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090-14

HYDROCHLORIC ACID

CORAL CHEMICAL COMPANY


Corporate Headquarters
1915 Industrial Ave. Revision Date: May 30, 2007
Zion, IL 60099
(800) 228-4646 8 A.M. To 5 P.M., CST

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

0 = Insignificant
HEALTH 3 1 = Slight
HMIS
RATING FLAMMABILITY 0 2 = Moderate
REACTIVITY 0 3 = High
PERSONAL PROTECTION H 4 = Extreme

INFOTRAC 24 HOUR EMERGENCY TELEPHONE (800) 535-5053 or (352) 323-3500

SECTION I: PRODUCT INFORMATION

TRADE NAME: HYDROCHLORIC ACID


CHEMICAL NAME:
SYNONYMS:
CHEMICAL FAMILY: Acid

SECTION II: HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

HAZARD COMPONENTS: CAS # HAZARD DATA

Hydrogen Chloride 7647-01-0 5 ppm OSHA TWA C


2 ppm ACGIH TWA C
Chemical reportable under Sect. 313, SARA Title III

Hydrogen Chloride ~ 31%

SECTION III: FIRST AID PRECAUTIONARY INFORMATION

ALWAYS HAVE PLENTY OF WATER AVAILABLE FOR FIRST AID


SPEED OF REMOVAL IS ESSENTIAL

SKIN: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
Wash with soap and water.

EYES: Immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes;


ensure water flushing of entire surface of eye and lid. Obtain
medical attention at once.

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HYDROCHLORIC ACID

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult or discomfort persists,


obtain medial attention.

INGESTION: Drink large quantities of water, milk or preferably a non-gassing


neutralizer such as milk of magnesia. Do NOT give carbonates,
bicarbonates, or chalk.

Do NOT induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs spontaneously, keep


head below hips to prevent aspiration. Obtain immediate medical
attention. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

NOTE TO Material is corrosive to intestinal tract. If swallowed, use gastric


PHYISCIAN lavage with extreme caution. Medical conditions aggravated by
exposure: asthama, bronchitis, emphysema, other chromic nose,
throat, sinus, and lung conditions.

SECTION IV: OVEREXPOSURE EFFECTS

SKIN: Will cause severe burns.

EYES: Will cause severe and rapid burns.

INHALATION: Will cause coughing, severe irritation of upper respiratory tract,


difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath. May cause burns.

INGESTION: Will cause severe burns of mucous membrane of mouth,


esophagus, and stomach. Gastrointestinal tract may perforate in
extreme cases.

SECTION V: PERSONAL PROTECTION

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: NIOSH-approved respirator for HCl gas or mists.

VENTILATION: Mechanical (general or local exhaust)

PROTECTIVE GLOVES: Impervious

EYE PROTECTION: Chemical goggles or face shield. Do not wear


contact lenses.

PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT: Apron or protective clothing.

HANDLING AND STORAGE: Keep container tightly closed. Store in cool, dry
location.

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SECTION VI: PHYSICAL DATA AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

BOILING POINT (oF): >183F


FREEZING POINT (oF): -62.5oF
VOLATILITY/VOL (%): 100%
VAPOR PRESSURE (mm Hg): 77 at 100 F
VAPOR DENSITY (Air =1): 1.3
SOLUBILITY IN H2O: Complete
APPEARANCE/ODOR: Clear liquid, light yellow color; acrid odor
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (H20 =1): 1.13
EVAPORATION RATE: >1 (butyl acetate = 1)
pH: <1.0

SECTION VII: FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA

FLASH POINT: Will not catch fire.

LOWER FLAME LIMIT: N/A

HIGHER FLAME LIMIT: N/A

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Use extinguishing media proper to the primary cause of


the fire.

FOR FIRE: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus with full face


piece, operated in pressure demand or other positive
pressure mode.

UNUSUAL FIRE HAZARD: Material can react with metal to liberate hydrogen, a
flammable gas.

SECTION VIII: REACTIVITY DATA

CHEMICAL STABILITY: Stable

CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Extreme high temperatures. To dilute


product, add product to water. Do not add
water to product

INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS: Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong


reducing agents, cyanides, acetic anhydride,
metals.

DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Hydrogen Chloride, Chlorine and Hydrogen

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HYDROCHLORIC ACID
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.

SECTION IX: SPILL AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURE

SPILL: Use appropriate protective equipment. Stop leak. Dike to


contain spill, cover with inert absorbent material, sweep up
and place in a suitable container. Flush area well with water.
Keep spills and cleaning run-off out of municipal sewers and
open bodies of water.

WASTE DISPOSAL: Material collected on absorbent and the absorbent are


assumed to be contaminated. As such, they must be
disposed into a permitted waste management facility in
accordance with the Clean Air Act, Clear Water Act,
Resources Conservation and Recovery Act, and other
relevant federal, state and local laws or regulations regarding
disposal.

SECTION X: TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

HAZARD CLASS: Corrosive Material 8, PGII


DOT SHIPPING NAME: Hydrochloric Acid Solution
REPORTABLE QUANTITY (RQ): 5,000 lbs.
If a discharge of a hazardous substance
contained in this product equals or exceeds
in 24 hours the R.Q. amount shown above,
immediately report the discharge to the
National Response Center, 800-424-8802.
UN NUMBER: 1789
NA NUMBER: N/A

SECTION XI: TSCA INFORMATION

The chemical ingredients in this product are on the 8(b) TSCA Inventory Lists (40 CFR
710).

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HYDROCHLORIC ACID

To the best of our knowledge, this information is true and accurate as of the date
of this Material Safety Data Sheet. However, since the use of this information and
the conditions of the use of the product are not under the control of Coral
Chemical Company, it is the users obligation to determine the conditions of safe
use of the product.

Prepared by: J. Pemberton


Technical Director

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