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8TR733-SD

Version 2
Issue August 2000

Lucent Technologies Proprietary


This document contains proprietary information of
Lucent Technologies and is not to be disclosed or used
Except in accordance with applicable agreements

Copyright 2000 Lucent Technologies


All Rights Reserved
System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Content

1. Introduction _______________________________________________ 3
2. System Architecture ________________________________________ 4
Overview ______________________________________________________________ 4
Functional architecture __________________________________________________ 4
The line/cross-connect/Timing unit_________________________________________ 5
Circuit packs ___________________________________________________________ 6
System control and management __________________________________________ 7
Shelf Complements ______________________________________________________ 8
Reliability and Lifetime __________________________________________________ 8
3. Applications _____________________________________________ 10
Overview _____________________________________________________________ 10
TransLAN __________________________________________________________ 11
Ring Access Node with STM-1o Interfaces _________________________________ 12
Dual Node Interworking ________________________________________________ 13
Dual Homing of STM-1 Access Ring ______________________________________ 15
STM-4 ring or point-to-point topologies ___________________________________ 16
SONET/SDH __________________________________________________________ 18
4. Features and Benefits _____________________________________ 19
Standard compliance ___________________________________________________ 19
Release plan / Feature rollout ____________________________________________ 19
Glossary___________________________________________________ 23
Index _____________________________________________________ 29

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

1. Introduction
The System description provides information about the functional architecture,
applications and the feature content of the WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact transport
system. This document contains the feature set until the second release of September
2001.

The WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact is a high capacity intelligent multiplexer and
transport system able to multiplex EtherNET, PDH, SONET and SDH bit rates to a higher
level of 2.5 Gbit/s (STM-16). Because of this wide range in capacity, this system is a
useful element in building efficient and flexible networks.

Chapter 2 gives a short overview of the main product features and the system lay-out,
containing an overview of the slots and tributary units. Furthermore it gives a Network
Element management overview and a brief look to the future of the WaveStarTM ADM16/1
Compact.

The third chapter provides an overview of the different current applications for the
WaveStarTM ADM16/1 Compact. Furthermore, a number of applications are defined which
are under consideration for future development.

The last chapter (4) gives an overview of the currently committed releases. It lists the
product features for the current releases of the WaveStarTM ADM16/1 Compact product.

This system description is very useful to provide high-level the capabilities of the
WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact. This document will be updated related to the newest
features twice a year. Global Product Management Multiplex Systems is responsible for
the content of this document.

Hilversum, August 18, 2000

Product Management WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

2. System Architecture

Overview
This chapter provides a more detailed view of the system composition and the shelf
complements of the WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact Transport System. The system
functions and circuit packs are described following the description of the system
architecture, the partitioning of the circuit packs in the system and the physical design.
Additional information is provided relating to protection and timing architecture.

Functional architecture

This very flexible product resulted from a great step forward in technology. Owing to the
high level of integration at circuit-pack level, within one subrack it is possible to Add/Drop
up to:
32 x 10 Base-T EtherNET LAN interface
8 x 100 Base-T EtherNET LAN interface
252 x 2 Mbit/s
48 x 34/DS-3 Mbit/s switchable unit (second release)
16 x STM-1 electrical (second release)
16 x STM-1 optical
16 x OC-3 (SONET)
2 x STM-4 (second release)
2 x STM-16
The WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact is a multiplexer and transport system that
multiplexes a broad range of plesiochronous and synchronous signals into 2.5 Gbit/s
(STM-16) or 620 Mbit/s (STM-4). The method used to map the interface signals complies
with the ITU-T specified AU-4 mapping procedure. A special circuit pack is available to
support AU-3 (SONET) mapped signals and another special interface uni converts
EtherNET signals into SDH virtual Containers.
The system can be used as an add/drop multiplexer, terminal multiplexer or small IP-
switch. It provides built-in cross-connect facilities and flexible Interface circuit packs.
Local and remote management and control facilities are provided via the Q and F
interface and the embedded communication channels (DCC). The cross-connect circuit
pack is the core of the WaveStar ADM 16/1 system. An outline of the basic WaveStar
ADM 16/1 architecture is given in the next figure.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

System ITM
Control

Timing Cross- EtherNET


Connect 10/100
64/32
STM-16
E1

E3/DS-3

Timing Cross-
Connect
STM-1
64/32
STM-4
STM-1/OC-
3

The line/cross-connect/Timing unit


The line/cross-connect/timing unit is the core of the WaveStar ADM 16/1 compact. The
unit contains three different functionalities, which are highly important to every multiplexer.
The cross-connect consists of two parts: a higher and a lower order cross-connect,
although physically the line/cross-connect/timing unit is a single circuit-pack.
The higher order cross-connect switches VC-4s and its capacity is 64 x 64. Other
functions of the higher order cross-connect are:
VC-4 SNC protection switching
MS-SPRing protection
STM-16 / STM-4 MSP
equipment protection of tributary slots
non-intrusive monitoring of VC-4s
Broadcasting.
The lower order cross-connect switches/grooms VC-3 and VC-12s and its capacity
currently ranges up to 2016 x 2016 VC-12s equivalents or 32 x 32 VC-4s. Other functions
of the lower order cross-connect are:
lower order SNCP protection
non-intrusive monitoring of lower order VCs
lower order broadcasting.
Tributary and line interfaces circuit packs are directly connected to the higher order cross-
connect via STM-1 equivalent signals (AU-4).
Higher- and lower order cross-connect parts are interconnected via an internal cross-
connect-bus of 32 bi-directional VC-4s wide. The lower order cross-connect itself is uni-
directional although traffic can be switched/protected bi-directionally (= default situation).
Higher order VC-4s arriving from line or tributary circuit packs need only to be routed
through the lower order matrix, if the lower order VC content needs to be groomed.
Otherwise, the VC-4 can be routed through the higher order cross-connect only.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Flexible routing and cross connecting of VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 between line port line
port, line port tributary port and tributary port tributary port is possible.
The system architecture makes it possible to use an interface circuit pack in almost any
other slot position, hence the system becomes very flexible. A broad range of applications
can be served with the same shelf based on a common software platform.
Another basic function of the line/cross-connect/timing is timing the system/network
according to the timing philosophy of the network. The local oscillator, also called the SDH
equipment clock (SEC), can be synchronized to one of the user-selectable timing
references. The Stratum-3 version with approximately 0.37 ppm stability for the first
24hours of hold-over have been put as standard clock on the line/cross-connect unit.
The available timing modes are:
Free running
Hold-over
Locked with reference to:
one of the external sync. Inputs
one of the STM-N inputs
one of the 2 Mbit/s tributary inputs
To contribute to overall system reliability and availability, the line/cross-connect/timing
circuit pack can be 1 + 1 equipment protected by an accompanying circuit pack.

Circuit packs

The WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact has a broad range of optical interface circuit packs.
The Line Ports can be equipped with STM-16 units with 1310 nm or 1550 nm (Long Haul)
or STM-4 with 1310 nm Long Haul.
All optical packs are equipped with a universal build-out optical connector type, allowing
the connector type to FC/PC or SC to be changed on-site depending on the customer
needs.
STM-16 optical line port units 4
L-16.1 (1310 nm, ITU-T G.957; 10-24 dB)
L-16.2 (1550 nm, ITU-T G.957; 10-25 dB)
Two simple WDM couplers can be mounted in the system to allow single fiber. It allows to
combine the optical signals from the line interfaces of the WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact
systems, when one system operates in the 1310 nm region and the other in the 1550 nm
region, so that the optical signals travel in the same direction.
STM-4 optical line port unit:
L-4.2 (1550 nm, ITU-T G.957; 0-22 dB)
Optical interfaces for tributaries (STM-1) 4
S-1.1 (1310 nm, ITU-T G.957; 0-12 dB)
Electrical tributaries circuit packs 4
E1: 2 Mbit/s with 63 interfaces per circuit pack
E3 and DS-3 switchable: 34 and 45 Mbit/s with 12 interfaces per circuit pack
STM-1: 155 Mbit/s with 4 interfaces per circuit pack
EtherNET LAN: 10/100 Base-T with 8 (10 Base-T) or 2 (100 Base-T) interfaces
per circuit pack.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

System control and management

The SC communicates with the centralized management system (ITM-SC and ITM-NM).
A part of the SC, routing management information between SDH equipment and the
element management system, is called data packet switch (DPS). Communication is
established via so-called data communication channels (DCC) (= D1-3/D4-12 bytes),
within the STM-N section overhead signals or via one of the Q-interfaces of the system.
Information destined for the local system is routed to the System Controller, while other
information is routed from the node via the appropriate embedded channels of the STM-N
line or tributary signals.
The ITM-SC manages the WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact at the element level and the
ITM-NM manages the system at the network level. The ITM-Craft Interface Terminal (ITM-
CIT) can be used for managing small networks and for maintenance.

ITM-NM

ITM-SC

10Base-T/Q-LAN
Interface
DCC for Remote Login &
Remote Management

ITM-CIT ADM16/1 ADM16/1


Compact Compact

RS-232/F-Interface

Overhead Bytes Access,


MDIs/MDOs, Office Alarms

It is possible to download software from the ITM-SC to the SC to replace or add


applications in the local database. During download the old software is stored in memory
as a back up. This means that after download, two complete software versions are
available on the SC. The download can also being done by the Local Craft Terminal (ITM-
CIT).
The most important Management features are:
ITM-SC management via CMISE messages
ITM-NM management
OSI stack with IS-IS level 2 Routing and Flexible NSAP Address
D4-D12 and D1-D3 support on optical STM-n Interfaces
2 x G.703 and 2 x V.11 Interfaces for access to E1, E2 and F1 bytes
8 x Miscellaneous Discrete Input and 4 x Miscellaneous Discrete Output
Remote Login on ITM-CIT from WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact to the WaveStar
ADM16/1 Compact, ADM16/1, TM-1 (+) and AM-1
IP tunneling over OSI

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Shelf Complements

The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact consists of the following 8 slots (from the left to the
right, see figure below):
2 slots for the core units (width=100mm each), each containing a line interface (STM-
4 or STM-16) and timing and cross connect functionality.
5 slots for tributary units (width=35mm each)
1 slot for the controller unit (width=35mm)

All optical interfaces will have front access on the units. Front access to electrical
interfaces is done via I/O modules that are mounted below the subrack.
The 5th tributary slot is reserved for 1:N equipment protection when using electrical
2MBit/s or STM-1e tributary units. It can also be used for unprotected STM-1o interfaces.
LAN and E3/DS3 units are not allowed in tributary slot 5.
The timing and cross connect parts of the core units are 1+1 equipment protected.
The total external subrack size (width x depth x height) is:
450mm x 260mm x 625mm (with optical interfaces and/or LAN I/O modules only),
resulting in maximum 3 systems per rack
450mm x 260mm x 925mm (with 2MBit/s I/O modules), resulting in maximum 2
systems per rack

Reliability and Lifetime

A lifetime of 15 years is guaranteed in an ETSI Class 3.1 Environment. The reliability of


the characterized by the Mean Time Between Failures (MBTF). The MTBF of the
WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact will be longer than 2.5 years in a fully equipped 2Mbit/s
system.
To guarantee service availability a variety of traffic protection mechanisms are supported
by the WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact:

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Path protection or SNC/n and SNC/I (subnetwork connection with Non-& intrusive
monitoring) for higher and lower order VCs
Multiplex Section Shared Protection Ring or MS-SPRing (selective) at STM-16 level

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

3. Applications

Overview

The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact is a highly flexible product capable of supporting a


variety of network applications
It is designed to support a wide range of applications like bandwidth access, service-on-
demand and LAN services.
The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact can be applied in all three tiers of a network, that is:
Access, Regional and Backbone. Mainly the Access network is the places of the
WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact. The system allows for growth and changing service
needs by supporting in-service conversions and upgrades. Inherent to its basic design, the
system operates equally well within fully synchronous as a-synchronous environments and
provides a flexible link between the two.
The WaveStar ADM16/1 can be configured in such a way that it supports a large variety
of network applications:
TransLAN (EtherNET Packets over SDH)
Ring Access Node with STM-1o interfaces
Dual Node Interworking (DNI)
Dual Homing of STM-1 access rings
STM-4 ring or point-to-point topologies
SONET/SDH applications

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

TransLAN

The TransLAN option cards are available for the WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact as
well as for the WaveStar AM 1 Plus. The WaveStar AM1 Plus is an extremely
compact and cost-effective STM-1 multiplexer which is especially designed for low-to
medium fill STM-1 links from customer premises to access networks and provides up to
thirty-two 2 Mbit/s ports.
Together with the WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact, a total solution can be configured for
small, medium and large business environments. The figure below gives an example of
how to implement TransLAN.
Using an ADM16/1C with the TransLAN at the Head Office (ISP) and AM1+ at the
Branch Offices create a Direct Access for Data services. It eliminates the need for
DS/CSUs or interface converters between end-users data equipment and SDH network,
thus providing significant cost savings on equipment and operation costs.

IP traffic from business STM -16


customers fed via native LAN Central Office ISP POP ADM
interfaces to Edge or Core
Router of Internet Service Edge
Provider
ADM STM-16
Router STM -16
16/ 1 Regional Ring ADM
Voice
Switch
Small business
building

STM -16 LAN Access


ADM UTP CAT.5
Router PBX
Small business
building STM-1 LAN Access E1
Access Ring
voice voice Router
PBX

LAN
LAN Each Business Customer can put voice AM 1
Access
traffic from PBX into multiple E1s and up LAN E1
AM 1 to 8 Mbps of data traffic per LAN interface
Router
on STM-1access ring
PBX

The key features include the following:


Eight times 10 Base-T LAN ports (VC-12-gx; x=1..5)
Two times 100 Base-T LAN ports (VC-3-gx; x=1, 2)
Scaleable bandwidth per LAN port, ranging from 2 to 10 Mbit/s in steps of 2 Mbit/s,
provisional by ITM-SC or ITM-CIT transmission management system.
Build-in transparent Ethernet Bridge, which adjusts automatically to the provisioned
bandwidth
TransLAN provides at minimal equipment investment very attractive services to the end
customers, like:
Scaleable bandwidth without having to change interfaces
A transparent LAN service that hides the complexity of the WAN for end users (a
WAN that looks like a LAN)
High availability LAN service because of end to end SDH protection switching

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Ring Access Node with STM-1o Interfaces

The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact acts as a hub node for AM-1 rings. It also supports
point-to-point connections to WaveStar AM-1 with STM-1o 1+1 MSP or unprotected
point-to-point STM-1o connections with WaveStar TM-1 equipment. The WaveStar
ADM16/1 Compact itself is hosted by a WaveStar ADM16/1 in either a ring with
(selective) MS Spring protection or with VC-4 SNC/N protection.

TM-1

TM-1
STM-1o

ADM16/1
Compact

STM-1o/1+1 MSP
STM-16 Ring
ADM16/1 ADM16/1 DACS
AM-1
Compact with MS-Spring
or SNCP

ADM16/1
Compact

STM-1o ring
with SNCP
AM-1 AM-1

AM-1

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Dual Node Interworking

In networks where there are multiple ring configurations, Dual Node Interworking is a
feature in the WaveStar ADM16/1, WaveStar ADM 16/1C and the WaveStar 10G
that adds value to the network.
The MS-SPRing protection mechanism offers very efficient protection. But, the protection
span is limited to a single ring network. In multi-ring networks there is need for a
mechanism to couple ring networks in a way that avoids single points of failure, to allow
longer end-to-end protected paths. This mechanism is called Dual Node Interworking with
Drop & Continue.
Dual Node Interworking with Drop and Continue is a mechanism described in ITU-T
Recommendation G.842. It is realized by connecting the two networks in question in two
different locations in such a way that if one location fails completely, the traffic can still
reach the other network via the second interconnection.
The WaveStar ADM-16/1 supports two different DNI configurations:
1. Between two MS-SPRing rings. The ring interconnection consists in this case of four
network elements. Two network elements in each ring which are pair wise connected.
2. Between an STM-16 MS-SPRing ring and a LO-SNC protected subnetwork. In this
case the interconnect can be built with just two nodes, which are connected to the
MS-SPRing via the aggregate interfaces and to the SNC protected network via the
tributary interfaces.
The advantages of using this mechanism are:
Protected interconnection between MS-SPRing rings possible, thus allowing longer
end-to-end protected spans, without single point of failure on each ring interconnect.
Possibility to interconnect the MS-SPRing scheme to the SNCP scheme, without
introducing a single point of failure. This allows the user the flexibility to use the
protection scheme of choice in each network part, while avoiding double protection.
Independence of the protection mechanisms in different network parts, which results
in protection switches relatively close to the failure, so in principle easier to fault-
locate.
A higher availability compared to end-to-end SNCP protection schemes. Especially on
very long connections, more protection against multiple failure is provided (as long as
there is at most one failure per protected sub-network).

The MS-SPRing part of the DNI scheme allows for each individual VC-4, the assignment
of primary and secondary add and drop nodes. Dropped traffic is broadcasted to both
primary and secondary outputs (drop & continue), while a selector in the primary node
selects whether the added traffic from the primary of from the secondary node is
forwarded onto the MS-SPRing. This selector is usually called a service selector is non-
revertive and operates according to the VC-4 SNC/N criteria.
The following features are supported:
The traffic between the primary and secondary node in the MS-SPRing can be
transported over worker capacity or over protection capacity, called continue over
worker and continue over protection respectively. The latter option saves bandwidth
but leads to slightly lower availability and precludes extra traffic to make use of that
same capacity.
Both VC-4 and VC-4-4c payloads can be handled.
Primary and Secondary nodes can be selected for each VC-4 transported over the
MS-SPRing, both at the entry and at the exit side. These nodes need not be adjacent.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

B ri dge
Se rvice
Se lect or Se l ec to r

Drop &
Con t in ue

Prim a ry
Node

STM -16 STM -1 6


M S- SPRi ng M S- SPRing

Se cu ndary
Node

St a nd- by VC -4 Con n ec tio n Onl y one dire ct ion of traffic is dra w n


Act ive VC-4 Conn ec t ion

Bridge

Selector
Drop &
Continue

Primary
Node

STM-16
MS- SPRing STM-4 ring
w/ VC-12 SNCP

Secundary
Node
SNCP
Selector

Stand-by VC-4 Connection


Active VC-4 Connection

B rid g
e
Se le ct o
Ser vic r
eS electo
r

Pr im a r
y No d e

STM - STM -4
M16
S-SPRin w ring
/ VC-12
g SNCP
Se cu n d ar
y No d e
SNCP
Br idge

SNCP
Br idge
Sta n d - by &Sw itc
Co n n e ction
Active h
Co n n e ctio n

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Dual Homing of STM-1 Access Ring


An STM-1 ring with AM-1 equipment can be dual homed on a ring consisting of
WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact and ADM16/1 equipment.
The WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact Transport System supports a mix of 2, 34/ 45 Mbit/s
and STM-1 tributary speed interface inputs and outputs. It is possible to mix these
interfaces in the same subrack for all platforms. Also, a circuit can enter a WaveStar
ADM 16/1 Compact network through one type and exit through another type (if the
payload that is being carried is compatible with both interface types). Mixing is supported
not only within a Terminal, but also between Terminals.
These capabilities offer more efficient network evolution and allow planners to improve
their equipment deployment based on the needs of the particular Application. For
example, network needs (sudden demand) may require SDH deployment in one area
before others.
This huge flexibility and add/drop capability makes that the ADM16/1C has a unique
position in the market.

ADM16/1
Compact

STM-16 Ring
ADM16/1 ADM16/1
Compact with MS-Spring
or SNCP

ADM16/1
AM-1 Compact

STM-1o ring with


LO SNCP

AM-1
AM-1

AM-1

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

STM-4 ring or point-to-point topologies

The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact with STM-4 line interfaces can act as a host node in
STM-4 rings. These rings can consist of WaveStar AM-1+ equipment or WaveStar
ADM4/1 equipment. Both SNCP in ring configurations and 1+1 MSP in point-to-point
applications can be used.
The major advantages are:
it has full access to all VC-4s
it supports up to 252 times 2MBit/s interfaces
it has a lower cost level
it supports equipment protection
2MBit/s interfaces to local
cross connect or PBX

ADM16/1
Compact

AM-1+ AM-1+

STM-4 Ring
with SNCP

2MBit/s or DS3
interfaces

AM-1+
ADM4/1

2MBit/s or DS3
interfaces

STM-4 1+1 MSP


ADM16/1 ADM16/1
Compact Compact 2MBit/s or DS3
interfaces

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

The WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact can be connected to the STM-4 tributaries of the
WaveStar 10G (STM-64) via STM-4 line interfaces in which the STM-4 SNCP ring will
be closed on the WaveStar 10G. A second option is that the STM-16 (MS Spring
protected) ring with WaveStar ADM16/1 Compact will be connected to the 10G via
STM-4 tributary interfaces.

10G
(STM-64)

STM-64 Ring
with MS-Spring

10G 10G
(STM-64) (STM-64)

STM-4 1+1MSP
ADM16/1
Compact
ADM16/1
ADM16/1 Compact
STM-4 Ring Compact
with SNCP

STM-16 Ring
ADM16/1 ADM16/1 with MS SPring ADM16/1
Compact Compact Compact

ADM16/1
Compact

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

SONET/SDH

Based on SDH technology the WaveStar ADM16/1, which was released in 1998,
targeted to be sold globally. To serve Global demand, a technology only based on SDH is
not enough. In countries like the United States of America, Canada, Venezuela and
Japan, SONET is the used transport protocol.
In order to provide end-to-end leased line services between the SONET countries and the
SDH countries, conversion of SDH into SONET and vice versa is a must. The reasons for
this is:
Interconnection at the SONET/SDH level preserves the overhead information, which
makes it possible to do end-to-end Quality of Service monitoring.
The alternative is interconnection at the PDH level (which of course breaks the end-to-end
SDH overhead). However, when more and more often data traffic is mapped directly into
SDH, this option is no longer present.
Already from its first release, the WaveStar ADM16/1 is capable to interwork with
SONET based networks. This allows global operators to truly build a single global
network, interconnect SONET and SDH networks together.
SONET/SDH interworking is possible on the optical signals STM-1 (OC-3) and STM-4,
and on PDH signals like E3 and DS-3 or E1 and DS-1.
The SONET/SDH conversion is based on VC-3 and is currently available on the STM-0,
STM-1 and STM-4 optical tributary:

1 1

OC-N STS- VC-4 AU-4 AUG STM-


3 3 3 N
1
AU-3 TU-3 TUG-3
1 1

VC-3

SONET/SDH conversion could be required when an end-to-end service is requested


globally from one place in the SONET domain to a place in the SDH domain or vice versa.
An example would be the transportation of a DS-3 signal in a VC-3 from New York
(SONET Domain) to London (SDH domain) and vice versa.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

4. Features and Benefits


This chapter describes all important Features and Benefits of the WaveStar ADM 16/1.
This chapter will highlight the release-plan and the feature rollout of the WaveStar ADM
16/1 and will also provide more detailed the benefits of the WaveStar ADM 16/1, by
explaining all features related to a particular benefit.

Standard compliance

Lucent Technologies SDH products comply with the relevant SDH ETSI and ITU-T
standards. Important functions defined in SDH Standards such as the Data
Communications Channel (DCC), the associated
7-layer OSI protocol stack, the SDH multiplexing structure and the Operations,
Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P) functions are implemented in
Lucent Technologies product family.
The jitter standards are also incorporated; guaranteeing a smooth interworking between
PDH and SDH based networks. The full benefits of the SDH Standards are provided while
preserving the integrity of the existing pleisynchronous network.
Lucent Technologies is heavily involved in various study groups with ITU-T and ETSI work
creating and maintaining the latest worldwide SDH standards. The WaveStar ADM 16/1
complies with all relevant and latest ETSI and ITU-T standards and is kept up to date
according the latest standards.

Release plan / Feature rollout


The requirements comprise the following product releases:
R1.0: GA date is December 2000
R1.1: GA date is March 2001
R2.0: GA date is September 2001

Features Release
1.0 1.1 2.0
Transmission Interfaces
STM-16 L-16.1 Long Haul 1310nm optical line interface X X X

STM-16 L-16.2/3 Long Haul 1550nm optical line interface - - X

STM-4 L-4.2 Long Haul 1550nm optical line interface - - X

STM-1o S-1.1 Short Haul 1310nm optical tributary interface X X X

STM-1e electrical tributary interfaces - - X

45MBit/s (DS3) electrical tributary interfaces - - X

34MBit/s (E3) electrical tributary interfaces - - X

2 Mbit/s interface, asynchronous mapping, TS0 transparent X X X

2 Mbit/s interface, byte-synchronous mapping, TS0 transparent X X X

Mappings
Mapping of VC-12 in AU-4 X X X

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Features Release
1.0 1.1 2.0

Mapping of VC-3 in AU-4 X X X

Re-Mapping of VC-3 between AU-3 and TU-3 X X X

Mapping of VC-4 in AU-4 X X X

Mapping of VC-4-4c in AUG-4 X X

Mapping of 2 Mbit/s (E12) Signals in VC-12 X X X

Support of different size (ss-bits) format on STM-N interfaces X X X

Data Interface
10/100Base-T Ethernet interface X X X

Mapping of Ethernet Frames into VC-12 group (VC-12-gx, x=1..5) or VC-3 X X X


group (VC-3-gx, x=1,2)
Ethernet (Multiport) Bridging X X X

32 unprotected LAN interfaces per system X X X

Overhead Bytes
E1, E2 (EOW) and F1 byte access via X X X
two G.703 co-directional 64kBit/s channels

two V.11 contra-directional 64kBit/s channels

J0 Section Trace X X X

J1 support on VC-3 and VC-4 X X X

J2 support on VC-12 X X X

Degraded Signal Threshold for B2 on STM-N X X X

Degraded Signal Threshold for B3 on VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4 X X X

Protection and Redundancy


1:N Equipment Protection on 2 Mbit/s Tributary Units X X X

1:N Equipment Protection on STM-1e Tributary Units - - X

1+1 Equipment Protection on DS3 Tributary Units - - X

1+1 Equipment Protection on E3 Tributary Units - - X

SNC/N Protection on VC-4s X X X

SNC/N Protection on LO VC-3s X X X

SNC/N Protection on VC-12s X X X

G.841/Clause 7.1 1+1 MSP on STM-1o Optical Tributary Interfaces X X X

G.841/Clause 7.1 1+1 MSP on STM-n Optical Line Interfaces - X X

Selective MS SPring on STM-16 Optical Line Interfaces X X X

Protection Access on MS SPring - X X

Cascading of identical SNC Protection Schemes - X X

Cascading of MS SPring /MSP and HO SNCP - X X

DNI between two MS SPring rings - X X

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Features Release
1.0 1.1 2.0

DNI between MS SPring ring and LO SNCP Network - X X

Bandwidth Management
64x64 HO VC-4 Cross Connection Function with: X X X
TSI on Through Connections
Add/Drop (Line/Trib) Connections
Trib/Trib Connections

Connections to LO Connection Function

32 VC-4 equivalent LO Cross Connection Function in combination with X X X


STM-16 line interfaces
Flexible VC-12 and LO VC-3 Connections

16 VC-4 equivalent LO Cross Connection Function in combination with - - X


STM-4 line interfaces
Flexible VC-12 and LO VC-3 Connections

Unidirectional Cross Connecting on VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 Level. X X X

Bi-directional Cross Connecting on VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 Level. X X X

Loopbacks on VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 Level. X X X

1:N HO (VC-4) Broadcast Operation X X X

1:N LO (VC-3, VC-12) Broadcast Operation X X X

Synchronization
Two External Synchronization Inputs at 2048 kHz or 2048 kBit/s X X X

Two External Synchronization Outputs at 2048 kHz or 2048 kBit/s X X X

SSM Support on framed 2 Mbit/s Synchronization Signals X X X

Internal Clock according to G.813 with Stratum-3 Holdover Performance X X X

Support of ETSI SSM Algorithm X X X

Operations and Maintenance


Unit Alarm Indicators X X X

System Alarm Indicators X X X

Miscellaneous Discretes (8xMDI, 4xMDO) X X X

CIT F-Interface X X X

10Base-T Q-LAN Interface based on LLC/MAC Protocol X X X

Alarm Suppress Function (button and via CIT) X X X

Loopbacks on incoming and outgoing E1 signals X X X

Loopbacks on incoming and outgoing E3 and DS3 signals - - X

Loopbacks on incoming and outgoing STM-1o signals X X X

Database upload and download from ITM-SC X X X

Performance Monitoring
15 Minute and 24 Hour Registers on ITM-SC and ITM-CIT X X X

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Features Release
1.0 1.1 2.0

MS Monitoring on STM-No on ITM-SC and ITM-CIT X X X

VC-12/3/4 Trail Monitoring - X X

VC-12/3/4 CTP Monitoring - X X

Capacity for 250 Monitor Points X X X


Network Element Management
IS-IS OSI Level 2 Routing X X X

D1-D3 support on Optical STM-N Interfaces - X X

D4-D12 support on Optical STM-N Interfaces X X X

DCC support on STM-1e - - X

Remote Login via ITM-CIT to ADM16/1 Compact, ADM16/1, TM-1/AM- X X X


1/AM-1+
Centralised ITM-CIT alarming - - X

Tunneling of TCP/IP over DCN X X X

Physical Design
-48 to -60 volt Power Supply X X X

ETSI Subrack based design fitting into WaveStar Racks (ETS 300 119-2), X X X
ETSI Racks (ETS 300 119-3) and 19 (IEC 60297) Racks
EMC according to ETSI Standards X X X

Installation in a Meshed-IBN Environment (isolated/floating return) X X X

Installation in a Meshed-BN Environment (grounded return) X X X

2MBit/s paddle board physical design improvements - - X

CE Marking (EMC and safety) X X X

Lifetime of 15 years in ETSI Class 3.1 Environment X X X

Environment Conditions X X X
ETSI Class 3.1 on Environment
ETSI Class 1.2 on Storage

ETSI Class 2.3 on Transportation

Interworking
WaveStar ADM 16/1 X X X

WaveStar Phase X X X

WaveStar BWM - - X

WaveStar 10G STM-64 - - X

WaveStar R16 - X X

WaveStar AM-1+ - - X

WaveStar ADM4/1 - - X

WaveStar TM-1/AM-1 X X X

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Glossary

A
ADM
Add/Drop Multiplexer
Asynchronous
Refers to Network elements that are not timed from reference traceable to a single Stratum-1 source.
ATM
Asynchronous Transport Mode

B
BER
Bit Error Rate - The ration of bits received in error to bits sent.
Broadband Communication
Voice, data, and/or video communication at greater than 2 Mbit/s rates.

C
CC
Cross-connect
CIT
Craft Interface Terminal
CMI
Coded Mark Inversion
Concatenation
Combining the capacity of a multiplicity of Virtual Containers (VCs) into a single container with maintaining the
bit sequence integrity across this container

D
DACS
Digital Access and Cross-connect System
Default Value Provisioning
The original values are preprogrammed at the factory. These values can be overridden using local or remote
provisioning.
DC
Direct Current
DCC
Data Communications Channel - The embedded overhead communication channel in the SDH line. This is
used for end-to-end communication and maintenance. It carries alarm, control, and status information between
Network elements in a SDH network.
DCN
Data Communications Network
DDF
Digital Distribution Frame
De-multiplexing
A process applied to a multiplexed signal for recovering signals combined within it and for restoring the distinct
individual channels of these signals.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Dual Node Interworking


Dual Node Interworking (DNI) is a configuration of two ring networks that share two common nodes. DNI allows
a circuit with one termination in one ring and one termination in another ring to survive a loss-of-signal failure of
the shared node that is currently carrying service for the circuit.

E
ECC
Embedded Control Channel
EMS
Element Management System
EOW
Engineer Order Wire
ETSI
European Telecommunication Standardization Institute
Extra Traffic
Unprotected traffic that is carried over the protection channels when that capacity is not used for the protection
of service traffic.
Externally Timed
An operating condition of a clock in which it is locked to an external reference and is using time constants that
are altered to quickly bring the local oscillators frequency into the approximate agreement with the
synchronization reference frequency.

F
FIT
8
Failures in Time - circuit packs failure rate per 10 hours are calculated.
Free running
An operating condition of a Network element in which its local oscillator is not locked to any synchronization
reference and is using no storage techniques to sustain its accuracy.

G
Gbit/s
Gigabits per second
GNE
Gateway Network Element - A Network element that passes information between other Network elements and
operation systems via a data communication Network.

H
Holdover
An operating condition of a clock in which its local oscillator is not locked to an external reference but is using
storage techniques to maintain its accuracy with respect to the last know frequency comparison with a
synchronization reference.

I
I/O
Input/Output
ISO
International Standards Organization

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

J
Jitter
Jitter is defined as short-term variations of the significant instants of a digital signal from their ideal position in
time.

L
LAN
Local Area Network
LBO
Line Build Out - An optical attenuator that guarantees the proper signal level and shape at the Receiver input.
Line
An optical transmission line. Line refers to a transmission medium, together with the associated high speed
equipment, required to provide the means of transporting information between two consecutive Network
element, one of which originates the line signal and the other terminates the line signal.
Loop Timing
A timing mode in which the Terminal derives its transmit timing from the received line signal.

M
Manager
Is capable of issuing network management operations and receiving events
MIB
The Management Information Base is the database in the node and contains the configuration data of the node.
A copy of each MIB is available in the EMS and is called the MIB image. Under normal circumstances the MIB
and MIB image of one node are synchronized
MS
Multiplexer Section
MSOH
Multiplex Section Overhead. Part of the SOH (section overhead). Is accessible only at line Terminals and
multiplexers
MSP
Multiplex Section Protection. Provides capability for switching a signal from a working to a protection section
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failures
Multiplexing
A procedure by which multiple lower order path layer signals are adapted into a higher order path, or the
multiple higher order path layer signals are adapted into a multiplex section

N
NE
Network Element. The NE is comprised of telecommunication equipment (or groups/parts of telecommunication
equipment) and support equipment that performs network element functions and has one or more standard Q-
type interfaces
nm
-9
Nanometer (10 meter)
Non-revertive switching
In non-revertive switching, there is a active and standby high speed line, circuit pack, etc. When a protection
switch occurs, the standby line, circuit pack, etc., is selected causing the old standby line, circuit pack, etc., to
be used for the new active line, circuit pack, etc. The original active line, circuit pack, etc., becomes the standby
line, circuit pack, etc. This status remains in effect when the fault clears. Therefore, this protection scheme is
non-revertive in that there is no switch back to the original status in effect before the fault occurred.

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Node
A node or Network Element is defined as all equipment that is controlled by one system controller

O
OAM&P
Operations, Administration, Maintenance and Provisioning
Operation Interface
Any interface providing you with information on the system behavior or control. These include the equipment
LEDs, user panel, ADM 16/1 EM, office alarms, and all telemetry interfaces.
OS
Operations System - A central computer-based system used to provide operations, administration and
maintenance functions.
OSI
Open System InterConnection

P
Path
A path at a given rate is a logical connection between the point at which a standard format for a signal at the
given rate is assembled and the point at which the standard frame format for the signal is disassembled.
Path Terminating Equipment
Network elements in which the path overhead is terminated.
PDH
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
Phase Locked
See Externally Timed
Platform
A platform is a family of equipment and software configurations designed to support a particular Application.
Plesiochronous Network
A Network that contains multiple subnetworks, each internally synchronous and all operating at the same
nominal frequency, but whose timing may be slightly different at any particular instant.
PLL
Phase Lock Loop
PM
Performance Monitoring - Measures the quality of service and identifies degrading or marginally operating
systems (before an alarm would be generated).
POTS
Plain Old Telephone Service
Pre-provisioning
The capability to provision a slot before installing a circuit pack.
Protection
Label attached to a physical entity. In case of reverse switching the protection line or circuit pack is the entity
that is not carrying service (standby) under normal operation. The label has no particular meaning in case of
non-reverse switching.
Provisioning
Assigning a value to a system parameter.
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

R
Revertive Switching
In revertive switching, there is a working and protection high speed line, circuit pack, etc. When a protection
switch occurs, the protection line, circuit pack, etc., is selected. When the fault clears, service reverts back to
the original working line.
RSOH
Regenerator Section Overhead. Part of SOH

S
SC
System Controller
SDH
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy. Definition of the degree of control of the various clocks in a digital Network over
other clocks
Section
A transport entity in the transmission media layer network which provides integrity of information transfer across
a section layer network connection by means of a termination function at the section layer
SEMF
Synchronous Equipment Management Function. This function converts performance data and implementation
specific hardware alarms into object-oriented messages for transmission over the DCC and/or Q-interface. It
also converts object-oriented messages related to other management functions for passing across the S
reference points
Service
The operational mode of a physical entity that indicates that the entity is providing service. This designation will
change with each switch action
SOH
Section Overhead. Capacity added to either an AU-4 or assembly of AU-3's to create an STM-1. Contains
always STM-1 framing and optionally maintenance and operational functions. SOH can be subdivided in MSOH
(multiplex section overhead) and RSOH (regenerator section overhead)
SONET
Synchronous Optical Network
Standby
The operational mode of a physical entity that indicates that the entity is not providing service, but standby. This
designation will change with each switch action
STM
Synchronous Transport Module Building block of SDH
Subnetwork
A group of interconnected/interrelated network elements. The most common connotation is a SDH Network in
which the Network elements have data communications channel (DCC) connectivity.
Synchronous
Refers to Network elements that are timed from references traceable to a single Stratum-1 clock source.
Synchronous Network
The synchronization of synchronous transmission systems with synchronous payloads to a master Network
clock that can be traced to a single reference clock.

T
Transmit-direction
The direction outwards from the Cross-connect

TSA
Time Slot Assignment
TSI
Timeslot Interchange

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

U
Upgrade
An upgrade is the addition of new capabilities (feature). This requires new software and may require new
hardware.
Upstream
At or towards the source of the considered transmission stream, i.e. looking in the opposite direction of
transmission

V
Value
A number, text string, or other menu selection associated with a parameter.

W
WDM
Wavelength Division Multiplex
Wideband Communications
Voice, data, and/or video communication at digital rates from 64 kbit/s to 2 Mbit/s.

Working
Label attached to a physical entity. In case of revertive switching the working line or circuit pack is the entity that
is carrying service under normal operation. In case of non-revertive switching the label has no particular
meaning

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

Index
L-16.2 5, 18
L-4.2 5
A LAN See ethernet

AU-3 See SONET


AU3 to TU3 18 M
MSP 4
B MS-SPRing 4, 12

Broadcasting 4
N
C non-intrusive 4

Concatenation 1
Cross-Connect 18 O
OAM&P 18, 5
D
DCC 18, 2, 6, 7 P
DNI See Dual Node Interworking
Drop and Continue 12 Platinum 0 18, 19, 22
Dual Node Interworking 9, 12, 2 plesiochronous 3
Power 6

E
R
Earthquake proof 18
equipment protection 4 R0.0 18, 19, 21, 22
EtherNET 6 Release plan 18
ETSI 18, 2

S
F
S-1.1 5
Feature rollout 18 single fiber 5
functional architecture See System Architecture SNC 4, 12
SNCP See SNC
SONET 3, 6, 9, 17, 6
G STM-1 18, 19, 6, 7
STM-16 18, 19
groomed See Grooming synchronization 3, 6, 7
synchronous 3, 9, 5, 7
system architecture 3, 5
I
ICB 3
T
IP over SDH See TransLAN
ITM-CIT 10 Timing 3, 5, 4, 5, 6
ITM-NM 6 TransLAN 9, 10
ITM-SC 6, 7, 10, 19
ITU 18
W
L WDM couplers See single fiber

L-16.1 5

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System Description WaveStar ADM 16/1 Compact

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