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TREATMENT

Between the treatments for osteoporosis we can find:


The use of drugs
This treatment is indicated in patients with osteoporosis with a greater risk of presenting a fracture.
Bisphosphonates:
The mechanism of action of Bisphosphonate is not well known, but it produces a decrease
in bone resorption or bone destruction.
The use of Bisphosphonates decrease the incidence of vertebral and hip fractures in women
after menopause, and vertebral fractures in men.
This treatment is administered by mouth weekly or monthly.

Hormonal replacement therapy with estrogens and progestogens


This treatment is indicated in some women after menopause, when they do not tolerate
other drugs and also have important symptoms in relation to the loss of menstruation.

Adequate calcium-rich diet:


Calcium is lost daily through urine and sweat for that reason is important to maintain an
adequate consumption of this.
We can found calcium in milk and dairy derivatives such as cheese and yogurt.
Children should take at least 800 milligrams of calcium per day, adults 1,000 milligrams of
calcium per day, and pregnant women 1200 milligrams of calcium.
One litre of milk contains approximately one gram of calcium element (one yogurt
approximately 125 milligrams of calcium).

Vitamin D contribution:
The vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and its incorporation into the bone.
For most adults sun exposure and a balanced diet are sufficient to maintain adequate levels.
Vitamin D needs range from 400 to 800 IU per day.
Milk constitutes the largest source of vitamin D provided by the diet, a litre of milk contains
approximately 400 IU of vitamin D.
In pharmacies are combined calcium and vitamin D in medications that facilitate their administration.

Avoid the consumption of tobacco and alcohol:


It is recommended to abandon alcohol and smoking habit, as it accelerates the loss of bone mass.

not consume excessive caffeine:


This substance has a diuretic effect that makes the excretion of calcium through the urine more
than normal.
Try to moderate the consumption of coffee and other beverages that contain it.

Daily physical exercise:


Daily exercise practice, such as walking 20 minutes every day, increases bone mass and
decreases the risk of fractures.
Also, o improve the balance and avoid cidas you can practice sports like Taichi or yoga.