freely suspended thermometer
shielded against heat radiation.
For each of the two intermediate positions of the
control device thus defined, after steady operating 6.5.4.2 Smoke number and oil derivatives
conditions are attained, a 60 min test is carried out
and the following values are measured or During the tests described in 6.5, the smoke
determined: numbers and oil derivatives are determined at least
every 15 min; the evaluation method is described in
Draught (d); Annex A for the smoke number and in Annex B for
Quantity of fuel supplied (D); the oil derivatives.
Smoke number (RZ); 6.5.4.3 Temperature of the fuel in the storage tank
Oil derivatives (B);
The temperature of the fuel shall be measured 2 cm
Flue gas temperature (tf); above the bottom of the storage tank.
CO concentration of flue gas (CO);
6.5.4.4 Surface temperatures
CO2 concentration of flue gas (CO2);
The hottest points of the rear and side test walls, the
CO quantity in flue gas (CO).
test floor, the lower side of the drip tray as well as
6.5.3.2 Test with burner flooded on the non-metallic tubing, are determined. The
surface temperatures shall be measured at these
With the storage tank full, the control device is set points.
at the maximum position. During a period of at least
12 h, the fuel shall not have spilled out of the burner 6.6 Calculations from the measurements
housing. The oil level is then measured in the
burner housing. The distance between the oil level 6.6.1 Efficiency
in the burner and the underside row of perforations 6.6.1.1 The losses shall be determined from the
in the burner housing wall shall not be less mean values of the flue gas and ambient
than 4 mm. temperatures together with the flue gas analysis
The oil regulator is then set at the closed position, during testing. The efficiency at nominal heating
the stove is connected to a chimney and the fuel capacity is determined from these losses.
which is in the burner is ignited and burnt off. The When determining these losses, the latent heat
draught shall not exceed 0,3 mbar. losses, being usually very small, may be
Up to the end of the test, no flames, soot or disregarded.
combustion gases shall escape from the stove into
6.6.1.2 Losses of sensible heat in the flue gases.
the test room and the burner shall not show any
perceptible deformation. C
Q = c pm ------------------------------------------------------- + 0, 112H ( t f t r )
0, 536 ( CO 2 + CO )
6.5.3.3 Stoves fitted with combustion fans
or as a percentage of the calorific value Hi of the test
It shall be verified during the operational tests that fuel
no combustion products are emitted into the room Q
and, in the event of a fan failure, the requirements q = ------ 100
Hi
in 4.8 are met.
Where Q and cpm are expressed in corresponding
6.5.3.4 Stoves with two burners units (e.g. in kJ/kg and kJ/m3K).
If simultaneous operation of both burners is
6.6.1.3 Efficiency as a percentage.
possible, the maximum oil flow rate tests shall be
carried out as in the case of a stove with one burner. = 100 q
For the minimum oil flow rate test, only one of the 6.6.2 Heating capacities
burners shall be used at its minimum oil flow rate.
The various heating capacities P shall be calculated
in kW on the basis of the quantity M of fuel burned
in 1 h, the calorific value Hi of the test fuel and the
efficiency :
M Hi
P = -------------------------------
100 3 600

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EN 1:1998

6.6.3 Carbon monoxide content of the flue gases Where:


The analysis of the flue gases shall be carried out NOx NOx content in mg/MJ, corrected
and the average volumetric CO2 and CO contents of nitrogen content (N) in the oil
the dry flue gases, as a percentage, shall be For the test, the nitrogen content (N)
determined during the operational tests. in the oil shall be analysed and should
The carbon monoxide quantity in flue gases (CO) is be between 70 and 200 mg/kg.
determined in g/MJ at the maximum oil flow rate by NOxref NOx value in mg/MJ corrected
means of the following formula (numerical value according reference conditions for air
equation): humidity of 10 g/kg and room
28 C CO temperature of 20 C
CO = ------ ------ --------------------------- 10000
12 H i CO 2 + CO NOxrech From the measurement calculated
For the test fuel, with: NOx value in mg/MJ
NOxppm measured NOx-content in the flue
C = 85,5 % gases in ppm
Hi = 42 900 kJ/kg O2meas measured O2-content in the flue gases
this gives: in %
CO hmeas measured air humidity in g/kg dry air
CO = 46, 5 --------------------------- during the NOxppm measurement
CO 2 + CO
(between 5 and 15 g/kg)
CO tmeas measured combustion air
CO = 47 -----------
CO 2 temperature in C during the NOxppm
measurement (between 15 and 30 C)
For all other oil flow rates, the carbon monoxide
Nmeas measured nitrogen content (N) in the
quantity CO, in g/MJ, is given by the following
oil in mg/kg
formula (numerical value equation):
2,056 Specific gravity of NO2 in kg/m
( CO ) 1 D1
CO = 47 ------------------- -------------- Hi net calorific value of the
( CO 2 ) 1 D max oil = 11,86*3,6 MJ/kg (mean value)
!6.6.4 NOx in the flue gas VA,th,tr,min Theoretical flue gas volume,
dry = 10,46 m/kg (mean value)
During the tests at nominal heat output 6.5.2.1 and
at low rate 6.5.2.2, the flue gas composition and the Nref Reference value for nitrogen content
mean NOx-content in the flue gases (in ppm) shall (N) in the oil = 140 mg/kg (mean
be measured. value)
The NOx-content in the flue gases in (mg/MJ) shall NOTE The analysed values for the test oil can be used.
be calculated by the following equations:
mg 6.6.5 Unburnt hydrocarbons in the flue gas
NO x --------- = NO xref 0, 2 ( N meas N ref )
MJ During the tests at nominal heat output 6.5.2.1 and
mg at low rate 6.5.2.2, the flue gas composition and the
NO xref --------- = NO xrech ( h meas 10 ) . mean CnHm-content in the flue gases (in ppm) shall
MJ
be measured.
0, 02 NO xrech ( 0, 34 )
--------------------------------------------------------------
- 0, 85 ( 20 t meas ) The content of the unburnt hydrocarbons (CnHm) in
1 0, 02 ( h meas 10 ) + the flue gases (in mg/MJ) as propane-equivalent
shall be calculated by the following equation:
mg 1
NO xrech --------- = --------- . mg V tr,min M HC
MJ 3, 6 C n H m --------- = ------------------ ------------- CH meas
MJ Hu 22, 4
21 V A,th,tr,min Where:
NO xppm 2, 056 ------------------------------- -----------------------------
21 O 2meas Hi
CnHm Value of unburnt Hydrocarbons
(CnHm) in the flue gases as propan-
equivalent in mg/MJ
Vtr,min Theoretical flue gas volume, dry
(Propane) = 21,8 m/mBr
Hu net calorific value (Propane) = 93,2
MJ/mBr"

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EN 1:1998

! MHC Mol mass of unburnt Hydrocarbons cpm is the specific heat of the kJ/m3K
(CnHm) in the flue gases = 36,75 wet flue gas as a function of
kg/kmol (mean value) its temperature and
CHmeas measured mean CnHm-content in the composition (standardized
flue gases in ppm" value) (see Figure B.5)
m is the flue gas mass flow g/s
!6.6.6 " Flue gas mass flow rate rate
C
= ----------------------------------------------------- 11,2 H D 1 11,3 ,3
m - + ------------------------ ----------------------
- !6.7 Test report
0,536 ( CO 2 + CO ) 100 3,6
Each page of the test report shall be numbered
! 6.6.7 " Symbols and units consecutively and shall specify the results of the
In the above formulae (numerical value equations): testwork and any other additional information and
shall contain at least the following details
C is the carbon concentration percentage concerning the testwork undertaken on the
of the test fuel by mass (%) appliance:
CO is the carbon monoxide percentage a) name and address of the appliance
concentration of the flue gas by mass (%) manufacturer;
at maximum oil flow rate
b) name, serial number and description of the
CO2 is the carbon dioxide percentage appliance;
concentration of the flue gas by mass (%)
at maximum oil flow rate c) statement describing whether the materials,
design and construction requirements specified in
(CO)1 is the carbon monoxide percentage
Clause 4 are met or failed, supported by actual
concentration of the flue gas by mass (%) measured values of dimensions, thicknesses, etc.
at a given oil flow rate together with certificates as appropriate;
(CO2)1 is the carbon dioxide percentage
concentration of the flue gas by mass (%) d) statement describing whether the performance
at a given oil flow rate and operating requirements specified in Clause 5
are met or failed, supported by detailed test
CO is the carbon monoxide g/MJ results as specified in Clause 6;
quantity in flue gas
D1 is the fuel supplied at a kg/h e) statement describing whether the installation
given oil flow rate and operating instructions comply with the
requirements specified in Clause 7;
Dmax is the fuel supplied at kg/h
maximum oil flow rate f) copy of the marking information given on the
appliance, and a statement whether the marking
H is the hydrogen percentage information complies with the requirements
concentration of the test by mass (%) specified in Clause 8;
fuel
tr is the ambient temperature C g) name and address of the test laboratory;
of the air h) unique serial number for the report;
tf is the temperature of the C i) date of issue of the report;
flue gas
j) signature and legible name of the person taking
M Quantity of test fuel burnt kg/h responsibility for the content of the report;
every hour
P is the heating capacity of kW k) analysis and specifications of the test fuels used
the stove during the testwork."
Hi is the lower calorific value kJ/kg
of the test fuel
Q is the loss of sensible heat kJ/kg
in the flue gas per unit
mass of the test fuel
q is the percentage of losses of percentage
sensible heat in the flue gas (%)
Q, in relation to the calorific
value Hi of the test fuel
is the efficiency of the stove percentage
(%)

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EN 1:1998

!7 Instructions and marking of the appliance shall be installed on floors with an


appliance adequate load-bearing capacity. If an existing
construction doesnt meet this prerequisite,
7.1 General suitable measures (e.g. load distributing plate)
shall be taken to achieve it;
Instructions written in the language of the country
of intended destination shall accompany the advice on the need to provide access for
appliance and shall describe the installation, cleaning the appliance, the flue gas connector and
operation, maintenance and, if assembled on site, the chimney flue;
the assembly of the appliance. The instructions installation of the damper device, if applicable;
shall not be in contradiction to the requirements or assembly of the appliance on-site, if applicable.
test results according to Clauses 4, 5 and 6 of this
standard. 7.3 User operating instructions
7.2 Installation instructions The operating instructions shall contain at least the
following information:
The installation instructions shall contain at least
the following information: statement to the fact that all local regulations,
including those referring to national and
staement to the fact that all local regulations, European Standards need to be complied with
including those relating to national and European when installing the appliance;
Standards need to be complied with when
installing the appliance; kind of fuel (appropriate commercial
identification of the country of destination);
type (model or number) of the appliance;
details of the method of refuelling the
class of the appliance after Table 1 with the appliance and the maximum filling height and
number of this European Standard like: flued oil typical refuelling intervals at nominal heat
stove EN 1 class x; output;
nominal output in kW, from ... (lowest) kW to ... description of the correct instructions for safe
(highest) kW or W; and efficient operation of the appliance including
right fitting removable parts; the ignition procedure;
horizontal assembly; advice on the purity of the air;
chimney connection; advice on the measure to reignition after safety
safety clearances against combustible shutdown;
materials, and the other protective measures that warning advice: Dont ignite the flued oil stove
shall be taken to protect the building in a warm condition;
construction; advice on the maximum working pressure
requirements for the supply of combustion air, of oil downstream the oil regulating device
for the simultaneous operation with other from 300 mbar with integrated oil container;
appliances and for the operation of exhaust air advice that a flued oil stove with feed pressure
devices; limiter with locking is lock-out release when the
NOTE Extractor fans when operating in the same room or maximum feed pressure in the chimney given by
space as the appliance, may cause problems. the manufacturer is exceeded;
need of any air inlet grilles to be so positioned operation of all adjusting devices, dampers and
that they are not liable to blockage; controls;
mass of the appliance in kg; ventilation requirements for simultaneous
minimum flue draught (in Pa) for nominal heat operation with other heating appliances, where
output; applicable;
flue gas mass flow in g/s; correct operations for seasonal use and under
whether the appliance is suitable for adverse flue draught or adverse weather
installation in a shared flue system; conditions;
flue gas temperature directly downstream of advice on the need for regular maintenance by
the flue spigot/socket in C, under nominal heat a competent engineer;
output conditions; advice on the adequate provision of combustion
and ventilation air and on keeping air intake
grilles; supplying combustion air, free from
blockage;"

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EN 1:1998

!instructions on simple fault finding and the 7.5 Documentation for the production
procedure for the safe shut down of the appliance
The characteristics and particulars for the decision
in event of malfunction e.g. overheating;
guidance of the initial type testing (see 8.2.1) or
warning that parts of the appliance, especially modification at the fireplace further type testing
the external surfaces, will be hot to touch when in (see 8.2.2) of the group or family of appliances shall
operation and due care will need to be taken; be documented. One copy of the decision guidance of
means of protection against risk of fire in and the characteristics and particulars is in the
outside the heat radiation area; documentation for the production for each fireplace.
need for regular cleaning of the appliance, of
the flue gas connector and the chimney; 8 Evaluation of conformity
warning against any unauthorised
modification of the appliance; 8.1 General
instructions on how to achieve slow The compliance of fuel oil stoves with the
combustion; requirements of this standard and with the stated
values (including classes) shall be demonstrated by:
use of only replacement parts recommended by
the manufacturer; initial type testing according to test
advice about the actions to be taken in the requirements in Clause 6;
event of a chimney fire; factory production control by the
whether the appliance is suitable for manufacturer, including product assessment.
installation in a shared flue system. For the purposes of testing, appliances may be
grouped into families, where it is considered that
7.4 Marking the selected performance characteristic or
Each appliance shall be permanently and legibly characteristics listed below is/are common to all
marked, with the minimum following information, appliances within that family:
in a place where it is accessible so that the Reaction to fire
information can be read when the appliance is in its
final location: Release of dangerous substances
Surface temperature
manufacturers name or registered trade mark;
Electrical safety
type or model;
Rated thermal output
class of the appliance after Table 1 with the
number of this European Standard like: flued oil Durability
stove EN 1 class x; 8.2 Type testing
nominal output in kW, from ... (lowest) kW to ...
(highest) kW or W; 8.2.1 Initial type testing
minimum clearance distances from Initial type testing shall be performed to
combustible materials, in mm, as appropriate; demonstrate conformity to this standard. In the
instruction follow the users instructions; case of an appliance already in production the
appliance to be tested according to test
kind of fuel (appropriate commercial requirements in Clause 6 shall be chosen at random
identification of the country of destination); and be representative of general production and the
test marks, if applicable. manufacturer shall provide a written declaration to
NOTE For CE marking refer to Annex ZA. this effect.
This information shall conform to the information of In the case of a prototype the appliance tested shall
the installation and operating instructions. be a model representative of the intended future
production and the manufacturer shall provide a
If a label is used it shall be durable and abrasion
written declaration that this is the case.
proof. Under normal operating conditions, the label
shall not discolour, thus making the information Tests, according to test requirements in Clause 6,
difficult to read. Self-adhesive labels shall not previously performed in accordance with the
become detached as a result of moisture or provisions of this standard (same product, same
temperature. characteristic(s), test method, sampling procedure,
system of attestation of conformity, etc.) may be
taken into account. In addition, initial type testing
shall be performed either at the beginning of the
production run of a new oil stove type (unless a
member of the same family) or at the beginning of a
new method of production (where this may affect"

BSI 2007
Page 16
EN 1:1998

!the stated performance characteristics) and at For a family or range of appliances it shall be
least a check of constructional characteristics on one permissible to test according to requirements in
further production run appliance of each type over Clause 6 only selected appliances across the family
an on-going period not exceeding 3 years to monitor or range and to verify only selected constructional
consistency of manufacture and conformity to type. and performance characteristics on the others,
subject to a clear decision being made that the
For a family or range of appliances it shall be
appliances are part of a family or range of
permissible to test, according to test requirements
appliances.
in Clause 6, only selected appliances across the
family or range and to only verify selected In deciding the constructional and/or performance
constructional and performance characteristics on characteristics to be verified or the appliances to be
the others, subject to a clear decision being made tested (in the case of a family or range of appliances)
that the appliances are part of a family or range of due account shall be taken of the performance
appliances. characteristics. Tests previously performed in
accordance with the provisions of this standard may
In deciding that the appliances belong to a family or
also be taken into account in making the decision.
range due account shall be taken of the performance
characteristics. Tests according to requirements in The parameters and characteristics considered in
Clause 6 previously performed in accordance with making either the decisions in relation to the
the provisions of this standard (same product, same constructional and/or performance characteristics
characteristic(s), test method, sampling procedure, to be verified or the appliances to be tested (in the
system of attestation of conformity, etc.) may also be case of a family or range of appliances) shall be
taken into account in making the decision. recorded and a copy included in the production
documentation for each appliance (see 7.3).
The parameters and characteristics considered in
making the decisions in relation to the family or 8.3 Factory production control (FPC)
range of appliances shall be recorded and a copy
included in the production documentation for each 8.3.1 General
appliance of the family or range (see 7.3). The manufacturer shall establish, document and
For the initial type test at least a sufficient number maintain a permanent FPC system and identify
of the appliances shall be chosen from across the areas of responsibility to ensure that the products
family or range so as to represent adequately the placed on the market conform with the stated
family or range. The chosen appliances shall be performance characteristics. The FPC system shall
subjected to complete testing to fully verify their consist of procedures, regular inspections and tests
compliance with all of the constructional and according to requirements in Clause 6 and/or
performance characteristics in accordance with this assessments and the use of the results to control
standard. For the other appliances in the family or raw and other incoming materials or components,
range not chosen for complete testing it shall be equipment, the production process and the product
permissible to only verify selected constructional and shall comply with the requirements specified in
and/or performance characteristics to ensure their 8.3.2 to 8.3.8.
compliance with the requirements of this standard NOTE A permanent FPC system conforming to the requirements
and/or with the fully type tested appliances of the of EN ISO 9001, or otherwise equivalent and made specific to the
family or range. requirements of this standard is considered to satisfy the above
requirements.
8.2.2 Further type testing The manufacturer shall carry out FPC tests to
Whenever a change occurs in either the appliance monitor the conformity of the product. Sampling,
design, the raw material, the supplier of the testing or assessment shall be undertaken in
components, or the production process, which would accordance with ISO 2859. The results of
change significantly one or more of the performance inspections, tests according to requirements in
characteristics, the type tests shall be repeated for Clause 6 or assessments requiring action shall be
the appropriate characteristic(s). recorded, as shall any action taken. The action to be
taken when control values or criteria are not met
It shall be permissible for this further type testing to shall be recorded.
verify only selected constructional and/or
performance characteristics to ensure their 8.3.2 Raw materials and components
compliance with the requirements of this standard
and/or with the fully type tested appliances of the The specifications of all incoming raw materials and
family or range. components shall be appropriate for the intended
use and shall be documented, as shall the inspection
and testing scheme for ensuring the conformity of
these materials and components."

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!8.3.3 Control of inspection, measuring and 8.3.5.4 Seals and sealant materials
test equipment
a) Type Including identification or composition,
All weighing, measuring and testing equipment when the conformity certificate is not available
used to demonstrate conformance of the product
b) Dimensions
shall be calibrated and regularly inspected
according to documented procedures, frequencies A suppliers declaration for material type and
and criteria according to Clause 6. properties is accepted, provided that the supplier
has an appropriate factory production control
8.3.4 Process control system to ensure the adequacy, consistency and
The manufacturer shall identify and plan the accuracy of the material type and properties.
production processes, which directly affects the
8.3.6 Manufacturing checks
product characteristics and shall ensure that these
processes are carried out under controlled 8.3.6.1 Construction and dimensions
conditions. Where the required product
Construction and dimensions of critical parts shall
characteristics cannot be fully verified by
subsequent inspection and testing of the product, be confirmed during the manufacturing and/or on
then the production processes shall be carried out by completion as follows:
operators specifically trained to undertake this a) flue spigot;
work.
b) flueways;
8.3.5 Product inspection, testing and c) burner pot;
evaluation
d) limiting device for combustion air;
8.3.5.1 General
e) limiting device for flue draught;
The manufacturer shall establish and maintain
documented procedures for in-process and final f) oil regulating device.
inspection and testing according to Clause 6, as 8.3.6.2 Other checks
appropriate to the product type, to ensure that the
stated values of all of the product characteristics are At least the following checks shall be carried out
maintained. during the manufacturing process:

At least the following product characteristics, their a) Sealing of components to avoid leakage;
criteria and means of control shall be included in the b) Fitment of moving/interconnecting parts.
factory production control scheme.
8.3.7 Non conforming products
8.3.5.2 Materials and construction
The manufacturer shall establish and maintain
a) Type composition/specifications documented procedures to ensure that where the
b) Thickness product does not conform to the specified
requirements then it is clearly identified and its
c) Dimensions placing on the market prevented. These procedures
d) Finish shall provide for documentation and segregation of
the product, wherever practical, and for notification
A suppliers declaration for material type and to the various functions concerned. Repaired and/or
properties is accepted, provided that the supplier reworked product shall be re-inspected in
has an appropriate factory production control accordance with the inspection, testing and
system to ensure the adequacy, consistency and evaluation plan.
accuracy of the material type and properties.
8.3.8 Corrective and preventive action
8.3.5.3 Insulation material
The manufacturer shall establish and maintain
a) Specification of insulation material documented procedures for implementing corrective
b) Density value thermal conductivity and preventive action. The manufacturer shall
implement and record any changes to the
A suppliers declaration for material type and documented procedures resulting from corrective
properties is accepted, provided that the supplier and preventive action."
has an appropriate factory production control
system to ensure the adequacy, consistency and
accuracy of the material type and properties.

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!8.3.9 Handling, storage, packaging, percentage of the reflection of the incident light on
preservation and delivery the corresponding sample. The number 0
corresponds to the support paper and the number 6,
To the extent necessary to ensure conformity of the
for example, to a reduction rate of 60 %.
product to the specified requirements the
manufacturer shall establish and maintain The tolerance for the deviations of the reflection
documented procedures for handling, storage, factor for each of the points on the scale should not
packaging, preservation and delivery of the finished exceed 3 % of its value.
product following final inspection and test according
If the scale is protected by a transparent plastic
to Clause 6."
cover, it shall be made in such a way that the test
spot and the standard grades are observed through
Annex A (normative) the same thickness of protective material. The
Measuring method for determining grades of the scale range have a diameter of
about 20 mm and a central circular window 6 mm
the smoke number in diameter.
A.1 Equipment required for the determination A.2 Determination of the smoke number
of the smoke number
Unscrew the paper fixing device, insert the filter
A.1.1 Pump paper in the slot provided on the pump and screw up
the device.
A (hand) pump, by means of which 160 cm3 5 %
may be sucked in a single operation through an The sampling may be carried out using either a
effective filtering surface 6 mm in diameter (i.e. hand pump or an electro-mechanical pump. In cases
approximately 570 cm3 5 % per cm2 of effective of dispute, the hand pump measurement shall
filtering surface); the piston stroke of the pump apply.
shall be around 200 mm. When a hand pump is used, ten suctions are to be
The tensioning of the paper fixing device, which is carried out. Each suction shall be regular and
set in the specified position before the paper is last 2 s to 4 s. The end of the suction is reached when
inserted, shall ensure satisfactory air-tightness for the operator no longer feels the reaction of the
the reheating operation intended to eliminate piston.
humidity condensation. Withdraw the tube from the flue, unscrew the fixing
The distance travelled by the gases from the device and withdraw the filter paper with care.
sampling point to the filtering surface shall not Compare the test spot visually with the standard
exceed 40 cm, except in special chimney conditions, grades by holding the band of filter paper against
which are given in the report. the back of the standard scale. Examine the spot
A.1.2 Sampling tube through the central window of the standard grades.
Note the number of the scale whose shade is closest
A tube with an internal diameter of 6 mm, allowing to that of the test spot. For the range of the grey
the specifications in A.1.1 to be fulfilled. scale between 0 and 4, the intermediate stages are
A.1.3 Filter paper to be distinguished particularly carefully.

Use a filter paper with a reflection factor An equivalent opto-electronic method of


of 85 % 2,5 % determined photometrically. For this determining the smoke number may be used.
measurement, place the filter paper on a white
surface with a reflection factor of 75 % or more. Annex B (normative)
The passage of clean air through the new filter Fluid method for detecting oil deriva-
paper, at a flow rate of 3 dm3 per minute per cm2 of tives
effective filtering surface, shall give a pressure drop
of between 0,020 bar and 0,100 bar. B.1 Equipment required for the detection of
oil derivatives
A.1.4 Grey scale
The grey scale consists of ten numbered grades B.1.1 Pump
from 0 to 9, scaled in equal intervals from white to A (hand) pump, by means of which 160 cm3 5 %
dark grey. These grades comprise samples printed may be sucked in a single operation through an
or made by other means on a support made of paper effective filtering surface 6 mm in diameter (i.e.
or plastic with a reflection factor of 85 % 2,5 % approximately 570 cm3 5 % per cm2 of effective
determined photometrically. filtering surface); the piston stroke of the pump
The identification number of each grade is equal to shall be around 200 mm. The tensioning of the paper
one-tenth of the reduction rate, expressed as a fixing device, which is set in the specified position

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

before the paper is inserted, shall ensure B.1.5 Sampling


satisfactory air-tightness for the reheating
Unscrew the paper fixing device, insert the filter in
operation intended to eliminate humidity
the slot provided on the pump and screw up the
condensation. The distance travelled by the gases
device. The sampling may be carried out using
from the sampling point to the filtering surface shall
either a hand pump or an electro-mechanical pump.
not exceed 40 cm, except in special chimney
In cases of dispute, the hand pump measurement
conditions, which are given in the report.
shall apply.
B.1.2 Sampling tube When a hand pump is used, ten suctions are to be
A tube with an internal diameter of 6 mm, allowing carried out. Each suction shall be regular and
the specifications in B.1.1 to be fulfilled. last 2 s to 4 s. The end of the suction is reached when
the operator no longer feels the reaction of the
B.1.3 Filter paper piston.
Use a filter paper with a reflection factor of Withdraw the tube from the flue, unscrew the fixing
85 % 2,5 % determined photometrically. For this device and withdraw the filter paper with care.
measurement, place the filter paper on a white
surface with a reflection factor of 75 % or more. B.1.6 Procedure and evaluation
The passage of clean air through the new filter Directly after taking the sample, apply a fluid to the
paper, at a flow rate of 3 dm3 per minute per cm2 of filter paper with the soot spot, but outside of the soot
effective filtering surface, shall give a pressure drop spot or immerse the strip of filter paper into the
of between 0,020 bar and 0,100 bar. fluid so that the surface of the fluid is approximately
10 mm below the soot spot. The fluid migrating in
B.1.4 Fluid the filter paper dissolves out any oil derivatives in
Acetone is used as the fluid. the soot spot. They migrate at the front of the fluid.
If oil derivatives were present in the soot spot a
yellow to brown colour will clearly be seen outside of
the soot spot area.
Oil derivatives are present in the flue gas if the flue
gas sample taken leaves a clearly recognizable
colour outside the soot spot on the filter paper in the
fluid method. A very faint colour shall be
disregarded as it can have several causes.

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

1) Measuring sleeve
2) Stove
3) Test floor and walls
4) Scales
5) Soot
6) Draught
7) Temperature
8) Flue gas
9) Measuring point
Figure B.1 Arrangement of test apparatus for operational tests [diagrammatic]

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EN 1:1998

Dimensions in millimetres

Figure B.2 Arrangement of the test chimney in the test room [diagrammatic]
"

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!
Dimensions in millimetres

Key 9 Draught (measured flush at the inner surface of the test chimney)
1 Iron casing, Iron thickness 0,7 0,2 10 Temperature (measured within the gravity centre of cross-section)
2 Mineral wool insulation 11 Flue gas (CO; CO2, O2 measured within the gravity centre of cross-section)
3 Flange 5 thick 12 Measuring point (? inner diameter) u10
4 Sealing ring 13 Interchangeable connection pipes to suit various pipe diameters
5 Auxiliary air fitting ? 120
6 Sooting
7 NOx (measured within the gravity centre
of cross-section)
8 CnHm (measured within the gravity
centre of cross-section)
Figure B.3a) Test chimney, horizontal connection

"

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EN 1:1998

Dimensions in millimetres
Figure B.3b) Test chimney, vertical connection

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EN 1:1998

1) Apparatus for connection


2) Centre of flue outlet
3) h W 500 mm above the height of the equipment
4) Matt black surface

NOTE The dimensions of the test apparatus should be such that the distance of 300 mm between the stove and the
wall, when using the largest stove for which the apparatus is intended, is maintained.

Figure B.4a) Test floor and walls with fittings

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

Dimensions in millimetres

1) Wood
2) Aluminium foil
3) Thermocouples intended to determine the maximum temperatures around the flue pipe connection

Figure B.4b) Apparatus for pipe connection

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EN 1:1998

Dimensions in millimetres

1) Measurement device
2) Thermocouple
3) Wood
4) Matt black surface [front]

!NOTE The thermocouples in the floor of the test


trihydron should be designed in the same way."

Figure B.4c) Section A-A of the


test wall

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

Figure B.5 Mean specific heating capacity of the wet flue gas in kJ/m3 C

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

1) To chimney
2) Low draught condition
3) Draught regulator in closed position
4) Flue gas from appliance
5) High draft condition
6) Draught regulator in open position

Figure B.6a) Draught regulator [diagrammatic]

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EN 1:1998

1) Low draft condition


2) Combustion air limiter in open position
3) Combustion chamber
4) High draft condition
5) Combustion air limiter in closed position
6) Burner

Figure B.6b) Combustion air limiter

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!Annex C (normative) C.2 General procedure


Measurement of nitrogen oxides The measurement is extractive, i.e. the test gas flow
is drawn from the measuring point by the suction
C.1 General objective and applicability pyrometer and is analysed by an arrangement of a
complete measuring system as shown in Figure C.1
These methods are intended to determine the
(example). This system is suitable for use with all
content of nitrogen oxides in flue gases from small
the analysers described in C.3.
combustion appliances. The methods are
continuous. The result obtained is expressed as
equivalents of nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

a) NO-measuring device

b) NO/NOx-measuring device
Key
1 Gas sampling probe 9 Flow meter
2 Particulate filter 10 NO-analyser
3 Heating 11 Recorder
4 Sampling line (heated if necessary) 12 Inlet for zero and calibration gas (preferable in front of the filter) to check
5 Sample cooter with condensate separator the complete system
6 Sample pump 13 Bypass for excess gas
7 Filter 14 Inlet for zero and span gas to check the analyser
8 Needle valve 15 Converter
16 NO/NOx-analyser
Figure C.1 Example of installation of measuring devices
"

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!C.3 Measuring principles of analysers The measuring range of chemoluminiscence


The following examples describe typical principles analysers used for emission measurements extends
found in existing analysers. from 10 mg/m3 to 20.000 mg/m3.
Interference due to carbon dioxide (CO2) in the
Chemoluminiscence method sample gas is possible, particularly in the presence
If NO reacts with ozone (O3), NO2 is formed. Part of of water vapour, due to the quenching of the
the NO2 is in a photochemically excited state. When chemoluminscence. The extent of the quenching
returning to the basic state, these NO2 molecules depends on the CO2 and H2O concentrations and
can radiate light in the wavelength range of 590 nm the type of analyser used. Any necessary corrections
to 3.000 nm. The intensity of this light depends on shall be made to the analyser output either by
the NO content and is influenced by the pressure reference to correction curves supplied by the
and presence of other gases. Figure C.2 shows an manufacturers or by calibrating with gases
example for the basic arrangement of a containing approximately the same concentration of
chemoluminscence analyser. There are atmospheric CO2 as the sample gas.
pressure and low pressure analysers, depending on
the pressure in the reaction chamber. Some Non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) method
analysers have built-in NO2/NO converters and, The most common application of the IR method are
because of their structure, give signals for NO, NOx, analysers working according to the NDIR method.
and NO2 either simultaneously or in sequence. Gases which consist of molecules of different atoms
absorb light of the characteristic wavelength in the
infrared spectral region.
With the NDIR method, spectral analysis of the IR
radiation is omitted and the total absorption of the
NO molecule at max = 1.876 cm-1 (= 5,3 4m) is used
for the measurement.
Figure C.3 shows an example of a typical NDIR
analyser."

Key
1 Sample inlet 9 Electronics
2 Sample pump 10 Oxygen inlet
3 Magnetic valve 11 Pressure regulator
4 NOx: NO converter 12 Ozone regulator
5 Flow regulator 13 Ozone filter
6 Pressure regulator 14 Signal
7 Reaction camber 15 Bypass
8 Photomultiplier

Figure C.2 Example of an arrangement of a chemoluminescence analyser

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EN 1:1998

Key
1 Light source 5 Reference cell
2 Chopper motor 6 Detector
3 Copper wheel 7 Electronics
4 Measuring cell 8 Signal

Figure C.3 Example of a NDIR analyser

The radiation emitted from the IR source is divided D.2 General procedure
into two beams and then modulated, one beam
The measurement is extractive, i.e. the test gas flow
passing through the measuring cell and the other
is drawn from the measuring point and is analysed
through the reference cell containing an IR inactive
in a freestanding instrument. The measuring point
gas, usually nitrogen. If the sample gas contains
shall be in the centre of the flue gas pipe and be
NO, some of the IR energy is absorbed and the
placed three diameters after the flue gas outlet of
difference in IR energy reaching the detector is
the appliance. If there is a damper or any other
proportional to the amount of NO present. The
device which will give rise to inhomogenities in the
detector is designed so that it is only sensitive to the
flow the measuring point shall be moved to a
NO-specific wavelengths.
position where the flow is homogenous. The
A special arrangement of the NDIR method is the measuring system shall be heated to 195 C.
gas filter correlation method.
D.3 Equipment
Interference is possible, particularly with water
vapour. The measuring system consists of the following
components:
Other methods Instrument with flame ionisation detector,
Beside the two methods mentioned above there are FID. Measuring range, usually between 010
the Non-dispersive ultraviolet (NDUV) method and and 0100 000 ppm. The instrument shall be
the Nonextractive (in situ) method. These methods equipped with a heated filter.
are described in detail in ISO 10849. Gas probe with a filter for particulates. The
probe shall consist of a suitable material, such as
Annex D (normative) corrosion resistant steel. The filter shall be heated
so that condensation is avoided. This requires a
Measurement of total hydrocarbons temperature in the filter of 195 C.
(THC) Sample line. The sample line shall be heated to
the same temperature as the filter. The inner line
D.1 General objective and applicability shall be of PTFE and be exchangeable. The
This method is intended to determine the total sample line shall be as short as possible."
hydrocarbon content in flue gases from appliances
burning solid fuels. The method uses an instrument
equipped with a flame ionisation detector (FID). The
measurement is continuous. The result obtained is
expressed as equivalents of a reference substance,
usually methane or propane. The measurement
concerns only the total hydrocarbon content and
does not give any information of separate
constituents.

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EN 1:1998

!Annex
ZA (informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements
of EU Directive 89/106/EEC, EU Construction Products Directive
ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics
This European Standard has been prepared under Mandate M/129 Space heating appliances given to
CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.
The clauses of this European Standard shown in this annex meet the requirements of the Mandate given
under the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC).
Compliance with these clauses confers a presumption of fitness of the construction products covered by this
annex for their intended uses indicated herein. reference shall be made to the information accompanying
the CE marking.
WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives, not affecting the fitness for intended use can be
applicable to the construction products falling within the scope of this standard.
NOTE 1 In addition to any specific clauses relating to dangerous substances contained in this standard, there may be other
requirements applicable to the products falling within its scope (e.g. transposed European legislation and national laws, regulations
and administrative provisions). In order to meet the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive, these requirements need
also to be complied with, when and where they apply.
NOTE 2 An informative database of European and national provisions on dangerous substances is available at the Construction web
site on EUROPA (accessed through http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/construction/internal/ dangsub/dangmain.htm).
This annex has the same scope as Clause 1 of this standard. It establishes the conditions for the CE
marking of oil stoves including open fires intended for the use indicated below and the relevant clauses
applicable (see Table ZA.1).
Construction Product: Oil stove with vaporizing burner mounted to a chimney.
Intended uses: Space heating in buildings
Table ZA.1 Relevant Clauses
Essential Characteristics Requirement clauses in this EN Notes
Fire safety 4.3, 4.5, 4.7, 4.10, 4.12, 4.16, 5.6, 5.8, Limit values
5.9, 5.10, 5.12

4.2, 4.8, 4.9, 4.13, 4.17, 7.2 Product quality


Release of dangerous gases; 4.10, 4.12, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8 Limit values

dangerous substances or gases in 4.2, 4.3, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.13, 4.17, 7.2 Product quality
the air
4.14, 7.1 General requirements

6.5.3 Test procedure


Surface temperature 4.2, 4.3, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11 Limit values

Electrical safety 5.12 General requirements

Cleanability 4.17 Product quality

Flue gas temperature 5.6 Limit values

4.2
Mechanical resistance Product quality
Rated thermal output 4.1, 4.15, 4.17, 5.12, 7.2 Product quality

5.4, 5.6 Limit values

7.1 General requirements


Durability 4.2
"

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!The requirement on a certain characteristic is not applicable in those Member States where there are
no regulatory requirements on that characteristic for the intended end use of the product. In this case,
manufacturers placing their products on the market of these Member States are not obliged to determine
nor declare the performance of their products with regard to this characteristic and the option No
performance determined (NPD) in the information accompanying the CE marking (see Clause ZA.3) may
be used. The NPD option may not be used, however, where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level.
ZA.2 Procedure for the attestation of conformity of oil stoves
ZA.2.1 System of attestation of conformity
The system of attestation of conformity of fuel oil stoves indicated in Table ZA.1, in accordance with the
decision of the Commission 99/471 of 1999-09-17 amended by 01/596/EC and as given in Annex III of the
mandate for flued oil stove, is shown in Table ZA.2 for the indicated intended use(s) and relevant level(s)
and class(es).
Table ZA.2 Attestation of conformity systems
Attestation of conformity
Product Intended use Level(s) or class(es)
system
Space heating appliances Space heating in See Table ZA.1 3
burning liquid fuel buildings
System 3: See Directive 89/106/EEC (CPD) Annex III.2.(ii), Second possibility

The attestation of conformity of the oil stoves in Table ZA.1 shall be according to the evaluation of
conformity procedures indicated in Table ZA.3 resulting from the application of the clauses of this
European Standard indicated therein.
Table ZA.3 Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks (for system 3)
Evaluation of conformity
Tasks Content of the task
clauses to apply
Factory production Parameters related to all relevant
Tasks under control (F.P.C) characteristics of Table ZA.1 8.3
responsibility for Initial type testing by the All other relevant characteristics of
the manufacturer Table ZA.1 other than those shown 8.2
manufacturer below
Fire safety

Emission of combustion products


Tasks under
responsibility for Initial type testing by a Surface temperature 8.2
the notified test laboratory
manufacturer Thermal output/Energy efficiency

Release of dangerous substance

ZA.2.2 Declaration of conformity


When compliance with this annex is achieved, the manufacturer or his agent established in the EEA, shall
prepare and retain a declaration of conformity, which entitles the manufacturer to affix the CE marking.
This declaration shall include:
name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and
place of production,
description of the product (type, identification, use, ...), and a copy of the information accompanying
the CE marking,
provisions to which the product conforms (e.g. Annex ZA of this EN),
particular conditions applicable to the use of the product,
name and address (or identification number) of the notified laboratory(ies),
name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the
manufacturer or his authorised representative.
The declaration shall be presented in the language(s) of the Member State of use of the product."

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EN 1:1998

!ZA.3 CE Marking and labelling


The manufacturer or his authorised representative established within the EEA is responsible for the
affixing of the CE marking. The CE marking symbol shall be in accordance with Directive 93/68/EEC and
shall be shown on the flued oil stove (or when not possible it may be on the accompanying label, the
packaging or on the accompanying commercial documents e.g. a delivery note). The following information
and characteristics shall accompany the CE marking symbol:
name and address of the manufacturer
NOTE 1 The manufacturer may also be the person responsible for placing the product onto the EEA market, if he takes
responsibility for CE marking.
last two digits of the year of CE marking
NOTE 2 Where some of the information required for the Declaration is already given in the CE marking information, it does not
need to be repeated.
number of this standard (EN 1)
product name and type
recommended fuel type (or types)
distance to adjacent combustible materials
emission of combustion products (Appliance class according to Table 1)
flue gas temperature
thermal output
energy efficiency (Appliance class according to Table 1)
The NPD (No performance determined) option shall not be used where the characteristic is subject to a
threshold level. Otherwise, the NPD option may be used when and where the characteristic, for a given
intended use, is not subject to regulatory requirements.
Figure ZA.1 gives an example of the information to be given on the accompanying commercial
documents."

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

CE conformity marking, consisting of the CE-


symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC.

AnyCo Ltd, P.O. Box 21, B 1050


Name or identifying mark and registered address
of the producer

07
Last two digits of the year in which the marking
was affixed

EN 1 Flued oil stoves with vaporizing burners, intended to be


No. of European Standard
used as space heater burning oil
Description of product
Type: 01
Information on regulated characteristics
Distance to combustible materials: 140 cm

appliance class: class 2

Thermal output: 4,5 kW

Kind of fuel: gas oil

Electrical safety: pass

Figure ZA.1 Example CE marking information


In addition to any specific information relating to dangerous substances shown above, the product should
also be accompanied, when and where required and in the appropriate form, by documentation listing any
other legislation on dangerous substances for which compliance is claimed, together with any information
required by that legislation.
NOTE 1 European legislation without national derogations need not be mentioned.
NOTE 2 Affixing the CE marking symbol means, if a product is subject to more than one directive that it complies with all applicable
directives."

BSI 2007
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EN 1:1998

!Bibliography

[1] EN ISO 9001, Quality management systems


Requirements (ISO 9001:2000)"

BSI 2007
BS EN 1:1998

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