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UNIFORM WALL THICKNESS PARTING LINE

basic wall of the part should be kept uniform. Line where where two or more parts
Provide for even flow of injectin,cooling and shrinkage. of the mold meet.

Less precision or injection pressure high cause flashing.

UNIFORM WALL THICKNESS TRANSITION

Transition should be made gradually, on the


PARTING LINE MISMATCH
order of 3 to 1
Guideline

Specify mismatch on the parting line.

Guideline to determine the parting line

try to choose the flat parting line

minimize undercuts

make sure the part not stick at the cavity

side when mould open

EJECTION

consider how the mold will design in appropriate


draft.

Remember:

Cavity Side = 3 to 5

Core Side = 1 to 3

PARTING LINE HOLE DESIGN

Redesign holes in side walls to reduce need of side


action.

- Simplify mold
- Reduce cost
- Minimize maintenance

Draft is required to release part

from mould and to avoid pull/drag mark


RIBS THICKNESS BOSSES SIZE

50 to 60% of the nominal wall. Typically the boss OD = 2 ID.

Ribs thickness more then 60% of wall thickness


resulted sink.

RIBS HEIGHT BOSSES AND SCREW SIZE.

Maximum rib height, h = 3x nominal wall thickness. ID should be 0.8 x nominal screw diameter.
BOSSES SCREW MANAGEMENT

Screw engagement should be a minimum of 2.5


times the screw diameter.
BOSSES HOLE DEPTH

Screw engagement should be a minimum of 2.5 times


the screw diameter.

BOSSES GOOD LEAD

A chamfer at the top of the boss is a good lead in for


the fastener.

RIBS DRAFT
Chamfer around
Typical draft for ribs is 1 to 1.5. Minimum draft should
be 1/2 per side.

GUSSET

thickness of a gusset at the intersection with the


nominal wall should be 50-60% of the nominal wall.

BOSSES DRAFT

Draft on the OD is 1/2 minimum.

Draft on the ID is 1/4 minimum.


HOLE AND DEPRESSIONS APPEARANCES PART TEXTURING

distance between two holes or one hole to the edge of Textured surfaces stop a preferred 0.060 in (1.524 mm)
the surface should be at least 2 x the nominal wall or a minimum of 0.040 in (1.016 mm) from any parting
thickness line

APPEARANCES PART DRAWING


CORNER RADIUS
Print notes for appearance parts. Locate knockouts,
The outside corner radius should be equal to the inside
gates and insert lines away from identified appearance
radii plus the wall thickness (R = r + t). surfaces. Specifications include color number, gloss
number or texture specification. All appearance and
post finish surfaces are identified.

APPEARANCES PART

To maintain cosmeic surface on a molding, free of


projections and depressions.

Lessen projection, by maximum thickness at the


intersection is half (50-60%) the nominal wall thickness

Styling line to cover plastic defect.


MOULDING CYCLE TIME. RESETTING TIME

The summation of mould opening, part ejection and


INJECTION/FILLING mould closing times is referred to as the resetting time
and have been suggested by Ostwald as:

sec
COOLING MOULDING
CYCLE

EJECTION Where:

/RES t = dry cycle time sec


d TABLE 8.4
L = maximum clamp stroke cm
s
INJECTION TIME D = depth of part to be moulded cm
A total time requires for polymer to flow through the
runners, gates and fulfil the cavity passages.

t f 2Vs p j / Pj sec

Where:
3
V = required shot size (amount of material) m
s
2
p = recommended injection pressure N/m (table-8.5)
j
P = injection power W (table-8.4)
j

COOLING TIME

Cooling in the mould takes place by heat conduction.

Where:
hmax = maximum wall thickness mm
o
Tx = recommended part ejection temperature C
o
Tm = recommended mould temperature C
o
Ti = recommended injection temperature C TABLE 8.5
2
= thermal diffusivity coefficient mm /s