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MATHEMATICS

PRIME MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW CENTER

COMPLEX NUMBER

Any number expressed in the form

+ or +

where:

a magnitude of real part

b magnitude of imaginary part

i or j = 1

= =

ARGAND DIAGRAM

(Complex Plane)

Rectangular form

+

Imaginary axis

a+bi

Polar form

a

(r, ) , or

r =

b

=

= +

Real axis

=

ARGAND DIAGRAM

(Complex Plane)

Trigonometric form

Imaginary axis

a

a+bi a + bi = r cos + i r sin

(r, ) a + bi = +

r or

b

a + bi =

Real axis

ARGAND DIAGRAM

(Complex Plane)

Exponential form

a + bi =

Imaginary axis

a+bi

a

(r, )

Logarithmicform

r ln a + bi = ln r ei

b

ln a + bi = +

Real axis

ARGAND DIAGRAM

(Complex Plane)

De Moivres Theorem

a. Power of Complex

Numbers

Imaginary axis

n

a

a+bi a + bi = r n

(r, ) n

a + bi =

r

b b. Roots of Complex

Numbers

1 1 + k 360

Real axis r n = rn

n

OPERATIONS OF

COMPLEX NUMBERS

Addition and Subtraction

a + bi c + di = + +

Multiplication

a + bi c + di = + +

r1 1 r2 2 = +

OPERATIONS OF

COMPLEX NUMBERS

Division

a + bi +

=

c + di +

r1 1

=

r2 2

BOARD PROBLEM

1. Write in the form a + bi the

expression i3217 - i427 + i18 .

A. 2i + 1 C. 2i 1

B. i + 1 D. 1 + i

BOARD PROBLEM

2. Add (3 + 4i) and (2 5i)

A. 6 + 9i C. 5 i

B. 26 7i D. 6 i

BOARD PROBLEM

3. What is the product of (8 j10) and

(6 + j4) in the complex form?

A. 48 j60 C. 88 + j28

B. 88 j28 D. 48 + j60

BOARD PROBLEM

4. What is the value of x in the

equation

(5x + j2y) + (4y j 3x) = 14 j4

A. x = 1 C. x = 3

B. x = 3 D. x = 2

BOARD PROBLEM

5. The complex expression 3 + 4i is

equivalent to

A. 5 (cos 53.13 + jsin 53.13)

B. 5 (cos 33.15 - jsin 33.15)

C. 5 (cos 33.15 + jsin 33.15)

D. 5 (cos 53.13 - jsin 53.13)

BOARD PROBLEM

6. What is the complex form of 10ej30?

A. 8.66 + j5 C. 8 + j6

B. 5 + j8.66 D. 6 + j8

BOARD PROBLEM

7. The complex expression (r, ) = (4,

120) is equal to

A. 2 + 3.5 i C. 2 3.5i

B. 2 - 4.5i D. 2 + 4.5i

BOARD PROBLEM

8. What is the simplified expression of

the complex number

6 + 2.5

3 + 4

A. 0.32 + j 0.66

B. 1.12 j 0.66

C. 1.75 + j 1.03

D. 0.32 j 0.66

BOARD PROBLEM

9. What is the angle between ( -2.5 + j

4.33) and (4.33 j 2.5)

A. 120 deg C. 150 deg

B. 180 deg D. 90 deg

BOARD PROBLEM

10. A vector has a complex expression

of 5 + j 8.66. What is its complex

expression after being rotated through

a positive angle of 120 deg?

A. 5 j 8.66 C. 5 j 8.66

B. 5 + j 8.66 D. 10 + j 0

BOARD PROBLEM

11. What is the complex expression of

the square root of (15 + j 20)?

A. 4.47 + j2.33 C. 2.23 + j 4.47

B. 4.33 + j 2.5 D. 4 + j 3

BOARD PROBLEM

12. What is the complex expression of

In (3 + j 4) ?

A. 1.2 + j 0.85 C. 1.6 + j 0.75

B. 1.6 + j 0.927 D. 1.2 + j 0.75

BOARD PROBLEM

13. What is the simplified complex

expression of ( 4.33 + j 2.5)2?

A. 12.5 + j 21.65 C. 15 + j 20

B. 21.65 + j 12.5 D. 20 + j 20

BOARD PROBLEM

14. Two vectors are so related that A/B

= 2 ej180 and, A + C = -5 + j15,where C

is the conjugate of B. What is the

complex expression of vector B?

A. 10 j10 C. 5-j5

B. 15 + j15 D. 10 + j10.02

TRIGO & HYPERBOLIC

FORMS

Trigonometric Function

sin(a bi) = sin a cosh b icos a sinh b

cos(a bi) = cos a cosh b i sin a sinh b

Hyperbolic Function

sinh(a bi) = sinh a cos b i cosh a sin b

cosh a bi = cosh a cos b i sinh a sin b

BOARD PROBLEM

15. What is the complex expression of

cosh (3 + j4)?

A. 10.06 + j 7.58

B. 6.58 j 7.58

C. 7.58 j6.57

D. 7.58 j6.57

BOARD PROBLEM

16. What is the complex expression of

sin (5+ j5)?

A. 71.15 j21.05

B. 71.15 + j 21.04

C. 71.15 j21.04

D. 77.15 +j21.04

POLYGONAL NUMBERS

Polygonal or M-gonal numbers are

series of numbers patterned from a

polygon.

General equation:

= +

Where

a n - nth term in a number pattern

n number of terms

m number of sides of a polygon

BOARD PROBLEM

17. Find the 10th term of the triangular

numbers, 1, 3, 6,

A. 55 C. 60

B. 110 D. 120

PYRAMIDAL NUMBERS

EquilateralBase

+ +

=

Square Base

+ +

=

Rectangular Base

+ +

=

BOARD PROBLEM

18. If equal spheres are piled in the

form of a complete pyramid with an

equilateral triangle as a base. Find the

number of spheres in a pile if each side

contains four spheres.

A. 20 C. 30

B. 40 D. 60

MATRIX

Matrix is an array of numbers or

functions arrange in m rows by n

columns.

Each

entry in a matrix is called matrix

element.

Size

of matrix is determined from the

number of rows and columns, i.e. m x n.

OPERATION OF

MATRIX

Addition/Subtraction

Matrices can only be added or subtracted if

they have the same size.

Multiplication

Two Matrix A (m x n) and B (p x q) can be

multiplied if an only if n = p. the resulting

matrix will have a size of m x q.

BOARD PROBLEM

19. Find the determinant of x :

1 0 4

= 2 2 6

3 1 12

A. 50 C. 46

B. 46 D. 40

COFACTOR OF AN ENTRY

OF A SQUARE MATRIX

The cofactor of the entry of a square

matrix in the m-th row and n-th column

is the determinant of the sub matrix

formed by deleting the m-th row and n-th

column.

Standard sign of each entry:

+ +

+

=

+ +

+

COFACTOR MATRIX

Cofactor Matrix

A matrix formed by replacing each

element in the given matrix by its

cofactor.

BOARD PROBLEM

2 3 1

20. If = 1 2 4 , what is the co-

0 5 7

factor of the second row, third

column element ?

2 3 1 7

A. C.

0 5 2 0

2 3 3 1

B. D.

0 5 5 7

BOARD PROBLEM

21. Evaluate the determinant:

2 4 3 1

= 1 1 2 3

3 2 4 1

4 8 6 2

A. 0 C. 1

B. 452 D. - 452

BOARD PROBLEM

2 1 1 2

22. If = and = ,

1 3 1 1

then find A + 2B.

2 4 2 1

A. C.

2 2 1 3

1 2 0 5

B. D.

1 1 1 5

BOARD PROBLEM

23. Given the matrix equation, solve

for x and y.

1 1 2

=

3 2 0

A. 4, 6 C. 4 , 2

B. 4, 2 D. 4 , 2

BOARD PROBLEM

4 5 0 1 0 0

24. If = 6 7 3 and = 0 1 0 , what

1 2 3 0 0 1

is A.B?

4 0 0 6 7 0

A. 0 7 0 C. 8 9 4

0 0 3 2 3 6

0 0 0 4 5 0

B. 0 7 0 D. 6 7 3

1 0 3 1 2 3

TRANSPOSE OF A

MATRIX

Transpose of a matrix is formed by

interchanging its rows and columns

without changing their relative order.

BOARD PROBLEM

25. Calculate .

2 4

1 2 4 5 1

= = = 7 5

4 7 0 2 4

1 3

2 2 6 2 5 7

A. C.

36 61 21 0 1 8

2 5 1 6 8 8

B. D.

8 11 8 12 29 21

END OF

PRESENTATION

THANK YOU and GOD BLESS

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