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Table of Contents by Standard

Standard 1: Transfer/ Cycling of Matter

Sarah B. Standard 2: Population Ecology

Standard 3: Biomolecules / Biochemistry

Standard 4: Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration

Sarah B. Standard 5: Cell Transport

Sarah C. Standard 6: Homeostasis

Standard 7: Gene to Protein

Standard 8: Cellular Organization

Sarah C. Standard 9: Evolution

Standard 1: Transfer/ Cycling of Matter
Matter tends to be cycled within an ecosystem, while energy is transformed and eventually exits an
Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs

a. Describe how energy flows through trophic levels Trophic Levels


b. Interpret the 10% Rule as it applies to trophic Energy Pyramid

levels 10% Rule

c. Predict outcomes of changes to ecosystems Ecosystem

(e.g., adding fertilizer, drought, removal of a Eutrophication
keystone species, introduction of an invasive

d. Distinguish between matter and energy Matter


e. Describe how matter is cycled and energy is lost Biogeochemical

through life processes

f. Describe how water cycling interacts to drive the Nitrification

cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus Nitrogen Fixation

g. Describe how life processes impact the cycling of Photosynthesis

carbon on the planet. Cellular respiration

h. Describe how the carbon cycle is impacted by Carbon Cycle

Sarah B. Standard 2: Population Ecology
The size and persistence of populations depend on their interactions with each other and on the abiotic
factors in an ecosystem.
Learning Targets Assessmen Vocabulary Activities / Labs
t Question

a. Analyze and interpret data about the impact of

removing keystone species from an ecosystem or
introducing non-native species into an ecosystem

b. Evaluate the ecological impacts of human dietary Energy Pyramid

choices Sustainability

c. Evaluate communities in terms of primary and

secondary succession as they progress over time

d. Evaluate data and assumptions regarding different

scenarios for future human population growth and
their projected consequences

e. Investigate ecosystem interactions, including

predator-prey, symbioses, competition, etc.

f. Explain how abiotic and biotic factors affect

carrying capacity of ecosystems at different

g. Analyze evidence about factors affecting

biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of
different scales.

f. Evaluate claims, evidence, and reasoning that Succession

the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain
relatively consistent numbers and types of
organisms in stable conditions, but changing
conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
g. Evaluate the impacts of human activities on the
environment and design a solution to reduce
those impacts.

h. Analyze and interpret data regarding population

growth curves.
Standard 3: Biomolecules / Biochemistry
Cellular metabolic activities are carried out by biomolecules produced by organisms

Learning Targets Assessmen Vocabulary Activities / Labs

t Question

a. Identify the 4 basic biomolecules and their Carbohydrate

functions in living systems Protein
Nucleic acid

b. Identify the precursors/building blocks using direct and Monosaccharide

indirect evidence of the biomolecule. Amino acids
Fatty acid

c. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based C-bond

explanation that biomolecules follow the same rules of Macromolecule
ATP energy
chemistry as any other molecule.

d. Determine and justify the optimal conditions for enzyme Enyyme

activity. Substrate
Active site
pH & temperature vs.
Enzyme graph

e. Describe the consequences of altering the conditions Feedback loop

inside an organism (such as altered blood pH or high
fever) to suboptimal conditions for an enzyme on enzyme

f. Interpret data on the body's utilization of carbohydrates, Chemical bond

lipids, and proteins ATP energy

g. Describe how C, H, and O from carbohydrates may Transcription

combine with other elements to form amino acids and/or Translation
Cellular Respiration
other macromolecules Photosynthesis
Standard 4: Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration
The energy for life primarily derives from the interrelated processes of photosynthesis and cellular
respiration. Photosynthesis transforms the sun's light energy into the chemical energy of molecular bonds.
Cellular respiration allows cells to utilize chemical energy when these bonds are broken.

Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs


a. Determine and justify the optimal environment for Photosynthesis

photosynthetic activity Solar energy

b. Describe how autotrophic and heterotrophic life Autotroph

processes interact in the carbon cycle. Heterotroph
Carbon Cycle

c. Describe how cellular respiration gradually ATP energy

breaks the bonds in carbon compounds so cells Glycolysis
Energy Transfer
may store the released carbon-bond energy in
the bonds of ATP

d. Develop a model to show how photosynthesis Carbon cycle

and cellular respiration impact the cycling of Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
carbon in the ecosystem

e. Describe how photosynthesis transforms light UV light

energy into stored chemical energy. Chemical energy

f. Describe how ATP is used by the cell ATP

Sarah B. Standard 5: Cell Transport
Cells use passive and active transport of substances across membranes to maintain relatively stable
intracellular environments

Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs


a. Analyze and interpret data to determine the Diffusion

energy requirements and/or rates of substance gradient
transport across cell membranes

b. Compare organisms that live in freshwater and Osmosis

marine environments, and identify the challenges
of osmotic regulation for these organisms

c. Diagram the cell membrane schematically, and Receptor protein

Bi-lipid layer
highlight receptor proteins as targets of
hormones, neurotransmitters, or drugs that serve
as active links between intra and extracellular

d. Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and interpret Passive transport

Active transport
data produced during scientific investigations that
involve passive and active transport

e. Use computer simulations and models to analyze Bi-lipid layer

Protein Pump
cell transport mechanisms
Sarah C. Standard 6: Homeostasis
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems maintain relatively stable internal environments, even in the face
of changing external environments

Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs


a. Describe how body systems interact within Body system

healthy organisms Nervous
lar system

b. Use evidence [from an experiment] to support the Homeostasis

claim that feedback mechanisms maintain Feedback
homeostasis Positive

c. Use a model to show the hierarchical Cells

organization and interaction of cells, tissues, Tissues
organs, and organ systems Organ systems
Standard 7: Gene to Protein
Physical and behavioral characteristics of an organism are influenced to varying degrees by heritable genes,
many of which encode instructions for the production of proteins

Learning Targets Assessment Question Vocabulary Activities / Labs

a. Interpret data that genes are expressed portions Gene


b. Describe the structure of DNA Backbone

Nitrogen Base

c. Describe how the structure of DNA allows it to DNA replication

accurately undergo the process of DNA

d. Describe the process of transcribing and Transcription

translating a gene into the protein for which it Translation

e. Describe how we know DNA is processed in the GMOs

same way by all organisms

f. Describe the process of gene regulation. Gene regulation

Regulatory Protein

g. Describe how proteins mediate the effect of Regulatory region

genes on physical and behavioral traits in an Postive transcription
organism factor
Negative transcription

h. Interpret data in support of the claim that genetic Cancer

mutations and cancer are brought about by Mutagen
exposure to environmental toxins, radiation, or Carcinogen
i. Explain, using examples, how genetic mutations Silent mutation
can benefit, harm, or have neutral effects on an Point mutation
organism Frameshift mutation

j. Calculate how the meiotic processes of Independent

independent assortment of chromosomes, assortment
crossing over, and mutations make it statistically Crossing over
unlikely that offspring could be clones of their Meiosis
parents or siblings.

k. Describe the role of proteins, which carry out the

essential functions of life, through systems of
specialized cells.
Standard 8: Cellular Organization
Multicellularity makes possible a division of labor at the cellular level through the expression of select
genes, but not the entire genome.

Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs


a. Describe how gene regulation allows for cell Gene regulation

differentiation and development in a multicellular Cell

a. Describe how cells in multicellular creatures Gene regulation

Coding region
express some genes but not others in specialized Switches

b. Interpret data that show most eukaryotic Non-coding DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) does not actively
code for proteins within cells

c. Describe how a whole organism can be cloned Stem cell

from a differentiated cell. Potency
Sarah C. Standard 9: Evolution
Evolution occurs as the heritable characteristics of populations change across generations and can lead
populations to become better adapted to their environment.

Learning Targets Assessment Vocabulary Activities / Labs


a. Explain how the diversity of life on Earth evolved Common

from a common ancestor ancestor

b. Analyze multiple forms of evidence supporting Comparative

the claim that all species are related by common anatomy
ancestry (e.g molecular studies, comparative Fossil record
anatomy, biogeography, fossil record, and Embryology
embryology) DNA

c. Analyze data for how speciation occurs over Gradualism

geologic time, (e.g. discrete bursts of rapid Punctuated
genetic changes and gradual changes) Speciation

d. Interpret data on how evolution can be driven by Natural selection

natural selection

e. Construct a phylogenetic tree showing how a Phylogenetic tree

group of organisms are descended from a Common
common ancestor

f. Identify evidence for each of Darwins Four

Postulates of evolution: (1) organisms have
differing genetic traits, (2) some of those traits
are heritable, (3) more organisms are born than
survive, and (4) survival and reproduction are not
random so some traits increase/decrease in the
next generation
g. Explain how natural selection leads to adaptation Adaptation
of populations

h. Predict the outcome of changes in environmental Extinction

conditions in terms of speciation and extinction Mass