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Standard of Care for

Wireless Tower
February 21, 2017
STANDARD OF CARE
for
WIRELESS TOWER SITES

February 21, 2017

AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION


3500 REGENCY PARKWAY, SUITE 100
CARY, NC 27518
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

STANDARD OF CARE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. SITES

1. SITE ACCESS
a. Roads
b. Gates
c. Culverts and Drainage

2. FENCING
a. Compounds
b. Guy Anchors

3. SITE COMPOUND
a. Overall Condition
b. Electrical service and H-Frames
c. Fuel service and storage
d. Site Signage

4. BUILDINGS
a. Overall Condition
b. HVAC systems
c. Electrical systems
d. Fire Prevention systems

B. TOWERS

1. FOUNDATION
a. Base Foundation
b. Guy Anchors

2. GROUNDING
a. System
b. Lightning Rod

3. MONOPOLES
a. Baseplates
b. Anchor Bolts
c. Shaft and Portholes
d. Slip Splice Connections
e. Flanged Connections
f. Plumbness
g. Canisters
h. Modifications

i
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED)

4. LATTICE TOWERS
a. Baseplates
b. Anchor Bolts and Center Pin
c. Members
d. Leg Connections
e. Brace Connections
f. Modifications
g. Guy Wires and Hardware
h. Pull-Offs and Torque Arms

5. CLIMBING FACILITIES
a. Safety Climb System
b. Ladder and Step Pegs
c. Obstructions

6. INSULATORS AND AM DETUNING


a. Insulators, Wires, Hardware, and PhillyStran

7. MOUNTS
a. Stability (Impact of mount on tower (summary before section))
b. Connections

8. BIRDS ON TOWER

END OF TABLE OF CONTENTS

ii
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

A. SITES
1. SITE ACCESS:
a. Roads

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Proper layout and design will result in a generally stable road that requires minimal maintenance. A
poorly designed road will always be problematic. The stone should have a minimum depth of 6 inches,
free of any vegetation with no signs of rills and erosion. Road is properly crowned (2% min, 4%
preferred) or super-elevated. The travel Lane shall have a min. width of 12. The existing road grade
should not exceed 18%.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste


011000
Tower Sites management, record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete placement, types of concrete to be used in different
situations.

Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site


311000 Site Clearing
improvements.

Requirements and guidance for soils and rock fill,


Access Roads and Earth geotextiles, road building, slope stabilization, ditches, max
312000
Work and min grades and curves, culverts, waterbars trenches,
and debris removal.

Erosion and Sedimentation Detail of control measures to prevent erosion and


312500
Controls sedimentation.

Requirements and specification for asphalt products, cold


milling, patching, surface prep, asphalt placement,
321216 Asphalt Paving
compaction and quality control of asphalt paving
construction.
Requirements and specification for concrete mix products,
321313 Concrete Paving forming, reinforcement, patching, placement, finishing and
quality control of concrete paving construction.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units,
323223 Segmental Retaining Walls installation, fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental
retaining wall construction and repair.

Page 1 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Road Conditions:

New road with rock on the edge New road with rock at the base of the slope for
drainage

New road with rock on both sides New road with fabric beneath the rock layer

New road with a curve approaching the compound New road with a non-ATC road split off

Page 2 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Road Conditions:

Road is clear and passable with no obstructions Road is serviceable with no need for repair

Road is clear for ingress and egress No damage on the roadway

Road is visible to the driver and passable in the Road away from the site is in good condition
vehicle
Page 3 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Road Conditions (continued)

Road surface is in good condition The rock on the road surface is intact

The entry and cattle guard as well as the road itself The road to the site shows no weathering or
are in serviceable condition for driving damage

The road away from the compound is serviceable The site access road is unobstructed and without
rutting going in from the main road

Page 4 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Road Conditions:

Severe rutting and standing water on the road Erosion damage to the road and the edge of the
surface road also

Rutting and washout damage are prevalent on this Deep ruts and washout are present on this road
road

Nature has reclaimed this road, obscuring the path Severe rutting is present on this road
to the site and creating dangerous driving
conditions Page 5 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Road Conditions (continued)

The road is basically nonexistent to the compound, The rock has washed out and eroded, and
creating an unsafe driving condition vegetation is heavily present on the road

Dense vegetation is blocking the clear view to the Erosion throughout this road and into the
road compound

Severe rutting and washout; this road might be Heavy rutting and damage to the culvert
impassable in inclement weather
Page 6 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

1. SITE ACCESS
Acceptable
b. Gates New Gates:
Drainage defined road grade and crown established and constant, erosion control installed, swales
functioning, culverts installed. Road installed per ATC Standard Specification
Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Access gates should be level on solid hinges and free to swing with minimal sag. Gates with sprung or
displaced hinges shall be repaired. Gates with excessive sag shall be tensioned and or repaired. Gate
closure systems and locking mechanisms shall be kept be in good working order. Single and double
swing gates should have stop post(s) in place and be secured when open to avoid inadvertent gate
swing/closure. Double swing gates shall utilize a removable or sliding center stop post. Slats and or
privacy covers shall be kept in good repair and replaced when necessary. Gates with damage that
inhibit effective entry/exit control shall be repaired or replaced. Gates that are damaged beyond repair
shall be replaced.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
for Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
and Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and placement,


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete
types of concrete to be used in different situations.

311000 Site Clearing Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site improvements.

Requirements and guidance for soils and rock fill, geotextiles, road
Access Roads and
312000 building, slope stabilization, ditches, max and min grades and
Earth Work
curves, culverts, water bars trenches, and debris removal.
Requirements and specification for concrete mix products, forming,
Erosion and
312500 reinforcement, patching, placement, finishing and quality control of
Sedimentation Controls
concrete paving construction.
Requirements for fabric mesh, wire size, fence top wires, fence
Chain Link Fences and
323113 framing, swing gates, fittings grout and anchor cement, and quality
Gates
control of chain link fence and gates.

Page 7 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Gate Conditions:

New hinged gate installation Reflective material has been placed on the gate to
increase visibility at night

New swing gate painted in a highly visible color New gate painted in a highly visible color
and with a multi-lock device in place

New entry gate a short distance from the New access gate with a cattle guard installed
Page 8 of 122
compound gate
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Gate Conditions:

Existing gate in serviceable condition Well maintained access gate

No damage present on this wooden gate Combination wood and chain link gate

Gate posts and gate are serviceable and in good Access gate shows minimal wear and no damage
working order Page 9 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Gate Conditions:

Man gate is damaged and bent in toward the Man gate is not aligned properly on the hinges;
compound barbed wire is also loose

Access gate is bowing on one side and not Two sides of the swing gate are not aligned
properly secured properly with each other

Section of the fence is missing next to the man The external gate is too close to the compound
gate gate; there is also damage to the woodPage
frame
10 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

1. SITE ACCESS
c. Culverts and Drainage

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
A ditch shall be installed on the upslope side of all access roads. If the road or compound is in full cut,
ditches will be required on both sides. Only if the road is following the very top of a ridge line or the
compound at the very top of a peak will there be no ditches required. Ditches should be trapezoidal
(preferred), however properly sloped and draining V-ditches are acceptable. The ditch should be
approximately 2 wide, 1 deep constructed with 2:1 slope on either side of road. Inspect erosion
problems, damage to vegetation, sediment and debris accumulation (address when >3 inches at any
spot or covering vegetation). Inspect for pools of standing water. If required, dewater and discharge to
an approved location and restore grade to provide positive drainage. Vegetated ditches should be in
good condition and free of voids in vegetation. Vegetation along the surface of the ditch should be kept
in good condition, and any bare spots re-vegetated. If the ditch is rip-rap verify if additional rip-rap needs
to be installed. Riprap should be evenly distributed and not impairing drainage or blocking any part of a
culvert orifice in any way other than for flow check dams.

Water bars should be installed and properly directing water off the road surface. Optimum locations for
water bars are at the top of steep grades directing water to the ditch.

Level spreaders should be clean and free of debris and sediment allowing for even distribution of water
to the area down gradient of the spreader.

Culverts should be installed at the proper locations including concentrated upslope drainage and all low
points. They should be a minimum of 15 diameter (18 min. in salty soils), and a minimum of 1 cover.
Downstream earthen or stone berm shall be installed at the culvert to prevent bypass flow. Culverts
should be kept clean and ensure water free flow and discharge.

Page 11 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste


011000
Tower Sites management, record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site


311000 Site Clearing
improvements.

Requirements and guidance for soils and rock fill,


Access Roads and Earth geotextiles, road building, slope stabilization, ditches, max
312000
Work and min grades and curves, culverts, waterbars trenches,
and debris removal.

Erosion and Sedimentation Detail of control measures to prevent erosion and


312500
Controls sedimentation.

Requirements and specification for asphalt products, cold


milling, patching, surface prep, asphalt placement,
321216 Asphalt Paving
compaction and quality control of asphalt paving
construction.
Requirements and specification for concrete mix products,
321313 Concrete Paving forming, reinforcement, patching, placement, finishing and
quality control of concrete paving construction.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units,
323223 Segmental Retaining Walls installation, fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental
retaining wall construction and repair.

Page 12 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Culverts and Drainage:

New culvert installation with rock infill Rock placement for erosion control

Rock placement for erosion control Rock placement for erosion control and protection
of the culvert pipe

Good road protection above the culvert and rock Good rock protection to keep the water path clear
around the opening and unobstructed by debris Page 13 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Culverts and Drainage Conditions:

Serviceable culvert with adequate rocking around it Serviceable water path, minimizing washout on the
road above

Unobstructed water path through the culvert Well protected pipe

Clear opening for water flow with rocking around No damage and minimal wear on the culvert

Page 14 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Culverts and Drainage Conditions:

Erosion and washout issues all the way down this Minimal protection around the pipe and vegetation
road; it needs an effective culvert blocking the water path

Erosion causing damage to the guy anchor fence Erosion putting the compound fence at risk

Culvert pipe near totally blocked by organic debris Culvert unprotected and blocked
Page 15 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Culverts and Drainage Conditions (continued):

Washout is removing the rocking and eroding the Culvert pipe is below ground and blocked
slope

Culvert is blocked and unprotected Washout is evident above the culvert and there is
no system to prevent blockage

Culvert pipes are bent and damaged Culvert pipe is below water level
Page 16 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

2. FENCING
a. Compounds

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Compound fencing shall be straight and true and in good repair. Fencing shall be free of holes. Fencing
posts and frame are to be straight and true. Chain link type fencing shall be tensioned to a taught condition
with no excessive sag. Slats and or privacy covers shall be kept in good repair and replaced when
necessary. Wood fencing shall be in good condition with no dry rot or missing members. Missing members
in fencing shall be replaced with equivalent types. Security wire tops shall be tensioned and continuous.
Any broken security/razor wire shall be repaired or replaced. Fence posts shall be placed in concrete, no
direct bury posts are allowed. Gates shall be in good repair and free to swing. Gate locks shall be in place
and functioning at all times. Protection bollards shall be up righted and repaired or replaced if damaged.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
for Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
and Special Inspections

311000 Site Clearing Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site improvements.

Requirements and guidance for soils and rock fill, geotextiles, road
Access Roads and Earth
312000 building, slope stabilization, ditches, max and min grades and
Work
curves, culverts, waterbars trenches, and debris removal.

Erosion and
312500 Detail of control measures to prevent erosion and sedimentation.
Sedimentation Controls

Requirements and specification for asphalt products, cold milling,


321216 Asphalt Paving patching, surface prep, asphalt placement, compaction and quality
control of asphalt paving construction.
Requirements and specification for concrete mix products, forming,
321313 Concrete Paving reinforcement, patching, placement, finishing and quality control of
concrete paving construction.
Requirements for fabric mesh, wire size, fence top wires, fence
Chain Link Fences and
323113 framing, swing gates, fittings grout and anchor cement, and quality
Gates
control of chain link fence and gates.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units, installation,
Segmental Retaining
323223 fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental retaining wall
Walls
construction and repair.

Page 17 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Compound Fencing:

New chain link install with barbed wire New chain link install with barbed wire

New wooden fenced install with gate New wooden fence installation

New chain link installation with slats New chain link fence installation
Page 18 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Compound Fencing:

Serviceable fence with minimal wear and no Serviceable chain link fence with slats
damage

Serviceable wooden fence with no damage Serviceable wooden fence with some wear
apparent

Brick fence around a compound Chain link fence with no bowing or sagging

Page 19 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Compound Fencing:

Washout and erosion damaging the chain link Broken top rail on a fence section
compound fence

Vegetation falling on the fence Missing and broken wooden slats

Section of wooden slats missing Wire fence posts not properly set and wire not
stretched taut

Page 20 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

2. FENCING
b. Guy Anchor

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Existing guy anchor fencing shall be in good repair. Fencing shall be free of holes. Fencing posts and
frame are to be straight and true. Chain link type fencing shall be tensioned to a taught condition with no
excessive sag. Slats and or privacy covers shall be kept in good repair and replaced when necessary.
Wood fencing shall be in good condition with no dry rot or missing members. Missing members in fencing
shall be replaced with equivalent types. Security wire tops shall be tensioned and continuous. Any broken
security/razor wire shall be repaired or replaced. Fence posts shall be placed in concrete, no direct bury
posts are allowed. Guy wire shall not be in contact with fence at any point. Damaged or tipped bollards are
to be up righted or replaced and returned to fully functional. Gates shall be in good repair and free to
swing. Gate locks shall be in place and functioning at all times.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
for Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
and Special Inspections

061000 Rough Carpentry Specifies wood connections and treated lumber types.

311000 Site Clearing Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site improvements.

Requirements for fabric mesh, wire size, fence top wires, fence
Chain Link Fences and
323113 framing, swing gates, fittings grout and anchor cement, and quality
Gates
control of chain link fence and gates.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units, installation,
Segmental Retaining
323223 fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental retaining wall
Walls
construction and repair.

Page 21 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Guy Anchor Fencing:

New anchor pen fencing New anchor pen fencing

Bollards outside a new anchor pen with reflective New anchor pen fencing with rock extending
material to increase visibility beyond the chain link

Bollards outside a new anchor pen painted bright New anchor pen fencing
yellow for increased visibility

Page 22 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Guy Anchor Fencing:

Serviceable guy anchor pen Guy anchor pen with highly visibly painted bollards

Anchor fencing properly secured to concrete slab Shorter guy anchor pen made of chain link

Well maintained chain link guy anchor pen with Anchor pen with access gate
bollards
Page 23 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Guy Anchor Fencing:

The anchor pen gate is improperly set against the The top rail of the fence has dislodged and is
fence. inside the anchor pen.

Vegetation growing outside and inside the guy Vegetation growing on the anchor pen fence and
anchor pen the anchor itself

This anchor pen has a worn wooden frame and The wood is aging and the wire is separating from
rusted wire the fence frame
Page 24 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

3. SITE COMPOUND
a. Overall Condition

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Compounds with rock surface shall be kept of even grade with a slight slope for drainage. Compounds
with concrete or bituminous surface shall be periodically maintained with crack sealant as required.
Concrete pads within compounds shall be level and in good condition. Steel or concrete platforms within
compound shall be in good repair and structurally sound. Overgrowth within compound shall be
controlled. A minimum 3 vegetation buffer on the outside of the compound fence line shall be
maintained. Use of compound for long term storage of materials by the carrier is prohibited. Compound
shall be kept free of trash and clutter. Damage to compound due to contractor access or vandalism is to
be reported immediately upon discovery.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste


011000
Tower Sites management, record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete placement, types of concrete to be used in different
situations.

Requirements for clearing and grubbing and site


311000 Site Clearing
improvements.

Requirements and guidance for soils and rock fill,


Access Roads and Earth geotextiles, road building, slope stabilization, ditches, max
312000
Work and min grades and curves, culverts, waterbars trenches,
and debris removal.

Erosion and Sedimentation Detail of control measures to prevent erosion and


312500
Controls sedimentation.

Requirements and specification for asphalt products, cold


milling, patching, surface prep, asphalt placement,
321216 Asphalt Paving
compaction and quality control of asphalt paving
construction.
Requirements and specification for concrete mix products,
321313 Concrete Paving forming, reinforcement, patching, placement, finishing and
quality control of concrete paving construction.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units,
323223 Segmental Retaining Walls installation, fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental
retaining wall construction and repair.

Page 25 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Site Compound Overall Condition:

Clear new compound with chain link fencing Compound free of vegetation and debris

Well rocked site compound Clear, open, and highly visible compound

New compound with appropriate rock and straw New compound with no visible wear or damage

Page 26 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Site Compound:

Minimal weeds visible in the compound Clear compound with no debris on-site

Minimal weeds and no damage to the rock Well laid out compound with minimal wear

Well maintained compound with clean buildings Minimal vegetation present


and ancillary components
Page 27 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Site Compound:

Site is surrounded by road guardrails and cannot Compound is heavily vegetated


be secured

Weed barrier is breaking through the rock Erosion has damaged the compound fence

Large rocks and vegetation are present in the Carrier debris has been left inside the compound
compound
Page 28 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

3. SITE COMPOUND
b. Electrical Service and H-Frames

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Electrical and H-Frame installations should be of clean installation, inspected and approved by the
jurisdiction. H-Frame should be vertically plumb and level. All equipment should be in undamaged
condition, mounted securely, enclosed, doors closed, and conduit entry and exits conduit secure. No
daylight or open holes/knockouts should be allowed. All installations should allow three feet of open clear
access to all electrical apparatus whenever possible.
Installations that should be addressed include electrical service equipment with large dents, deformities,
or excessive rust. Electrical cabinets or enclosures with open, loose, or missing doors or covers shall be
repaired or replaced. Open holes or knockouts in electrical service banks, loosely mounted equipment, or
exposed wires shall be addressed ASAP. Evidence of burn marks or arching shall be investigated and
brought to the attention of an electrical contractor as required. Loose or unstable H-frames shall be
repaired to firm and stable.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete
placement, types of concrete to be used in different situations.

Prefabricated Concrete
133430 Specifications for concrete shelter interior and exterior.
Shelters

230000 HVAC for Tower Sites Requirements and HVAC system specifications by type.

Electrical Work for Tower Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-
260000
Sites Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical installation.

Guidance for general tower construction, inspections, lighting,


338110 Steel Communication Towers
and quality control of tower construction.

Page 29 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Electrical Service and H-Frames

Good H-frame installation Loaded H-frame with all grounding present

Clear labeling of multiple meter bank Clean installation of H-frame components and
meter bank

Overhead power pole with transformer Clean installation of ground transformer

Page 30 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable Existing Electrical Service and H-Frames

Serviceable H-frame with minimal wear Loaded H-frame with all grounding present

Fully utilized meter bank Power in conduit above ground going toward the
equipment on the site

Lighting controller and meter bank mounted to an Minimal wear and no damage to the H-frame
H-frame

Page 31 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Unacceptable Existing Electrical Service and H-Frames

Rotten wood h-frame with leaning power pole Non-standard equipment mount

Equipment mount secured to the fence rail; Equipment cabinets are rusting and the large box
equipment cabinet is rusting is wrapped in cable to keep it closed

Junction box is heavily rusted Meter and various disconnect and transfer
switches are tightly stack mounted to the power
pole
Page 32 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

3. SITE COMPOUND
c. Fuel Service and Storage

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Fuel storage tanks shall be placed and maintained on a level concrete pad. Storage tanks shall be free
of significant damage or rust and fully accessible without major hindrance.
Fuel service shall be performed with safety as paramount. Smoking is not permitted within 25 ft. of fuel
storage tanks and is strictly prohibited in or near the compound during fuel service operations.
Fuel spills shall follow ATC compliance guidelines and ATC NOC shall be immediately notified of any
fuel or hazardous materials spill or leak.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste


011000
Tower Sites management, record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete placement, types of concrete to be used in different
situations.

Requirements and products for painting and coating of


099000 Painting and Coating
wood and steel.

Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-


Electrical Work for Tower
260000 Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical
Sites
installation.

Page 33 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable New Fuel Service and Storage

Clean installation of propane tank with grounding Propane tank installed on small concrete blocks
and appropriate HAZMAT signage installed

Propane tanks mounted above the ground with Propane line mounted above ground on concrete
bollards installed

Propane tank mounted on a concrete slab Propane tanks clearly marked and no vegetation
within 3 feet

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Acceptable Existing Fuel Service and Storage

Propane tank placed near buildings and the Information plate on existing propane tank
generator

Propane tanks under cover and with fencing

Propane tank properly mounted and marked with Propane tank fully accessible with no impediments
appropriate HAZMAT signage to ingress or egress.
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Unacceptable Existing Fuel Service and Storage

Concrete slab is showing wear and damage Propane tank is directly on the ground and
surrounded by vegetation

Propane tank is heavily rusted Diesel tank is a risk for leaks due to rust

Extremely rusted elevated diesel tank; the mount Vegetation less than 3 ft. from the propane tank is
may not be able to support the weight a fire hazard
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3. SITE COMPOUND
d. Site Signage

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)
iii. ATC Generator Sign Standard
iv. ATC Compliance Sign Standard
v. ATC Reference Card Template Site Signage
vi. http://moss.americantower.com/DeptPages/Compliance.aspx

General Expectations:
ATC owned sites: Install ATC Owned signage at the last point of public access. Install at each
compound gate entry. The ATC site# and site name must be included on the sign. If there are multiple
towers at one location, additional ATC owned signs shall be posted at each tower base and on the
compound entry gate. Road gate signs may have multiple site information posted on a single sign.
RF program notice sign: Install this sign on each compound entry gate near the ATC Owned sign.
Yellow RF Caution signs: Post only on HOT towers. Post signs at compound entry gate and on
compound fence at 50-75 clearly visible intervals.
Yellow Caution Climber signs: Only post at non-HOT towers. Post yellow signs with the FCC ASR
number at tower base.
Red Caution Climber signs: Only post at HOT towers with FCC ASR number at tower base.

ATC managed sites: Install ATC managed site signage at the last point of public access. Install at each
compound gate entry. The ATC site# and site name must be included on the sign. If there are multiple
towers at one location additional ATC managed site signs shall be posted at each tower base and on
the compound entry gate. Road gate signs may have multiple site information posted on a single sign.
RF program notice sign: Install this sign on each compound entry gate near the ATC managed site sign.
Yellow RF Caution signs: Post only on HOT managed site towers. Post signs at compound entry gate
and on compound fence at 50-75 clearly visible intervals.
Yellow Caution Climber signs: Only post at non-HOT managed site towers. Post yellow signs with the
FCC ASR number at tower base.
Red Caution Climber signs: Only post at HOT managed tower sites with FCC ASR number at tower
base.
NFPA signs will be installed on ATC-owned buildings and fuel tanks where the following hazardous
materials are stored: Diesel, kerosene, gasoline, lube oil, etc.), Batteries, Antifreeze, Compressed
gasses
Flammable Signs alert workers to the hazards around them so they can protect themselves from fires or
explosions. Signs are typically posted on the outside of fuel tanks denoting the presence of flammable
liquids.

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Site Signage

ATC Owned Signage ATC Managed Signage

RF Program Notice Signage Yellow Caution Climber Signage

Hot Tower RF Warning Signage Blue RF Area Sign


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4. BUILDINGS
a. Overall Condition

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
Exterior finish, base of building, and top of foundation are 6+ above grade. Grade is sloped away from the
building. No holes in the building walls or roof. Doors shall function properly and are not blocked, floor is
fully clad, power and AC are on and functioning normally. Building is clean. No settling or uneven
foundation. No settling or sink holes formed under the building

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Requirements for cast-in-place concrete materials and


033000 Cast-In-Place Concrete placement, types of concrete to be used in different
situations.

Requirements for masonry construction and specifications for


042000 Unit Masonry
grout, SMUs, and brick.

061000 Rough Carpentry Specifications for wood fasteners and treated lumber types.

Specification and requirements for steel doors, frames, and


081110 Steel Doors and frames
hardware.

Requirements and products for painting and coating of wood


099000 Painting and Coating
and steel.

Prefabricated Concrete
133430 Specifications for concrete shelter interior and exterior.
Shelters

230000 HVAC for Tower Sites Requirements and HVAC system specifications by type.

Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-


Electrical Work for Tower
260000 Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical
Sites
installation.
Requirements and specification for precast wall units,
323223 Segmental Retaining Walls installation, fill, drainage, and quality control for segmental
retaining wall construction and repair.

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AcceptableExisting
Acceptable New Buildings Overall
Buildings Condition:
Overall Condition

New shelter installation Entrance to new shelter installation

Rear view of a new shelter with split HVAC system, Interior of a new shelter installation with customer
equipment

New shelter installed on an elevated platform Power run in conduit and well laid out inside a
shelter
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Acceptable Existing Buildings Overall Condition

Well installed shelter on a downslope Minimal wear and no visible damage to the shelter

Serviceable shelter with some wear on the door Well maintained shelter with no visible damage

Well maintained shelter Shelter and ancillary equipment is in good


condition

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Unacceptable Existing Buildings Overall Condition

Visible roof and HVAC damage on this shelter Aging building with vandalized exterior

External roof damage to building Roof hole and associated ceiling damage

Rusted floor of a shelter bottom Mold and water damage to a shelter exterior

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4. BUILDINGS
b. HVAC Systems

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)

General Expectations:
HVAC power is on, no obstructions to air flow, clear path of air flow from top vents to entire shelter. For
shelters with 2 units, the units are programmed and properly functioning to lead/lag. Temperature is
correct setting and units are not running continuously. Filters are clean. Units should push cold air and not
constantly run. Drains for condensation are in place and not clogged.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste


011000
Tower Sites management, record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Prefabricated Concrete
133430 Specifications for concrete shelter interior and exterior.
Shelters

230000 HVAC for Tower Sites Requirements and HVAC system specifications by type.

Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-


Electrical Work for Tower
260000 Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical
Sites
installation.

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Acceptable New Buildings HVAC Systems:

New system installed on a concrete slab New HVAC system installed inside a building to
support customer equipment

Side view of a new split system for a shelter Front view of a new split system

New system with no obstructions to air flow New system with a clear path around the entire
shelter

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Acceptable Existing Buildings HVAC Systems

Single system installed on the rear of a shelter HVAC mounted to a small concrete slab

Split system with 3 compressors outside a building Single compressor mounted to a shelter

Existing split system Functional and unblocked split system

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Unacceptable Existing Buildings HVAC Systems

Wooden platform is aging and worn Top heavy system mounted high on the exterior
wall is not structurally sound

HVAC mounting present an overhead danger to HVAC system is extremely rusty


those inside the compound

Wall mounted system was not installed in a Wooden platform appears damaged and should
professional manner not be supporting such a large HVAC system

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4. BUILDINGS
c. Electrical Systems

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)
ii. ATC A/E Engineering Design Guide (latest version)

General Expectations:
A professional clean installation of electrical equipment is required to be maintained. Electrical installations
must be inspected and approved by jurisdiction and maintained to minimum Code standards. Electrical
runs shall be installed parallel and perpendicular to building lines whenever possible. All equipment shall be
free of damage, deformities, excessive rust, open or loose doors or covers, and shall be mounted securely.
Conduit entry and exit locations shall be tight and secure. Electrical enclosures or equipment with open
holes, open knockouts, or visible wires are not permitted. Three feet of clear access to all electrical
apparatus should be maintained whenever possible. Exposed wires, evidence of water damage to indoor
rated equipment, evidence of burn marks and or arching shall be investigated and professionally repaired.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Prefabricated Concrete
133430 Specifications for concrete shelter interior and exterior.
Shelters

230000 HVAC for Tower Sites Requirements and HVAC system specifications by type.

Electrical Work for Tower Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-
260000
Sites Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical installation.

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Acceptable New Buildings Electrical Systems:

New shelter electrical installation mounted to the Clean fuse box installation inside a new building
exterior wall

Fuse box installation with appropriate conduit and Disconnect switch and generator connection plug
GFCI outlets mounted to shelter exterior

Power into the shelter is routed between the doors Inside view of a newly installed fuse box in a
with the disconnect switch mounted to the exterior shelter
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Acceptable Existing Buildings Electrical Systems:

Electrical service in conduits and GFCI outlets Power cabinet and junction boxes are appropriately
installed installed on the shelter exterior

Electrical service is routed correctly from the power Power meter and junction box installed on a shelter
pole and through conduit exterior

Existing fuse boxes mounted to the inside wall of a Power cables are routed appropriately and outlets
building connected to conduit

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Unacceptable Existing Buildings Electrical Systems:

Wiring not encased in conduit and exposed to Heavy rust is present on both cabinets
possible inclement weather

Low hanging power cable lacking proper entry into Leaning power pole
the building

Many unsecured power cables run from the wall, Junction box on h-frame above power meters is
and other cables are zip tied to the power conduit open and exposed to elements

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4. BUILDINGS
d. Fire Prevention Systems

Related Documents:
i. ATC Standard Specifications for Wireless Tower Sites (latest version)

General Expectations:
Existing fire alarm when present shall be hard wired and connected to monitoring systems (ATC NOC or
customer location). Fire extinguisher shall be of appropriate type with current fully charged inspection tag
and mounted to the wall at the door entry. Sprinkler systems shall be monitored by
subcontractor/consultant. Fire alarm should be on and tested/approved for functionality. Battery powered
alarms or fire suppression systems are not permitted.

ATC Specification Reference Table

Specification Section Purpose

General Requirements for Construction management expectations, waste management,


011000
Tower Sites record document requirements, close-out.

Quality Control, Testing and


014320 Testing and inspection requirements during construction.
Special Inspections

Prefabricated Concrete
133430 Specifications for concrete shelter interior and exterior.
Shelters

Electrical Work for Tower Specification and requirements for electrical service, H-
260000
Sites Frames, conduit, grounding and general electrical installation.

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Acceptable New Buildings Fire Prevention Systems:

Control panel and required information for building Control panel for fire prevention system
fire prevention system

Noted monitoring zones Alarm LED panel and indicators

Smoke detector for alarm monitoring system Smoke detector for alarm monitoring system

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Acceptable Existing Buildings Fire Prevention Systems:

Fire extinguisher in a building Information label on fire extinguisher

Fire extinguishers mounted to the wall of a DAS Control panel and sensor for a building fire
site prevention system

Smoke detectors for fire prevention monitoring Fire prevention system is monitored by a third party
system security firm

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B. TOWERS

1. FOUNDATIONS
a. Base Foundation
b. Guy Anchors
General Expectations:
Inspect the structural condition of all components making up a base foundation and anchors. Inspection is
to indicate if there are any concerns regarding foundation / anchor ability to reasonably and reliably
provide resistance to dead, wind, ice, earthquake and live loads. Remediation is to be completed if the
condition found is unacceptable as is, or, if it will very likely be unacceptable within the next inspection
cycle. Conditions found to be in a not-as-new state, but still serviceable and reliable are not to be
remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component


Inspection Purpose and Gradation
Affected

Evaluate cracks to determine signs of deteriorating structural


condition.
Crack widths on the horizontal surfaces of piers and caissons
of up to 1/8 in are acceptable.
Crack widths along the vertical surfaces of piers/caissons and
along all mat surfaces up to 1/32 in are acceptable.
Cracks radiating away from the center of a base foundation
Cracking / Base Foundation
may be acceptable, unless they affect the guy anchor rod
Stain Guy Anchors
connection to the concrete block.
Cracks originating in a pier cap may exceed the width limits
noted above, but should be examined carefully.
Stain resulting in discoloration of the concrete is acceptable so
long as the cracks do not exceed limitations above.
Radial cracks that connect or circle anchor bolts are to be
remediated.
Spalling is acceptable so long as no rebar is exposed and
approximately 1 in of cover is present (based on estimate
from examination of photos).
Spalling Base Foundation
Spalling is not acceptable when condition results in significant
loss of foundation strength (e.g., reduction in resisting dead
load or reduced tension rebar development length).
Inspect to confirm no rebar is exposed.
Honeycombing Base Foundation Maximum allowed depth of honeycombing is 1 inch (depth
based on estimate from examination of photos).
Excess or loss of soil, as long as it does not significantly affect
the structural resistance or stability of a base foundation is
Soil Buildup / Base Foundations an acceptable condition.
Erosion Guy Anchors Buried anchor fan plates are acceptable as well so long as the
shackles, turnbuckles, etc. are not buried and are free to
rotate.

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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component


Inspection Purpose and Gradation
Affected

Any observed exposed rebar, regardless of corrosion level,


shall be remediated.
Corrosion levels on guy anchor shafts are acceptable when
the cross-section is judged to be within 5% of the original
condition.
Corrosion / Base Foundation
Finish Guy Anchors For shapes that are challenging to approximate the 5% limit
(i.e., channels, w-shapes, angles), anchors retaining their
original shape without significant softening of edges and
thicknesses can be judged acceptable.
Changes in finish or roughed edges are acceptable assuming
the cross-section meets criteria above.
Permanent bent or deformed anchor rods are an acceptable
Bent /
Guy Anchors condition so long as no significant corrosion, cracking,
Deformed
necking of the cross-section is observed.

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Base Foundations - Acceptable Conditions:

Caisson cracking along top and sides Cracks and discoloration

Honeycombing Spalling (no rebar exposed)

Spalling (no rebar exposed) Spalling (no rebar exposed)

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Base Foundations - Acceptable Conditions:

Soil Erosion Soil Erosion

Spalling (no rebar exposed) Stain due to rust is not significant to foundation

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Base Foundations - Unacceptable Conditions:

Circular crack around anchor bolts Rebar exposure

Circular crack around anchor bolts Rebar exposure

Cracks around anchor bolt perimeter Cracks through foundation (width exceeds limit)

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Guy Anchors Acceptable Conditions:

Solid rod anchor (finish acceptable) Solid rod anchor (> 95% original cross-section)

W-shape anchor (edges/shape consistent with original) W-shape anchor (finish acceptable, shape intact)

Flat plate anchor (> 95% original cross-section) Flat plate anchor (pitting is finish, not plate)

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Guy Anchors Acceptable Conditions:

Flat plate anchor (bend acceptable) Double angle anchor (bend acceptable)

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Guy Anchors - Unacceptable Conditions:

Solid rod anchor (>5% cross-sectional losses) Solid rod anchor (>5% cross-sectional losses)

Heavy honeycombing, cover < 1 in Fan plate (corrosion softening original fan plate
shape and turnbuckle)

Fan plate (turnbuckles not free to rotate / pivot) Solid rod anchor (>5% cross-sectional losses)

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2. GROUNDING
a. System
b. Lightning Rod

General Expectations:
Inspect the general condition of components making up the grounding system and the lightning rod.
Remediation is to be completed if the condition found is unacceptable as is. Conditions found not be in an
as new state, but still serviceable and reliable are not to be remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component


Inspection Purpose and Gradation
Affected
Cut /
System Any broken grounding is to be repaired.
Disconnected
Minimum number of leads per monopole and guyed tower
bases are 2.
Minimum number of leads for a self-supporting tower is 1 lead
per leg.
Number of
Leads
System For guy anchors, 1 lead per anchor or 1 lead connecting all
guy wires is acceptable.
Independent leads for the anchor and guy wires are not
needed; existence of 1 is adequate for a guyed anchor
system.
There are no specific requirements for grounding to guy wires,
Water Falling System other than ensuring all wires are connected to each wire
and the grounding rod.
Both welded and mechanically connected systems are
Connection System
acceptable, so long as the connection is secure.
System Corrosion losses exceeding 20% of the original cross section
Corrosion
Lightning Rod should be remediated.
Lightning rod does not have to exceed the highest elevation of
Height /
Lightning Rod the equipment. Also, deviance up to 45 from vertical is
Plumbness
acceptable.

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System Acceptable Conditions:

Water falling Guy wire grounding Fan plate grounding

Mechanical grounding Mechanical grounding

Welded grounding Welded grounding

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System - Unacceptable Conditions:

Cut anchor head grounding Water falling guy wire grounding not properly
attached

Cut base plate grounding Guy wire grounding is cut

Cut base plate grounding Mechanical grounding, no fastener

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Lightning Rods Acceptable Conditions:

Moderately corroded lightning rod Slightly bent lightning rod

Leaning lightning rod Leaning lightning rod

Lightning Rods Unacceptable Conditions:

Heavily corroded lightning rod Lightning rod installed upside down

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3. MONOPOLES
a. Baseplates
b. Anchor Bolts
c. Shaft and Portholes
d. Slip Splice Connections
e. Flanged Connections
f. Plumbness
g. Canisters
h. Modifications

General Expectations:
Inspect the structural condition of components making up a monopole structure. Inspection is to indicate if
there are any concerns regarding these components ability to reasonably and reliably provide resistance
to dead, wind, ice, earthquake and live loads. Remediation is to be completed if the condition found is
unacceptable as is or will very likely be unacceptable within the next inspection cycle. Conditions found
not be in an as new state, but still serviceable, reliable and in a non-worsening state are not to be
remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component


Inspection Purpose and Gradation
Affected

Baseplates Evaluate loss of galvanization (fading, chipping) or existing


Anchor Bolts corrosion which likely will cause significant future section loss
Corrosion / Shaft or has already resulted in significant section loss (>10%).
Finish Connections (Both) Surface / minor corrosion that will not likely change significantly
Canisters within the next inspection cycle is acceptable and non-
Modifications remedial.
Baseplates Inspect to confirm any bending and cracking. Should largely
Anchor Bolts retain original fabrication cross-sectional dimensions and
Shaft shape.
Deformation
Connections (Both)
Canisters Minor gaps between mating surfaces is acceptable, as long as
Modifications 75% of the bearing surface remains in contact.

Baseplates Fabricated diameter allows for adequate nut / baseplate bearing


Holes Connections (Both) surface or has washer in place to facilitate bearing surface.
Modifications No tearing, elongation or deformation of the hole is observed.
Welds may exhibit only superficial cracking. No corrosion
Baseplates observed along the weld / bonded component interface.
Shaft
Welds Superficial corrosion noted along the weld surface.
Flanged Connections
Modifications No significant loss of cross-section or porosity (small holes) in
the weld.
Baseplate is measured to be flat and horizontal in 4 directions
Twist / Baseplates radially, at 90 (+/- 10) with level.
Sway Plumbness Monopole shaft is observed to be visually plumb, with at least
half of the top pole shaft within the base cross-section.

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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component


Inspection Purpose and Gradation
Affected

Threads are in good condition (i.e. if needed, capable of


removing and installing nuts with some cleaning and effort).
All nuts are tightened, on both sides of the bearing surface as
Anchor Bolts installed.
Bolt
Flanged Connections
Condition Bolts retaining original shape are considered acceptable, largely
Modifications
regardless of stain or observed corroded condition.
Bolt recession acceptable for locking nuts, not for main nut.
Bolt end must be flush or protrude the nut to be acceptable.
Minor cracking in grout is acceptable, so long as drainage out of
the shaft can be achieved. Otherwise, grout is to be removed
and not replaced, assuming either the original tower drawings
indicated no grout was required or structural calculation
demonstrates lack of need. If leveling nuts are not present,
Grout / grout is to be replaced.
Foundation Baseplate
Grout is also to be replaced if the gap between the bottom of the
Gap
baseplate and top of foundation surface exceeds 2 bolt
diameters.
Engineering calculation demonstrating adequate capacity and
nuts are confirmed tight on both sides of baseplate can waive
this requirement.
Locking devices not required on anchor bolts unless specified by
Anchor Bolts manufacturer. If locking devices are not installed on any
Locking anchor bolts, no further inspection required for this condition.
Flanged Connections
Devices Locking devices are required on flange connections, unless
Modifications installed bolts are pre-tensioned. If drawings are not specific
and no locking devices are observed, remediation is required.

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Baseplates - Acceptable Conditions:

Baseplate clean of corrosion and no deformation No cracked weld condition and foundation / plate gap
( 2 bolt diameter)

Good weld condition Surface baseplate corrosion and finish

Surface stiffener corrosion Stiffener finish and anchor bolt/washer connection

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Baseplates - Unacceptable Conditions:

Foundation / Plate Gap too large (> 2 bolt diameter) Weld condition exhibits potential cracking

Poor drainage (moss buildup due to trapped moisture) Grout Finish (Poor Drainage)

Corrosion Due to Cracked Exterior Welds Potential Crack at Upper Toe

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Baseplates - Unacceptable Conditions:

Clogged weep hole (corrosion and clogging) Corroded stiffeners

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Anchor Bolts - Acceptable Conditions:

Threads intact and nuts snug tight Leveling nut finish in acceptable condition, flush and
tight with baseplate, grout condition undetermined

Grout Finish (Good Drainage and Small Crack) Lock nuts only if required by manufacturer

Surface Anchor Bolt Corrosion Anchor Bolt Finish

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Anchor Bolts - Acceptable Conditions:

Nuts snug tight at all locations Recessed bolt ends (locking nut recession
acceptable)

Bolt / nut finish acceptable, drain unacceptable Lock washers installed on every bolt (note lock
washers only need to be installed if installed on
some bolts, but not all, or manufacturer specifies lock
washer installation)

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Anchor Bolts - Unacceptable Conditions:

Nut loosing shape, threads no longer present from Poor bolt, nut, baseplate and grout condition
corrosion

Loose nuts (applicable to nuts above and below Missing lock washer when there are lock washers on
baseplate) other anchor bolts, required by manufacturer

Shape distorted at base and bearing hole is too large

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Shaft and Portholes - Acceptable Conditions:

Porthole welds and finish (welds intact and no cross- Porthole welds and finish (welds intact and no cross-
sectional loss) sectional loss)

Shaft finish (no cross-sectional losses) Corrosive spots (no cross-sectional loss)

Interior non-galvanized finish (no cross-sectional loss) Scraped galvanized finish

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Shaft and Portholes - Unacceptable Conditions:

Holes / cross-sectional loss Corroded holes and poor welds

Welds have crack potential, acceptable corrosion Poor weld quality, undercut, corrosion potentially
acceptable

Shaft hole, no reinforcement

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Slip Splice Connections - Acceptable Conditions:

Good Finish and Slip Splice (Jacking Nuts Tight)

Slip Splice Connections - Unacceptable Conditions:

Gap between flanges slightly excessive

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Flanged Splice Connections - Acceptable Conditions:

Surface flange corrosion, bolts tight, no gap Good welded flange connection

Sound, consistent weld Finish, bolt tightness and stiffener conditions


acceptable

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Flanged Splice Connections - Unacceptable Conditions:

Loose Bolts and Gap Missing Bolts

Very poor weld and corroded connection

Page 78 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Plumbness - Acceptable Conditions:

Monopole is observed to be visually plumb, with at least Monopole is observed to be visually plumb, with at
half of the top pole shaft within the base cross-section least half of the top pole shaft within the base cross-
section

Plumbness - Unacceptable Conditions:

Monopole is observed to be not visually plumb, with at Monopole is observed to be not visually plumb, with
least half of the top pole shaft outside the base cross- at least half of the top pole shaft outside the base
section cross-section

Page 79 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Canisters - Acceptable Conditions:

Flag installation Removed canister shroud, spine in good condition

Canisters - Unacceptable Conditions:

Cracked Sheathing Missing Bolts

Cracked Sheathing Bulging Sheathing

Page 80 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Modifications - Acceptable Conditions:

Base Dywidag installation, bolts tight, drilled hole sealed Dywidag straight, clips evenly spaced, connections
at base plate tight

Modifications - Unacceptable Conditions:

Unused drilled hole

Page 81 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

4. LATTICE TOWERS
a. Baseplates
b. Anchor Bolts and Center Pin
c. Members
d. Leg Connections
e. Brace Connections
f. Modifications
g. Guy Wires and Hardware
h. Pull-Offs and Torque Arms

General Expectations:
Inspect the structural condition of components making up a lattice tower structure. Inspection is to
indicate if there are any concerns regarding these components ability to reasonably and reliably provide
resistance to dead, wind, ice, earthquake and live loads. Remediation is to be completed if the condition
found is unacceptable as is or will very likely be unacceptable within the next inspection cycle. Conditions
found not be in an as new state, but still serviceable and reliable state are not to be remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation

Baseplates Evaluate loss of galvanization (fading, chipping) or existing


Anchor Bolts corrosion which likely will cause significant future section
Members loss or has already resulted in significant section loss (>
Corrosion / 10%).
Connections (Both)
Finish
Modifications Surface / minor corrosion that will not likely change
Guy Wires and Hardware significantly within the next inspection cycle is acceptable
Pull-Offs and Torque Arms and non-remedial.
Inspect to confirm any bending and cracking. Should largely
retain original fabrication cross-sectional dimensions and
shape. Minor gaps between mating surfaces is
acceptable, as long as 75% of the bearing surface
Baseplates remains in contact.
Anchor Bolts Bent tension only members are only to be remediated if the
Members brace is cracked.
Deformation Connections (Both)
Non-load bearing members (i.e. top horizontals) are not to
Modifications
be remediated.
Guy Wires and Hardware
Pull-Offs and Torque Arms Load bearing members may be exempt from remediation if
confirmed bend is not structurally significant via structural
calculation.
Bends near the ends / connections of members are
considered acceptable, while bends in mid-spans are not.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Fabricated diameter allows for adequate nut / baseplate
bearing surface or has washer in place to facilitate bearing
surface.
Baseplates No tearing, elongation or deformation of the hole is
Holes Connections (Both) observed.
Modifications Any enlarged / pre-drilled holes that are not consistent with
the original tower drawings are to be remediated, unless
structural calculations can confirm the loading at the
connection is not significant.
Welds exhibit only superficial cracking.
Baseplates
Shaft No corrosion observed along the weld / bonded component
Members interface.
Welds
Connections (Both Superficial corrosion noted along the weld surface.
Modifications
No significant loss of cross-section or porosity (small holes)
Pull-Offs and Torque Arms
in the weld.
Threads are in good condition (i.e. if needed, capable of
removing and installing nuts with some cleaning and
effort).
Anchor Bolts All nuts are tightened, on both sides of the bearing surface
Bolt Connections (Both) as installed.
Condition Modifications Bolts retaining original shape are considered acceptable,
Pull-Offs and Torque Arms largely regardless of stain or observed corroded condition.
Bolt recession acceptable for locking nuts, not for main nut.
Surface of bolt must be flush or protrude the nut to be
acceptable.
Minor cracking in grout is acceptable, so long as drainage
out of the shaft can be achieved. Otherwise, grout is to be
removed and not replaced, assuming either the original
tower drawings indicated no grout was required or
structural calculation demonstrates lack of need.
Grout /
If leveling nuts are not present, grout is to be replaced. Grout
Foundation Baseplate
is also to be replaced if the gap between the bottom of the
Gap
baseplate and top of foundation surface exceeds 2 bolt
diameters.
Engineering calculation demonstrating adequate capacity
and nuts are confirmed tight on both sides of baseplate
can waive this requirement.

Page 83 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Locking devices not required on anchor bolts unless
specified by manufacturer.
If locking devices are not installed on any anchor bolts, no
further inspection required for this condition.
Anchor Bolts Locking devices are required on flange connections, unless
Connections (Both) installed bolts are pre-tensioned.
Locking
Devices
Modifications If drawings are not specific and no locking devices are
Guy Wires and Hardware observed, remediation is required.
Pull-Offs and Torque Arms
Nut locking devices on high strength bolts (A325, A490) are
not required if the bolts are observed tight and possibly
pre-tensioned.
Locking devices are not required on shackles or turnbuckles
unless specified by the manufacturer.
Fan plate turnbuckle rotation wires shall be installed in a
figure 8 configuration with minimum 2 clip connections.
Figure 8
Wires
Guy Wires and Hardware Engineer may allow circular installation and 1 clip installation
when general condition of tower is found satisfactory (no
other deficiencies) and hardware is in good condition.
Wire Servings at the end of guy wires are only required when
Guy Wires and Hardware
Servings ends of guy wires are disheveled.
Protrusion of the tail of the guy wire out of the back end of
the preform is not required. However, the guy wire should
Preforms Guy Wires and Hardware be largely buried inside the preform.
Preforms that are coming unraveled at their ends shall be
replaced.
Threaded ends of shackles and turnbuckles shall at a
minimum be flush with the edge of the eye of the
hardware
Shackles, Extended turnbuckles supporting guy wires with acceptable
turnbuckles applied tension do not have to be remediated
Guy Wires and Hardware
and
thimbles Shackles and turnbuckles that cannot rotate freely at the fan
plate should be remediated.
Thimbles are only to be remediated when they are no longer
capable of maintaining the guy wire bend radius.

Page 84 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Baseplates - Acceptable Conditions:

Well maintained grout Grout should be evaluated with future inspections


due to moss growth indicating potential poor
drainage, but acceptable now.

Superficial flaking galvanization Good finish and stiffeners

Bent plate leg baseplate Minor baseplate corrosion (acceptable finish)

Page 85 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Baseplates - Unacceptable Conditions:

Foundation / plate gap (> 2 bolt diameter) Poor grout condition and foundation / plate gap (> 2
bolt diameter)

Poor drainage and grout condition Foundation / plate gap (> 2 bolt diameter)

Page 86 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Anchor Bolts and Center Pins - Acceptable Conditions:

Lock nuts only required if present on majority of bolts Minor anchor bolt corrosion, bolt height less than 2 x
only required if specified in the original manufacturers bolt diameter
drawings

Anchor bolts with pal nuts and good grout Leveling nuts are tight and shape intact

Acceptable nut installation Recession acceptable for lock nuts only.

Page 87 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Anchor Bolts and Center Pins - Acceptable Conditions:

Slight soil build up acceptable as long as drainage is in Recessed center pin acceptable to resists shear
place movement.

Minor corrosion acceptable (threads remain in place) Minor corrosion acceptable (next inspection likely
would indicate remediation necessary)

Page 88 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Anchor Bolts and Center Pins - Unacceptable Conditions:

Recessed bolts Extreme center pin corrosion

Corrosion loss of bolts (loss of threads and nut shape) Significantly corroded center pin

Nut losing shape and hole in baseplate is large Significant corroded anchor bolts

Page 89 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Members - Acceptable Conditions:

Fading galvanization on members Superficial corrosion

Significant bend, but brace is not structurally significant Minor corrosion with no cross-section loss

significant corrosion and salt buildup, but no cross- Insignificant bend on redundant horizontal
section loss

Page 90 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Members - Acceptable Conditions:

Damage to non-load bearing top horizontal Insignificant bent condition

Insignificant bend on redundant horizontal Minor bent end condition

Tight bolts and minor corrosion on finish Minor bent end condition

Page 91 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Members - Acceptable Conditions:

Minimal corrosion on horizontal to leg weld Insignificant bend

Minimal corrosion on weld finish Salt build-up and corrosion showing no cross-
section loss on a waveguide that is not load bearing
member

No cross-section loss to leg finish Superficial brace finish and tight bolts

Page 92 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Members - Unacceptable Conditions:

Bent compressive resisting solid round diagonal Bent angle diagonal

Significant bend at mid-span Significant bend

Significant loss, > 5% cross-section loss Poor member swelling

Page 93 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Members - Unacceptable Conditions:

Missing brace member Potentially unacceptable end condition, check


capacity

Significant build up corrosion under paint. Significant bent diagonal angle

Missing bolt Missing bolt

Page 94 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Members - Unacceptable Conditions:

Loose diagonal bolts Loose center diagonal bolt

Significant bent double angles Significant corrosion (> 5% cross-section loss)

Significant bent plate brace Cross-section loss (>5%)

Page 95 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Members - Unacceptable Conditions:

Corrosion significant loss of area Leg split

Member swelling under paint Leg is swelling and split, bolt and nut in poor
condition

Cross-section losses (> 5%), salt build up acceptable Cross-section losses (> 5%), salt build up acceptable

Page 96 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Leg Connections - Acceptable Conditions:

Salt build-up acceptable, flanges and bolts retain shape Acceptable upside down flange bolts

Leg bolts, tight, minimal corrosion Plate leg splice, minimal corrosion, bolts tight

Minor gap in plate (75% still in contact), acceptable Split flange acceptable for some broadcast towers,
upside down bolt consult design specifications to confirm

Page 97 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Leg Connections - Unacceptable Conditions:

Flange flaking Loose bolts, bearing surface adequate

Loose bolts Corroded bolt (on left, right bolts adequate)

Loose bolts Significant corroded splice and bolts

Page 98 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Leg Connections - Unacceptable Conditions:

Poor flange connection (< 75% bearing surface contact) Loose bolts

Nut losing original shape Nut losing original shape

Missing nuts, poor mating connection

Page 99 of 122
AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Brace Connections - Acceptable Conditions:

Nut flush with bolt end Insignificant bent connection

Brace Connections - Unacceptable Conditions:

Field modified holes, end corrosion acceptable , Missing nut

Missing bolt Nut loosing shape

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Guy Wires and Hardware - Acceptable Conditions:

Superficial corrosion on shackle pin, nut, wires and clips Surface corrosion on shackle pin (shape intact)

Superficial corroded turnbuckle end Guy wire (tar coating)

Hardware with tar coating Surface corrosion on guy wires. No area loss, lack of
serving acceptable

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Guy Wires and Hardware - Acceptable Conditions:

Shackle with acceptable finish (shape intact) Guy wires with no cross-sectional losses

Minor guy lug corrosion Acceptable thimble (wire bend radius maintained)

Acceptable turnbuckle finish Acceptable lack of serving (wire intact) and shackle
pin flush with end)

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Guy Wires and Hardware - Unacceptable Conditions:

Shackle pin (loss of shape) Poor thimble (cannot maintain wire bend radius)

Unacceptable heavy corrosion (potential cross-sectional Recessed shackle (not flush with edge)
losses)

Significant corrosion (potential cross-sectional losses) Corroded insulator ends

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Guy Wires and Hardware - Unacceptable Conditions:

Bent turnbuckle bends Guy wire swelling

Heavy corrosion (> 5% cross-sectional losses) Twist / wire binding

Single loop and 1 connection Unraveling preform end

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Pull-Offs and Torque Arms - Acceptable Conditions:

Guy lug in good condition Torque arm nuts flush with bolt end

Torque arm lugs in good condition, shackle pins are not Torque arm nuts flush with bolt end

Torque arm in good condition, no deformation Lug, wire, shackle all in acceptable condition

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Pull-Offs and Torque Arms - Unacceptable Conditions:

Poor pull-off finish Poor u-bolt torque arm connection

Poor bolt finish, torque arm finish acceptable Bolt losing shape

Bolt and shackle losing shape

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Modifications - Acceptable Conditions:

Good welds and half-pipe Acceptable weld

Modifications - Unacceptable Conditions:

Loose u-bolt / angle clip Missing mid-panel

Unused holes Poor edge distance and member preparation

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

5. CLIMBING FACILITIES
a. Safety Climb System
b. Ladder and Step Pegs
c. Obstructions

General Expectations:
Inspect the structural and serviceable condition of components of a safety climb system. Inspection is to
indicate if there are any concerns regarding these components ability to reasonably and reliably provide
means to traverse the tower. Remediation is to be completed if the condition found is unacceptable as is
or will very likely be unacceptable within the next inspection cycle. Conditions found not be in an as new
state, but still serviceable and reliable state are not to be remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Evaluate loss of galvanization (fading, chipping) or
existing corrosion which likely will cause significant
future section loss or has already resulted in significant
Corrosion / Safety Climb System section loss (> 10%).
Finish Ladder and Step Pegs
Surface / minor corrosion that will not likely change
significantly within the next inspection cycle is
acceptable and non-remedial.
Inspect to confirm any bending and cracking. Should
Safety Climb System
Deformation largely retain original fabrication cross-sectional
Ladder and Step Pegs
dimensions and shape.
All welds exhibit only at worst superficial cracking.
No corrosion observed along the weld / bonded
Safety Climb System component interface.
Welds
Ladder and Step Pegs Superficial corrosion noted along the weld surface.
No significant loss of cross-section or porosity (small
holes) in the weld.
Threads are in good condition (i.e. if needed, capable of
removing and installing nuts with some cleaning and
effort).
All nuts are tightened, on both sides of the bearing
surface as installed.
Safety Climb System
Bolt Condition
Ladder and Step Pegs Bolts retaining original shape are considered acceptable,
largely regardless of stain or observed corroded
condition.
Bolt recession acceptable for locking nuts, not for main
nut. Surface of bolt must be flush or protrude the nut to
be acceptable.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Only very insignificant kinks are to be allowed. Minor
corrosion is acceptable, so long as lanyard can still
grip the cable and full strength of cable is expected to
be developed.
Cable Safety Climb System Very superficial painted cable acceptable.
Must be kept reasonably tight (loose cable, as long as
can be tightened by contactor with next use is
acceptable) and within cable grabs, although
alternating grabs is not mandatory.
Should be sealed from moisture, although acceptable if
drainage through bottom can be achieved.
Any engagement of the eye bolt indicates replacement is
Top Climb
Safety Climb System needed.
Housing
Strand vise cable grips are acceptable so long as cable
is fully engaged in the grip (1 in protrusion is not
mandatory).
Base Climb Replace only if the base housing condition does not allow
Safety Climb System
Housing the cable to be tightened.
Cable must be free to be routed around or through
Impingements, mounts, ladders, etc.
blockage, Obstructions
pinching Can work though obstruction, but must not rub or engage
the obstruction.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Safety Climb System - Acceptable Systems:

Insignificant cable kink Corrosion on cable with no area loss or dusting

No area loss or dusting, possible replacement on next Base housing finish in good working condition
inspection

Fall arrestor, not engaged Strandvise with acceptable protrusion

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Safety Climb System - Unacceptable Systems:

Cable not fully within the grip Loose cable

Kink in cable Engaged top housing

Heavily corroded cable Corroded cable

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Safety Climb System - Unacceptable Systems:

Unreliable top housing spring Kinked and poor finish cable

Significant cross-sectional loss Poor wire condition, clips acceptable

Badly kinked cable

Page 112 of 122


AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Ladder and Step Pegs - Acceptable Systems:

Minor corrosion on step pegs, no sections loss. Ladder and climbing path not obstructed by coax.

Mount in front of climbing system acceptable as tie off Acceptable bent step peg (still in a horizontal
can be maintained position, stepping not hazardous & bracket
supporting step bolt intact)

Ladder with off-center cable acceptable Leg mounted system

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Ladder and Step Pegs - Unacceptable Systems:

Poorly welded step bolt bracket Bent step bolt, no longer horizontal & stepping
hazard

Obstructions - Acceptable Systems:

Insignificant obstruction Cable passes through with no rubbing

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

Acceptable routing of cable ( 15 from vertical) Acceptable routing of cable ( 15 from vertical)
Obstructions - Unacceptable Systems:

Obstruction / cable engagement Obstruction / cable engagement

Cable engagement and angle (> 15 from vertical) Impingement

Page 115 of 122


AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

6. INSULATORS AND AM DETUNING


a. Insulators, Wires, Hardware, and PhillyStran

General Expectations:
Inspect the structural and serviceable condition of all components making up an insulator or detuning kit.
Inspection is to indicate if there are any concerns regarding these components ability to reasonably and
reliably provide means to protect the tower from various electrical concerns. Remediation is to be
completed if the condition found is unacceptable as is or will very likely be unacceptable within the next
inspection cycle. Conditions found not be in an as new state, but still serviceable and reliable state are
not to be remediated.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Evaluate loss of galvanization (fading, chipping) or
existing corrosion which likely will cause significant
future section loss or has already resulted in significant
Corrosion / Insulators, Wires, section loss (> 10%).
Finish Hardware, and PhillyStran
Surface / minor corrosion that will not likely change
significantly within the next inspection cycle is
acceptable and non-remedial.
Inspect to confirm no bending and cracking.
Insulators, Wires,
Deformation
Hardware, and PhillyStran Should largely retain original fabrication cross-sectional
dimensions and shape.
All welds exhibit only at worst superficial cracking.
No corrosion observed along the weld / bonded
Insulators, Wires, component interface.
Welds
Hardware, and PhillyStran Superficial corrosion noted along the weld surface.
No significant loss of cross-section or porosity (small
holes) in the weld.
Threads are in good condition (i.e. if needed, capable of
removing and installing nuts with some cleaning and
effort).
All nuts are tightened, on both sides of the bearing
surface as installed.
Insulators, Wires, Bolts retaining original shape are considered acceptable,
Bolt Condition
Hardware, and PhillyStran largely regardless of stain or observed corroded
condition.
Bolt recession acceptable for locking nuts, not for main
nut.
Surface of bolt must be flush or protrude the nut to be
acceptable.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation


Only very insignificant kinks are to be allowed.
Minor corrosion is acceptable, so long as lanyard can
still grip the cable and full strength of cable is expected
to be developed.
Insulators, Wires,
Cable
Hardware, and PhillyStran Very superficial painted cable acceptable.
Must be kept reasonably tight (loose cable, as long as
can be tightened by contactor with next use is
acceptable) and within cable grabs, although
alternating grabs is not mandatory.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Insulators and AM Detuning - Acceptable Conditions:

Guy wire insulator Base insulators

Insulators and AM Detuning - Unacceptable Conditions:

Cracked base insulator Cracked guy wire insulator

Broken detuning arm

Page 118 of 122


AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

7. MOUNTS
a. Stability
b. Connections

General Expectations:
Inspect the structural and serviceable condition of components making up a mount. Inspection is to
indicate if there are any concerns regarding these components ability to reasonably and reliably provide
means to resist dead, wind, ice, seismic and live loads. Inspection detail consistent with the other
elements making up the tower members, foundation, grounding etc. is not expected for mounts, only
awareness regarding immediate concerns with respect to hazard to the public or other clients equipment.
Awareness should be provided if deformation of the any portion of the tower is observed. Remediation is
not to be completed by American Tower Corporation, but referred back to the mount owner, if problems
are found with the mount. Remediation to the tower with respect to any element impacting the tower
structure is to be completed by American Tower Corporation.

Condition Assessment Guidance

Condition and Component Affected Inspection Purpose and Gradation

Evaluate loss of galvanization (fading, chipping) or


existing corrosion which likely will cause significant
future section loss or has already resulted in significant
Corrosion / Stability section loss (> 10%).
Finish Connections
Surface / minor corrosion that will not likely change
significantly within the next inspection cycle is
acceptable and non-remedial.
Inspect to confirm no bending and cracking.
Stability
Deformation
Connections Should largely retain original fabrication cross-sectional
dimensions and shape.
All welds exhibit only at worst superficial cracking.
No corrosion observed along the weld / bonded
Stability component interface.
Welds
Connections Superficial corrosion noted along the weld surface.
No significant loss of cross-section or porosity (small
holes) in the weld.
Threads are in good condition (i.e. if needed, capable of
removing and installing nuts with some cleaning and
effort).
All nuts are tightened, on both sides of the bearing
surface as installed.
Stability
Bolt Condition
Connections Bolts retaining original shape are considered acceptable,
largely regardless of stain or observed corroded
condition.
Bolt recession acceptable for locking nuts, not for main
nut. Surface of bolt must be flush or protrude the nut to
be acceptable.

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Stability Acceptable Conditions:

Sound mount installation Sound mount installation

Stability Unacceptable Conditions:

Poor mount installation Poor mount condition, sagging and bent members

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AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
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Connections Acceptable Conditions:

Minor corrosion on clamp Minor corrosion with no area loss on the tie rods

Connections Unacceptable Conditions:

Heavily corroded u-bolt connection Loose u-bolt installation

Significant leg distortion Unacceptable connection, may be missing bolts

Page 121 of 122


AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION STANDARD OF CARE
February 21, 2017 for WIRELESS TOWER SITES

8. TOWERS
h. Birds on a Tower

Related Documents:
i. ATC Reference Card Template Signage
ii. http://moss.americantower.com/DeptPages/Compliance.aspx

General Expectations:
When nesting birds are present on a tower bird.watch@americantower.com shall be notified. ATC
Compliance will administer next steps with regard to approving climbing or activity on the tower site.
Bird nest signs should be posted at all entrances to the compound and at the base of the ladder. If an
effigy deterrent is installed on the tower, the Effigy sign should be posted at entrance to the compound
and the base of the climbing ladder.

Bird Activity Signage:

Bird-Stop Work Signage Birds Present Signage

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